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Journal Articles

Chemical reaction kinetics dataset of Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system for evaluation of fission product chemistry under LWR severe accident conditions

Miyahara, Naoya; Miwa, Shuhei; Horiguchi, Naoki; Sato, Isamu*; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.228 - 240, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:17.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to improve LWR source term under severe accident conditions, the first version of a fission product (FP) chemistry database named "ECUME" was developed. The ECUME is intended to include major chemical reactions and their effective kinetic constants for representative SA sequences. It is expected that the ECUME can serve as a fundamental basis from which FP chemical models in the SA analysis codes can be elaborated. The implemented chemical reactions in the first version were those for representative gas species in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system. The chemical reaction kinetic constants were evaluated from either literature data or calculated values using ab-initio calculations. The sample chemical reaction calculation using the presently constructed dataset showed meaningful kinetics effects at 1000 K. Comparison of the chemical equilibrium compositions by using the dataset with those by chemical equilibrium calculations has shown rather good consistency for the representative Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H species. From these results, it was concluded that the present dataset should be useful to evaluate FP chemistry in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system under LWA SA conditions.

Journal Articles

Electron-tracking Compton camera imaging of technetium-95m

Hatsukawa, Yuichi*; Hayakawa, Takehito*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki*; Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Tanimori, Toru*; Sonoda, Shinya*; Kabuki, Shigeto*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 13(12), p.e0208909_1 - e0208909_12, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Imaging of $$^{95m}$$Tc radioisotope was conducted using an electron tracking-Compton camera (ETCC). $$^{95m}$$Tc emits 204, 582, and 835 keV $$gamma$$ rays, and was produced in the $$^{95}$$Mo(p,n)$$^{95m}$$Tc reaction with a $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched target. The recycling of the $$^{95}$$Mo-enriched molybdenum trioxide was investigated, and the recycled yield of $$^{95}$$Mo was achieved to be 70% - 90%. The images were obtained with each of the three $$gamma$$ rays. Results showed that the spatial resolution increases with increasing $$gamma$$-ray energy, and suggested that the ETCC with high-energy $$gamma$$-ray emitters such as $$^{95m}$$Tc is useful for the medical imaging of deep tissue and organs in the human body.

Journal Articles

Prediction of chemical effects of Mo and B on the Cs chemisorption onto stainless steel

Di Lemma, F. G.; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Miwa, Shuhei; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Osaka, Masahiko

Energy Procedia, 127, p.29 - 34, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:26.81

Chemical effects of molybdenum (Mo) and boron (B), which were considered to form compounds with Cs, on the Cs chemisorption were predicted using a chemical equilibrium calculation. It is seen that Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ were formed in the chemisorbed compounds. On the other hand, little effects were observed for B. The results suggest that the effects of Mo should be considered for further experimental investigation.

Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.42

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Development of glass melting process for LLW at the research project commissioned by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

Fukui, Toshiki*; Maki, Takashi*; Miura, Nobuyuki; Tsukada, Takeshi*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(2), p.169 - 173, 2016/12

The basic research programs for the next generation vitrification technology, which are commissioned project from Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, have been implemented from 2014 until 2018 for developing the advanced vitrification technology of low level wastes and high level liquid wastes.

Journal Articles

Decomposition studies of group 6 hexacarbonyl complexes, 1; Production and decomposition of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$

Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:6.08(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO)$$_6$$. A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$, indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO)$$_6$$ could be determined with this technique.

Journal Articles

Chlorination of UO$$_{2}$$ and (U,Zr)O$$_{2}$$ solid solution using MoCl$$_{5}$$

Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Takano, Masahide; Kurata, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1253 - 1258, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:64.5(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to explore the applicability of the chlorination by MoCl$$_{5}$$ as a potential pretreatment technique for waste treatment of fuel debris by pyrochemical methods, chlorination experiments of UO$$_{2}$$ and (U$$_{0.5}$$Zr$$_{0.5}$$)O$$_{2}$$ simulated fuel debris were carried out in two steps: the first one is a chlorination reaction by homogeneous heating, the second one is a volatilization of molybdenum by-product by heating under temperature gradient condition. Most of UO$$_{2}$$ and (U$$_{0.5}$$Zr$$_{0.5}$$)O$$_{2}$$ powder were converted to UCl$$_{4}$$ or UCl$$_{4}$$ and ZrCl$$_{4}$$ mixture at 573 K, respectively. In the case of (U$$_{0.5}$$Zr$$_{0.5}$$)O$$_{2}$$sintered particle, most of sample was converted to the chlorides because the products evaporated and be separated from sample surface at 773 K, while only the surface of the sample disk was converted to the chlorides at 573 and 673 K. Most of molybdenum by-product and ZrCl$$_{4}$$ were separated from UCl$$_{4}$$ by volatilization at 573 K.

Journal Articles

Irradiation test on Mo- and W-mirrors for ITER by low energy deuterium ions

Sugie, Tatsuo; Kasai, Satoshi; Taniguchi, Masaki; Nagatsu, Masaaki*; Nishitani, Takeo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(2), p.1481 - 1485, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:12.43(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In ITER, the effect of lower energy particle bombardment is important for mirrors located near the divertor where the low temperature plasma is formed. The test pieces of molybdenum mirrors and a tungsten mirror were irradiated by high flux and low energy (67-80 eV) deuterium ions using SLEIS (Super Low Energy Ion Source with High Ion Flux) facility at the temperature of around 100 $$^{circ}$$C. The molybdenum mirror manufactured by sintering and melting the thin layer of the surface by electron beam in order to eliminate holes on the surface has a higher reflectivity before irradiation than the mirrors without melting the surface, but the reflectivity decreases rapidly with the irradiation fluence due to the generation of blisters on the mirror surface. The reflectivity of molybdenum mirror manufactured by sintering only did not decrease so significantly (less than 10 % at the fluence of 1.3 $$times$$ 10$$^{25}$$ m$$^{-2}$$). The molybdenum and tungsten mirrors manufactured by sintering without melting the surface have a potential for plasma facing mirrors in ITER.

Journal Articles

Electrode reaction of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts

Shirai, Osamu; Uozumi, Koichi*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34(3), p.323 - 330, 2004/03

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:48.46(Electrochemistry)

The electrode reactions of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd and Bi electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at 723, 773 and 823 K in LiCl-KCl eutectic melt. It was found that the diffusion of Np$$^{3+}$$ in the salt phase was a rate-determining step in the cathodic reaction when the concentration of NpCl$$_{3}$$ was less than about 1 wt.% and the liquid Cd or Bi phase was not saturated with Np. The redox potentials of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Cd electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were observed more positively than those at Mo electrode by 0.158, 0.140 and 0.126 V, respectively. The potential shift would result from a lowering of activity of Np in Cd phase according to the alloy formation of NpCd$$_{11}$$ at 723 K and NpCd$$_{6}$$ at 773 and 823 K. The redox potentials of the Np$$^{3+}$$/Np couple at liquid Bi electrode at 723, 773 and 823 K were more positive than those at Mo electrode by 0.427, 0.419 and 0.410 V, respectively, which would be attributable to a lowering of activity of Np in Bi phase according to the formation of NpBi$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Microstructural development and radiation hardening of neutron irradiated Mo-Re alloys

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Hasegawa, Akira*; Sato, Manabu*; Abe, Katsunori*; Hiraoka, Yutaka*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 324(1), p.62 - 70, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:10.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, stress-relieved specimens and recrystallized specimens of pure Mo and Mo-Re alloys (Re content=2,4,5,10,13 and 41wt%) were neutron irradiated up to 20dpa at various temperatures (681-1072K). On microstructure observation, sigma phase and chi phase precipitates were observed in all irradiated Mo-Re alloys. Voids were observed in all irradiated specimen, and dislocation loops and dislocations were observed in the specimens that were irradiated at lower temperatures. On Vickers hardness testing, all of the irradiated specimens showed hardening. Especially Mo-41Re were drastically embrittled after irradiation at 874K or less. From these results, authors discuss about relation between microstructure development and radiation hardening, embrittlement, and propose the most efficient Re content and thermal treatment for Mo-Re alloys to be used under irradiation condition.

Journal Articles

Photon-stimulated ion desorption from molybdenum oxides following Mo 2p$$_{3/2}$$ excitation

Wu, G.; Baba, Yuji; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Shimoyama, Iwao

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 8(Part.2), p.469 - 471, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Dismantling techniques for reactor steel piping

Yanagihara, Satoshi; ; Nakamura, Hisashi

Nuclear Technology, 86, p.159 - 167, 1989/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:57.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Formation of defect clusters in nickel and molybdenum by the collisions of heavy-ions with energies of around 100MeV

Sasaki, Shigemi; Iwase, Akihiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 33, p.701 - 705, 1988/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Projectile dependent sputter-erosion of oxygen-exposed molybdenum at different temperatures

Saido, Masahiro; H.L.Bay*; H.Gnaser*; W.O.Hofer*; J.Bohdansky*; J.Roth*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 145-147, p.387 - 390, 1987/00

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:80.11(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ion bombardment- and temperature-assisted incorporation of oxygen in molybdenum

; H.Gnaser*; W.O.Hofer*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 28, p.540 - 547, 1987/00

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:22.55(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

On the chemical sputtering of oxygen-exposed molybdenum

; H.Gnaser*; W.O.Hofer*

Applied Physics A, 40, p.197 - 202, 1986/00

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:26.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Gibbs free energies of formation of molybdenum carbide and tungsten carbide from 1173 to 1573K

; ;

Metall.Trans.,A, 17, p.2031 - 2034, 1986/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Oxygen exposure effect on sputtering yield and angular distribution for light-ion irradiation of polycrystalline molybdenum

; H.L.Bay*; J.Bohdansky*; J.Roth*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 13, p.403 - 407, 1986/00

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:19.74(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Treatment of Liguid Waste from the Production of Molybdenum-99 by $$^{2}$$$$^{3}$$$$^{5}$$U(n,f)$$^{9}$$$$^{9}$$ Moreaction,III(Treatment of the Very Hot Liguid Waste)

Motoki, Ryozo; ; ; Motoishi, Shoji; ; ; ; *

JAERI-M 84-015, 34 Pages, 1984/02


no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Effect of wall materials on hydrogen recycling in JT-60

; Murakami, Yoshio

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 121, p.254 - 263, 1984/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:47.57(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

43 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)