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Journal Articles

Predictive modeling of a simple field matrix diffusion experiment addressing radionuclide transport in fractured rock. Is it so straightforward?

Soler, J. M.*; Neretnieks, I.*; Moreno, L.*; Liu, L.*; Meng, S.*; Svensson, U.*; Iraola, A.*; Ebrahimi, K.*; Trinchero, P.*; Molinero, J.*; et al.

Nuclear Technology, 208(6), p.1059 - 1073, 2022/06

The SKB Task Force is an international forum on modelling of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rock. The WPDE experiments are matrix diffusion experiments in gneiss performed at the ONKALO underground facility in Finland. Synthetic groundwater containing several conservative and sorbing tracers was injected along a borehole interval. The objective of Task 9A was the predictive modelling of the tracer breakthrough curves from the WPDE experiments. Several teams, using different modelling approaches and codes, participated in this exercise. An important conclusion from this exercise is that the modelling results were very sensitive to the magnitude of dispersion in the borehole opening, which is related to the flow of water. Focusing on the tails of the breakthrough curves, which are more directly related to matrix diffusion and sorption, the results from the different teams were more comparable.

Journal Articles

A Scaling approach for retention properties of crystalline rock; Case study of the in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the $"A$sp$"o$ Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Gylling, B.*

Water Resources Research, 57(11), 20 Pages, 2021/11

This paper focuses on the scaling approach for sorption and diffusion parameters from laboratory to in-situ conditions using the dataset of LTDE-SD experiment performed at the $"A$sp$"o$ HRL. The near-surface heterogeneities at both fracture surface and rock matrix could be evaluated by conceptual model with high porosity and diffusivity, and sorption capacity, and their gradual change at the near-surface zones. The modelling results for non-sorbing Cl-36 and weak-sorbing Na-22 could validate the model concept and the parameter estimation of porosity and diffusivity, by considering the disturbed zone of 5 mm thickness with gradual parameter changes. The De values of these cationic and anionic tracers showed typical cation excess and anion exclusion effects. The modelling results for high sorbing tracers (Cs-137, Ra-226, Ni-63 and Np-237) with different sorption mechanism could confirm the validity of the scaling approaches of Kd values as a function of particle size and their relation to the near-surface disturbances.

Journal Articles

Evaluation and modelling report of Task 9A based on comparisons and analyses of predictive modelling results for the REPRO WPDE experiments; Task 9 of SKB Task Force GWFTS - Increasing the realism in solute transport modelling based on the field experiments REPRO and LTDE-SD

Soler, J. M.*; Neretnieks, I.*; Moreno, L.*; Liu, L.*; Meng, S.*; Svensson, U.*; Trinchero, P.*; Iraola, A.*; Ebrahimi, H.*; Molinero, J.*; et al.

SKB R-17-10, 153 Pages, 2019/01

The SKB Task Force is an international forum on modeling of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rock. The WPDE experiments are matrix diffusion experiments in gneiss performed at the ONKALO underground facility in Finland. Synthetic groundwater containing several conservative and sorbing tracers was injected along a borehole interval. The objective of Task 9A was the predictive modeling of the tracer breakthrough curves from the WPDE experiments. Several teams, using different modelling approaches, participated in this exercise. An important conclusion from this exercise is that the modeling results were very sensitive to the magnitude of dispersion in the borehole opening, which is related to the flow of water. Focusing on the tails of the breakthrough curves, which are more directly related to matrix diffusion and sorption, the results from the different teams were more comparable. The modeling results have also been finally compared to the measured breakthroughs.

Journal Articles

Effects of fine-scale surface alterations on tracer retention in a fractured crystalline rock from the Grimsel Test Site

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Akagi, Yosuke*; Sato, Hisao*; Martin, A. J.*

Water Resources Research, 54(11), p.9287 - 9305, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:37.78(Environmental Sciences)

Effects of fine-scale surface alterations on radionuclide migration in fractured crystalline rocks were investigated by a comprehensive approach coupling a series of laboratory tests, microscopic observations and modelling, using a single fractured granodiorite sample from the Grimsel Test Site, Switzerland. Laboratory tests including through-diffusion, batch sorption and flow-through tests using five tracers indicated that tracer retention was consistently in the sequence of HDO, Se, Cs, Ni, Eu, and as well as showing the existence of a diffusion-resistance layer near the fracture surface, cation excess and anion exclusion effects for diffusion. Microscale heterogeneities in structural properties around the fracture were clarified quantitatively by coupling X-ray CT and EPMA. A three layer model including weathered vermiculite, foliated mica and undisturbed matrix layers, and their properties such as porosity, sorption and diffusion parameters, could provide a reasonable interpretation for breakthrough curves and concentration distributions near fracture surface of all tracers, measured in flow-through tests.

Journal Articles

Comparative modeling of an in situ diffusion experiment in granite at the Grimsel Test Site

Soler, J. M.*; Landa, J.*; Havlov$'a$, V.*; Tachi, Yukio; Ebina, Takanori*; Sardini, P.*; Siitari-Kauppi, M.*; Eikenberg, J.*; Martin, A. J.*

Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 179, p.89 - 101, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:84.43(Environmental Sciences)

Matrix diffusion is a key process for radionuclide retention in crystalline rocks. An in-situ diffusion experiment in granite matrix was performed at the Grimsel Test Site (Switzerland). Several tracers (HTO, Na$$^{+}$$, Cs$$^{+}$$) were circulated through a borehole and the decrease in tracer concentrations was monitored for 2.5 years. Then, the borehole section was overcored and the tracer profiles in the rock were analyzed. Transport distances in the rock were 20 cm for HTO, 10 cm for Na$$^{+}$$ and 1 cm for Cs$$^{+}$$. The dataset was analyzed with diffusion-sorption models by different teams using different codes, with the goal of obtaining effective diffusivities (De) and rock capacity factors. There was a rather good agreement between the values from different teams, implied that De and capacity factors in the borehole damaged zone are larger than those in the bulk rock. However, HTO seems to display large discrepancies between measured and modeled results.

Journal Articles

Present status of the study on radionuclide diffusion in barrier materials

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Nakayama, Shinichi

JAERI-Conf 2002-004, p.325 - 332, 2002/03

When long-lived radionuclides are transported by groundwater through fractures in the rock mass surrounding a radioactive waste repository, their diffusion into pores in the rock matrix and ensuing sorption onto mineral surfaces are expected to retard their transport along the pathways. We have characterized the pore structure of the Japanese Inada biotite granite and confirmed that Fick's diffusion law can be applied to the transport of aqueous species in granite. Effective diffusivity was determined by the through-diffusion method for cationic, anionic and actinide complex species to explore the mechanism of diffusion of the aqueous species. The results of this study enable us to provide a scientifically sound basis for radionuclide diffusion in granite for performance assessment of geological disposal. Future studies should emphasize understanding the diffusion mechanisms in low-permeability engineered barrier materials, data acquisition on long-term degradation of the materials and quantifying uncertainties associated with long-term mass transport analysis.

Journal Articles

Analysis of tracer movement in single fracture in granite core; INTRAVAL case 2

Kimura, Hideo; Munakata, Masahiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 28(12), p.1115 - 1127, 1991/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Response matrix of square node with full symmetries

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 18(8), p.455 - 465, 1991/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:41.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Diffusion of an ion in rock pore water and its relation to pore characteristics

*; ; *; *

Kozan Chishitsu, 40(5), p.323 - 336, 1990/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Migration behavior of fission products in and from spherical HTR fuel elements

; E.Groos*; J.Rau*

Nuclear Technology, 69, p.368 - 379, 1985/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Diffusion of fission products in the matrix graphite for VHTR fuel compacts

; ; Ikawa, Katsuichi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 21(2), p.126 - 132, 1984/00

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:62.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of differences in resin-metrix structure in ion-exchange adsorption of trace amounts of Ag(I),Co(II) and Cr(III)

; Wadachi, Yoshiki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 12(6), p.344 - 349, 1975/06

 Times Cited Count:1

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

The GTS-LTD MONOPOLE-2 experiment at grimsel; Predictive modeling and comparison with monitoring data

Soler, J. M.*; Martin, A. J.*; Lanyon, G. W.*; Havlov$'a$, V.*; Siitari-Kauppi, M.*; Tachi, Yukio

no journal, , 

An in-situ long-term diffusion (LTD) project has been performed at the Grimsel Test Site, Switzerland, to realistically evaluate matrix diffusion of radionuclides in crystalline rock with minimal disturbance to in-situ conditions. A second in situ diffusion experiment (monopole 2) has been performed. Predictive calculations for the monopole-2 experiment, based on results from monopole 1 or from through-diffusion experiments have been compared to monitoring data from the injection and observation boreholes. For the non-sorbing tracers (HTO, $$^{36}$$Cl$$^{-}$$), the diffusion parameters from the through-diffusion experiments provide a better match for the measurements, especially in the injection borehole. The initial drop in activities for $$^{134}$$Cs$$^{+}$$ and $$^{133}$$Ba$$^{2+}$$ shows clearly the effect of sorption. Bulk rock parameters for $$^{134}$$Cs$$^{+}$$ from monopole 1 seem to be applicable to monopole 2. However, $$^{133}$$Ba$$^{2+}$$ seems to sorb more strongly than expected.

Oral presentation

SKB GWFTS task force; Predictive modeling of a matrix diffusion experiment in gneiss at ONKALO (Finland)

Soler, J. M.*; L$"o$fgren, M.*; Nilsson, K.*; Lanyon, G. W.*; Gylling, B.*; Vidstrand, P.*; Neretnieks, I.*; Moreno, L.*; Liu, L.*; Meng, S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

The GWFTS Task Force is an international forum in the area of modeling of groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured rock. The WPDE experiments are matrix diffusion experiments in gneiss performed at the ONKALO underground facility in Finland. Synthetic groundwater containing several conservative and sorbing radiotracers was injected along a borehole interval. The objective of Task 9A of Task Force was the predictive modeling of the tracer breakthrough curves from the WPDE experiments. Several teams, using different modeling approaches, participated in this exercise. An important conclusion from this exercise is that the modeling results were very sensitive to the magnitude of dispersion in the borehole opening, which is related to the flow of water. Focusing on the tails of the breakthrough curves, which are more directly related to matrix diffusion and sorption, the results from the different teams were more comparable.

Oral presentation

Effects of heterogeneity at fracture surface for tracer migration in a fractured crystalline rock from the Grimsel Test Site

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi; Akagi, Yosuke*; Sato, Hisao*; Martin, A. J.*

no journal, , 

The effects of heterogeneity at fracture surface on radionuclides migration in fractured crystalline rocks was investigated by laboratory migration experiments, microscopic observations and detailed modelling, using a single fractured granodiorite sample from the Grimsel Test Site (GTS), Switzerland. The tracer migration behaviors in fracture and matrix parts were evaluated by series of laboratory experiments including through-diffusion and flow-through experiments. Mineral distributions from fracture surface to matrix were evaluated by X-ray CT, and were validated by comparing the elemental mapping measured by EPMA. Based on the microscopic observations by X-ray CT and EPMA, the aperture and connectivity in fracture and minerals distribution near fracture surface were quantitatively evaluated. The heterogeneous multi-layered model assuming a weathered vermiculite zone, a foliated mica zone and rock matrix was possible to provide a reasonable interpretation for measured breakthrough curves of all tracers.

Oral presentation

Modeling the in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden; Scaling approach from laboratory to in-situ condition

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi; Gylling, B.*

no journal, , 

The in-situ long-term sorption and diffusion experiment (LTDE-SD) at the Aspo Hard Rock Laboratory in Sweden provides valuable dataset to test the scaling approach from laboratory to in-situ condition. The scaling approach developed in the in-situ Long-Term Diffusion (LTD) project at Grimsel Test Site in Switzerland was tested for the LTDE-SD results as part of the SKB Task Force on modeling of groundwater flow and transport of solutes in fractured crystalline rocks. Our modelling approach could account reasonably overall trends for sorption and diffusion of 10 radionuclides, and was then evaluated as being applicable for a wider range of radionuclides and for more complex fracture systems.

Oral presentation

Realistic modeling approach for tracer migration and retention in fractured crystalline rocks from the Grimsel Test Site

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Fukatsu, Yuta; Akagi, Yosuke*; Sato, Hisao*; Hu, Q.*; Martin, A. J.*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Realistic modeling approach for radionuclide transport in heterogeneous fractured crystalline rocks

Tachi, Yukio; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Fukatsu, Yuta; Akagi, Yosuke*; Sato, Hisao*; Martin, A. J.*

no journal, , 

18 (Records 1-18 displayed on this page)
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