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Journal Articles

Separation of light and middle lanthanides using multistage extraction with diglycolamide extractant

Matsutani, Takafumi; Sasaki, Yuji; Katsuta, Shoichi*

Analytical Sciences, 37(11), p.1603 - 1609, 2021/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.67(Chemistry, Analytical)

We investigated the chemical behavior of lanthanides (Ln) using diglycolamide extractant with multistage extraction. We obtained the breakthrough curves for light and middle Ln. Our study reveals that the metal extraction limit depends on their $$D$$ values and metal concentrations used in the experiments. From the multistage extractions of 15 aqueous phases and 15 organic phases, three curves (extraction curves, back-extraction curves, and separation curves) were obtained by changing the nitric acid concentration. As an example, under a condition of the separation curve experiment (aqueous phase: 0.5 M HNO$$_{3}$$, organic phase: 0.1 M TDDGA ($$N,N,N',N'$$-tetradecyl-diglycolamide) in $$n$$-dodecane), a recovery of more than 99% of Sm in the organic phase with less than 1% Nd can be obtained.

Journal Articles

Selective separation of Am(III) from lanthanides(III) by solvent extraction with hydrophobic field of "superweak" anion

Naganawa, Hirochika; Suzuki, Hideya*; Noro, Junji*; Kimura, Takaumi

Chemical Communications, (23), p.2963 - 2965, 2005/06

A "superweak" anion, TFPB-, gives rise to a field effect on the selectivity for Am$$^{3+}$$ over Ln$$^{3+}$$ in their extraction from aqueous HNO$$_{3}$$ solution into benzene containing a "hard donor" extractant that shows no selectivity for these metal ions in traditional solvent extraction.

Journal Articles

Elemental groups separation for high-level waste partitioning using a novel silica-based CMPO extraction-resin

Hoshi, Harutaka*; Wei, Y.*; Kumagai, Mikio*; Asakura, Toshihide; Uchiyama, Gunzo*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.874 - 877, 2002/11

To facilitate the management of high-level liquid waste (HLLW) and minimize its long-term radiological risk in geologic disposal, we have proposed an advanced partitioning process by extraction chromatography using a minimal organic solvent and compact equipment to separate long-lived minor actinides (MA) and specific fission products (FP) such as Zr and Mo from nitrate acidic HLLW solution. Novel silica-based extraction-resin for elemental groups separation was prepared by impregnating CMPO (octyl(phenyl)-N, N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide) into a macro-reticular styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer immobilized in porous silica particles with a diameter of 50 $$mu$$m (SiO$$_{2}$$-P). Separation experiments for simulated HLLW solutions containing a trace amount of $$^{243}$$Am (III) and macro amounts of typical FP elements were carried out by column chromatography. It was found that the elements in the simulated HLLW were successfully separated to the following three groups: Cs-Sr-Rh-Ru, Pd-Ln-Am and Zr-Mo.

Journal Articles

Application of centrifugal partition chromatography to separation of actinides and lanthanides in TBP extraction system

Usuda, Shigekazu; Abe, Hitoshi; Tachimori, Shoichi; Takeishi, Hideyo; *

Solvent Extraction 1990, p.717 - 722, 1992/00

no abstracts in English

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