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Journal Articles

Migration mechanisms of $$^{237}$$Np and $$^{241}$$Am through loess media

Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Junko; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Li, Z.*; Wang, X.*; Fan, Z.*; Guo, L.*; Liu, C.*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 256(2), p.205 - 211, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.32(Chemistry, Analytical)

Migration experiments of $$^{237}$$Np(V) and $$^{241}$$Am(III) have been performed using a column system, to investigate migration behavior of Np and Am through a column packed with loess, taken from Shanxi, China. Adsorption mechanisms of Np and Am on the loess were examined by a chemical extraction method. In the case of the Np, most of Np adsorbed on the influent edge of the column. The Np adsorbed on the loess was mainly controlled by surface complexation. However, the migration of Np in the loess media could be roughly evaluated by using the distribution coefficient. In the case of the Am, particulate Am species was formed in the influent solution and moved in the column. The Am adsorbed on the loess was controlled by irreversible reactions. The migration behavior of particulate Am in the loess media could be expressed by the filtration theory.

JAEA Reports

Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am in loess media (Joint research)

Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Junko; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Li, S.*; Wang, Z.*; Wang, J.*; Guo, Z.*; Zhao, Y.*

JAERI-Research 2002-034, 20 Pages, 2002/12


Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr(II), $$^{237}$$Np(V), $$^{238}$$Pu(IV) and $$^{241}$$Am(III) on the loess were investigated from their adsorption and desorption properties. The distribution coefficient of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was 2 - 3 orders of magnitude smaller than that of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am. The adsorption of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was mainly controlled by the ion exchange reaction. On the other hand, the adsorption of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am was mostly controlled by the selective chemical reactions with Fe and Mn oxyhydroxide/oxide and humic substances. On the basis of the experimental results, several types of adsorption models of the radionuclides, considering elemental concentrations, adsorption mechanisms and kinetics, were proposed for setting up the analytical systems of radionuclide migration in the loess media.

Journal Articles

Migration of radioactive $$^{85}$$Sr,$$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{60}$$Co through a loess soil layer

Z.Li*; H.Wang*; Takebe, Shinichi; Tanaka, Tadao

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.353, 0, p.1109 - 1115, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

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