Kasokuki, 18(3), p.151 - 160, 2021/10
The LLRF control system for the J-PARC RCS plays an important role in acceleration of high intensity beams. The original system had been working well without significant problems for more than a decade, however, the long term maintenance became difficult due to the obsolesce of the old FPGAs in the system. Therefore we developed and deployed the next-generation LLRF control system. The next-generation system is based on the modern platform, MTCA.4. The most important new function of the system is the multiharmonic vector rf voltage control feedback, which compensate the heavy beam loading in the wideband cavity better than the feedforward at the beam intensity of the design beam power, 1MW. The commissioning results are reported. The next-generation system has been successfully deployed.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Okita, Hidefumi; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; et al.
Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.170 - 174, 2021/10
A stable and precise LLRF (Low Level RF) control system is indispensable for acceleration of high intensity proton beam in the J-PARC RCS. The original LLRF control system had been operated without major problems for more than ten years since the start of operation of the RCS, while maintenance of the system became difficult due to the obsolesce of the old FPGAs in the modules. We developed and installed the next-generation LLRF control system based on MTCA.4. The key function of the system is the multiharmonic vector rf voltage control feedback. We describe the system overview and the commissioning results. The performance of the beam loading compensation is significantly improved.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012189_1 - 012189_7, 2019/12
Magnetic alloy cavities are employed in the J-PARC RCS to generate high accelerating voltages. The cavity, which is driven by a vacuum tube amplifier, has a wideband frequency response and the beam loading in the cavity is multiharmonic. Therefore, the tube must generate a multiharmonic output current. An LTspice circuit model is developed to analyze the vacuum tube operation and the compensation of the multiharmonic beam loading. The model includes the cavity, tube amplifier, beam current, and LLRF feedback control. The feedback control consists of the I/Q demodulator including low pass filters, PI control, and I/Q modulator. In this presentation, we present the implementation of the LLRF functions in the LTspice simulations. The preliminary simulation results are also presented. The simulations fairly agree with the beam test results.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Omori, Chihiro*; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(9), p.092001_1 - 092001_22, 2019/09
Beam loading compensation in the rf cavities is a key for acceleration of high intensity beams in 3 GeV RCS of the J-PARC. Since we employ wideband magnetic alloy rf cavities for the J-PARC RCS and the wake voltage contains several harmonics, a multiharmonic beam loading compensation is required. The multiharmonic rf feedforward for the most important six harmonics is implemented in the existing low level rf (LLRF) control system, which has been working fairly well for acceleration of high intensity beams of up to 1 MW. However, we found the degradation of the performance for compensation of the feedforward with very high intensity beams. Therefore, a multiharmonic vector rf voltage control has been developed. The detail of system configuration, commissioning methodology, and beam test results using very high intensity beams are described. The beam loading by the 1 MW equivalent beam in the cavity is successfully compensated.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Shimada, Taihei; Nomura, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.072030_1 - 072030_6, 2018/10
Vector RF voltage feedback control for the wideband magnetic alloy cavity of the J-PARC RCS is considered to be employed to compensate the heavy beam loading caused by high intensity proton beams. A prototype system of multiharmonic RF vector voltage control has been developed and is under testing. To characterize the system performance, full RF simulations could be performed by software like Simulink, while the software is proprietary and expensive. Also, it requires much computing power and time. We performed the simplified baseband simulations of the system in z-domain by using free software, Scilab and Python control library. It seems to be beneficial for searching the parameters that the baseband simulation can be performed quickly. In this presentation, we present the setup and results of the simulations. The simulations well reproduce the open and closed loop responses of the prototype system.
Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Fang, Z.*; Fukui, Yuji*; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Mizobata, Satoshi; Sato, Yoshikatsu*
Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.486 - 489, 2017/12
In the J-PARC linac, the LLRF systems consist of twenty-four 324-MHz systems and twenty-five 972-MHz systems for ACS cavities. The 324-MHz LLRF systems, which were installed in the stations of RFQ, DTLs, and SDTLs, have been used since the beginning of the J-PARC and are more than ten years into the development. Realistically speaking, the incensement of the failure frequency for these systems is expected. Additionally, it is difficult to maintain those for some discontinued boards of a digital feedback (DFB) and a digital feedforward (DFF) at cPCI, and the older OS and developing environment of software. Therefore, we are starting to study the new LLRF system of the next generation. In the present, we are exploring several possibilities of a new way and investigating each advantage and disadvantage. The project and the status of the development for the new system in the J-PARC linac LLRF are introduced.
Tamura, Fumihiko; Schnase, A.; Nomura, Masahiro; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshii, Masahito*; Anami, Shozo*; Ezura, Eiji*; Hara, Keigo*; Omori, Chihiro*; Takagi, Akira*
Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.690 - 692, 2005/07
We describe the low level RF (LLRF) control system for the J-PARC Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS). The LLRF system is required to be very stable and precise to achieve the high accelerating beam current. The system has the functions of the multi-harmonic RF generation, the feedback loops, the beam loading compensation, and other miscellaneous functions. The fully-digital LLRF system of the RCS is now under construction. The preliminary test results are also shown.