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Journal Articles

Preliminary experiment in a graphite-moderated core to avoid full mock-up experiment for the future first commercial HTGR

Okita, Shoichiro; Fukaya, Yuji; Sakon, Atsushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Unesaki, Hironobu*

Proceedings of International Conference on Physics of Reactors 2022 (PHYSOR 2022) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2022/05

Journal Articles

Reactor physics experiment in a graphite-moderation system for HTGR

Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Takahashi, Kazuki*; Sakon, Atsushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Hashimoto, Kengo*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 247, p.09017_1 - 09017_8, 2021/02

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) started the Research and Development (R&D) to improve nuclear prediction techniques for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The objectives are to introduce a generalized bias factor method to avoid full mock-up experiment for the first commercial HTGR and to introduce reactor noise analysis to High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) experiment to observe subcriticality. To achieve the objectives, the reactor core of graphite-moderation system named B7/4"G2/8"p8EUNU+3/8"p38EU(1) was newly composed in the B-rack of Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The core is composed of the fuel assembly, driver fuel assembly, graphite reflector, and polyethylene reflector. The fuel assembly is composed of enriched uranium plate, natural uranium plate and graphite plates to realize the average fuel enrichment of HTTR and it's spectrum. However, driver fuel assembly is necessary to achieve the criticality with the small-sized core. The core plays a role of the reference core of the bias factor method, and the reactor noise was measured to develop the noise analysis scheme. In this study, the overview of the criticality experiments is reported. The reactor configuration with graphite moderation system is rare case in the KUCA experiments, and this experiment is expected to contribute not only for an HTGR development but also for other types of a reactor in the graphite moderation system such as a molten salt reactor development.

Journal Articles

Reactor noise analysis for a graphite-moderated and -reflected core in KUCA

Sakon, Atsushi*; Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Takahashi, Kazuki*; Hohara, Shinya*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fukaya, Yuji; Hashimoto, Kengo*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 247, p.09009_1 - 09009_8, 2021/02

In graphite-reflected thermal reactors, even a detector placed far from fuel region may detect a certain degree of the correlation amplitude. This is because mean free path of neutrons in graphite is longer than that in water or polyethylene. The objective of this study is experimentally to confirm a high flexibility of neutron detector placement in graphite reflector for reactor noise analysis. The present reactor noise analysis was carried out in a graphite-moderated and -reflected thermal core in Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). BF$$_{3}$$ proportional neutron counters (1" dia.) were placed in graphite reflector region, where the counters were separated by about 35cm and 30cm -thick graphite from the core, respectively. At a critical state and subcritical states, time-sequence signal data from these counters were acquired and analyzed by a fast Fourier transform (FFT) analyzer, to obtain power spectral density in frequency domain. The auto-power spectral density obtained from the counters far from the core contained a significant degree of correlated component. A least-squares fit of a familiar formula to the auto-power spectral density data was made to determine the prompt-neutron decay constant. The decay constant was 63.3$$pm$$14.5 [1/s] in critical state. The decay constant determined from the cross-power spectral density and coherence function data between the two counters also had a consistent value. It is confirmed that reactor noise analysis is possible using a detector placed at about 35cm far from the core, as we expected.

Journal Articles

Recent R&D of HTGR and requirement for nuclear data

Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki

JAEA-Conf 2020-001, p.27 - 32, 2020/12

Recently, HTGR attracts a particular attention due to the outstanding safety features especially after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, and the R&D is significantly promoted. In this presentation, we introduce the R&D plan of HTGR and the activities related to reactor physics and nuclear data including an experiment by using KUCA. Furthermore, requirement for nuclear data from the HTGR design is discussed.

Journal Articles

Sample worth measurements of lead and bismuth in low-enriched uranium region at A-core of KUCA for ADS

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 143, 2020/08

For the design study of ADS, integral experimental data of nuclear characteristics of LBE is necessary to validate cross sections of lead (Pb) and bismuth (Bi). The calculation agree with experiment for the Bi sample worth. On the other hand, the calculation overestimates for the Pb sample worth.

Journal Articles

Reactor physics experiment in a graphite-moderation system for HTGR

Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Takahashi, Kazuki*; Sakon, Atsushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Hashimoto, Kengo*

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Transition To A Scalable Nuclear Future (PHYSOR 2020) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2020/03

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) started the Research and Development (R&D) to improve nuclear prediction techniques for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The objectives are to introduce a generalized bias factor method to avoid full mock-up experiment for the first commercial HTGR and to introduce reactor noise analysis to High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) experiment to observe subcriticality. To achieve the objectives, the reactor core of graphite-moderation system named B7/4"G2/8"p8EUNU+3/8"p38EU(1) was newly composed in the B-rack of Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The core is composed of the fuel assembly, driver fuel assembly, graphite reflector, and polyethylene reflector. The fuel assembly is composed of enriched uranium plate, natural uranium plate and graphite plates to realize the average fuel enrichment of HTTR and it's spectrum. However, driver fuel assembly is necessary to achieve the criticality with the small-sized core. The core plays a role of the reference core of the bias factor method, and the reactor noise was measured to develop the noise analysis scheme. In this study, the overview of the criticality experiments is reported. The reactor configuration with graphite moderation system is rare case in the KUCA experiments, and this experiment is expected to contribute not only for an HTGR development but also for other types of a reactor in the graphite moderation system such as a molten salt reactor development.

Journal Articles

Measurement of prompt neutron decay constant with spallation neutrons at Kyoto University Critical Assembly using linear combination method

Katano, Ryota; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(2), p.169 - 176, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We proposed the linear combination method as a subcriticality measurement method which estimates the prompt neutron decay constant ($$alpha$$) correlated with the subcriticality using measurement results obtained at multiple detector positions. In the previous study, we confirmed applicability of the linear combination method through the pulsed neutron experiment with DT neutron source at Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). In this study, we conduct the pulsed neutron source experiment with spallation neutrons at KUCA and confirm the robustness of the linear combination to neutron sources.

Journal Articles

Application of linear combination method to pulsed neutron source measurement at Kyoto University Critical Assembly

Katano, Ryota; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 193(12), p.1394 - 1402, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:57.07(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The author proposed the linear combination method as a subcriticality measurement method which estimates the prompt neutron decay constant (alpha) correlated with the subcriticality using measurement results obtained at multiple detector positions. In this study, we conduct the pulsed neutron experiment at Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) and measure alpha by the linear combination method using measured neutron counts. Through experiment, we experimentally show that the linear combination method can reduce the higher-mode effect compared to the conventional method. In addition, experimentally show that the linear combination has capability of the different mode extraction.

Journal Articles

Reactor physics experiment in graphite moderation system for HTGR, 1

Fukaya, Yuji; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Goto, Minoru; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kawakami, Satoru; Uesaka, Takahiro; Morita, Keisuke; Sano, Tadafumi*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 148, 2019/08

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) started the Research and Development (R&D) to improve nuclear prediction techniques for High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactors (HTGRs). The objectives are to introduce generalized bias factor method to avoid full mock-up experiment for the first commercial HTGR and to introduce reactor noise analysis to High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) experiment. To achieve the objectives, the reactor core of graphite moderation system named B7/4"G2/8"p8EUNU+3/8"p38EU(1) was newly composed in the B-rack of Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The core plays a role of the reference core of the bias factor method, and the reactor noise was measured to develop the noise analysis scheme. In addition, training of operator of HTTR was also performed during the experiments.

Journal Articles

Sample worth measurements with systematically changed mixing ratios of lead and bismuth in A-core of KUCA for ADS

Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 143, 2019/08

For the design study of ADS, integral experimental data of nuclear characteristics of LBE is necessary to validate cross sections of lead (Pb) and bismuth (Bi). In present study, sample worth measurements were carried out with systematically changed mixing ratios of lead and bismuth, which would be complementary to the previous data of Pb and Bi samples individually measured in FY 2013 and FY 2017, respectively.

Journal Articles

Activation experiments for verification of neutron capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np using variable neutron field at KURRI-LINAC

Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Yagi, Takahiro*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Pyeon, C. H.*; Nakamura, Shoji; Harada, Hideo

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.645 - 652, 2016/05

For the reduction of radioactive toxicities, feasibility study of nuclear transmutation of minor actinides (MAs) and long-lived fission products (LLFPs) by utilizing innovative nuclear reactor system (i.e. fast breeder reactors and accelerator-driven systems) has been actively conducted. To design these nuclear reactor systems, the accurate nuclear data are required. Therefore, to obtain more accurate nuclear data, the project entitled as "Research and development for Accuracy Improvement of neutron nuclear data on Minor ACtinides(AIMAC)" has been started as one of the "Innovative Nuclear Research and Development Program". In a part of this project, the nuclear data of MAs are verified in the variable neutron spectra field at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute-LINear ACcelerator (KURRI-LINAC) and Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). And the differential TOF data is cross-checked with an integral data for the validation of $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{241}$$Am, and $$^{243}$$Am. In this summary, the results of reaction rate of neutron capture cross section of $$^{237}$$Np are reported as an example in the study.

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on accelerator driven subcritical reactor, JAERI's nuclear research promotion program, H12-031 (Contract research)

Shiroya, Seiji*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*; Unesaki, Hironobu*; Ichihara, Chihiro*; Kobayashi, Keiji*; Nakamura, Hiroshi*; Shin, Kazuo*; Imanishi, Nobutsugu*; Kanazawa, Satoshi*; Mori, Takamasa

JAERI-Tech 2004-025, 93 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-025.pdf:6.69MB

In view of the future plan of Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, the present study consisted of (1) the transmission experiments of high energy neutrons through materials, (2) experimental simulation of ADSR using the Kyoto University Critical Assembly(KUCA), and (3) conceptual neutronics design study on KUR type ADSR using the MCNP-X code. Through the present study, valuable knowledge on the basic nuclear characteristics of ADSR, which is indispensable to promote the study on ADSR, was obtained both theoretically and experimentally. For the realization of ADSR, it is considered to be necessary to accumulate results of research steadily. For this purpose, it is inevitable (1) to compile the more precise nuclear data for the wide energy range, (2) to establish experimental techniques for reactor physics study on ADSR including subcriticality measurement and absolute neutron flux measurement, and (3) to develop neutronics calculation tools which take into account the neutron generation process by the spallation reaction and the delayed neutron behavior.

Journal Articles

Measurement of flux tilt and eigenvalue separation in axially decoupled core

Ando, Masaki; *; Nishina, Kojiro*; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 34(5), p.445 - 453, 1997/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:49.28(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on streaming neutron effect through calculation for reaction rate distribution with gold wire at the KUCA

Ando, Masaki; *; *

Annual Reports of the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University, 26, p.118 - 124, 1993/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of generalized area ratio method for subcriticality measurement

Katano, Ryota; Nishihara, Kenji; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Endo, Tomohiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D to improve accuracy of nuclear prediction for HTGR, 1; Experiment of first mock-up reactor with graphite system in KUCA

Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Takahashi, Kazuki*; Sakon, Atsushi*; Hashimoto, Kengo*; Sano, Tadafumi*

no journal, , 

To improve accuracy of nuclear prediction for HTGR, we performed the critical experiment and reactor noise measurement to obtain HTGR nuclear characteristics by configuring the graphite moderation system mock-up core at the solid moderator rack (B rack) in Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). This report states the overview of the criticality experiment and future perspective of this R&D.

Oral presentation

Reactivity estimation of KUCA subcritical cores, 2; Estimation based on power profile in quasi-steady state

Yamane, Yuichi; Araki, Shohei; Kitamura, Yasunori*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*

no journal, , 

A new reactivity estimation method has been developed based on the power profile in quasi-steady state. Several subcritical cores were set up in KUCA A-core and neutron count rate was measured to apply estimation methods for comparison. The values obtained by new method, E, in an near-critical core and calculated value by using MVP code, C, show C/E in the range between 0.9 and 1.5.

Oral presentation

Reactor noise analysis using MVP code for subcritical systems in KUCA

Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Sakon, Atsushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Hashimoto, Kengo*

no journal, , 

Reactor noise analysis have been performed with the MVP3.0 code for subcritical experiments at KUCA A-core. The prompt neutron decay constant $$alpha$$ has been calculated with Feynman-$$alpha$$ simulation capability of the code. It has been confirmed that the calculated values agree with the measured ones within the range of 10%.

Oral presentation

Reactor physics experiment using graphite-moderated core in KUCA to improve accuracy of nuclear prediction for HTGR designs

Okita, Shoichiro; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Masaki*; Kanda, Shun*; Nakajima, Kunihiro*; Sakon, Atsushi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Hashimoto, Kengo*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Unesaki, Hironobu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

19 (Records 1-19 displayed on this page)
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