Fukushima, Masahiro; Oizumi, Akito; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*
KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 143, 2019/08
For the design study of ADS, integral experimental data of nuclear characteristics of LBE is necessary to validate cross sections of lead (Pb) and bismuth (Bi). In present study, sample worth measurements were carried out with systematically changed mixing ratios of lead and bismuth, which would be complementary to the previous data of Pb and Bi samples individually measured in FY 2013 and FY 2017, respectively.
Ueki, Tadamasa; Niwa, Masakazu; Iwano, Hideki*; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*
Chishitsugaku Zasshi, 125(3), p.227 - 236, 2019/03
no abstracts in English
Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Kimura, Junichi*; Mitsuguchi, Takehiro; Danhara, Toru*; Hirata, Takafumi*; Sakata, Shuhei*; Iwano, Hideki*; Maruyama, Seiji*; Chang, Q.*; Miyazaki, Takashi*; et al.
Geochemical Journal, 52(6), p.531 - 540, 2018/12
Shiba, Tomooki; Tomikawa, Hirofumi; Hori, Masato
Proceeding IAEA Symposium on International Safeguards; Building Future Safeguards Capabilities (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/11
Fukushima, Masahiro; Goda, J.*; Bounds, J.*; Cutler, T.*; Grove, T.*; Hutchinson, J.*; James, M.*; McKenzie, G.*; Sanchez, R.*; Oizumi, Akito; et al.
Nuclear Science and Engineering, 189, p.93 - 99, 2018/01
To validate lead (Pb) nuclear cross sections, a series of integral experiments to measure lead void reactivity worths was conducted in a high-enriched uranium (HEU)/Pb system and a low enriched uranium (LEU)/Pb system using the Comet Critical Assembly at NCERC. The critical experiments were designed to provide complementary data sets having different sensitivities to scattering cross sections of lead. The larger amount of the U present in the LEU/Pb core increases the neutron importance above 1 MeV compared with the HEU/Pb core. Since removal of lead from the core shifts the neutron spectrum to the higher energy region, positive lead void reactivity worths were observed in the LEU/Pb core while negative values were observed in the HEU/Pb core. Experimental analyses for the lead void reactivity worths were performed with the Monte Carlo calculation code MCNP6.1 together with nuclear data libraries, JENDL 4.0 and ENDF/B VII.1. The calculation values were found to overestimate the experimental ones for the HEU/Pb core while being consistent for the LEU/Pb core.
Kawamura, Takuma; Noda, Tomoyuki; Idomura, Yasuhiro
Supercomputing Frontiers and Innovations, 4(3), p.43 - 54, 2017/07
We examine the performance of the in-situ data exploration framework based on the in-situ Particle Based Volume Rendering (In-Situ PBVR) on the latest many-core platform. In-Situ PBVR converts extreme scale volume data into small rendering primitive particle data via parallel Monte-Carlo sampling without costly visibility ordering. This feature avoids severe bottlenecks such as limited memory size per node and significant performance gap between computation and inter-node communication. In addition, remote in-situ data exploration is enabled by asynchronous file-based control sequences, which transfer the small particle data to client PCs, generate view-independent volume rendering images on client PCs, and change visualization parameters at runtime. In-Situ PBVR shows excellent strong scaling with low memory usage up to about 100k cores on the Oakforest-PACS, which consists of 8,208 Intel Xeon Phi7250 (Knights Landing) processors.
Estvez Aguado, M. E.*; Algora, A.*; Agramunt, J.*; Rubio, B.*; Tain, J. L.*; Jordn, D.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gelletly, W.*; Frank, A.*; Csatls, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 92(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_8, 2015/10
Keisan Kogaku Nabi, Nyusu Reta (Internet), 7, p.4 - 5, 2015/06
It has been difficult for traditional remote visualization systems to explore large-scale data because of bottlenecks such as visualization speed, memory limit, and data transfer time. Remote visualization software PBVR (Particle-Based Volume Rendering) employed client-server system and achieved interactive data exploration by converting the large-scale data to small particle data which is transferred to the client machine. We developed PBVR system as open source code and contributed an article about PBVR system.
Sasa, Toshinobu; Takei, Hayanori; Saito, Shigeru; Obayashi, Hironari; Nishihara, Kenji; Sugawara, Takanori; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Yamaguchi, Kazushi; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Oigawa, Hiroyuki
NEA/CSNI/R(2015)2 (Internet), p.85 - 91, 2015/06
Nuclear transmutation got much interested as an effective option of nuclear waste management. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) proposes the transmutation of minor actinides (MA) by accelerator-driven system (ADS) using lead-bismuth alloy (Pb-Bi). To obtain the data for ADS design, JAEA plans to build a Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) in the J-PARC project. TEF consists of two buildings, an ADS target test facility (TEF-T) with 400MeV-250kW Pb-Bi target, and a Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), which set up a fast critical assembly driven by low power proton beam with MA fuel. In TEF-T, irradiation test for materials, and engineering tests for Pb-Bi target operation will be performed. Various research plans such as nuclear data measurements have been proposed and layout of the experimental hall are underway. In the presentation, roadmap to establish the ADS transmutor and latest design activities for TEF construction will be summarized.
Kawamura, Takuma; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Miyamura, Hiroko; Takemiya, Hiroshi
Proceedings of SIGGRAPH Asia 2015 (SA 2015) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2015/00
In this paper, we propose a novel transfer function design technique for multivariate volume rendering. This technique generates a multidimensional transfer function by logical synthesis of variables and transfer functions. This technique enables analysts to extract correlation of variables and to combine multivariate surface and volume shapes. And this technique is implemented in Remote Visualization System PBVR optimized to several supercomputers. An experiment for the multi-phase fuel melting simulation result in the nuclear energy field shows the powerful ability of this technique enough by extracting complex behavior of molten materials.
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; Shahat, A.*
Sensors and Actuators B; Chemical, 203, p.854 - 863, 2014/11
Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 196, p.261 - 269, 2014/09
Nishitani, Takeo; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishio, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1245 - 1249, 2006/02
no abstracts in English
Enoeda, Mikio; Akiba, Masato; Tanaka, Satoru*; Shimizu, Akihiko*; Hasegawa, Akira*; Konishi, Satoshi*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Koyama, Akira*; Sagara, Akio*; Muroga, Takeo*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.415 - 424, 2006/02
no abstracts in English
Kurata, Yuji; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Saito, Shigeru
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 343(1-3), p.333 - 340, 2005/08
In order to study effects of temperature and alloying elements on corrosion behavior in liquid Pb-Bi which will be used for an accelerator driven system (ADS), corrosion tests of various steels were conducted under static liquid Pb-Bi condition. The tests were performed in oxygen-saturated liquid Pb-Bi at 450C and 550C for 3000h. Oxide films were formed during corrosion at 450C and 550C. Corrosion depth of steels decreased at 450C with increasing Cr content of steels. Austenitic stainless steels containing Ni didn't exhibit appreciable dissolution of Ni and Cr at 450C. The thick ferrite layer produced by dissolution of Ni and Cr was found in JPCA and type 316ss at 550C. For this reason the corrosion depth of austenitic stainless steels, JPCA and type 316ss became large. A Si-added austenitic stainless steel showed good corrosion resistance at 550C because a protective oxide film formed on the steel prevented dissolution of Ni and Cr into liquid Pb-Bi.
Naganawa, Hirochika; Suzuki, Hideya*; Noro, Junji*; Kimura, Takaumi
Chemical Communications, (23), p.2963 - 2965, 2005/06
A "superweak" anion, TFPB-, gives rise to a field effect on the selectivity for Am over Ln in their extraction from aqueous HNO solution into benzene containing a "hard donor" extractant that shows no selectivity for these metal ions in traditional solvent extraction.
Meigo, Shinichiro; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Iga, Kiminori*; Iwamoto, Yosuke*; Kitsuki, Hirohiko*; Ishibashi, Kenji*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Arima, Hidehiko*; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Numajiri, Masaharu*
AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.1513 - 1516, 2005/05
For validation of calculation codes that are employed in the design of accelerator facilities, spectra of neutrons produced from a thick iron target bombarded with 1.5-GeV protons were measured. The calculated results with NMTC/JAM were compared with the present experimental results. It is found the NMTC/JAM generally shows in good agreement with experiment. Furthermore, the calculation gives good agreement with the experiment for the energy region 20 to 80 MeV, whereas the NMTC/JAM gives 50 % of the experimental data for the heavy nuclide target such as lead and tungsten target.
Kurata, Yuji; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Saito, Shigeru
JAERI-Research 2005-002, 37 Pages, 2005/02
Static corrosion tests of various austenitic and ferritic/martensitic steels were conducted in oxygen-saturated liquid Pb-Bi at 450C and 550C for 3000h to study the effects of temperature and alloying elements on corrosion behavior. Oxidation, grain boundary corrosion, dissolution and penetration were observed. The corrosion depth decreases at 450C with increasing Cr content in steels regardless of ferritic/martensitic or austenitic steels. Appreciable dissolution of Ni and Cr does not occur in the three austenitic steels at 450C. The corrosion depth of ferritic/martensitic steels also decreases at 550C with increasing Cr content whereas the corrosion depth of austenitic steels, JPCA and 316ss becomes larger due to ferritization caused by dissolution of Ni at 550C than that of ferritic/martensitic steels. An austenitic stainless steel containing about 5%Si exhibits fine corrosion resistance at 550C because the protective Si oxide film is formed and prevents dissolution of Ni and Cr.
Fujieda, Shinji*; Miura, Yoshinao*; Saito, Motofumi*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka
Microelectronics Reliability, 45(1), p.57 - 64, 2005/01
To characterize the interface defects that are responsible for the negative-bias temperature instability (NBTI) of a thin plasma-nitrided SiON/Si system, we carried out inerface trap density measurements, electron-spin resonance spectroscopy and synchrotron radiation XPS. The NBTI was shown to occur mainly through the dehydrogenation of the interfacial Si dangling bonds (P defects). Although we suggest that non- P defects are also generated by the negative-bias temperature stress, nitrogen dangling bonds do not seem to be included. The plasma-nitridation process was confirmed to generate sub-oxides at the interface and thus increase the interface trap density. Furthermore, it was found that the nitridation induces another type of P defect than that at pure-SiO/Si interfacec. Such an increase and structural change of the interfacial defects are likely the causes of the nitridation-enhanced NBTI.