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Journal Articles

Report on the 30th Meeting of Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kimura, Atsushi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Tada, Kenichi

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (120), p.35 - 46, 2018/06

We report 30th WPEC meeting, expert group meeting, and subgroup meeting in Paris, May 14-18, 2018.

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:4(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

Atomic Energy Society of Japan 2017 Annual Meeting, joint session of "sigma advisory committee", "subcommittee on nuclear data" and "subcommittee on reactor physics"; Current status and future perspective of the Verification and Validation (V&V) of JENDL and neutronics calculation codes by use of the benchmark problems and integral experiments, 2; International benchmarks of OECD/NEA in the field of the neutronics calculation

Suyama, Kenya

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (117), p.5 - 14, 2017/06

The benchmark calculation is one of the main activities of the Nuclear Science Committee under the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD/NEA/NSC). The international benchmark relatively frequently means the benchmark activity carried out by the NEA. In this manuscript, the author discusses the significance of the international benchmark by describing (i) the current status of the benchmark in the field of the reactor physics conducted by the OECD/NEA/NSC, (ii) revision of the neutronics calculation code system to reflect the results of the benchmark, (iii) the benchmark calculation as the asset for the future research and development, (iv) examples of the benchmark calculation based on the experimental data, and (v) how to propose the benchmark in the OECD/NEA/NSC.

Journal Articles

Report on the 29th Meeting of Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC)

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Kimura, Atsushi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Tada, Kenichi

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (117), p.36 - 51, 2017/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Re-structuring of the NEA Data Bank Management Committee; New Management Committee MBDAV

Suyama, Kenya

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (115), p.61 - 69, 2016/10

In recent years, discussion on the reform of the governing body of OECD/NEA Data Bank has been carried out. This document explains its background and outline.

Journal Articles

Report on the 28th Meeting of Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

Fukahori, Tokio; Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Yokoyama, Kenji

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (114), p.35 - 43, 2016/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Report on the 27th Meeting of Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

Harada, Hideo; Iwamoto, Osamu; Yokoyama, Kenji

Kaku Deta Nyusu (Internet), (111), p.51 - 62, 2015/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conference report; The Seventh Asian Regional Conference on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection

Shimada, Kazumasa

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 57(6), P. 422, 2015/06

The conference of "The Seventh Asian Regional Conference on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection" was open in June 8-9 2015 in Tokyo University. In this conference, the various stakeholders presented and discuss about the activity of radiation protection in Fukushima prefecture. I will report this conference.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of large 3600 MWth sodium-cooled fast reactor OECD neutronic benchmarks

Buiron, L.*; Rimpault, G*; Fontaine, B.*; Kim, T. K.*; Stauff, N. E.*; Taiwo, T. A.*; Yamaji, Akifumi*; Gulliford, J.*; Fridmann, E.*; Pataki, I.*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; The Role of Reactor Physics toward a Sustainable Future (PHYSOR 2014) (CD-ROM), 16 Pages, 2014/09

Within the activities of the Working Party on Scientific Issues of Reactor Systems (WPRS) of the OECD, an international collaboration is ongoing on the neutronic analyses of several Generation-IV Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (SFR) concepts. This paper summarizes the results obtained by participants from institutions of different countries (ANL, CEA, ENEA, HZDR, JAEA, CER, KIT, UIUC) for the large core numerical benchmarks. These results have been obtained using different calculation methods and analysis tools to estimate the core reactivity and isotopic composition evolution, neutronic feedbacks and power distribution. For the different core concepts analyzed, a satisfactory agreement was obtained between participants despite the different calculation schemes used. A good agreement was generally obtained when comparing compositions after burnup, the delayed neutron fraction, the Doppler coefficient, and the sodium void worth. However, some noticeable discrepancies between the k-effective values were observed and are explained in this paper. These are mostly due to the different neutronic libraries employed (JEFF3.1, ENDFB7.0 or JENDL-4.0) and to a lesser extent the calculations methods.

Journal Articles

JAEA Reports

Introduction to 1996 OECD/NEA report on implementing severe accident management in nuclear power plants

Suzuki, Mitsuhiro

JAERI-Review 2004-013, 123 Pages, 2004/05

JAERI-Review-2004-013.pdf:6.62MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear Energy Today; A Publication from OECD/NEA

Suyama, Kenya

Genshiryoku eye, 50(3), p.50 - 51, 2004/03

This document is an introduction of a publication "Nuclear Energy Today" from OECD/NEA.

Journal Articles

Recent activities related to decommissioning in nuclear energy agency of OECD

Yanagihara, Satoshi

Dekomisshoningu Giho, (28), p.2 - 9, 2003/10

Decommissioning of nuclear facilities has been actively progressed in the major member countries participating to OECD/NEA. The NEA has recognized necessity of studying various issues related to decommissioning nuclear facilities and it has made an approach to solve the issues from various ways. In the cooperative program for decommissioning (CPD), information on decommissioning projects has been exchanged among the member countries. In the working party on decommissioning and dismantling (WPDD), recent issues have been studied in terms of regulation, implementation of decommissioning projects and research and development on technologies. Decommissioning cost and regulatory practices were also studies and the reports were published, which will be useful for understanding the present issues on decommissioning in the world. The NEA's activity on decommissioning will be valuable for us to implement decommissioning projects in safe and economical manner in Japan. This report deals with the recent NEA activities on decommissioning.

Journal Articles

Classification of criticality calculations with correlation coefficient method and its application to OECD/NEA burnup credit benchmarks phase III-A and II-A

Okuno, Hiroshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(7), p.544 - 551, 2003/07

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A method for classifying benchmark results of criticality calculations according to similarity was proposed in this paper. After formulation of the method utilizing correlation coefficients, it was applied to burnup credit criticality benchmarks Phase III-A and II-A, which were conducted by the Expert Group on Burnup Credit Criticality Safety under auspices of the OECD/NEA. Phase III-A benchmark was a series of criticality calculations for irradiated BWR fuel assemblies, whereas Phase II-A benchmark was a suite of criticality calculations for irradiated PWR fuel pins. These benchmark problems and their results were summarized. The correlation coefficients were calculated and sets of benchmark results were classified according to the criterion that the correlation coefficients were no less than 0.15 for Phase III-A and 0.10 for Phase II-A benchmarks. When a couple of results were in a same group, one result was found predictable from the other. An example was shown for each of the Benchmarks. The evaluated nuclear data seemed the main factor of errors.

Journal Articles

Burnup importance function introduced to give an insight into the end effect

Okuno, Hiroshi; Sakai, Tomohiro*

Nuclear Technology, 140(3), p.255 - 265, 2002/12

 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to facilitate discussions based on quantitative analysis about the end effect, which is often talked about in connection to burnup credit in criticality safety evaluation of spent fuel, we introduced in this paper a burnup importance function. This function shows the burnup effect on the reactivity as a function of the fuel position; an explicit expression of this function was derived according to the perturbation theory. The burnup importance function was applied to the Phase IIA benchmark model that was adopted by the OECD/NEA Expert Group on Burnup Credit Criticality Safety. The function clearly displayed that burnup importance of the end regions increases (1) as burnup, (2) as cooling time, (3) in consideration of burnup profile, and (4) in consideration of fission products.

Journal Articles

Views from the Japan Health Physics Society

Mizushita, Seiichi

Proceedings of Asian Regional Conference on the Evolution of the System of Radiological Protection, p.12-1-1 - 12-1-5, 2002/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Burnup importance function and its application to OECD/NEA/BUC phase II-A and II-C models

Okuno, Hiroshi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Sakai, Tomohiro*

Proceedings of International Conference on the New Frontiers of Nuclear Technology; Reactor Physics, Safety and High-Performance Computing (PHYSOR 2002) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2002/10

As the burnup proceeds, reactivity of fuel assemblies for light water reactors decreases by depletion of fissile nuclides, especially in the axially central region. In order to describe the importance of the end regions to the reactivity change, a burnup importance function was introduced as a weighting function to a local burnup variation contributed to a reactivity decrease. The function was applied to the OECD/NEA/BUC Phase II-A model and a simplified Phase II-C model. The application to Phase II-A model clearly showed that burnup importance of the end regions increases as burnup and/or cooling time increases. Comparison of the burnup importance function for different initial enrichments was examined. The application result to the simplified Phase II-C model showed that the burnup importance function was helpful to find the most reactive fuel burnup distribution under the conditions that the average fuel burnup was kept constant and the variations in the fuel burnup were within the maximum and minimum measured values.

JAEA Reports

OECD/NEA burnup credit criticality benchmarks phase IIIB; Burnup calculations of BWR fuel assemblies for storage and transport

Okuno, Hiroshi; Naito, Yoshitaka*; Suyama, Kenya

JAERI-Research 2002-001, 181 Pages, 2002/02

JAERI-Research-2002-001.pdf:10.89MB

The report describes the final results of the Phase IIIB Benchmark conducted by the Expert Group on Burnup Credit Criticality Safety under the auspices of the OECD/NEA. The Benchmark was intended to compare the predictability of current computer code and data library combinations for the atomic number densities of an irradiated BWR fuel assembly model, which was irradiated under specific power of 25.6 MW/tHM up to 40 GWd/tHM and cooled for five years. The void fraction was assumed to be uniform and constant, at 0, 40 and 70%, during burnup. In total, 16 results were submitted from 13 institutes of 7 countries. The calculated densities of 12 actinides and 20 fission product nuclides were found mostly within a range of +- 10% relative to the average, although some results, esp. 155Eu and gadolinium isotopes, exceeded the band. Pin-wise burnup results agreed well among the participants. The results in the multiplication factor also accorded well with each other for void fractions of 0 and 40%; however some results deviated from the average noticeably for the void fraction of 70%.

Journal Articles

Outline of ART Mod2 code for analysis of radionuclide transport during severe accidents

Hidaka, Akihide

RIST News, (30), p.2 - 14, 2000/10

no abstracts in English

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