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Journal Articles

Validation and verification for the melting and eutectic models in JUPITER code

Chai, P.; Yamashita, Susumu; Nagae, Yuji; Kurata, Masaki

Proceedings of 9th Conference on Severe Accident Research (ERMSAR 2019) (Internet), 14 Pages, 2019/03

In order to obtain a precise understanding of molten material behavior inside RPV and to improve the accuracy of the SA code, a new computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code with multi-phase, multi-physics models, which is called JUPITER, was developed. It optimized the algorithms of the multi-phase calculation. Besides, the chemical reactions are also modeled carefully in the code so that the melting process could be treated precisely. A series of verification and validation studies are conducted, which show good agreement with analytical solutions and previous experiments. The capabilities of the multi-physics models in JUPITER code provide us another useful tool to investigate the molten material behaviors in the relevant severe accident scenario.

Journal Articles

Validation of free-convective heat transfer analysis with JUPITER to evaluate air-cooling performance of fuel debris in dry method

Uesawa, Shinichiro; Yamashita, Susumu; Shibata, Mitsuhiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(4), p.18-00115_1 - 18-00115_13, 2018/08

JAEA Reports

None

; Numata, Kazuyuki*; ; *; Oigawa, Hiroyuki*

JNC TY9400 2000-006, 162 Pages, 2000/04

JNC-TY9400-2000-006.pdf:4.57MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard database for FBR core nuclear design (XI); Analysis of the experimental fast reactor "JOYO" MK-I start up test and oparation data

; Numata, Kazuyuki*

JNC TN9400 2000-036, 138 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TN9400-2000-036.pdf:10.16MB

Japan Nuclear Cycle Development lnstitute (JNC) had developed the adjusted nuclear cross-section library in which the results of the JUPITER experiments were renected. Using this adjusted library, the distinct improvement of the accuracy in nuclear design of FBR cores had been achieved. As a recent research, JNC develops a database of other integral data in addition to the JUPITER experiments, aiming at further improvement for accuracy and reliability. ln this report, the authors describe the evaluation of the C/E values and the sensitivity analysis for the Experimental Fast Reactor "JOYO" MK-l core. The minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth, fuel assembly worth and burn-up coefficient were analyzed. The results of both the minimal criticality and the fuel assembly worth, which were calculated by the standard analytical method for JUPITER experiments, agreed well with the measured values. 0n the other hand, the results of the sodium void reactivity worth have a tendency to overestimate. As for the burn-up coefficient, it was seen that the C/E values had a dispersion among the operation cycles. The authors judged that further investigation for the estimation of the experimental error will increase the applicability of the integral data to the adjusted library. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses for the minimal criticality, sodium void reactivity worth and fuel assembly worth showed the characteristics of "JOYO" MK-l core in comparison with ZPPR-9 core of JUPITER experiments.

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard data base for FBR core nuclear design (VI): JUPITER-II experimental data book

*

PNC TN9450 96-052, 694 Pages, 1996/10

PNC-TN9450-96-052.pdf:45.48MB

The present report compiles the experimental data of JUPITER Phase-II, which was a joint research program between U.S. DOE and PNC of Japan, using the ZPPR facility, which stands for Zero Power Physics Reactor at ANL-Idaho in l982 to l984. The JUPITER-II experiment was a series of critical experiments for conventional radial heterogeneous cores of 650 MWe class LMFBR, including six experimental cores. The nuclear characteristics recorded here include criticality, control rod reactivity, reaction rate distribution, sodium void reactivity, sample reactivity, Doppler reactivity and gamma heating. The present work is a part of efforts to develop a standard data base for LMFBR core nuclear design at PNC. The detail of experimental data is thoroughly recorded here so as to re-analyze these experiments in future. In addition, these experimental data are installed in the computer system at OEC for convenience of analytical code input.

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard data base for FBR core nuclear design (V); Consistency evaluation of JUPITER experimental analysis

*; *; *; Sato, Wakaei*; *; Sanda, Toshio*

PNC TN9410 95-214, 199 Pages, 1995/08

PNC-TN9410-95-214.pdf:9.27MB

In order to improve the design method and accuracy of large fast breeder cores, extensive work has been performed to accumulate and evaluate many kinds of results of fast reactor physics experiments and analyses. As a part of efforts to develop a standard data base for LMFBR core nuclear design, the present report evaluates the physical consistency of JUPITER experimental analysis, especially concentrating on criticality. Here, the judgment of consistency is based on not only the deviation degree of C/E values from unity, but also various viewpoints such as the comparison with other cores or other nuclear characteristics by sensitivity analysis, the effect of changing nuclear data library, the analysis of FCA and JOYO which have completely different source of data from JUPITER, and the use of the Monte Carlo method as an analytical reference. (1)The C/E values of JUPITER criticality are slightly underestimated in the range of 0.993-0.999, using the JFS-3-J2 (1989) group constant set based on JENDL-2 and three-dimensional XYZ transport theory with the most detailed analytical model. There is an obvious dependency of C/Es on reactor core concepts with homogeneous or heterogeneous structure, the main cause of which is considered to be the effect of internal blanket existence and cross-section errors of JFS-3-J2, judged from sensitivity analysis. (2)The latest analytical method and model based on three-dimensional XYZ transport theory has sufficient ability to predict the relative changes of JUPITER criticality caused by the effect of reactor core size, CRP sodium channel, control rod and internal blankets. (3)The analytical error of JUPITER criticality was evaluated as approximately 0.3%dk and this seems reasonable, because the results of Monte Carlo analysis for ZPPR-9 criticality were almost identical with those of our standard analytical method. (4)The analytical results based on the latest JENDL-3.2 library were very close to those of JENDL-2 results, ...

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard data base for FBR core nuclear design(II); JUPITER-I experlmental data book

*

PNC TN9410 93-010, 502 Pages, 1992/12

PNC-TN9410-93-010.pdf:17.39MB

The present report compiles the experimental data of JUPITER phase-I, which was a joint research program between U.S.DOE and PNC of Japan, using the ZPPR facility at ANL-Idaho in 1978 to 1979. The JUPITER-I experiment was a series of critical experiments for conventional two-zone homogeneous cores of 600 to 800 MWe-class LMFBR, including seven experimental cores The nuclear characteristics recorded here include criticality, control rod reactivity, reaction rate distribution, sodium void reactivity, sample reactivity, Doppler reactivity, gamma heating and neutron spectrum. (1)ZPPR-9 : two-region cylindrical clean core with volume of app. 4,600 liters, (2)ZPPR-10A : hexagonal engineering-mockup core with 19 cotrol-rod positions(CRPs), (3)ZPPR-10B : changes seven CRPs to control rods(CRs) from ZPPR-10A, (4)ZPPR-10C : volume of app. 6,200 liters with similar core arrangement to ZPPR-10A, (5)ZPPR-10D : 31 CRPs with the same volume as ZPPR-10C, (6)ZPPR-10D/1 : changes the central CRP to a CR from ZPPR-10D, and, (7)ZPPR-10D/2 : changes seven CRPs to CRs from ZPPR-10D. The present work is a part of efforts to develop a standard data base for LMFBR core nuclear design at PNC. The detail of experimental data is thoroughly recorded here so as to re-analyze these experiments in future. In addition, these experimental data are installed in the computer system at OEC for convenience of analytical code input.

JAEA Reports

Development of a standard data base for FBR core nuclear design; Analysis of JUPITER-I Experiments by the latest method

*

PNC TN9410 92-278, 347 Pages, 1992/09

PNC-TN9410-92-278.pdf:7.93MB

A series of critical experiments for conventional two-zone homogeneous cores of 6 to 8 MWe-class LMFBR, JUPITER phase-I, were analyzed and evaluated using the latest analytical method, which had been established from the preceding numerous studies on fast reactor physics. The present work is a part of efforts to develop a standard data base for LMFBR core nuclear design at PNC. The analytical method and results are summarized as follows: (1)Analytical method (a)Nuclear data : 70-group fast reactor constant set JFS-3-J2(1989 edition) based on the Japanese Evaluated Nudear Data Library, version 2 (JENDL-2). (b)Cell calculation : plate stretch model, cell heterogeneity treatment by Tone's method and transport cross-sections weighted with neutron current. (c)Base core calculation : 18-group, three-dimensiona1 XYZ diffusion theory and Benoist's anisotropic diffusion coefficients. (d)Correction calculation : three-dimensional transport effect, mesh size effect, cell asymmetric effect and all master model effect etc. (2)Analytical results (a)The C.E (calculation/experiment) values of criticality agree quite well among seven cores (ZPPR-9$$sim$$10D/2) and do not depend on the core volume or the number of control rod positions (CRP). (b)The C/E values of control rod worths increase gradually from the core center to the core edge positions in each core (5$$sim$$11%). Those of reaction rate distributions also indicate similar spatial variations (2$$sim$$5%), which is considered to be consistent with the C/E tendency of control rod worths. (c)The reaction rate ratios of C28/F49 and F25/49 give quite stable C/E values of 1.06 and 1.03, respectively. (d)The C/E values of sodium void reactivities are overestimated by +25% at core center region. The C/E dependence on void region size, which was pointed out in the past analyses, is found in the ZPPR-9 core, but not in the ZPPR-10 series. (e)The C/E dependence of $$sim$$4% on the radial positions were found in sample ...

Oral presentation

Development of numerical simulation method for relocation behavior of molten materials in nuclear reactors, 12; Measurement of the behavior of flow down liquid film

Hihara, Yutaro*; Monji, Hideaki*; Abe, Yutaka*; Yamashita, Susumu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system, 1; Outline of advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system

Kawanishi, Tomohiro; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Akie, Hiroshi; Tada, Kenichi; Ono, Ayako

no journal, , 

JAEA has started to develop the advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system for improvement of the light water reactor analysis and safety. This simulation system uses a continuous energy Monte Carlo calculation code MVP and CFD calculation code TPFIT and JUPITER. The advanced system can treat rigorous bubble shape and it does not adopt the approximate expression and empirical formula. The advanced system will be a reference system for the current neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system. In this presentation, we show the outline of the advanced system.

Oral presentation

Development of advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system, 3; Development of a prototype simulation system

Tada, Kenichi; Akie, Hiroshi; Ono, Ayako; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro

no journal, , 

JAEA has started to develop the advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system for improvement of the light water reactor analysis and safety. We developed a prototype simulation system to find the issues of coupling simulation and to investigate the optimum mesh size for neutronics and thermal-hydraulics analysis. This presentation explains the overview of the prototype simulation system and its calculations results.

Oral presentation

Development of advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system, 2; Impact of the fine-scale void distribution in sub-channels on neutronics calculations

Akie, Hiroshi; Tada, Kenichi; Ono, Ayako; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kawanishi, Tomohiro

no journal, , 

Japan Atomic Energy Agency is developing an advanced neutronics/thermal-hydraulics coupling simulation system for the design advancement and the safety improvement of light water reactors. In this presentation, an impact of the fine-scale void distribution in sub-channels on neutronics calculations is studied.

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