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JAEA Reports

Development of module for TRU high temperature chemistry (Joint research)

Minato, Kazuo; Akabori, Mitsuo; Tsuboi, Takashi; Kurobane, Shiro; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Takano, Masahide; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Misumi, Masahiro*; Sakamoto, Takuya*; Kato, Isao*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2005-059, 61 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Tech-2005-059.pdf:20.67MB

An experimental facility called the Module for TRU High Temperature Chemistry (TRU-HITEC) was installed in the Back-end Cycle Key Elements Research Facility (BECKY) of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF) for the basic studies of the behavior of the transuranium elements (TRU) in pyrochemical reprocessing and oxide fuels. TRU-HITEC consists of three alpha/gamma cells shielded by steel and polyethylene and a glove box shielded by leaded acrylic resin, where experimental apparatuses have been equipped and a high purity argon gas atmosphere is maintained. In the facility 10 g of $$^{241}$$Am as well as the other TRU of Np, Pu and Cm can be handled. This report summarizes the outline, structure, performance and interior apparatuses of the facility, and is the result of the joint research between the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute and three electric power companies of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Tohoku Electric Power Co. and the Japan Atomic Power Co.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the International symposium NUCEF 2005; February 9-10, 2005, Techno Community Square RICOTTI, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken, Japan

International Symposium NUCEF 2005 Working Group

JAERI-Conf 2005-007, 359 Pages, 2005/08

JAERI-Conf-2005-007.pdf:24.79MB

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) held the international symposium NUCEF2005 at Techno Community Square RICOTTI in Tokai-mura on February 9 and 10, 2005. This symposium was co-organized by Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC), and Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Research Committee authorized the program. Two hundred thirty-nine participants from 11 countries presented fifty-nine papers, and discussed recent research activities and its outputs on waste disposal safety, fuel cycle facility safety including criticality safety, and separation process development. The presented papers are compiled in the proceedings.

Journal Articles

Examination for neutron dose assessment method from induced sodium-24 in human body in criticality accidents

Takahashi, Fumiaki; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(4), p.378 - 383, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Experiments were made to verify a dose assessment method from activated sodium in body in criticality accidents. A phantom containing sodium chloride solution was irradiated in the Transient Experiment Critical Facility to simulate activation of sodium. Monte Carlo calculations were performed to obtain quantitative relation between the activity of induced Na-24 and neutron dose in the phantom. In the previous work, conversion coefficients from specific activity of induced Na-24 to neutron dose had been analyzed with the MCNP-4B code concerning neutron spectra at some hypothesized configurations. One of the prepared coefficients was applied to evaluate neutron dose from the measured activity. The estimated dose agreed with the dose analyzed by the Monte Carlo calculation in the present study within an acceptable uncertainty, which is indicated by the IAEA. In addition, the dose calculated with the prepared coefficient was close to the result measured with dosimeters. These results suggest that the prepared coefficients can be applied to dose assessments from induced Na-24 in body.

JAEA Reports

Report on the fuel treatment facility operation

Kokusen, Junya; Seki, Masakazu; Abe, Masayuki; Nakazaki, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Umeda, Miki; Kihara, Takehiro; Sugikawa, Susumu

JAERI-Tech 2005-004, 53 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Tech-2005-004.pdf:5.92MB

This report presents operating records of dissolution of uranium dioxide and concentration of uranyl nitrate solution and acid removal, which have been performed from 1994 through 2003, for the purpose of feeding 10% and 6% enriched uranyl nitrate solution fuel to Static Experimental Critical Facility(STACY) and Transient Experimental Critical Facility(TRACY) in Nuclear Fuel Safety Engineering Facility(NUCEF).

JAEA Reports

Annual report on analytical works in NUCEF in FY. 2003

Shimizu, Kaori; Gunji, Kazuhiko*; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Sakai, Yutaka*; Akutsu, Hideyuki; Niitsuma, Yasushi*; Inoue, Takeshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-078, 27 Pages, 2005/02

JAERI-Tech-2004-078.pdf:1.84MB

Analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel are carried out at the analytical laboratory, NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provide essential data for the operations of STACY (the Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (the Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system.In the FY 2003, analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel from STACY/TRACY on its pre- and post-operations, analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution under preparation stage for the fuel and analysis for nuclear material accountancy purpose, have been conducted. In addition, analysis on the third U/Pu extraction/separation tests among the preliminary tests to confirm adjustment condition of plutonium solution fuel for its further use at STACY from 2000, and analysis on the experiments to treat extraction waste, were conducted. A total number of analytical samples in the FY 2003 were 156.This report summarizes works related to the analysis and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2003.

JAEA Reports

Geochemistry research equipment for TRU waste elements

Akai, Masanobu; Ito, Nobuyuki*; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Tanaka, Tadao; Iida, Yoshihisa; Nakayama, Shinichi; Inagaki, Shingo*

JAERI-Tech 2004-058, 47 Pages, 2004/09

JAERI-Tech-2004-058.pdf:7.27MB

Geochemistry Research Equipment for TRU Waste Elements has been installed in Back-end Cycle Key Elements Research Facility (BECKY) of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). This equipment is designed to study geochemical behavior of TRU elements and other radionuclides contained in TRU waste (TRU waste elements) and to acquire data for safety assessments of radioactive wastes disposal. The equipment consists of anaerobic glove box systems, aerobic glove box systems equipped with built-in barrier performance testing apparatus, and analytical instruments. This report describes principles, structure, performance and safety designs of each component of the equipment, and results of research performed in the equipment.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 7th NUCEF Seminar; February 20, 2004, JAERI, Tokai, Japan

7th NUCEF Seminar Working Group

JAERI-Conf 2004-011, 166 Pages, 2004/07

JAERI-Conf-2004-011.pdf:30.39MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report on analytical works in NUCEF in FY. 2002

Sakai, Yutaka; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Akutsu, Hideyuki; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Sato, Takeshi

JAERI-Tech 2004-006, 25 Pages, 2004/02

JAERI-Tech-2004-006.pdf:1.72MB

Analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel are carried out at the analytical laboratory, NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provide essential data for the operations of STACY (the Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (the Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system. In the FY 2002, analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel from STACY/TRACY on its pre- and post-operations, analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution under preparation stage for the fuel and analyses for nuclear material accountancy purpose, have been conducted. In addition, analyses on the preliminary tests to confirm adjustment condition of plutonium solution fuel for its further use at STACY, and analyses on the americium extraction/separation tests to provide americium for the research on high temperature chemistry of TRU, were conducted. A total number of analytical samples in the FY 2002 were 275. This report summarizes works related to the analyses and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2002.

JAEA Reports

Present status of chemical analysis of uranyl nitrate solution used for the criticality experiments in NUCEF

Haga, Takahisa*; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Sakai, Yutaka; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Togashi, Yoshihiro; Miyauchi, Masakatsu; Sato, Takeshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-005, 54 Pages, 2004/02

JAERI-Tech-2004-005.pdf:2.06MB

Criticality experiments using uranyl nitrate solution fuel are being conducted at STACY (the Static Experiment Critical Facility) and TRACY (the Transient Experiment Critical Facility) in NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility). Chemical analyses of the solution have been carried out to take necessary data for criticality experiments, for treatment and control of the fuel, and for safeguards purpose at the analytical laboratory placed in NUCEF. About 300 samples are analyzed annually that provide various kinds of data, such as uranium concentration, isolation acid concentration, uranium isotopic composition, concentration of fission product (FP) nuclides, tri-butyl phosphoric acid (TBP) concentration, impurities in the solution fuel and so on. This report summarizes the analytical methods and quality management of the analysis for uranyl nitrate solution relating to the criticality experiments.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 6th NUCEF Seminar; February 20, 2003, JAERI, Tokai, Japan

6th NUCEF Seminar Working Group

JAERI-Conf 2003-018, 132 Pages, 2003/10

JAERI-Conf-2003-018.pdf:10.41MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Revised data for 2nd version of Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook/Data Collection

Okuno, Hiroshi; Ryufuku, Susumu*; Suyama, Kenya; Nomura, Yasushi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori

JAERI-Conf 2003-019, p.116 - 121, 2003/10

This paper outlines the data prepared for the 2nd version of Data Collection of the Nuclear Criticality Safety Handbook. These data are discussed in the order of its preliminary table of contents. The nuclear characteristic parameters (k$$_{rm inf}$$, M$$^{2}$$, D) were derived, and subcriticality judgment graphs were drawn for eleven kinds of fuels which were often encountered in criticality safety evaluation of fuel cycle facilities. For calculation of criticality data, benchmark calculations using the combination of the continuous energy Monte Carlo criticality code MVP and the Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library JENDL-3.2 were made. The calculation errors were evaluated for this combination. The implementation of the experimental results obtained by using NUCEF facilities into the 2nd version of the Data Collection is under discussion. Therefore, related data were just mentioned. A database is being prepared to retrieve revised data easily.

JAEA Reports

Characteristics of MOX dissolution with silver mediated electrolytic oxidation method

Umeda, Miki; Nakazaki, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Sato, Kenji; Kato, Tadahito; Kihara, Takehiro; Sugikawa, Susumu

JAERI-Tech 2003-024, 23 Pages, 2003/03

JAERI-Tech-2003-024.pdf:0.98MB

MOX dissolution with silver mediated electrolytic oxidation method is planned for the preparation of plutonium nitrate solution to be used for criticality safety experiments at Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). Silver mediated electrolytic oxidation method uses the strong oxidisation ability of Ag(II) ion. This method is thought to be effective for the dissolution of MOX, which is difficult to be dissolved with nitric acid.In this paper, the results of experiments on dissolution with 100 g of MOX are described. It was confirmed by the results that the MOX powder to be used at NUCEF was completely dissolved by silver mediated electrolytic oxidation method and that Pu(VI) ion in the obtained solution was reduced to tetravalent by means of NO$$_{2}$$ purging.

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of TRU elements in the nuclear fuel reprocessing

Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Mineo, Hideaki; Uchiyama, Gunzo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.313 - 316, 2002/11

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report on analytical works in NUCEF in FY. 2001

Sakazume, Yoshinori; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakai, Yutaka; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Sato, Takeshi

JAERI-Tech 2002-073, 25 Pages, 2002/09

JAERI-Tech-2002-073.pdf:2.51MB

Analytical results of uranyl nitrate solution are essential data for the operation of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY), the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) and the fuel treatment system in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). Analytical works were carried out for the determination of fuel characteristics before and after criticality experiments, fuel preparation and nuclear material accountancy in FY. 2001. Moreover,as to preparation of critical experiments at STACY, plutonium preliminary tests were carried out to confirm the treatment condition (characteristics of the dissolution of the mixed oxide (MOX) powder and the extraction & separation for uranium / plutonium) of plutonium nitrate solution. Analytical works were carried out on the preliminary tests. A total number of analytical samples in FY. 2001 were 322 samples.This report summarizes the data on analytical works in FY.2001.

JAEA Reports

Improvement and mock-up test of vinyl bag for critical experiment fueled with plutonium at STACY (Contract research)

Onodera, Seiji; Sugawara, Susumu; Kobayashi, Heigo; Haga, Koichi; Fukushima, Susumu*; Shichiji,Isamu*; Ono, Akio

JAERI-Tech 2002-070, 77 Pages, 2002/09

JAERI-Tech-2002-070.pdf:8.74MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Report of TRACY operation

Aizawa, Eiju; Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Sakuraba, Koichi; Tsukamoto, Michio; Sugawara, Susumu; Takeuchi, Masaki*; Miyauchi, Masakatsu; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Ono, Akio

JAERI-Tech 2002-031, 120 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-031.pdf:4.32MB

TRACY (Transient Experiment Critical Facility) in NUCEF (Nuclear Safety Research Facility) is the pulse-type critical facility using uranyl nitrate solution which can carry out various supercritical experiments changing reactivity addition up to 3$.TRACY achieved its first criticality on 20th December 1995,and transient operations have been conducted Since1996.This report summarizes the operation data of 176 experiments from the first criticality to FY2000.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the International Symposium NUCEF 2001; Scientific Bases for Criticality Safety, Separation Process and Waste Disposal

NUCEF 2001 Symposium Working Group

JAERI-Conf 2002-004, 714 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Conf-2002-004.pdf:69.13MB

This volume contains 94 papers presented at the 3rd NUCEF International Symposium NUCEF 2001 held on October 31 - November 2, 2001, in Tokai, Japan, following the 1st symposium NUCEF'95 (Proceedings: JAERI-Conf 96-003) and the 2nd symposium NUCEF'98 (Proceedings: JAERI-Conf 99-004). The theme of this symposium was " Scientific Basis for Criticality Safety, Separation Process and Waste Disposal". The papers were presented in oral and poster sessions on following research fields: (1) Separation Process, (2) TRU Chemistry, (3) Radioactive Waste Disposal, (4) Criticality Safety.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 5th NUCEF Seminar; February 27, 2001, JAERI, Tokai, Japan

5th NUCEF Seminar Working Group

JAERI-Conf 2001-015, 92 Pages, 2001/12

JAERI-Conf-2001-015.pdf:13.1MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report on analytical works in NUCEF in F.Y. 2000

Tanoue, Takahiro; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Miyauchi, Masakatsu; Shirahashi, Koichi; Sato, Takeshi

JAERI-Tech 2001-071, 30 Pages, 2001/11

JAERI-Tech-2001-071.pdf:4.15MB

Analytical results of uranyl nitrate solution are essential data for the operation of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY), the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) and the fuel treatment system in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). Analytical works were carried out for the determination of fuel characteristics before and after criticality experiments, fuel preparation and nuclear material accountancy in FY. 2000. In accordance with handling and dissolution of mixed oxide(MOX) powder in the fuel treatment system of NUCEF ,the preliminary tests for dissolution of the MOX powder in nitric acid solution have started since the end of 2000 ,after the MOX powder transfer to the NUCEF. The analytical works were carried out for the preliminary tests. A total number of analytical samples in FY. 2000 were 483 samples . This report summarizes the data on analytical works in FY.2000.

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