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Journal Articles

Dynamic and interactive approach to level 2 PRA using continuous Markov process with Monte Carlo Method

Jang, S.*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 13th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM-13) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2016/10

The current approach to Level 2 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using the conventional event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology requires pre-specifications of event order occurrence and component failure probabilities which may vary significantly in the presence of uncertainties. In the present study, a new methodology is proposed to quantify the level 2 PRA in which the accident progression scenarios are dynamic and interactive with the instantaneous plant state and related phenomena. The accident progression is treated as a continuous Markov process and the transition probabilities are evaluated based on the computation of plant system thermal-hydraulic dynamics. A Monte Carlo method is used to obtain the resultant probability of the radioactive material release scenarios. The methodology is applied to the protected loss of heat sink accident scenario of the level 2 PRA of a generation IV fast reactor.

JAEA Reports

Analyses of transient plant response under emergency situations (2)

*; *

JNC TJ9440 2000-002, 90 Pages, 2000/03


In order to support development of the dynamic reliability analysis program DYANA, analyses were made on the event sequences anticipated under emergency situations using the plant dynamics simulation computer code Super-COPD. In this work 9 sequences were analyzed and integrated into an input file for preparing the functions for DYANA using the analytical model and input data which developed for Super-COPD in the previous work. These sequences could not analyze in the previous work, which were categorized into the PLOHS (Protected Loss of Heat Sink) event.

Oral presentation

Development of failure mitigation technologies for improving resilience of nuclear structures, 11; Analysis for enhancing resilience of next-generation nuclear power plants

Futagami, Satoshi; Ando, Masanori; Yamano, Hidemasa

no journal, , 

To enhance resilience of next-generation nuclear power plants, the authors have performed a three-dimensional analysis of structures with an earthquake-resistant lower support structure, assuming a protected loss of heat sink event, which may cause all decay heat removal systems to lose their functions immediately after reactor shutdown. The results show how the reactor vessel and guard vessel deform at extremely high temperatures.

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