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Journal Articles

Recent studies for structural integrity evaluation and defect inspection of J-PARC spallation neutron source target vessel

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Shintaku, Yohei*; Li, T.*; Murakami, Kazuya*; Kanomata, Kenichi*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.3 - 11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.22(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The mercury target vessel is designed as multi-walled structure with thin wall (min. 3 mm), and assembled by welding. In order to estimate the structural integrity of the vessel, it is important to measure the defects in welding accurately. For nondestructive tests of the welding, radiographic testing is applicable but it is difficult to detect for some defect shapes. Therefore it is effective to do ultrasonic testing together with it. Because ultrasonic methods prescribed in JIS inspect on the plate with more than 6 mm in thickness, these methods couldn't be applied as the inspection on the vessel with thin walls. In order to develop effective method, we carried out measurements using some testing method on samples with small defect whose size is specified. In the case of the latest phased array method, measured value agreed with actual size. It was found that this method was applicable to detect defects in the thin-walled structure for which accurate inspection was difficult so far.

Oral presentation

Ultrasonic inspection technique for weld in mercury target vessel for spallation neutron source

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi

no journal, , 

A mercury target vessel has been used for the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. It has a complicated multi-layered structure composed of a mercury target and surrounding double-walled water shroud, which is assembled with thin plates (minimum thickness of 3 mm) by welding. Thus, welding inspection during the manufacturing process is important. We investigated the applicability of new ultrasonic inspection, named as phased array ultrasonic method, to improve the accuracy of welding inspection for the mercury target vessel. It was measured that the new ultrasonic method could detect a 1-mm-long defect formed in a 3-mm-thick specimen with an error of about 7%. Moreover, simulations of the phased array ultrasonic method demonstrated that the outline of a 0.5-mm-long defect in a thin specimen got clearer in an ultrasonic echo image with increasing frequency of the sensor, suggesting a possibility of further improvement.

Oral presentation

Feasibility study of applying phased array ultrasonic method to weld inspection of mercury target vessel for spallation neutron source

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Zhou, Y.*; Kobayashi, Akihiko*

no journal, , 

A mercury target vessel has been used for the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. It has a complicated multi-layered structure composed of a mercury target and surrounding double-walled water shroud, which is assembled with thin plates (minimum thickness of 3 mm) by welding. Thus, welding inspection during the manufacturing process is important. We investigated the applicability of new ultrasonic inspection, named as phased array ultrasonic method, to improve the accuracy of welding inspection for the mercury target vessel. Experiments and simulations of the phased array ultrasonic method were conducted using3-mm-thick specimen with a fatigue crack. In the case of short crack, the ultrasonic test overestimates the crack length. The difference was small by using sensor with a high frequency, suggesting a possibility of further improvement.

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