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Journal Articles

Field tests on migration of TRU-nuclide, 3; Migration test of radionuclide in aerated soil layer

Mukai, Masayuki; Tanaka, Tadao; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Matsumoto, Junko; Munakata, Masahiro; Zhao, Y.*; Guo, Z.*; Ni, S.*; Li, S.*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.342 - 349, 2003/09

Evaluation of radionuclide migration in geologic media is of great importance in safety assessment for shallow land disposal specially for TRU nuclides because of inadequate data based on field test. As a cooperative research between JAERI and CIRP, a field test of radionuclide migration was conducted under natural condition using Sr-90, Np-237 and Pu-238 to obtain migration data of the radionuclides in actual aerated layer under natural rainfall condition. Values of input parameters to an existing evaluation equation of nuclide migration were determined on the basis of the results of laboratory experiments of batch and column methods and field investigation. Migration distribution of the radionuclides calculated with the determined values showed reasonable agreement with the measured distribution of the field test. This confirmed an applicability of the evaluation equation for radionuclide migration to actual aerated layer under natural condition.

JAEA Reports

Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr, $$^{237}$$Np, $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am in loess media (Joint research)

Tanaka, Tadao; Mukai, Masayuki; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Junko; Ogawa, Hiromichi; Li, S.*; Wang, Z.*; Wang, J.*; Guo, Z.*; Zhao, Y.*

JAERI-Research 2002-034, 20 Pages, 2002/12

JAERI-Research-2002-034.pdf:1.1MB

Adsorption mechanisms and models of $$^{85}$$Sr(II), $$^{237}$$Np(V), $$^{238}$$Pu(IV) and $$^{241}$$Am(III) on the loess were investigated from their adsorption and desorption properties. The distribution coefficient of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was 2 - 3 orders of magnitude smaller than that of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am. The adsorption of $$^{85}$$Sr and $$^{237}$$Np was mainly controlled by the ion exchange reaction. On the other hand, the adsorption of $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am was mostly controlled by the selective chemical reactions with Fe and Mn oxyhydroxide/oxide and humic substances. On the basis of the experimental results, several types of adsorption models of the radionuclides, considering elemental concentrations, adsorption mechanisms and kinetics, were proposed for setting up the analytical systems of radionuclide migration in the loess media.

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray spectrometric determination of isotopic ratios of plutonium

Umezawa, Hirokazu; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 13(6), p.327 - 332, 1976/06

 Times Cited Count:16

no abstracts in English

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