北谷 文人; 土屋 晴文; 藤 暢輔; 堀 順一*; 佐野 忠史*; 高橋 佳之*; 中島 健*
KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 99, 2018/08
As a non-destructive analytical technique for nuclear material in the field of nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation, a neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) attracts attention of researchers. It is important to downsize a NRTA system when it is deployed at various facilities. For this aim, we have developed a compact NRTA system which utilizes a D-T neutron generator. Its pulse width of 10s is much longer than that of a large electron beam accelerator. It is necessary to understand the influence of pulse widths on the NRTA measurement. Therefore, we conducted the experiments of the simulated nuclear fuel pin samples to evaluate how the NRTA measurement is influenced by the pulse width of neutron beam. Experiments were performed in Kyoto University. The simulated fuel pellet sample was made from metallic powders of Ag (around 1%) and Al (around 99%). The energy of the irradiation neutron is determined by a Time of Flight technique. We used three pulse widths of the neutron beam of 0.1, 1 and 4 s. A resonance dip of Ag at 5.19 eV is observed in the all spectra. And the dip of the TOF spectrum shifts towards low energy, with pulse width changed to a longer one. In this work, we confirmed that neutron pulse width affected the NRTA measurement of the fuel pin sample. On the basis of this work, we will be able to quantify the effects of long-pulse width in a resonance analysis.
土屋 晴文; 北谷 文人; 藤 暢輔; Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*
Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07
In fields of nuclear safeguards and nuclear security, non-destructive assay (NDA) techniques are needed in order to quantify special nuclear materials (SNMs) in nuclear fuels. Among those techniques, active NDA ones would be preferable to passive ones. One candidate of active NDA techniques is neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). In fact, experiments done at GELINA have shown that NRTA has high potential enough to quantify SNMs in complex materials. Currently, such a NRTA system requires a large electron accelerator facility to generate intense neutron sources. In other words, it is very difficult to perform NRTA at various facilities that need to measure SNMs. Thus, downsizing a NRTA system would be one solution of its difficulty. In order to realize a compact NRTA system, we develop a prototype with a D-T neutron generator that has a pulse width of 10 s. For this aim, numerical calculations to optimize the compact NRTA system were done. In addition, NRTA measurements with simulated fuel pins were made at neutron time-of-flight facilities such as GELINA. In this presentation, we present results of the numerical calculations and the experimental results. On the basis of those results we discuss a future prospect of a compact NRTA system that would be applicable to SNM quantification. This research was implemented under the subsidiary for nuclear security promotion of MEXT.
北谷 文人; 土屋 晴文; 小泉 光生; 高峰 潤; 堀 順一*; 佐野 忠史*
EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.09032_1 - 09032_3, 2017/09
The use of a short flight path is effective in the neutron resonance analysis. On the other hand, such a short path would reduce a time resolution in Time-Of-Flight (TOF) measurements. In order to investigate the effect of neutron flight-path length, we carried out Neutron Resonance Transmission Analysis (NRTA) experiments with a short neutron flight path at the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute - Linear Accelerator (KURRI-LINAC). In measurements of Neutron Resonance Densitometry, the quantity of nuclear materials is determined from TOF spectra obtained in the neutron energy range below 30 eV. Performing NRTA experiments with a 7-m flight path at KURRI-LINAC, we examined effects of flight path and pulse width on a TOF spectrum. A resonance dip of W at 27 eV in a TOF spectrum was successfully observed with an electron pulse width less than 2 s. In this presentation, we will discuss importance of the pulse width and short flight path to study design of a compact TOF facility to quantify nuclear materials.
原田 秀郎; 木村 敦; 北谷 文人; 小泉 光生; 土屋 晴文; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(6), p.837 - 843, 2015/06
Neutron resonance densitometry (NRD) is a non-destructive analysis method, which can be applied to quantify special nuclear materials (SNM) in small particle-like debris of melted fuel that is formed in severe accidents of nuclear reactors such as the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants. NRD uses neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) to quantify SNM and neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA) to identify matrix materials and impurities. In order to generalize NRD for the characterization of arbitrary-shaped thick materials, a generalized method to analyze NRTA data has been developed. The method has been applied on data resulting from transmission through non-uniform thick samples with varying areal density of SNM up to 0.253 at/b (100 g/cm). The investigation shows that NRD could be used to quantify SNM in not only uniform samples made of small particle-like debris but also non-uniform samples made of large rock-like debris with high accuracy by utilizing the generalized analysis method for NRTA.
瀬谷 道夫; 小林 直樹; 直井 洋介; 羽島 良一; 曽山 和彦; 呉田 昌俊; 中村 仁宣; 原田 秀郎
Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03
Schillebeeckx, P.*; Alaerts, G.*; Becker, B.*; Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Vendelbo, D.*; Wynants, R.*; 原田 秀郎; 北谷 文人; et al.
no journal, ,
Ma, F.; 土屋 晴文; 北谷 文人
no journal, ,
Neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) is a non-destructive assay technique and has a potential to evaluate the amount of special nuclear materials in nuclear fuels such as fuel debris and spent fuel. Those fuels, especially debris would have an irregular shape. It is expected that such an irregular shape affects NRTA measurements. In order to study how a sample shape affects measurements of NRTA, experiments with a Cu-bar sample with different rotation angles were done at a neutron Time-Of-Flight (TOF) facility GELINA (Belgium). A resonance analysis code Refit was used to analyze measured transmission spectra for individual rotation angles. It was found that the experimental transmission was able to be well fitted by considering the effect of hole-fraction and irregularity. This research was implemented under the subsidiary for nuclear security promotion of MEXT.