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Journal Articles

Design of the MEBT for the JAEA-ADS Project

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Proceedings of 12th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC 21) (Internet), p.790 - 792, 2021/08

The Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) will transport a CW proton beam with a current of 20 mA and energy of 2.5 MeV from the exit of the normal conducting Radiofrequency Quadrupole (RFQ) to the superconducting Half-Wave resonator (HWR) section. The MEBT must provide a good matching between the RFQ and HWR, effective control of the emittance growth and the halo formation, enough space for all the beam diagnostics devices, among others. This work reports the first lattice design and the beam dynamics studies for the MEBT of the JAEA-ADS.

JAEA Reports

Safety design report on J-PARC Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P)

Partitioning and Transmutation Technology Division, Nuclear Science and Engineering Center

JAEA-Technology 2017-033, 383 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Technology-2017-033.pdf:28.16MB

JAEA is pursuing research and development (R&D) on volume reduction and mitigation of degree of harmfulness of high-level radioactive waste. Construction of Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) is under planning as one of the second phase facilities in the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) program to promote R&D on the transmutation technology with using accelerator driven systems (ADS). The TEF consists of two facilities: ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) and Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Development of spallation target technology and study on target materials are to be conducted in TEF-T with impinging a high intensity proton beam on a liquid lead-bismuth eutectic target. Whereas in TEF-P, by introducing a proton beam to minor actinide loaded cores, reactor physical properties of the cores are to be studied, and operation experiences of ADS are to be acquired. This report summarizes results of safety design for establishment permit of one of two TEF facilities, TEF-P.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 1; Pulsed spallation neutron source

Takada, Hiroshi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Aso, Tomokazu; Meigo, Shinichiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.8_1 - 8_26, 2017/09

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), a pulsed spallation neutron source provides neutrons with high intensity and narrow pulse width to promote researches on a variety of science in the Materials and life science experimental facility. It was designed to be driven by the proton beam with an energy of 3 GeV, a power of 1 MW at a repetition rate of 25 Hz, that is world's highest power level. A mercury target and three types of liquid para-hydrogen moderators are core components of the spallation neutron source. It is still on the way towards the goal to accomplish the operation with a 1 MW proton beam. In this paper, distinctive features of the target-moderator-reflector system of the pulsed spallation neutron source are reviewed.

Journal Articles

J-PARC transmutation experimental facility program and situation of the world

Maekawa, Fujio; Sasa, Toshinobu

Enerugi Rebyu, 37(9), p.15 - 18, 2017/08

Accelerator driven nuclear transmutation systems (ADS) are under development for reducing nuclear waste. The J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility program and situation of the world for the ADS development are introduced.

JAEA Reports

Technical design report on J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility; ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T)

Nuclear Transmutation Division, J-PARC Center

JAEA-Technology 2017-003, 539 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Technology-2017-003.pdf:59.1MB

JAEA is pursuing R&D on volume reduction and mitigation of degree of harmfulness of high-level radioactive waste based on the "Strategic Energy Plan" issued in April 2014. Construction of Transmutation Experimental Facility is under planning as one of the second phase facilities in the J-PARC program to promote R&D on the transmutation technology with using accelerator driven systems (ADS). The TEF consists of two facilities: ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) and Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Development of spallation target technology and study on target materials are to be conducted in TEF-T with impinging a high intensity proton beam on a lead-bismuth eutectic target. Whereas in TEF-P, by introducing a proton beam to minor actinide loaded subcritical cores, physical properties of the cores are to be studied, and operation experiences are to be acquired. This report summarizes results of technical design for construction of one of two TEF facilities, TEF-T.

Journal Articles

Impact of PHITS spallation models on the neutronics design of an accelerator-driven system

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Harada, Masahide; Maekawa, Fujio

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(10), p.1585 - 1594, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:81.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Simulation of beam behavior caused by odd harmonics of beam loading in J-PARC RCS

Yamamoto, Masanobu; Nomura, Masahiro; Shimada, Taihei; Tamura, Fumihiko; Hara, Keigo*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Omori, Chihiro*; Toda, Makoto*; Yoshii, Masahito*

Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.3443 - 3445, 2016/06

The J-PARC RCS accelerates 2 bunches at the harmonic number 2. The major Fourier component of the beam current is even harmonics. However, the odd harmonics grow under some conditions even though they are very small amplitude at the beginning. Particle tracking simulation suggests that the displacement and the deformation of the bunch are caused by the odd harmonics, it is synchronized with the potential distortion, and it results in the beam instability. We describe the particle tracking simulation results for the odd harmonic beam loading effect in the RCS.

Journal Articles

Measurement of ion species in high current ECR H$$^+$$/D$$^+$$ ion source for IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility)

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Sen$'e$e, F.*; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Chauvin, N.*; Gobin, R.*; Ichimiya, Ryo; Ihara, Akira; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Kasugai, Atsushi; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02A727_1 - 02A727_3, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:44.58(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of embedded Mach-Zehnder optical waveguide structures in polydimethylsiloxane thin films by proton beam writing

Kada, Wataru*; Miura, Kenta*; Kato, Hijiri*; Saruya, Ryota*; Kubota, Atsushi*; Sato, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Nishikawa, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 348, p.218 - 222, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:54.79(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Advanced design of high-intensity beam transport line in J-PARC

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Harada, Masahide; Konno, Chikara; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kai, Tetsuya; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 562(2), p.638 - 641, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Materials and Life Science Facility of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is an experimental facility where neutron and muon beams are provided as powerful probes. They are generated with high-intensity proton beam supplied through a 3-GeV proton beam transport (3NBT) line. Its beam optics and components were designed to transport the proton beam of large emittance with extremely low loss rate. The 3NBT accommodates an intermediate target that causes large beam loss. The scheme of the cascade target system was carefully devised to overcome difficulties due to high radiation.

Journal Articles

Positive and negative ion sources for magnetic fusion

Hemsworth, R. S.*; Inoue, Takashi

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 33(6), p.1799 - 1813, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:79 Percentile:92.06(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The positive or negative ion sources which form the primary components of neutral beam injection systems used in magnetic fusion have to meet simultaneously several demanding requirements. This paper describes the underlying physics of modern positive ion sources, which provide the required high proton fraction ($$>$$90%) and high current density ($$approx$$2 kA/m$$^{2}$$) at a low source pressure (0.4 Pa) with a high electrical efficiency and uniformity across the accelerator grids. The development of negative ion sources, which are required if high energy neutral beams are to be produced, is explained. The paper reports that negative ion sources have achieved many of the parameters required of sources for the neutral beam injectors of future fusion devices and reactors, $$>$$200 A/m$$^{2}$$ of D$$^{-}$$ at low pressure, $$<$$0.3 Pa, with low co-extracted electron content. The development needed to meet all the requiremens of future systems is briefly discussed.

Journal Articles

Derivation of simple evaluation method for thermal shock damage on accelerator materials caused by out-of-control beam pulses and its application to J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(12), p.1032 - 1039, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In high-intensity proton accelerator facilities, a failure of an electromagnet that steers beam pulses may result in thermal shock damage on the accelerator component by injecting an out-of-control pulse. It is important that a Machine Protection System (MPS) is appropriately designed to prevent this damage in the facilities such as Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). In this study, the simple evaluation method for the allowable injection time before the operation of the MPS was derived from the relation between the thermal stress and the yield stress of materials.The derived evaluation method was then applied to J-PARC. The allowable injection time for each component ranged from 0.1 to 70 $$mu$$s.

Journal Articles

Design study around beam window of ADS

Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Sasa, Toshinobu; Umeno, Makoto*; Nishihara, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Takano, Hideki*; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Workshop on the Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton Accelerators, p.325 - 334, 2005/11

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) is conducting the research and development (R&D) on the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS) for the effective transmutation of minor actinides (MAs). The ADS proposed by JAERI is the 800 MWth, Pb-Bi cooled, tank-type subcritical reactor loaded with (MA+Pu) nitride fuel. The Pb-Bi is also used as the spallation target. In this study, the feasibility of the ADS was discussed with putting the focus on the design around the beam window. The partition wall was placed between the target region and the ductless-type fuel assemblies to keep the good cooling performance for the hot-spot fuel pin. The flow control nozzle was installed to cool the beam window effectively. The thermal-hydraulic analysis showed that the maximum temperature at the outer surface of the beam window could be repressed below 500 $$^{circ}$$C even in the case of the maximum beam power of 30 MW. The stress caused by the external pressure and the temperature distribution of the beam window was also below the allowable limit.

Journal Articles

Research and development program on accelerator driven subcritical system in JAERI

Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Ouchi, Nobuo; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Sasa, Toshinobu; Nishihara, Kenji; Saito, Shigeru; Umeno, Makoto*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been proceeding with the research and development (R&D) on accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS). The ADS proposed by JAERI is a lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi) eutectic cooled fast subcritical core with 800 MWth. To realize such an ADS, some technical issues should be studied, developed and demonstrated. JAERI has started a comprehensive R&D program since the fiscal year of 2002 to acquire knowledge and elemental technology that are necessary for the validation of engineering feasibility of the ADS. The first stage of the program had been continued for three years. The program is conducted by JAERI, and many institutes, universities and private companies were involved. Items of R&D are concentrated on three technical areas peculiar to the ADS: (1) superconducting linear accelerator (SC-LINAC), (2) Pb-Bi eutectic as spallation target and core coolant, and (3) subcritical core design and technology. In the present work, the outline and the results in the first stage of the program are reported.

Journal Articles

Improved cavitation resistance of structural materials in pulsed liquid metal targets by surface hardening

Koppitz, T.*; Jung, P.*; M$"u$ller, G.*; Weisenburger, A.*; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 343(1-3), p.92 - 100, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.08(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Cavitation damage of structural materials due to pressure waves is expected to be one of the majior life-time limiting factors in high power liquid metal spallation targets under pulsed operation. Two methods are developed for the European Spallation Source (ESS) to mitigate this damage: Introduction of gas bubbles to surpress the pressure pulse and surface-hardening of structural materials. Surface-hardening of four 8-13%Cr martenstic steels was examined by thermal treatment with pulsed or scanned electron- and laser-beams as well as by nitriding in plasma. A specimens of the 12%Cr steel were tested in liquid mercury under pulsed proton irradiation, and under mechanical pulsed-loading. Surface damage was analysed by optical, confocal-laser, or scanning-electron microscopy, showing in both tests much better resistance of the hardened material compared to standard condition.

JAEA Reports

Development of EPICS system for 3NBT proton beam monitor system

Oi, Motoki; Meigo, Shinichiro

JAERI-Tech 2005-025, 52 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Tech-2005-025.pdf:3.28MB

In the J-PARC 3GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT), proton beam profile monitor, halo monitor, loss monitor and proton current monitors are used as proton beam monitor. The electric signals from these monitors are converted to digital signal with ADC on CAMAC modules and monitoring with EPICS system through CAMAC controller CC/NET. At the 3NBT proton beam monitor system, these are monitored with frequency of 25Hz and all of these data are archived. In this report, we develop the EPICS system for 3NBT proton beam monitors and confirm the performance of the system. As a result, we can monitor and archive these proton beam monitor signals at 25 Hz with CC/NET and EPICS.

Journal Articles

High proton ratio plasma production in a small negative ion source

Morishita, Takatoshi; Inoue, Takashi; Iga, Takashi*; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Imai, Tsuyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 75(5), p.1764 - 1766, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:37.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Negative ion beams of high current density are required for accelerator and fusion. The H$$^{-}$$ source utilizes surface production that produces H$$^{-}$$ from H or H$$^{+}$$. And hence, high proto yield ion source is required. Generally, a large volume plasma generator with strong plasma confinement is suitable to achieve high proton yield. On the contrary, production of high proton ratio plasma is not easy in small sources. However, in a small source (3.5 liter), high current H$$^{-}$$ beam of 800 A/m$$^{2}$$ was obtained. In this research, the proton ratio was investigated experimentally and analytically in a small source (1.4 liter). The measured proton ratio increased form 40% to 90% by applying the magnetic filter. From the numerical analysis, the proton ratio is low as 40% in the driver region. However, with the magnetic filter, flow of primary electrons is restrained, resulting in suppression of H$$_2^{+}$$ production at the extraction region. In addition, molecular ions are easily destroyed by thermal electrons in the filter region. Thus the proton ratio is enhanced by the magnetic field in the small sources.

JAEA Reports

Design report on the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) of High Intensity Proton Accelerator facility (J-PARC)

Sakamoto, Shinichi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Konno, Chikara; Kai, Tetsuya; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Harada, Masahide; Fujimori, Hiroshi*; Kaneko, Naokatsu*; Muto, Suguru*; Ono, Takehiro*; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-020, 332 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-020.pdf:17.93MB

One of the experimental facilities in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF), where high-intensity neutron beams and muon beams are used as powerful probes for materials science, life science and related engineering. The neutrons and muons are generated with high-intensity proton beam from 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS). The high-intensity proton beam has to be effectively transported, and a neutron production target and a muon production target have to be also properly irradiated. The principal design of the 3-GeV proton beam transport facility (3NBT) is systematized.

Journal Articles

Target station design of 1 MW spallation neutron source at the high intensity proton accelerator facilities J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi; Maekawa, Fujio; Honmura, Shiro*; Yoshida, Katsuhiko*; Teraoku, Takuji*; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakai, Akio*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Kanechika, Shuji*; Otake, Hidenori*; et al.

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 3, p.1115 - 1125, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Bubble dynamics in the thermal shock problem of the liquid metal target

Ishikura, Shuichi*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Hino, Ryutaro; Arakawa, Chuichi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 318, p.113 - 121, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:64.02(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The thermal shock stress in the mercury target vessel was analyzed: the target receives the incident proton beam at the energy of 1 MW with the pulse duration of 1ms. Negative pressure of maximal 61MPa was generated when the initial pressure of 52MPa propagated in mercury. It is expected then that the cavitation may be arisen by the negative pressure. So in order to know the cavitation behavior, the simulation study was carried out by using the equation of motion based on the bubble dynamics for a single bubble, and fundamental parameter analysis was carried out. It is found that a bubble has a potential expansion more than 1000 times with a change of the pressure at the window of the target vessel. Consequently wave propagation will be affected. Theoretical consideration was given to the wave motion of propagation in bubbly liquid. The equation of state in bubbly liquid can be approximated by the polynomial. The diameter of a bubble and the bubble volume fraction inherent in mercury can be decided if the critical pressure, the sound velocity, and resonance frequency is successfully measured by static and dynamic experiment.

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