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Journal Articles

Optimization of dissolved hydrogen concentration for mitigating corrosive conditions of pressurised water reactor primary coolant under irradiation, 2; Evaluation of electrochemical corrosion potential

Hata, Kuniki; Hanawa, Satoshi; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Uchida, Shunsuke; Lister, D. H.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(8), p.867 - 880, 2023/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:63.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

One of the major subjects for evaluating the corrosive conditions in the PWR primary coolant was to determine the optimal hydrogen concentration for mitigating PWSCC without any adverse effects on major structural materials. As suitable procedures for evaluating the corrosive conditions in PWR primary coolant, a couple of procedures, i.e., water radiolysis and ECP analyses, were proposed. The previous article showed the radiolysis calculation in the PWR primary coolant, which was followed by an ECP study here. The ECP analysis, a couple of a mixed potential model and an oxide layer growth model, was developed originally for BWR conditions, which was extended to PWR conditions with adding Li$$^{+}$$ (Na$$^{+}$$) and H$$^{+}$$ effects on the anodic polarization curves. As a result of comparison of the calculated results with INCA in-pile-loop experiment data as well as other experimental data, it was confirmed that the ECPs calculated with the coupled analyses agreed with the measured within $$pm$$100mV discrepancies.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment IB-HL-01; 17% hot leg intermediate break LOCA with totally-failed high pressure injection system

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2023-007, 72 Pages, 2023/07


An experiment denoted as IB-HL-01 was conducted on November 19, 2009 using the Large Scale Test Facility (LSTF) in the Rig of Safety Assessment-V (ROSA-V) Program. The ROSA/LSTF experiment IB-HL-01 simulated a 17% hot leg intermediate break loss-of-coolant accident due to a double-ended guillotine break of pressurizer surge line in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). The break was simulated by a long nozzle upwardly mounted flush with a hot leg inner surface. The test assumptions included total failure of both high pressure injection system of emergency core cooling system (ECCS) and auxiliary feedwater system. In the experiment, relatively large size of break led to a fast transient of phenomena. The primary pressure steeply dropped after the break, and became lower than steam generator (SG) secondary-side pressure. Break flow turned from single-phase flow to two-phase flow soon after the break. Core uncovery started simultaneously with liquid level drop in downflow-side of crossover leg before loop seal clearing (LSC). The LSC was induced in both loops by steam condensation on accumulator (ACC) coolant of ECCS injected into cold legs. The whole core was quenched owing to the rapid recovery in the core liquid level after the LSC. Peak cladding temperature of simulated fuel rods was detected almost concurrently with the LSC. During the ACC coolant injection, liquid levels recovered in the hot legs and SG inlet plena because of liquid entrainment from the hot leg into the SG inlet plenum by high-velocity steam flow. After the continuous core cooling was confirmed through the actuation of low pressure injection system of ECCS, the experiment was terminated. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions, and major observations in the ROSA/LSTF experiment IB-HL-01.

Journal Articles

Modelling concrete degradation by coupled non-linear processes

Oda, Chie; Kawama, Daisuke*; Shimizu, Hiroyuki*; Benbow, S. J.*; Hirano, Fumio; Takayama, Yusuke; Takase, Hiroyasu*; Mihara, Morihiro; Honda, Akira

Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 19(10), p.1075 - 1087, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Construction & Building Technology)

Concrete in a transuranic (TRU) waste repository is considered a suitable material to ensure safety, provide structural integrity and retard radionuclide migration after the waste containers fail. In the current study, coupling between chemical, mass-transport and mechanical, so-called non-linear processes that control concrete degradation and crack development were investigated by coupled numerical models. Application of such coupled numerical models allows identification of the dominant non-linear processes that will control long-term concrete degradation and crack development in a TRU waste repository.

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced effects on the extraction properties of hexa-$$n$$-octylnitrilo-triacetamide (HONTA) complexes of americium and europium

Toigawa, Tomohiro; Peterman, D. R.*; Meeker, D. S.*; Grimes, T. S.*; Zalupski, P. R.*; Mezyk, S. P.*; Cook, A. R.*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Kumagai, Yuta; Matsumura, Tatsuro; et al.

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 23(2), p.1343 - 1351, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:74.41(Chemistry, Physical)

The candidate An(III)/Ln(III) separation ligand hexa-$$n$$-octylnitrilo-triacetamide (HONTA) was irradiated under envisioned SELECT (Solvent Extraction from Liquid waste using Extractants of CHON-type for Transmutation) process conditions using a solvent test loop in conjunction with cobalt-60 gamma irradiation. We demonstrate that HONTA undergoes exponential decay with increasing gamma dose to produce a range of degradation products which have been identified and quantified by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS techniques. The combination of HONTA destruction and degradation product ingrowth, particularly dioctylamine, negatively impacts the extraction and back-extraction of both americium and europium ions. The loss of HONTA was attributed to its reaction with the solvent (${it n}$-dodecane) radical cation of ${it k}$(HONTA + R$$^{.+}$$) = (7.61 $$pm$$ 0.82) $$times$$ 10$$^{9}$$ M$$^{-1}$$ s$$^{-1}$$ obtained by pulse radiolysis techniques. However, when this ligand is bound to either americium or europium ions, the observed ${it n}$-dodecane radical cation kinetics increase by over an order of magnitude. This large reactivity increase to additional reaction pathways occurring upon metal-ion binding. Lastly nanosecond time-resolved measurements showed that both direct and indirect HONTA radiolysis yielded the short-lived ($$<$$100 ns) HONTA radical cation as well as a longer-lived ($$mu$$s) HONTA triplet excited state. These HONTA species are important precursors to the suite of HONTA degradation products observed.

JAEA Reports

Soundness survey of cooling tower of Utility Cooling Loop (UCL Cooling Tower) in JMTR

Oto, Tsutomu; Asano, Norikazu; Kawamata, Takanori; Yanai, Tomohiro; Nishimura, Arashi; Araki, Daisuke; Otsuka, Kaoru; Takabe, Yugo; Otsuka, Noriaki; Kojima, Keidai; et al.

JAEA-Review 2020-018, 66 Pages, 2020/11


A collapse event of the cooling tower of secondary cooling system in the JMTR (Japan Materials Testing Reactor) was caused by the strong wind of Typhoon No.15 on September 9, 2019. The cause of the collapse of the cooling tower was investigated and analyzed. As the result, it was identified that four causes occurred in combination. Thus, the soundness of the cooling tower of Utility Cooling Loop (UCL cooling tower), which is a wooden cooling tower installed at the same period as the cooling tower of secondary cooling system, was investigated. The items of soundness survey are to grasp the operation conditions of the UCL cooling tower, to confirm the degradation of structural materials, the inspection items and inspection status of the UCL cooling tower, and to investigate the past meteorological data. As the results of soundness survey of the UCL cooling tower, the improvement of inspection items of the UCL cooling tower was carried out and the replacement and repair of the structural materials of the UCL cooling tower were planned for safe maintenance and management of this facility. And the renewal plan of new cooling tower was created to replace the existing UCL cooling tower. This report is summarized the soundness survey of the UCL cooling tower.

Journal Articles

Influence of temperature histories during reactor startup periods on microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons

Kasahara, Shigeki; Kitsunai, Yuji*; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Chatani, Kazuhiro*; Koshiishi, Masato*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 480, p.386 - 392, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This paper addresses influence of two different temperature profiles during startup periods in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor and a boiling water reactor upon microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of austenitic stainless steel irradiated with neutrons to about 1 dpa and 3 dpa. Tensile tests at 290$$^{circ}$$C and Vickers hardness tests at room temperature were carried out, and their microstructures were observed by FEG-TEM. Influence of difference in the temperature profiles was observed obviously in interstitial cluster formation, in particular, growth of Frank loops. The influence was also found certainly in loss of strain hardening capacity and ductility, although the influence on the yield strength and the Vickers hardness was not clearly observed. As a result, Frank loops, which were observed in austenitic stainless steel irradiated at doses of 1 dpa or more, were considered to contribute to deformation of the austenitic stainless steel.

Journal Articles

Study of irradiation effect on ECP using in-pile loops in the JMTR

Hanawa, Satoshi; Uchida, Shunsuke; Hata, Kuniki; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Shigeki*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 20th Nuclear Plant Chemistry International Conference (NPC 2016) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

The authors proposed and ECP evaluation model introducing irradiation-induced diffusion in the oxide layer to simulate neutron irradiation effect, and predicted with this model that ECP is started to depress from the neutron flux of about ten to the fourteenth per square meter. As the JMTR has in-pile loops applicable to water chemistry experiments, degree of irradiation effect on ECP appears in the in-pile loop was estimated by the model. Under oxygen injected condition, ECP in a capsule becomes constant along the vertical direction due to the presence of high amount of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide in a capsule. However, if neutron irradiation depress ECP, ECP in a capsule along vertical direction wouldn't become constant, and the degree to the decrement is detectable by experiments.

Journal Articles

Estimation of rock mass stress state based on convergence measurement during gallery excavation

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Nago, Makito*; Kamemura, Katsumi*; Sugawara, Kentaro*

Proceedings of 9th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium (ARMS-9) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2016/10

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-HL-12; 1% Hot leg break LOCA with SG depressurization and gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2015-022, 58 Pages, 2016/01


The SB-HL-12 test simulated PWR 1% hot leg SBLOCA under assumptions of total failure of HPI system and non-condensable gas (nitrogen gas) inflow. SG depressurization by fully opening relief valves in both SGs as AM action was initiated immediately after maximum fuel rod surface temperature reached 600 K. After AM action due to first core uncovery by core boil-off, the primary pressure decreased, causing core mixture level swell. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 635 K. Second core uncovery by core boil-off took place before LSC induced by steam condensation on ACC coolant injected into cold legs. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after LSC. The fuel rod surface temperature then increased up to 696 K. The pressure difference became larger between the primary and SG secondary sides after nitrogen gas inflow. Third core uncovery by core boil-off occurred during reflux condensation. The maximum fuel rod surface temperature exceeded 908 K.

JAEA Reports

Data report of ROSA/LSTF experiment SB-CL-32; 1% cold leg break LOCA with SG depressurization and no gas inflow

Takeda, Takeshi

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-021, 59 Pages, 2014/11


Experiment SB-CL-32 was conducted on May 28, 1996 using the LSTF. The experiment SB-CL-32 simulated 1% cold leg small-break LOCA in PWR under assumptions of total failure of HPI system and no inflow of non-condensable gas from ACC tanks. Secondary-side depressurization of both SGs as AM action to achieve the depressurization rate of 200 K/h in the primary system was initiated 10 min after break. Core uncovery started with liquid level drop in crossover leg downflow-side. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after first LSC. The surface temperature of simulated fuel rod then increased up to 669 K. Core uncovery took place before second LSC induced by steam condensation on ACC coolant. The core liquid level recovered rapidly after second LSC. The maximum fuel rod surface temperature was 772 K. The continuous core cooling was confirmed because of coolant injection by LPI system. This report summarizes the test procedures, conditions and major observation.

Journal Articles

Development of an RF-input coupler with a multi-loop antenna for the RFQ linac in IFMIF project

Maebara, Sunao; Moriyama, Shinichi; Saigusa, Mikio*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Takeuchi, Hiroshi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.823 - 827, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An RF-Input coupler with a multi-loop antenna using co-axial waveguides has been developed for the RFQ linac on IFMIF. In case of using a loop antenna, the loop antenna structure will affected phase difference and power balance in each cavity. A mock-up loop antenna using the pipe diameter of 10mm was fabricated, phase differences and power balances were measured by a low power test. It is found that it is necessary to shorten the installed depth up to 3 cm to make the phase differences and power balance small. But, from a withstanding voltage, it is difficult to couple multi-MW with the single coupler. The coupling with multi-loop antennas using two or four loops is better than one loop antenna from the point views of both withstanding voltage and power balance. The phase difference and power balance were also measured in both cases. A good average phase-difference of 179$$^{circ}$$. and a good RF power balance within 8% error for each cavity were obtained. These results showed one of feasibility for an RF-Input coupler with a multi-loop antenna in the IFMIF 175 MHz RFQ.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of tritium permeation from lithium loop of IFMIF target system

Matsuhiro, Kenjiro; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hiroo; Sugimoto, Masayoshi

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.625 - 628, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:40.73(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electron cyclotron heating assisted startup in JT-60U

Kajiwara, Ken*; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Seki, Masami; Moriyama, Shinichi; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 45(7), p.694 - 705, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:85.86(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Electron cyclotron heating (ECH) assisted start-up experiment was performed in JT-60U. The breakdown loop voltage, becoming the maximum value at the plasma start-up, successfully reduced from 30 V to 4 V (E = 0.26 V/m) by 200 kW ECH. This fulfills the value less than 0.3 V/m, which corresponds to the maximum electric field required in ITER. Moreover, in order to investigate properties of start-up plasmas, parameter scans of the ECH power, prefilled gas pressure, resonant position, polarization angle and injection position were carried out and the dependence on them were obtained. It was revealed that the properties have dependences on the injection position and polarization angle in large tokamaks although they seemed to have no dependence on them from the experiments in small and medium tokamaks. In addition, in experiments of the plasma start-up using second and third harmonic ECH, it was found that the plasma current was ramped by 800 kW second harmonic ECH and was not ramped by 1.6 MW third harmonic ECH even with 7 MW neutral beam injection heating.

Journal Articles

Power-balance control by Slug Tuner for the 175MHz Radio-Frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac in IFMIF project

Maebara, Sunao; Moriyama, Shinichi; Saigusa, Mikio*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; Takeuchi, Hiroshi

Fusion Science and Technology, 47(4), p.941 - 945, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For tuning the 175MHz RFQ used in the baseline design of IFMIF, the RF power-balance control by slug tuner is indispensable because the RF power-balance for quadrupole operation mode (TE$$_{210}$$) in each RFQ quadrant will be affected by the insertion of the loop antennas and pick-up coils. In this study, RF power-balance recovery by slug tuners have been measured by using a low power module of 175MHz RFQ mock-up. The optimal insertion depth of loop antenna was determined to be 3 cm for realizing the appropriate phase differences of TE$$_{210}$$ mode. Under this condition, cylindrical slug tuners were inserted, and S$$_{21}$$ parameters in each cavity were measured. As a typical result, RF power-balance control less than 20% error can be achieved in case of $$phi$$3cm tuner up to 3cm insertion.

Journal Articles

A 175MHz RFQ design for IFMIF project

Maebara, Sunao; Moriyama, Shinichi; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Saito, Yuichi*; Saigusa, Mikio*

Proceedings of 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '05) (CD-ROM), p.904 - 906, 2005/00

The IFMIF is an accelerator-based neutron irradiation facility employing the D-Li stripping reaction. The required beam current of 250 mA is realized by two beam lines of 125mA, and the output energies at injector, RFQ and DTL were designed to be 0.1, 5 and 40 MeV, respectively. The operation frequency of 175MHz was selected to accelerate the large current of 125mA. After an intensive beam simulation, the RFQ with a total length of 12m was designed to keep the minimum emittance growth with the RF injection power of 2.3MW CW. For such a 175MHz RFQ, a design for RF input coupler with loop antenna and co-axial window, supplying RF power shared by 3 $$times$$ 4 ports, was conducted by using MW-Studio code. In order to withstand the voltage exceeding 200kW CW per one loop antenna, the co-axial line of 4 1/16" diameter is necessary, and it is found that the electric field distortion factor less than 1% can be achieved in beam bore only by employing the 4-loop antenna configuration providing the same power for each quadrants.

Journal Articles

Research and development on lead-bismuth technology for accelerator-driven transmutation system at JAERI

Kurata, Yuji; Kikuchi, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Kamata, Kinya*; Kitano, Teruaki*; Oigawa, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 4th International Workshop on the Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators, p.267 - 277, 2004/05

R&D on lead-bismuth technology have been conducted for accelerator driven system. From the test results of 316SS using JLBL-1 for 3000h without active oxygen control, mass transfer from high temperature to low temperature parts was observed. It was found that deposition of Pb/Bi and Fe-Cr grains in the annular channel of the electro-magnetic pump caused plugging and decrease in flow rate. The modification of the loop system brought about a good effect on operation. Significant erosion/corrosion was not observed in the experiment using MES loop for 1000h under 10$$^{-5}$$wt.% oxygen condition. The results of static corrosion tests showed the following: corrosion depth decreased at 450$$^{circ}$$C with increasing Cr content in steels while corrosion depth of JPCA and 316SS became larger due to ferritization caused by dissolution of Ni and Cr at 550$$^{circ}$$C. Si-added steel exhibited good corrosion resistance at 550$$^{circ}$$C.

Journal Articles

Main results of static and dynamic corrosion tests in oxygen-saturated liquid lead-bismuth

Kurata, Yuji; Kikuchi, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Sasa, Toshinobu

FZKA-6876, p.190 - 198, 2003/12

A report at MEGAPIE(Megawatt Pilot Experiment) Technical R & D Meeting is collected into an FZK report. According to the static corrosion tests, Al surface-treated layer produced by the gas diffusion method exhabited corrosion resistance to liquid Pb-Bi, while Al surface-treated layer produced by the melt dipping method suffered a severe corrosion attack. Furtheremore, it was found that a thick ferrite layer was formed in the surface of austenitic stainless steel at 550$$^{circ}$$C. Dissolution at high temperature parts, precipitation of Fe-Cr alloy and deposition of PbO at low temperature parts occured in the first loop corrosion test. These caused plugging of the narrow passage in electro-magnetic pumu(EMP) system. Adoption of filters and a wide passage in an EMP system, and the use of an inner-polished tube specimen brought about a good effect.

Journal Articles

Effects of quantum lattice vibration on the spin-Peierls transition

Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 329-333(2), p.874 - 875, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We investigate a one-dimensional $$S=1/2$$ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model coupled to quantum lattice vibration by a quantum Monte Carlo method. For heavy mass, the lattice fluctuation can be regarded to be adiabatic and the system dimerizes at low temperature. On the other hand, for light mass, the lattice takes a uniform configuration on the thermal average and magnetic properties coincide with those of the uniform lattice system. These phenomena can be understood from the difference of the time scale of the motion between the spin and the lattice.

Journal Articles

Quantum narrowing effect in a spin-peierls system with quantum lattice fluctuation

Onishi, Hiroaki; Miyashita, Seiji*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(2), p.392 - 398, 2003/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigate a one-dimensional $$S=1/2$$ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model coupled to quantum lattice vibration using a quantum Monte Carlo method. We study the ground-state lattice fluctuation where the system shows a characteristic structure factor. We also study the mass dependence of magnetic properties such as the magnetic susceptibility and the magnetic excitation spectrum. For heavy mass, the system shows the same behavior as the case of classical lattice vibration. On the other hand, for light mass, magnetic properties coincide with those of the static uniform chain. We investigate the physical mechanism of this behavior and propose the picture of quantum narrowing.

Journal Articles

Corrosion studies in liquid Pb-Bi alloy at JAERI; R&D program and first experimental results

Kurata, Yuji; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Osugi, Toshitaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 301(1), p.28 - 34, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:93.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

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