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Journal Articles

Development of magnetic sensors for JT-60SA

Takechi, Manabu; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Yagyu, Junichi; Hoshi, Ryo*; Kawamata, Yoichi; Kurihara, Kenichi; JT-60SA Team; Nishikawa, T.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.985 - 988, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:63.44(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Roles of the double tearing mode on the formation of a current hole

Tsuda, Takashi; Kurita, Genichi; Fujita, Takaaki

Journal of Plasma Physics, 72(6), p.1149 - 1152, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:11.03(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The current density is expected to be negative in the central region of the tokamak when the amplitude of bootstrap current or off-axis current drive is large enough and a negative one-turn voltage exists. However, a flat current profile with almost zero value has been observed in experiments. The current profile with Current Hole has a tendency to be unstable to double tearing mode and we investigate the role of double tearing mode on the formation of Current Hole with RMHD simulation.

Journal Articles

Analysis of an aspect ratio effect on the stability of external MHD modes in tokamaks with the Newcomb equation

Aiba, Nobuyuki; Tokuda, Shinji; Ishizawa, Tomoko*

Journal of Plasma Physics, 72(6), p.1127 - 1131, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:3.61(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

We develop the method for the stability analysis of a ideal external magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) mode by solving the eigenvalue problem associated with the two-dimensional Newcomb equation, the inertia free linear ideal MHD equation. This eigenvalue problem can be expected to provide a powerful tool for not only a low-n external MHD mode but also a high-n mode, where n is a toroidal mode number. With this method, we analyze an effect of the aspect ratio on the stability of middle-n (1$$<$$n$$<$$10) external MHD modes in tokamaks; this gets attention for the design research of a high performance tokamak. As the result of this work, we study that external MHD modes become stable as the aspect ratio decreases, and also find that the stability of middle-n external modes becomes important because an effect of a conducting wall is enhanced by reducing the aspect ratio.

Journal Articles

Stability of double tearing mode in current hole configuration

Tsuda, Takashi; Kurita, Genichi; Fujita, Takaaki

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S83 - S86, 2006/12

The current density is expected to be negative in the central region of the tokamak when the amplitude of bootstrap current or off-axis current drive is large enough. However, a flat current profile with almost zero value has been observed in experiments even under the situation with negative one-turn voltage exists in the central region of plasma. Double tearing mode (DTM) can be unstable for the current profile with a "current hole" and some MHD activities are observed in JET before the formation of the current hole. On the contrary, no MHD activity is observed in the JT-60 experiment. Here, we study the condition of appearance of DTM and investigate the stability of DTM and the interaction between DTM (n=1 perturbation) and "Current Hole" with resistive RMHD simulations.

Journal Articles

Cross-machine benchmarking for ITER of neoclassical tearing mode stabilization by electron cyclotron current drive

La Haye, R. J.*; Prater, R.*; Buttery, R. J.*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Isayama, Akihiko; Maraschek, M. E.*; Urso, L.*; Zohm, H.*

Nuclear Fusion, 46(4), p.451 - 461, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:147 Percentile:97.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Heating, current drive, and advanced plasma control in JFT-2M

Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Oasa, Kazumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Miura, Yukitoshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Shoji, Teruaki*; Shibata, Takatoshi; Kikuchi, Kazuo; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 49(2), p.139 - 167, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.58(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The main results obtained by the various heating and current drive systems, external coil system and divertor bias system are reviewed from the viewpoint of the advanced active control of the tokamak plasma. Also, the features of each system are described. The contribution of the JFT-2M in these areas are summarized.

Journal Articles

Suppression of neoclassical tearing modes towards stationary high-beta plasmas in JT-60U

Isayama, Akihiko; JT-60 Team

Plasma Science and Technology, 8(1), p.36 - 40, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:11.03(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of toroidal structure of electron temperature with electron cyclotron emission diagnostic in JT-60U

Isayama, Akihiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; JT-60 Team

Proceedings of 21st IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering (SOFE 2005) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

MHD instabilities leading to disruptions in low beta JT-60U reversed shear plasmas

Takechi, Manabu; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishii, Yasutomo; Ozeki, Takahisa; Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1694 - 1699, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:24.99(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

High performance reversed shear discharges with strong internal transport barrier (ITB) and flat pressure profile in the plasma core region disrupt frequently even with low beta. We analyzed MHD instabilities leading to low beta disruption with measuring fluctuations and current profile with MSE measurement. We mainly observed two type of disruptions. One is the disruption without precursor at $$qeff~integer$$. The other is the disruption with n=1 precursor of $$gamma$$$$>$$100 ms. To explain these characteristics of disruption, we introduce the simple model such as, disruption occurs when the both MHD instabilities at plasma surface and at safety factor being equal to surface mode are unstable. This simple model can explain almost all observed disruption by two process. One is the surface mode triggered disruption, which occurs when qeff change, corresponding q surface at ITB layer changes discretely. The other is the internal mode triggered disruption, which occurs when corresponding q surface become unstable gradually.

Journal Articles

Neural-net predictor for beta limit disruptions in JT-60U

Yoshino, Ryuji

Nuclear Fusion, 45(11), p.1232 - 1246, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:74.68(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Prediction of major disruptions observed at the $$beta$$-limit for tokamak plasmas has been investigated in JT-60U with developing neural networks. A sub-neural network is trained to output a value of the $$beta$$$$_{N}$$ limit every 2 ms. The target $$beta$$$$_{N}$$ limit is artificially set by the operator in the first step training and is modified in the second step training using the output $$beta$$$$_{N}$$ limit from the trained network. To improve the prediction performance further, the difference between the estimated $$beta$$$$_{N}$$ limit and the measured $$beta$$$$_{N}$$ and the other 11 parameters are inputted to a main neural network to calculate the stability level. Major disruptions have been predicted with a prediction success rate of 80% at 10 ms prior to the disruption while the false alarm rate is lower than 4%. This 80% is much higher than about 10% previously obtained. A prediction success rate of 90% has been also obtained with a false alarm rate of 12% at 10 ms prior to the disruption. This 12% is about a half of previously obtained one.

Journal Articles

Nonlinear behaviour of collisionless double tearing mode induced by electron inertia

Matsumoto, Taro; Naito, Hiroshi*; Tokuda, Shinji; Kishimoto, Yasuaki*

Nuclear Fusion, 45(11), p.1264 - 1270, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:42.08(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A gyrokinetic particle simulation is executed to clarify the effect of the electron inertia on the MHD phenomena in the reversed shear configuration (RSC) of a cylindrical tokamak plasma. It is found that the collisionless (kinetic) double tearing modes grow up at the Alfv$'e$n time scale, and nonlinearly induce the internal collapse when the helical flux at the magnetic axis is less than that at the outer resonant surface. After the internal collapse, the secondary reconnection is induced by the current concentration due to the $$m=2$$ convective flow. It is also clarified that a nonlinear dynamics accompanied with the elementary processes caused by the $$m=2$$ flow can generate a new RSC with resonant surfaces. In the presence of the density gradient, after the full reconnection induced by the $$m=2$$ mode, the radial electric field is found to be generated due to the difference of the $${bf E} times {bf B}$$ motion between ions and electrons. However, the intensity of the radial field is not so large as that induced by the collisionless kink mode.

Journal Articles

Approach to optimize conversion efficiency of discharge-pumped plasma extreme ultraviolet sources

Masnavi, M.*; Nakajima, Mitsuo*; Sasaki, Akira; Hotta, Eiki*; Horioka, Kazuhiko*

Applied Physics Letters, 87(11), p.111502_1 - 111502_3, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:18.11(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nonlinear acceleration of the electron inertia-dominated magnetohydrodynamic modes due to electron parallel compressibility

Matsumoto, Taro; Naito, Hiroshi*; Tokuda, Shinji; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physics of Plasmas, 12(9), p.092505_1 - 092505_7, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.11(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The behavior of the collisionless magnetohydrodynamics modes is investigated by the gyro-kinetic particle simulation in a cylindrical tokamak plasma in the parameter region where the effects of electron inertia and electron parallel compressibility are competitive for magnetic reconnection. Although the linear growth of the $$m=1$$ internal kink-tearing mode is dominated by the electron inertia, it is found that the growth rate can be nonlinearly accelerated due to the electron parallel compressibility proportional to the ion sound Larmor radius $$rho_s$$. It is also found that, as decreasing the electron skin depth $$delta_e$$, the maximum growth rate before the internal collapse saturates independently of the microscopic scales such as $$delta_e$$ and $$rho_s$$. The acceleration of growth rate is also observed in the nonlinear phase of the $$m=2$$ double tearing mode.

Journal Articles

Alfv$'e$n eigenmodes in reversed shear plasmas in JT-60U negative-ion-based neutral beam injection discharges

Takechi, Manabu; Fukuyama, Atsushi*; Ishikawa, Masao; Cheng, C. Z.*; Shinohara, Koji; Ozeki, Takahisa; Kusama, Yoshinori; Takeji, Satoru*; Fujita, Takaaki; Oikawa, Toshihiro; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 12(8), p.082509_1 - 082509_7, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:72.05(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Rapid frequency sweeping modes observed in reversed magnetic shear (RS) plasmas on the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Tokamak 60 Upgrade (JT-60U) have been identified as Reversed-Shear-induced Alfv$'e$n Eigenmodes (RSAEs), which are ideal MHD Alfv$'e$n eigenmodes (AEs) localized to the region of minimum safety factor, $$q_{rm min}$$, and are excited by negative-ion-based neutral beam injection. The chirping and subsequent saturation of the mode frequency are consistent with theoretical predictions for the transition from RSAEs to Toroidal Alfv$'{e}$n eigenmodes (TAEs). The previously observed rapid frequency sweeping modes in ion cyclotron wave heated plasmas in JT-60U can also be similarly explained. The observed AE amplitude is largest during the transition from RSAEs to TAEs, and fast ion loss is observed when the AE amplitude is largest at this transition. It is preferable to operate outside the transition range of $$q$$$$_{min}$$, e.g., 2.4 $$<$$ $$q$$$$_{min}$$ $$<$$ 2.7 for the n = 1 AE to avoid substantial fast ion loss in RS plasmas.

Journal Articles

Theory of the Newcomb equation and its application in magnetohydrodynamic stability problems

Tokuda, Shinji

Denki Gakkai Kenkyukai Shiryo, Purazuma Kenkyukai (PST-05-20$$sim$$22$$cdot$$24$$sim$$35), p.35 - 38, 2005/03

The Newcomb equation arising in magnetohydrodynamic stability problems for a tokamak plasma has regular singular poins that are rational surfaces. The Frobenius solution around the regular singular point plays important roles in various MHD problems. A numerical method is proposed which extracts, by using Legendre polynomials, the singular solution included in a solution for the eigenvalue problem associated with the Newcomb equation.

Journal Articles

Report of ITPA (International Tokamak Physics Activity) meeting, 13

Kawano, Yasunori; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Kusama, Yoshinori; Sasao, Mamiko*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Mase, Atsushi*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kato, Takako*; Takamura, Shuichi*; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(2), p.128 - 130, 2005/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

DNS of turbulent channel flow with MHD at high Reynolds number

Satake, Shinichi*; Kunugi, Tomoaki*; Naito, Norihito*; Takase, Kazuyuki; Ose, Yasuo*

Dai-18-Kai Suchi Ryutai Rikigaku Shimpojiumu Koen Yoshishu (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2004/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of the two-dimensional Newcomb problem to compute the stability matrix of external MHD modes in a tokamak

Aiba, Nobuyuki*; Tokuda, Shinji; Ishizawa, Tomoko*; Okamoto, Masao*

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(11), p.1699 - 1721, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.56(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The theory of the Newcomb equation has been applied to low-n external modes in a tokamak and a method has been developed to compute the stability matrix that gives the change of plasma potential energy due to external modes in terms of the surface values of the perturbations. By using this method, the spectral properties of the ideal external modes has been elucidated, such as coupling between external modes and internal modes, and the difference of the stability properties between a normal shear tokamak and a reversed shear tokamak. These results will be also useful in the stability analysis of resistive wall modes.

Journal Articles

Stabilization of neoclassical tearing mode by electron cyclotron current drive and its evolution simulation on JT-60U tokamak

Nagasaki, Kazunobu*; Isayama, Akihiko; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Ozeki, Takahisa; Takechi, Manabu; Oyama, Naoyuki; Ide, Shunsuke; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; JT-60 Team

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

External feedback effect on magnetic islands in tokamaks

Konovalov, S. V.; Mikhailovskii, A. B.*; Kovalishen, E. A.*; Kamenets, F. F.*; Ozeki, Takahisa; Shirokov, M. S.*; Takizuka, Tomonori; Tsypin, V. S.*

Doklady Physics, 49(7), p.405 - 408, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.91(Mechanics)

Effect of feedback system, placed outside the vacuum vessel, on neoclassical tearing modes (NTMs) in tokamaks is analytically studied. External matching parameters for magnetic island chain are derived for the simplest case of step profile of equilibrium parallel current. The structure of dynamical equations for the island width and island rotation frequency in terms of matching parameters is explained. It is shown that such a feedback system can lead to essential shift of the island rotation, in particular, for stabilization of NTMs by the polarization current effect.

238 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)