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JAEA Reports

Design and production of the valve used in Radioactive Liquid Disposal Facility

Nishimura, Arashi; Okada, Yuji; Sugaya, Naoto; Sonobe, Hiroshi; Kimura, Nobuaki; Kimura, Akihiro; Hanawa, Yoshio; Nemoto, Hiroyoshi

JAEA-Technology 2021-003, 51 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Technology-2021-003.pdf:5.55MB

In the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), the leakage accidents of radioactive waste liquid were occurred from the tanks and pipes of the liquid waste disposal facility in the JMTR tank-yard building in JFY2014. In order to respond to the accident, obtain the approval of the JAEA to the design and construction method from JFY2016, the tanks and pipes were replaced from JFY2016 to 2019. In the replaced, the production of the tanks and pipes of the liquid waste disposal facility applied Japanese technical standards correspondingly. On the other hand, the valve did not fall under the category of Japanese technical standards. The manufacturing specifications when replacing the valve were decided based on the including the selecting the standards of production and inspection for valves, Fluid properties, experience in JMTR. The production proceeded while carrying out the decided inspection. The valves that passed all the inspections were installed together with the tanks and pipes of the liquid waste, and the finished inspection was performed as a systems. The construction was completed with those inspection passed. This report is summarized valve Design, production and installation.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility study on dismantling and removal of hydraulic rabbit No.1 irradiation facility

Magome, Hirokatsu; Iimura, Koichi; Matsui, Yoshinori

JAEA-Testing 2020-008, 52 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Testing-2020-008.pdf:5.46MB

As to the removal of the hydraulic rabbit No.1 irradiation facility related to the decommissioning of JMTR, points to be noted for considering a removal plan and maintenance methods after the removal were studied based on the past experiences of removing the hydraulic rabbit No.2 irradiation facility. As results, it became clear that it was necessary to (1) add a shutoff valve and a closing flange to piping for preventing cooling water leakage, (2) prepare a drawing jig for inner tube, and (3) shorten the remaining piping to withstand earthquakes. In addition, regarding the management of equipment to be maintained after removal, the necessary management items for the removal methods of the three patterns of ground equipments were listed.

JAEA Reports

Seismic evaluation of canal underwater equipment for hydraulic rabbit No. 1 irradiation facility

Magome, Hirokatsu; Iimura, Koichi; Matsui, Yoshinori

JAEA-Technology 2020-022, 32 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Technology-2020-022.pdf:4.04MB

Among the canal underwater equipment of HR-1, seismic evaluations of the canal side wall parts and the canal bottom surface parts were carried out for the insertion device, take-out device and decay tank. As a result, it was confirmed that the equipments have sufficient seismic resistances because the maximum stress of the canal side wall joint, the bolt portion of the canal bottom joint, and the fillet weld are within the allowable stress.

Journal Articles

Decommissioning of JMTR and study for construction of a new material testing reactor

Kaminaga, Masanori; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hori, Naohiko; Naka, Michihiro

IAEA-TECDOC-1943, p.45 - 56, 2021/02

The JMTR operation was once stopped in order to have a check & review in August 2006, and the refurbishment and restart of JMTR was finally determined by the national discussion. The refurbishment was started from FY2007, and was finished in March 2011. However, at the end of the FY2010, the Great-Eastern-Japan-Earthquake occurred, and functional tests before the JMTR restart were delayed. On the other hand, based on the safety assessments considering the 2011 earthquake new regulatory requirements have established on Decmber18, 2013 by the NRA. The new regulatory requirements include the satisfaction of integrities for the updated earthquake forces, Tsunami, the consideration of natural phenomena, and the management of consideration in the Beyond Design Basis Accidents (BDBA) to protect fuel damage and to mitigate impact of the accidents. Analyses related to the new regulatory requirements have intensively been performed timely, and an application to the NRA had been submitted in March 27, 2015. After submission of application, seismic resistance assessment of JMTR reactor building was carried out by assuming the standard earthquake ground motion of 810 ga. As the results, it was found that seismic reinforcement work for reactor building and reactor pool wall were required. As a result, it became clear that at least 7 years of reinforcement work period and cost of about 40 billion yen are required for seismic reinforcement and to meet new regulatory standards. At the same time, it was made clear that high availability such as 8 operation cycles per year as originally planned cannot be expected due to aiging problem. For this reason, JAEA positioned JMTR as a decommissioning facility in the mid- and long-term plan of JAEA announced in April 2017. On the other hand, JAEA started to study the construction of a new material testing reactor. The examination results will be compiled by the end of FY2019. In this paper, outline of JMTR decommissioning plan is described.

JAEA Reports

Soundness survey of cooling tower of Utility Cooling Loop (UCL Cooling Tower) in JMTR

Oto, Tsutomu; Asano, Norikazu; Kawamata, Takanori; Yanai, Tomohiro; Nishimura, Arashi; Araki, Daisuke; Otsuka, Kaoru; Takabe, Yugo; Otsuka, Noriaki; Kojima, Keidai; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-018, 66 Pages, 2020/11

JAEA-Review-2020-018.pdf:8.87MB

A collapse event of the cooling tower of secondary cooling system in the JMTR (Japan Materials Testing Reactor) was caused by the strong wind of Typhoon No.15 on September 9, 2019. The cause of the collapse of the cooling tower was investigated and analyzed. As the result, it was identified that four causes occurred in combination. Thus, the soundness of the cooling tower of Utility Cooling Loop (UCL cooling tower), which is a wooden cooling tower installed at the same period as the cooling tower of secondary cooling system, was investigated. The items of soundness survey are to grasp the operation conditions of the UCL cooling tower, to confirm the degradation of structural materials, the inspection items and inspection status of the UCL cooling tower, and to investigate the past meteorological data. As the results of soundness survey of the UCL cooling tower, the improvement of inspection items of the UCL cooling tower was carried out and the replacement and repair of the structural materials of the UCL cooling tower were planned for safe maintenance and management of this facility. And the renewal plan of new cooling tower was created to replace the existing UCL cooling tower. This report is summarized the soundness survey of the UCL cooling tower.

Journal Articles

Development of the treatment method for difficult wastes aimed at decommissioning of JMTR; Structural materials of reactor and used ion-exchange resins

Seki, Misaki; Nakano, Hiroko; Nagata, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Kaoru; Omori, Takazumi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Ide, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (62), p.9 - 19, 2020/09

Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) has been contributing to various research and development activities such as the fundamental research of nuclear materials/fuels, safety research and development of power reactors, and radioisotope production since the beginning of the operation in 1968. JMTR, however, was decided as a one of decommission facilities in April 2017 and it is taken an inspection of a plan concerning decommissioning because the performance of JMTR does not confirm with the stipulated earthquake resistance. As aluminum and beryllium are used for the core structural materials in JMTR, it is necessary to establish treatment methods of these materials for the fabrication of stable wastes. In addition, a treatment method for the accumulated spent ion-exchange resins needs to be examined. This report describes the overview of these examination situations.

JAEA Reports

Validation of repairing method for concrete wall of the JMTR tank-yard building

Sugaya, Naoto; Okada, Yuji; Nishimura, Arashi; Sonobe, Hiroshi; Kimura, Nobuaki; Kimura, Akihiro; Hanawa, Yoshio; Nemoto, Hiroyoshi

JAEA-Testing 2020-004, 67 Pages, 2020/08

JAEA-Testing-2020-004.pdf:8.17MB

In the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), the leakage accidents of radioactive waste liquid were occurred from the tanks and pipes of the liquid waste disposal facility in the JMTR tank-yard building in JFY2014. In order to respond to the accident, the tanks and pipes were replaced from JFY2016 to 2019. On the other hand, a lot of cracks were occurred on the concreate wall of the tank-yard building when the frame structure supports were fixed to the concrete wall in the replacement work. Thus, it is necessary to repair the concreate wall of the tank-yard building. Especially, some cracks with swelling (cone-shaped fracture) were raised around some anchor bolts (the post-installed chemical anchor bolts) fixed the frame structure supports. The repairing method for the cone-shaped fracture of the concrete wall is standardized, but there was no reference value of tensile strength for the validation of the post-installed chemical anchor bolts after the repairing method. In this report, the repairing method was selected for the cone-shaped fracture on the concreate wall and the reference value of tensile strength for the validation of the post-installed chemical anchor bolts by this repairing method. The mock-ups for repairing cone-shaped fracture were fabricated by the selected repairing method and the tensile tests of the post-installed chemical anchor bolts were performed. From the results, the validation of the repairing method was obtained in this test and it was obvious the repairing of cone-shaped fracture is preferable method for the concreate wall of the JMTR tank-yard building.

Journal Articles

Feasibility study of tritium recoil barrier for neutron reflectors

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Sakamoto, Naoki*

Physical Sciences and Technology, 6(2), p.60 - 63, 2019/12

Tritium release into the primary coolant of the research and test reactors during operation had been studied, and it is found that the recoil release from chain reaction of $$^{9}$$Be is dominant. To reduce tritium concentration of the primary coolant, feasibility study of the tritium recoil barrier for the beryllium neutron reflectors was carried out, and the tritium recoils of various materials were calculated by PHITS. From these calculation results, it is clear that the thickness of tritium recoil barrier depends on the material and 20$$sim$$40 $$mu$$m is required for three orders reduction.

JAEA Reports

Setting of EAL in JMTR

Kawamata, Takanori; Onuma, Yuichi; Hanakawa, Hiroki

JAEA-Review 2018-031, 33 Pages, 2019/02

JAEA-Review-2018-031.pdf:1.62MB

As "Regulations on events to be reported by nuclear disaster prevention manager based on act on special measures concerning nuclear emergency preparedness" was revised and enfored in 2017, Nuclear operator emergency action plan at Oarai Research and Development Institute was reconsidered, and Emergency Action Level (EAL) in JMTR was newly set. In setting the EAL, characteristics of the JMTR and EAL in nuclear power reactors were considerd because the characteristics of research reactors are different in reactor types. This report shows the basic policy and the selection result of the EAL setting in the JMTR.

Journal Articles

Calculation of tritium release from driver fuels into primary coolant of research reactors

Ho, H. Q.; Ishitsuka, Etsuo

Physical Sciences and Technology, 5(2), p.53 - 56, 2019/00

Increasing of tritium concentration in the primary coolant of the research and test reactors during operation had been reported. To check the source for tritium release into the primary coolant during operation of the JMTR and the JRR-3M, the tritium release from the driver fuels was calculated by MCNP6 and PHITS. It is clear that the calculated values of tritium release from fuels are as about 10$$^{7}$$ and 10$$^{6}$$ Bq for the JMTR and JRR-3M, respectively, and that calculated values are about 4 order of magnitude smaller than that of the measured values. These results show that the tritium release from fuels is negligible for both the reactors.

JAEA Reports

Calculations of Tritium Recoil Release from Li and U Impurities in Neutron Reflectors (Joint research)

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Ho, H. Q.; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Chikhray, Y.*

JAEA-Technology 2018-010, 33 Pages, 2018/11

JAEA-Technology-2018-010.pdf:2.58MB

As a part of study on the mechanism of tritium release to the primary coolant in research and testing reactors, tritium recoil release rate from Li and U impurities in the neutron reflector made by beryllium, aluminum and graphite were calculated by PHITS code. On the other hand, the tritium production from Li and U impurities in beryllium neutron reflectors for JMTR and JRR-3M were calculated by MCNP6 and ORIGEN2 code. By using both results, the amount of recoiled tritium from beryllium neutron reflectors were estimated. It is clear that the amount of recoiled tritium from Li and U impurities in beryllium neutron reflectors are negligible, and 2 and 5 orders smaller than that from beryllium itself, respectively.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of tritium release curve in primary coolant of research reactors

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I. E.*

Physical Sciences and Technology, 4(1), p.27 - 33, 2018/06

Increase of tritium concentration in the primary coolant for the research and testing reactors during reactor operation had been reported. To clarify the tritium sources, a curve of the tritium release rate into the primary coolant for the JMTR and the JRR-3M are evaluated. It is also observed that the amount of released tritium is lower in the case of new beryllium components installation, and increases with the reactor operating cycle. These results show the beryllium components in core strongly affect to the tritium release into the primary coolant. As a result, the tritium release rate is related with produced $$^{6}$$Li by (n,$$alpha$$) reaction from $$^{9}$$Be, and evaluation results of tritium release curve are shown as the dominant source of tritium release into the primary coolant for the JMTR and the JRR-3M are beryllium components. Scattering of the tritium release rate with irradiation time were observed, and this phenomena in the JMTR occurred in earlier time than that of the JRR-3M.

JAEA Reports

Technical review on irradiation tests and post-irradiation examinations in JMTR

Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center

JAEA-Review 2017-016, 170 Pages, 2017/07

JAEA-Review-2017-016.pdf:14.4MB

The Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR) has been contributing to various R&D activities in the nuclear research such as the fundamental research of nuclear materials/ fuels, safety research and development of power reactors, radio isotope (RI) production since its beginning of the operation in 1968. Irradiation technologies and post irradiation examination (PIE) technologies are the important factors for irradiation test research. Now, decontamination and new research reactor construction are common issue in the world according to aging. This report outlines any irradiation and PIE technologies developed at JMTR in 40years and for technology succession and development of human resources.

Journal Articles

Influence of temperature histories during reactor startup periods on microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Kasahara, Shigeki; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 480, p.386 - 392, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This paper addresses influence of two different temperature profiles during startup periods in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor and a boiling water reactor upon microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons to about 1 dpa and 3 dpa. Tensile tests at 290$$^{circ}$$C and Vickers hardness tests at room temperature were carried out, and their microstructures were observed by FEG-TEM. Influence of difference in the temperature profiles was observed obviously in interstitial cluster formation, in particular, growth of Frank loops. The influence was also found certainly in loss of strain hardening capacity and ductility, although the influence on the yield strength and the Vickers hardness was not clearly observed. As a result, Frank loops, which were observed in austenitic stainless steel irradiated at doses of 1 dpa or more, were considered to contribute to deformation of the austenitic stainless steel.

JAEA Reports

Calculation by PHITS code for recoil tritium release rate from beryllium under neutron irradiation (Joint research)

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kenzhina, I. E.*; Okumura, Keisuke; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Chikhray, Y.*

JAEA-Technology 2016-022, 35 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA-Technology-2016-022.pdf:3.73MB

As a part of study on the mechanism of tritium release to the primary coolant in research and testing reactors, the calculation methods by PHITS code is studied to evaluate the recoil tritium release rate from beryllium core components. Calculations using neutron and triton sources were compared, and it is clear that the tritium release rates in both cases show similar values. However, the calculation speed for the triton source cases is two orders faster than that for the neutron source case. It is also clear that the calculation up to history number per unit volume of 2$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ (cm$$^{-3}$$) is necessary to determine the recoil tritium release rate of two effective digits precision. Furthermore, the relationship between the beryllium shape and recoil tritium release rate using the triton sources was studied. Recoil tritium release rate showed linear relation to the surface area per volume of beryllium, and the recoil tritium release rate showed about half of the conventional equation value.

JAEA Reports

Performance tests of radiation detectors for inspection of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution, 1

Suzuki, Yumi*; Nakano, Hiroko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya; Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Technology 2015-031, 58 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Technology-2015-031.pdf:14.57MB

Technetium-99m ($$^{99m}$$Tc) is one of the most commonly used radioisotopes in the field of nuclear medicine. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), the research and development (R&D) have been carried out for production of molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n, $$gamma$$) method, a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc, with the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR). On the other hand, the new project as "Domestic Production of Medical Radioisotope (Technetium preparation) in Japan" was adopted in the Tsukuba International Strategic Zone on October, 2013 and the demonstration tests will be planned for the domestic production of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc with the JMTR. Thus, new facilities and analysis devices were equipped in the JMTR hot laboratory in 2014 as the part of this project. As the part of the analytical device equipment, the $$gamma$$-TLC analyzer and the radiation detector connected with the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) were installed for quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc solution and the extracted $$^{99m}$$Tc solution in the JMTR hot laboratory. The performance tests of these devices such as detection sensitivity, resolution, linearity and selectivity of energy range were carried out with $$^{137}$$Cs and $$^{152}$$Eu as alternative radionuclides of $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{99m}$$Tc, respectively. In the results, bright prospects were obtained concerning the quality inspection of the $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc and $$^{99m}$$Tc solutions using these devices. This report describes the results of those performance tests.

JAEA Reports

Irradiation test with silicon ingot for NTD-Si irradiation technology

Takemoto, Noriyuki; Romanova, N.*; Kimura, Nobuaki; Gizatulin, S.*; Saito, Takashi; Martyushov, A.*; Nakipov, D.*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Chakrov, P.*

JAEA-Technology 2015-021, 32 Pages, 2015/08

JAEA-Technology-2015-021.pdf:3.15MB

Silicon semiconductor production by neutron transmutation doping (NTD) method using the JMTR has been investigated in Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to expand the industry use. As a part of investigations, irradiation test with a silicon ingot was planned using WWR-K in Institute of Nuclear Physics, Republic of Kazakhstan. A device rotating the ingot made with the silicon was fabricated and was installed in the WWR-K for the irradiation test. And that, a preliminary irradiation test was carried out using neutron fluence monitors to evaluate the neutronic irradiation field. Based on the result, two silicon ingots were irradiated as scheduled, and the resistivity of each irradiated silicon ingot was measured to confirm the applicability of high-quality silicon semiconductor by the NTD method (NTD-Si) to its commercial production.

Journal Articles

Zirconia membrane ECP electrode for water chemistry experiments in the JMTR

Hanawa, Satoshi; Hata, Kuniki; Shibata, Akira; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki; Tsutsui, Nobuyuki*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 2014 Nuclear Plant Chemistry Conference (NPC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of in-pile IASCC growth tests at JMTR

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Ugachi, Hirokazu; Nakano, Junichi*; Matsui, Yoshinori; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsukada, Takashi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

HPR-364, Vol.1 (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2005/10

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is one of the critical concerns when stainless steel components have been in service in light water reactors (LWRs) for a long period. In the research field of IASCC, mainly PIEs for irradiated materials have been carried out, because there are many difficulties on SCC tests under neutron irradiation. Hence as a part of the key techniques for in-pile SCC tests, we have embarked on a development of the test technique to obtain information concerning effects of applied stress level, water chemistry, irradiation conditions, etc. In this paper, we describe the developed several techniques, especially control of loading on specimens, monitoring technique of crack propagation and so on, and the present status of in-pile IASCC growth tests using pre-irradiated materials at JMTR.

Journal Articles

Study of irradiation effects on fuels and materials in JMTR hot laboratory

Omi, Masao

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Kaku Nenryo Bukai Dai-20-kai "Kaku Nenryo, Kaki Semina" Kogi Tekisuto, 8 Pages, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

310 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)