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Journal Articles

Study on selective separation of uranium by N,N-dialkylamide in ARTIST process

Suzuki, Shinichi; Sasaki, Yuji; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kimura, Takaumi

Proceedings of International Conference ATALANTE 2004 Advances for Future Nuclear Fuel Cycles (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2004/06

An innovative chemical separation process (ARTIST: Amide-based Radio-resources Treatment with Interim Storage of Transuranics) was proposed for the treatment of spent nuclear fuel. The main concept of ARTIST process is to recover and stock all actinides (An) and to dispose the fission products (FP). One of the main purposes of this process is selective isolation of uranium. Since the brached alkyl type N,N-dialkyl-monoamides (BAMA) have the steric hindrance on the complexation with metal cations, BAMA can be used to separate An(VI) from An(IV). N,N-di-(2-ethyl)hexyl-2,2-dimethylpropanamide (D2EHDMPA) can recover U(VI) selectively without accumulating Pu(IV) in uranium isolation process. From extraction behavior of Np, D2EHDMPA can extract and separate U(VI) from Np(VI) without reduction from Np(VI) to Np(V) or Np(IV).

Journal Articles

Back-extraction of tri- and tetravalent actinides from diisodecylphosphoric acid (DIDPA) with hydrazine carbonate

Watanabe, Masayuki; Tatsugae, Ryozo*; Morita, Yasuji; Kubota, Masumitsu*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 252(1), p.53 - 57, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:35.97(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Nuclide migration study in the QUALITY; Data acquisitions for the second progress report

Ashida, Takashi; ; Sato, Haruo; ; Kitamura, Akira;

JNC TN8400 99-083, 63 Pages, 1999/11

JNC-TN8400-99-083.pdf:5.36MB

Studies on the chemical and migration behaviour of radionuclides were carried out in the Quantitative Assessment Radionuclide Migration Experimental Facility (QUALITY)for assuring the relaiability and for improving the propriety of data concerning nuclide migration used in the Second Progress Report for the geoloical disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Five studies for solubility, sorption and diffusion concerning nuclide migration were carried out. The overview of each study and the result is as follows: (1)Study on Effect of Carbonate on Np Solubility. Solubilities of Np(IV) were measured as functions of pH and carbonate concentration under reducing conditions. The obtained data could be well described by considering two hydroxo-carbonate complexes, and those stability constants were estimated and compared with the literature data. Consequently, the data obtained in this study were similar to the literature data. (2)Study on Effect of Carbonate on Np Sorption on Bentonite. Distribution coefficients (Kd) of Np(IV) on smectite were measured as a function of carbonate concentration. The obtained Kd values were approximately constant over the carbonate concentration (total carbon concentration 0.04-0.15M). The results of desorption tests by 1M KCl and HCl at the end of sorption experiments showed two different desorption behaviour; Np(IV) was well removed by HCl for the experiments in low carbonate concentration and by KCl for those in high carbonate concentration. (3)Distribution Coefficient Measurements for Cs, Pb and Cm on Rocks. Distribution Coefficients for Cs, Pb and Cm on Japanese major rocks (basalt, mudstone, sandstone, granodiorite and tuff) were measured as a function of ionic strength. The obtained Kd values were either the same orders or higher compared with data used to both fresh and saline groundwater systems in the Second Progress Report. This indicates that the Kd data used in the Second Progress Report are either proper or conservative. ...

JAEA Reports

Thermodynamic Date for Predicting Concentrations of Th(IV), U(IV), Np(IV), and Pu(IV) in Geologic Environments

Rai, D.*; Rao, L.*; Weger, H. T.*; Felmy, A. R.*; Choppin, G. R.*; Yui, Mikazu

JNC TN8400 99-009, 115 Pages, 1999/01

JNC-TN8400-99-009.pdf:5.19MB

This report provides thermodynamic data for predicting concentrations of Th(IV), U(IV), Np(IV), and Pu(IV) in geologic environments, and contributes to an integration of the JNC chemical thermodynamic database, JNC-TDB (previously PNC-TDB), for the performance analysis of geological isolation system for high-level radioactive wastes. Thermodynamic data for the formation of complexes or compounds with hydroxide, chloride, fluoride, carbonate, nitrate, sulfate and phosphate are discussed in this report. Where data for specific actinide(IV) species was lacking, the data were selected based on chemical analogy to other tetravalent actinides. ln this study, the Pitzer ion-interaction model is used to extrapolate thermodynamic constants to zero ionic strength at 25$$^{circ}$$C.

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