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Journal Articles

Development of calculation methodology for estimation of radionuclide composition in wastes generated at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Nakabayashi, Ryo*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takahatake, Yoko; Tsukamoto, Masaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.881 - 890, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Determination of emission rates and spectra of neutrons from $$^{241}$$Am-Li sources

Hoshi, Katsuya; Nishino, Sho; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsujimura, Norio

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 24, p.011020_1 - 011020_6, 2019/01

We studied the application of AmLi interrogation neutron sources, which originally deployed in non-destructive assay apparatus for nuclear safeguard, to calibration work. To determine the emission rate, the angular distribution of neutron fluence was measured by a potable long counter. The emission rate at the date of measurement (October 23rd, 2015) was determined to be 1.00$$times$$10$$^{6}$$ n/s ($$pm$$4.1% (${it k}$ = 2)).

Journal Articles

ACE library of JENDL-4.0/HE

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kunieda, Satoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu*; Tada, Kenichi; Konno, Chikara

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.225 - 229, 2019/01

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:3.3(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

Thermodynamic equilibrium constants for important isosaccharinate reactions; A Review

Rai, D.*; Kitamura, Akira

Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 114, p.135 - 143, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:86.27(Thermodynamics)

Isosaccharinic acid is a cellulose degradation product that can form in low-level nuclear waste repositories and is known to form strong complexes with many elements, including actinides, disposed of in these repositories. We (1) reviewed the available data for deprotonation and lactonisation constants of isosaccharinic acid, and the isosaccharinate binding constants for Ca, Fe(III), Th, U(IV), U(VI), Np(IV), Pu(IV), and Am(III), (2) summarized complexation constant values for predicting actinide behavior in geologic repositories in the presence of isosaccharinate, and (3) outlined additional studies to acquire reliable thermodynamic data where the available data are inadequate.

Journal Articles

Prediction of chemical effects of Mo and B on the Cs chemisorption onto stainless steel

Di Lemma, F. G.; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Miwa, Shuhei; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko

Energy Procedia, 127, p.29 - 34, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:25.98

Chemical effects of molybdenum (Mo) and boron (B), which were considered to form compounds with Cs, on the Cs chemisorption were predicted using a chemical equilibrium calculation. It is seen that Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ were formed in the chemisorbed compounds. On the other hand, little effects were observed for B. The results suggest that the effects of Mo should be considered for further experimental investigation.

Journal Articles

Summary report on the joint session entitled by "Decommissioning of reactor and accelerator facilities and present status of activation nuclear data libraries"

Nakamura, Shoji

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (115), p.18 - 23, 2016/10

This is a summary report on the planning joint session entitled by "Decommissioning of reactor and accelerator facilities and present status of activation nuclear data libraries".

Journal Articles

Development of multi-group neutron activation cross-section library for decommissioning of nuclear facilities

Okumura, Keisuke; Kojima, Kensuke; Tanaka, Kenichi*

JAEA-Conf 2015-003, p.43 - 47, 2016/03

In the safety assessment concerning disposal of radioactive wastes generated in the decommissioning of nuclear facilities, it is necessary to evaluate the radionuclide inventory produced by the activation of structured materials. For this purpose, we have to pay much attention to the activation of many impurities irradiated in various neutron spectra depending on their positions and materials. Therefore, accurate activation cross-section data are necessary for many nuclides and reactions. A new multi-group neutron activation cross-section library (MAXS) was developed based on the recent nuclear data JENDL-4.0 and JEFF-3.0/A to apply it to the activation calculations for the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. The library contains cross-sections and isomeric ratios for many reactions such as (n,$$gamma$$), (n,f), (n,2n), (n,3n), (n,p), (n,$$alpha$$), (n,d), (n,t), (n,n$$alpha$$), (n,np), and so on, for 779 nuclides, in the 199-energy group structure of VITAMIN-B6.

JAEA Reports

Calculation of decay heat by new ORIGEN libraries for high temperature engineering test reactor

Simanullang, I. L.*; Honda, Yuki; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Fujimoto, Nozomu*; Takada, Shoji

JAEA-Technology 2015-032, 26 Pages, 2016/01


Decay heat of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor had been evaluated by the Shure Equation and/or ORIGEN code based on the LWR's data. However, to evaluate more accurately, a suitable method must be considered because of the differences neutron spectrums from the LWRs. Therefore, the decay heat and the generated nuclides for the neutron spectrums of the core with different graphite moderator amount were calculated by the ORIGEN2 code. As a result, it is clear that the calculated decay heats are similar value with LWRs for about one year after the reactor shutdown, and that the significant differences are observed on the longer period affected by the generated nuclides such as $$^{90}$$Y, $$^{134}$$Cs, $$^{144}$$Pr, $$^{106}$$Rh, $$^{241}$$Am etc. It is also clear that the dose is affected by $$^{241}$$Pu on the initial stage after the reactor shutdown.

Journal Articles

Equilibrium and non-equilibrium charge-state distributions of 2.0 MeV/u carbon ions passing through carbon foils

Imai, Makoto*; Sataka, Masao*; Matsuda, Makoto; Okayasu, Satoru; Kawatsura, Kiyoshi*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Komaki, Kenichiro*; Shibata, Hiromi*; Nishio, Katsuhisa

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 354, p.172 - 176, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:29.67(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Both equilibrium and non-equilibrium charge-state distributions were studied experimentally for 2.0 MeV/u carbon ions after passing through carbon foils. Measured charge-state distribution established the equilibrium at a target thickness of 10 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$ and this remained unchanged until a maximum target thickness of 98 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$. The equilibrium charge-state distribution, the equilibrium mean charge-state, and the width and skewness of the equilibrium distribution were compared with predictions using existing semi-empirical formulae as well as simulation results, including the ETACHA code. It was found that charge-state distributions, mean charge states, and distribution widths for C$$^{2+}$$, C$$^{3+}$$, and C$$^{4+}$$ incident ions merged into quasi-equilibrium values at a target thickness of 5.7 $$mu$$g/cm$$^{2}$$ in the pre-equilibrium region and evolved simultaneously to the "real equilibrium" values for all of the initial charge states, including C$$^{5+}$$ and C$$^{6+}$$ ions. Two kinds of simulation, ETACHA and solution of rate equations taking only single electron transfers into account, were used, and both of them reproduced the measured charge evolution qualitatively. The quasi-equilibrium behavior could be reproduced with the ETACHA code, but not with solution of elementary rate equations.

JAEA Reports

Development of measurement technique of the equilibrium vapor pressure of simulated fission products

Takai, Toshihide; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Furukawa, Tomohiro

JAEA-Technology 2015-002, 20 Pages, 2015/03


To improve the evaluation technique of source term, the measurement technique of the equilibrium vapor pressure using a high temperature mass spectrometer is required to expand the thermodynamic database of the simulated FPs. Existing test apparatus was adapted for this purpose. A mass spectrometer capable of measuring a wide mass number range and glove box for handling simulated FPs were installed for analyzing heavy FPs and preventing deterioration of simulated FPs in an air atmosphere, respectively. Function verification using standard sample and precision investigation using simulated FP sample were carried out. The oxygen dissociation pressure and standard enthalpy of formation of RuO$$_{2}$$(s) were evaluated, and it was confirmed these evaluated values were agreed with the calculated value from existing thermodynamic data and evaluation value written in the literature. Consequently, it was proven that high precision thermodynamic data was able to obtain by using this apparatus.

JAEA Reports

Report on research and development of nuclear forensics technologies

Okubo, Ayako; Kimura, Yoshiki; Shinohara, Nobuo; Toda, Nobufumi; Funatake, Yoshio; Watahiki, Masaru; Sakurai, Satoshi; Kuno, Yusuke

JAEA-Technology 2015-001, 185 Pages, 2015/03


Nuclear forensics is the analysis of intercepted illicit nuclear or radioactive material and any associated material to provide evidence for nuclear attribution by determining origin, history, transit routes and purpose involving such material. Nuclear forensics activity includes sampling of the illicit material, analysis of the samples and evaluation of the attribution by comparing the analyzed data with database or numerical simulation. Because the nuclear forensics technologies specify the origin of the nuclear materials used illegal dealings or nuclear terrorism, it becomes possible to identify and indict offenders, hence to enhance deterrent effect against such terrorism. Worldwide network on nuclear forensics can contribute to strengthen global nuclear security regime. In this paper, the results of research and development of fundamental nuclear forensics technologies performed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency during the fiscal term of 2011-2013 were reported.

Journal Articles

Exploring of peptides with affinity to HER2 from random peptide libraries using radioisotope; Random hexapeptide libraries with fixed amino acid sequence at 1 and 2 positions

Sasaki, Ichiro; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Yamada, Keiichi*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Sugo, Yumi; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Ishioka, Noriko

Peptide Science 2014, p.257 - 260, 2015/03

Journal Articles

Enhancement of the functions of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency Library's Fukushima Nuclear Accident Archive using a novel data flagging system that improves the utilization of numerical data on the internet

Ikeda, Kiyoshi; Gonda, Mayuki; Nagaya, Shun; Hayakawa, Misa; Kunii, Katsuhiko; Mineo, Yukinobu; Yonezawa, Minoru; Itabashi, Keizo

Proceedings of 16th International Conference on Grey Literature (GL-16), p.139 - 145, 2015/03

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) Library has collected Internet information related the Fukushima Accident. We previously reported the development of the Fukushima Accident Archive using the DSpace in 15th International Conference on Grey Literature. We have encountered a new challenging issue grey literature. In many cases, Internet information contains valuable numerical data. However, it is difficult to identify the existence of numerical data in the Internet sites because numerical data is not often organized in a systematic manner on the web sites. We considered such method as to identify numerical data and attempted to introduce "data flagging" system, which was previously used in the International Atomic Energy Agency's International Nuclear Information System (INIS). In this presentation, we will introduce our "data flagging" system for numerical data on the Internet and how we apply the system to our Fukushima Accident Archive.

Journal Articles

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for nuclear fuel material

Akaoka, Katsuaki; Miyabe, Masabumi; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Wakaida, Ikuo

Reza Kenkyu, 42(12), p.918 - 922, 2014/12

For the remote analysis of the next generation nuclear fuel material containing minor actinide (MA), Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to uranium oxide (U$$_{3}$$O$$_{8}$$) including a small amount of neodymium oxide (Nd$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) as a simulated sample of MA. By using deconvolution technique for the spectra of Nd in U, the complex, overlapped and confused spectra were separated and their actual intensities were determined. As a result, the calibration curve with good linearity and the detection limit of less than 700 ppm were demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Application of voxel phantoms and Monte Carlo method to whole-body counter calibrations

Kinase, Sakae; Takagi, Shunji*; Noguchi, Hiroshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 125(1-4), p.189 - 193, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:25.91(Environmental Sciences)

In the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), a calculation code -UCWBC code- for whole-body counter calibrations using voxel phantoms has been developed as an EGS4 Monte Carlo user code. To validate the UCWBC code for calibrating whole-body counters in JAERI, response functions and counting efficiencies of a p-type high-purity Ge semiconductor detector used for the whole-body counter were evaluated for a water-filled block-shape phantom by the UCWBC code and were measured by experiments. Furthermore, counting efficiencies of the Ge semiconductor detector for the male and female voxel phantoms developed in JAERI were evaluated in the photon energy range 60-1836 keV by the UCWBC code in order to examine the differences between the counting efficiencies for voxel phantoms. In conclusion, it was found that the response functions and counting efficiencies of the Ge semiconductor detector by the UCWBC code for the water-filled block-shape phantom are in good agreement with measured data. The UCWBC code was validated by the comparisons.

Journal Articles

Investigations of relativistic laser plasma from micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science II, p.231 - 251, 2007/00

To better understand a fundamental aspect of the laser cluster interaction, we have carried out systematic investigations of X-ray radiation properties of high-density and high-temperature cluster plasma, created by the action of superintense laser irradiation. The interrelationship between the X-ray radiation properties and ion kinetic energies has been for the first time examined by the simultaneous measurements of X-ray radiation spectra and ion energy spectra. Time scale and mechanism of X-ray emission process have been discussed based on a time-dependent plasma kinetics model. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the practical capability of X-rays thus produced, the pulse X-ray diffraction has been examined from Si crystal with this source.

JAEA Reports

Program POD-P; A Computer code to calculate cross sections for neutron-induced preequilibrium nuclear reactions

Kunieda, Satoshi; Ichihara, Akira

JAERI-Data/Code 2005-005, 33 Pages, 2005/09


The computer code, POD-P, was developed to calculate energy spectra and angular distributions of emitted particles for the neutron-induced preequiliblium nuclear reactions. The energy-differential cross sections are computed with the classical one-component exciton model for the nucleon and composite-particle emissions. Along with this, the semi-empirical exciton models are also used for the composite-particle emissions. The double-differential cross sections are derived from those model calculations plus the angular-distribution systematics. The computational method and explanation of input parameters are given with some output examples.

JAEA Reports

MVP/GMVP 2; General purpose Monte Carlo codes for neutron and photon transport calculations based on continuous energy and multigroup methods

Nagaya, Yasunobu; Okumura, Keisuke; Mori, Takamasa; Nakagawa, Masayuki

JAERI 1348, 388 Pages, 2005/06


To realize fast and accurate Monte Carlo simulation of neutron and photon transport problems, two vectorized Monte Carlo codes MVP and GMVP have been developed at JAERI. MVP is based on the continuous energy model and GMVP is on the multigroup model. Compared with conventional scalar codes, these codes achieve higher computation speed by a factor of 10 or more on vector supercomputers. Both codes have sufficient functions for production use by adopting accurate physics model, geometry description capability and variance reduction techniques. The first version of the codes was released in 1994. They have been extensively improved and new functions have been implemented. The major improvements and new functions are (1) capability to treat the scattering model expressed with File 6 of the ENDF-6 format, (2) time-dependent tallies, (3) reaction rate calculation with the pointwise response function, (4) flexible source specification, etc. This report describes the physical model, geometry description method used in the codes, new functions and how to use them.

Journal Articles

Developments of the calibration tools for beam position monitor at J-PARC LINAC

Sato, Susumu; Tomisawa, Tetsuo; Akikawa, Hisashi; Ueno, Akira; Lee, S.*; Igarashi, Zenei*; Ikegami, Masanori*; Toyama, Takeshi*; Kamikubota, Norihiko*

Proceedings of 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '05) (CD-ROM), p.2777 - 2779, 2005/00

The J-PARC LINAC requires for fine control of beam position to minimize beam loss. So that BPMs need to be calibrated with the accuracy of about a hundred micro-meters. The accuracy of BPMs are calibrated with the calibration tool and real beam. In this paper, details of these developments around BPMs are to be reported.

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