Okawa, Tomio*; Mori, Shoji*; Liu, W.*; Ose, Yasuo*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ono, Ayako
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO, 63(12), p.820 - 824, 2021/12
The evaluation method of the critical heat flux based on the mechanism is needed for the efficient design and development of fuel in reactors and the appropriate safety evaluation. In this paper, the current researches relating to the mechanism of the critical heat flux are reviewed, and the issue to be considered in the future are discussed.
Han, X.*; Shen, X.*; Yamamoto, Toshihiro*; Nakajima, Ken*; Sun, Haomin; Hibiki, Takashi*
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 178, p.121637_1 - 121637_24, 2021/10
Noma, Yuichiro*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kubo, Tetsuro*; To, Hideki*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ito, Kohei*; Nakamura, Ai*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07
Kuroda, Kenta*; Arai, Yosuke*; Rezaei, N.*; Kunisada, So*; Sakuragi, Shunsuke*; Alaei, M.*; Kinoshita, Yuto*; Bareille, C.*; Noguchi, Ryo*; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.2888_1 - 2888_9, 2020/06
Chen, J.; Asano, Masaharu; Tsubokawa, Norio*; Maekawa, Yasunari; Yamaki, Tetsuya; Yoshida, Masaru
Journal of Polymer Science, Part B; Polymer Physics, 43(20), p.2843 - 2851, 2005/10
Impedance spectra analysis of a thermo-responsive poly(acryloyl--proline methyl ester) (poly(A-ProOMe)) hydrogel membranes in an aqueous solution of LiCl was carried out using a simple equivalent model. The hydrogel membrane was synthesized by -radiation-induced polymerization and crosslinking of A-ProOMe monomer aqueous solution in a glass-cast. By means of the impedance spectra analysis, a novel method for the calculation of the ionic conductivity of the hydrogel membranes in LiCl solution was proposed. The calculated ionic conductivity was in agreement well with the determined value. In addition, effects of temperature and LiCl concentration on the impedance spectra and ionic conductivity of the gel membrane were analysized. Results indicated that the impedance spectra analysis is a very useful tool for evaluating the electric properties of gel membranes in an electrolyte solution. The poly(A-ProOMe) gel membrane in 1.0 M LiCl solution showed a high ionic conductivity of about 0.2 S/cm at 14C. The temperature-dependence of the ionic conductivity was a complex nonlinear form due to the volume phase transition of the thermo-responsive poly(A-ProOMe) gel membrane, and the volume phase transition temperature appeared to be decreased with the increase in the LiCl concentration.
IFMIF International Team
JAERI-Review 2005-027, 416 Pages, 2005/08
The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) Technical Meetings were held on May 17-20, 2005 at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) Tokyo. The main objectives were (1) to review technical status of the subsystems; accelerator, target and test facilities, (2) to technically discuss interface issues between target and test facilities, (3) to review results of peer-reviews performed in the EU and Japan, (4) to harmonize design / experimental activities among the subsystems, (5) to review and discuss the Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity (EVEDA) tasks, and (6) to make a report of (1) - (5) to the IFMIF Executive Subcommittee. This report presents a brief summary of the Target Technical Meeting, Test Facilities Technical Meeting, Target / Test Facilities Interface Meeting, Accelerator Technical Meeting and the Technical Integration Meeting.
Katayama, Yoshinori; Inamura, Yasuhiro*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 238(1-4), p.154 - 159, 2005/08
It is well know that many substances have different structures in the crystalline state and they exhibit first-order structural phase transitions by a change in pressure. On the other hand, pressure-induced structural changes in the liquid and glassy states were supposed to be monotonous. The recent development of synchrotron radiation sources enables us to perform structural studies on liquids and glasses under high pressure and high temperature conditions. These studies revealed that the changes in the liquid and glassy states are not necessarily monotonous. We will present recent results on liquid phosphorus and silica glass.
Mitsui, Takaya; Takei, Fumihiko*; Kitao, Shinji*; Seto, Makoto; Harami, Taikan; Zhang, X.*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Kikuta, Seishi*
Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 30(1), p.7 - 10, 2005/03
no abstracts in English
Ono, Masao; Kinoshita, Takahiro*; Ueno, Hideto*; Huang, X.*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Mashimo, Tsutomu
Materials Transactions, 46(2), p.219 - 224, 2005/02
Ultracentrifuge experiments were performed on the In-Pb system to study the sedimentation of atoms and phase equilibrium. After the experiments, the graded structures were obtained. Pb-rich phase (f.c.c) and In-rich phase (tetragonal) appeared at the strong- and weak-gravitational field sides of the sample, respectively, from starting state of -phase. And, the continuous changes in lattice parameters were observed in each phase. These observation results showed that the graded structure was continuous in atomic scale, and was formed by the sedimentation of atoms. Composition profiles of the centrifuged samples for 31.3 h, 60 h and 150 h showed that the composition change reached the steady state within 60 hours. The diffusion coefficient for sedimentation was estimated to be about 8 times larger than that for usual diffusion by the simulation. The result indicated that the diffusion mechanism of the sedimentation was different from the conventional ones.
Onuki, Akira; Takase, Kazuyuki; Kureta, Masatoshi*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Tamai, Hidesada; Liu, W.; Akimoto, Hajime
Proceedings of Japan-US Seminar on Two-Phase Flow Dynamics, p.317 - 325, 2004/12
We start R&D project to develop the predictable technology for thermal-hydraulic performance of Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor (RMWR) in collaboration with Power Company/reactor vendor/university since 2002. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as effective utilization of uranium resources, multiple recycling of plutonium, high burn-up and long operation cycle, based on matured BWR technologies. MOX fuel assemblies with tight lattice arrangement are used to increase the conversion ratio by reducing the moderation of neutron energy. Increasing the in-core void fraction also contributes to the reduction of neutron moderation. The confirmation of thermal-hydraulic feasibility is one of the most important R&D items for the RMWR because of the tight lattice configuration. In this paper, we will show the R&D plan and describe the current status on experimental and analytical studies. We will confirm the thermal-hydraulic performance in the tight-lattice bundles by this project and develop a predictable technology for the RMWR in future.
Physical Review B, 70(17), p.174422_1 - 174422_14, 2004/11
Phase transitions in the infinite-range p-state Potts glass model is studied in the presence of a field. Phase transition line into the transverse ordered phase is a straight line in a field-temperature phase diagram for small field and small effective ferromagnetic interaction. This is in contrast with the Gabay-Toulouse line for the vector spin-glass model. Replica symmetry breaking pattern is discussed near the phase transition line. Replica symmetry for the longitudinal order parameter is weakly broken at higher temperature than the transition line to the transverse ordered phase for p3.2. For p4.6, the transition to the transverse ordered phase reveals discontinuity in the order parameter just as the p4 case without a field.
Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu, 14(2), p.113 - 118, 2004/05
no abstracts in English
IFMIF International Team
JAERI-Review 2004-008, 219 Pages, 2004/03
The IFMIF Technical Meeting was held on December 4-5, 2003 at Shiran-kaikan, Kyoto University. The main objectives are (i) to finalize the Comprehensive Design Report (CDR), (ii) to discuss IFMIF cost and organization, (iii) to review technical status of major systems, transition phase activities and EVEDA plan. This report presents a brief summary of the results of the meeting. Agenda, participants list and presentation materials are attached as Appendix.
Rykov, A. I.*; Nomura, Kiyoshi*; Sawada, Tsuguo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Seto, Makoto*; Tamegai, Tsuyoshi*; Tokunaga, Masashi*
Physical Review B, 68(22), p.224401_1 - 224401_7, 2003/12
no abstracts in English
Katayama, Yoshinori; Tsuji, Kazuhiko*
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(36), p.6085 - 6103, 2003/09
X-ray structural studies on several elemental liquids under high pressure are reviewed. Combination of synchrotron radiation sources and large volume presses enables us to carry out in-situ structural measurements on liquids at high pressures up to several GPa. The measurements have revealed that compressions of liquid alkali metals are almost uniform, whereas those of liquids that have covalent components in bonding are mostly anisotropic. In some elements, different types of volume dependence of the nearest neighbour distances are observed in different pressure ranges. This behaviour suggests that the liquid phase can be divided in regions. Although most of the observed structural changes are continuous, a discovery of an abrupt structural change in liquid phosphorus, which is completed over a pressure range of less than 0.05 GPa around 1GPa and 1050 C, supports existence of a first-order liquid-liquid phase transition.
Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu, 13(3), p.224 - 231, 2003/08
Applying pressure to hydrogen-bonded crystals hydrogen bromide and hydrogen sulfide alters significantly the bonding nature and induces various kinds of phenomena: order-disorder transition, hydrogen-bond symmetrization, and molecular dissociation accompanied by the solid-state reactions. This article reviews the relationship between pressure-induced structural phase transitions and solid-state reactions, revealed from the cooperative works between high pressure experiments and the ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Andrei, G.; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Okubo, Tomoyuki*; Onuki, Yoshichika
Acta Physica Polonica B, 34(2), p.1071 - 1074, 2003/02
We have successfully grown a single crystal of uranium intermetallic compound URhGe. The temperature dependence of electrical resistivity shows highly anisotropic behavior. Two anomalies, which correspond to the magnetic ordering temperatures, were observed in the resistivity, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat measurements at = 30 K and =25 K. The magnetic susceptibility also shows a large uniaxial anisotropy with a magnetic easy-axis along the  direction.
Katayama, Yoshinori; Inamura, Yasuhiro
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(1), p.S343 - S350, 2003/01
Combination of synchrotron radiation sources and large volume presses enable us to make in-situ observations of structural change in liquids and glasses at high pressures up to several GPa and high temperatures up to 1500K. A number of methods, X-ray diffraction, XAFS, density measurement by means of X-ray absorption, viscosity measurements by means of radiography, are now applicable for this purpose. We have systematically studied elemental liquid and found that a characteristic structural change occurs in a narrow pressure-temperature range in liquid selenium. Moreover we have found a sudden structural change in liquid phosphorus. Experimental results on phosphorus support a view that the change is a first-order liquid-liquid transition. In the talk, results of current attempt to detect sudden structural change in silica glass will be presented. A preliminary result of X-ray diffraction study on liquid water under high-pressure will be also reported.
Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Matsumoto, Norimasa; Terauchi, Hikaru*; Yasuda, Naohiko*
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 15(3), p.467 - 474, 2003/01
Thermal properties of ordered and disordered Pb(InNb)O (PIN) single clystals were investigated. The defect-induced phase separation provided a good agreement of the instability of the relaxor nd antiferroelectric states of the PIN crystals.
Matsuda, Tatsuma; Metoki, Naoto; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeda, Shugo; Okubo, Tomoyuki*; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro*; Nakamura, Noriko*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Akio; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 72(1), p.122 - 130, 2003/01
no abstracts in English