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Journal Articles

JENDL photonuclear data file

Kishida, Norio*; Murata, Toru*; Asami, Tetsuo*; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Maki, Koichi*; Harada, Hideo*; Lee, Y.*; Chang, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi; Fukahori, Tokio

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.199 - 202, 2005/05

Nuclear data for photonuclear reactions are required in the field of shielding design of high-energy electron accelerators and high-energy $$gamma$$-ray therapy. The JENDL Photonuclear Data File was prepared by a working group on nuclear data evaluations for photonuclear reactions in Japanese Nuclear Data Committee. From a survey of many literatures, it is difficult to construct the photonuclear data file by using only measured data, since there are not sufficient experimental data. We were therefore evaluating with theoretical calculations based on statistical nuclear reaction models. The photonuclear cross sections that are to be contained in the file are as follows: photoabsorption cross sections, yield cross sections and DDX for neutrons, protons, deuterons, tritons, $$^{3}$$He-particles and alpha-particles, and isotope production cross sections. For the actinide nuclides, photofission cross sections are also included. The maximum energy of incident photons is 140 MeV and stored are the photonuclear data for 68 nuclides from $$^{2}$$H to $$^{237}$$Np.

Journal Articles

Reparability of lethal lesions produced by phosphorus photoabsorption in yeast cells

Usami, Noriko*; Yokoya, Akinari; Ishizaka, Shozo*; Kobayashi, Katsumi*

Journal of Radiation Research, 42(3), p.317 - 331, 2001/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:72.79(Biology)

The characteristics of DNA lesions produced by the phosphorus K-shell absorption in yeast cells were studied using monochromatized soft X-rays tuned to the phosphorus K-edge peak (2153 eV) and below the peak energy (2147 eV). The repaired fractions of DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) were measured relatively by using both a mutant, (${it rad 54-3}$), which shows the temperature-sensitive dsb repair-deficient, and a wild-type strain. The repaired fraction of lesion in ${it rad 54-3}$, which corresponds to the relative yield of dsb reparable by the ${it RAD 54}$ pathway, was not affected by the phosphorus photoabsorption. Repair of the produced lesions in the wild-type cells was also measured by comparing the surviving fraction of the immediately plated cells to that of those cells plated after holding in a non-nutrient medium for 80 hrs. The recovery of the surviving fraction after the holding treatment was dependent upon the soft X-ray energy. These results suggest that irrepairable lesions are produced by the inner-shell photoabsorption of phosphorus in DNA, although its yield is small.

Journal Articles

Interaction of photons with plasmas and liquid metals; Photoabsorption and scattering

Chihara, Junzo*

Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 12(3), p.231 - 247, 2000/01

 Times Cited Count:153 Percentile:2.29(Physics, Condensed Matter)

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