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JAEA Reports

Development of environmental mitigation technology with novel water purification agents (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Shinshu University*

JAEA-Review 2021-051, 81 Pages, 2022/01


The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2020, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of environmental mitigation technology with novel water purification agents" conducted in FY2020. The present study aims to develop a reusable adsorbent for strontium ions through joint research between Japan and the United Kingdom, and to reduce the amount of used adsorbent generated through the decontamination process. The basic strategy of this research is to produce adsorbents and examine their Sr adsorption performance at Shinshu University. The structural analyses of the adsorbents are conducted by the Institute for Molecular Science (IMS) and the UK teams. The adsorption data and structural information are theoretically analyzed at Tohoku University with data science, leading to a new synthetic guid

Journal Articles

Effect of B$$_{4}$$C absorber material on melt progression and chemical forms of iodine or cesium under severe accident conditions

Hidaka, Akihide

Insights Concerning the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident, Vol.4; Endeavors by Scientists, p.341 - 356, 2021/10

Journal Articles

Re-evaluation of radiation-energy transfer to an extraction solvent in a minor-actinide-separation process based on consideration of radiation permeability

Toigawa, Tomohiro; Tsubata, Yasuhiro; Kai, Takeshi; Furuta, Takuya; Kumagai, Yuta; Matsumura, Tatsuro

Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 39(1), p.74 - 89, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Absorbed-dose estimation is essential for evaluation of the radiation feasibility of minor-actinide-separation processes. We propose a dose-evaluation method based on radiation permeability, with comparisons of heterogeneous structures seen in the solvent-extraction process, such as emulsions forming in the mixture of the organic and aqueous phases. A demonstration of radiation-energy-transfer simulation is performed with a focus on the minor-actinide-recovery process from high-level liquid waste with the aid of the Monte Carlo radiation-transport code PHITS. The simulation results indicate that the dose absorbed by the extraction solvent from alpha ray depends upon the emulsion structure, and that from beta and gamma ray depends upon the mixer-settler-apparatus size. Non-negligible contributions of well-permeable gamma rays were indicated in terms of the plant operation of the minor-actinide-separation process.

Journal Articles

Direct quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs in spent Cs adsorbent used for the decontamination of radiocesium-containing water by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Asai, Shiho*; Ohata, Masaki*; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Horita, Takuma; Yomogida, Takumi; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro

Analytical Chemistry, 92(4), p.3276 - 3284, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:46.88(Chemistry, Analytical)

The long-term safety assessment of spent Cs adsorbents produced during the decontamination of radiocesium-containing water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant requires one to estimate their $$^{135}$$Cs content prior to final disposal. $$^{135}$$Cs is usually quantified by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), which necessitates the elution of Cs from Cs adsorbents. However, this approach suffers from the high radiation dose from $$^{137}$$Cs. To address this challenge, we herein employed laser ablation ICP-MS for direct quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs in Cs adsorbents and used a model Cs adsorbent prepared by immersion of a commercially available Cs adsorbent into radiocesium-containing liquid waste to verify the developed technique. The use of the $$^{135}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio and $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity obtained by gamma spectrometry achieved simple and precise quantitation of $$^{135}$$Cs and the resulting $$^{135}$$Cs activity of 0.36 Bq agreed well with that in the original radiocesium-containing liquid waste.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of TPDN/SiO$$_{2}$$-P adsorbent for MA(III) recovery

Kofuji, Hirohide; Watanabe, So; Takeuchi, Masayuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.61 - 65, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Current status of the high intensity pulsed spallation neutron source at J-PARC

Takada, Hiroshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2505013_1 - 2505013_8, 2018/03

The pulsed spallation neutron source of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has been supplying users with high intensity and sharp pulse cold neutrons using the moderators with following distinctive features; (1) 100% para-hydrogen for increasing pulse peak intensity with decreasing pulse tail, (2) cylindrical shape with 14 cm diam.$$times$$12 cm long for providing high intensity neutrons to wide neutron extraction angles of 50.8$$^{circ}$$, (3) neutron absorber made from Ag-In-Cd alloy to make pulse width narrower and pulse tails lower. Actually, it was measured at a low power operation that high neutron intensity of 4.5$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ n/cm$$^{2}$$/s/sr could be emitted from the coupled moderator surface for 1-MW operation, and a superior resolution of $$Delta$$d/d = 0.035% was achieved at a beamline (BL8) with a poisoned moderator, where d is the d-spacing of reflection. Towards the goal to achieve the target operation at 1-MW for 5000 h in a year, technical developments to mitigate cavitation damages on the target vessel with injecting gas micro-bubbles into mercury target and design improvement of target vessel structure to reducing welds and bolt connections as much as possible are under way.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of radiocesium contamination of dry riverbeds due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident assessed by airborne radiation monitoring

Azami, Kazuhiro*; Otagaki, Takahiro*; Ishida, Mutsushi; Sanada, Yukihisa

Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 14(1), p.3 - 15, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.53(Biodiversity Conservation)

Journal Articles

Implementation of a low-activation Au-In-Cd decoupler into the J-PARC 1 MW short pulsed spallation neutron source

Teshigawara, Makoto; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oi, Motoki; Harada, Masahide; Takada, Hiroshi; Kakishiro, Masanori*; Noguchi, Gaku*; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Seita, Kyoichi*; Murashima, Daisuke*; et al.

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 14, p.14 - 21, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We developed an Au-In-Cd (AuIC) decoupler material to reduce induced radioactivity instead of Ag-In-Cd one, which has a cut off energy of 1eV. In order to implement it into an actual moderator-reflector assembly, a number of critical engineering issues need to be resolved with regard to large-sized bonding between AuIC and A5083 alloys by the hot isostatic pressing process. We investigated this process in terms of the surface conditions, sizes, and heat capacities of large AuIC alloys. We also show a successful implementation of an AuIC decoupler into a reflector assembly, resulting in a remarkable reduction of radioactivity by AuIC compared to AIC without sacrificing neutronic performance.

Journal Articles

Release behavior of Cs and its chemical form during late phase of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Hidaka, Akihide; Yokoyama, Hiroya

Proceedings of Symposium on Water Chemistry and Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plants in Asia 2017 (AWC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), p.29 - 42, 2017/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Minor actinides recovery from irradiated fuel for SmART cycle test

Takeuchi, Masayuki; Sano, Yuichi; Watanabe, So; Nakahara, Masaumi; Aihara, Haruka; Kofuji, Hirohide; Koizumi, Tsutomu; Mizuno, Tomoyasu

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2017/04

Journal Articles

Encapsulation of cesium from contaminated water with highly selective facial organic-inorganic mesoporous hybrid adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Miyazaki, Yuji; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Chemical Engineering Journal, 291, p.128 - 137, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:187 Percentile:99.43(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

A Reliable hybrid adsorbent for efficient radioactive cesium accumulation from contaminated wastewater

Awual, M. R.; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Miyazaki, Yuji; Matsumura, Daiju; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Taguchi, Tomitsugu

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.19937_1 - 19937_10, 2016/01


 Times Cited Count:140 Percentile:97.54(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Schiff based ligand containing nano-composite adsorbent for optical copper(II) ions removal from aqueous solutions

Awual, M. R.; Eldesoky, G. E.*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Naushad, M.*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Alothman, Z. A.*; Suzuki, Shinichi

Chemical Engineering Journal, 279, p.639 - 647, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:197 Percentile:99.28(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

A Sensitive ligand embedded nano-conjugate adsorbent for effective cobalt(II) ions capturing from contaminated water

Awual, M. R.; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Suzuki, Shinichi

Chemical Engineering Journal, 276, p.1 - 10, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:147 Percentile:98.57(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Comparative study of Sr adsorbents for radioactive contaminated water on severe accident

Takahatake, Yoko; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.2099 - 2104, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Large-pore diameter nano-adsorbent and its application for rapid lead(II) detection and removal from aqueous media

Shahat, A.*; Awual, M. R.; Khaleque, M. A.*; Alam, M. Z.*; Naushad, M.*; Chowdhury, A. M. S*

Chemical Engineering Journal, 273, p.286 - 295, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:232 Percentile:99.54(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Functional ligand anchored nanomaterial based facial adsorbent for cobalt(II) detection and removal from water samples

Shahat, A.*; Awual, M. R.; Naushad, M.*

Chemical Engineering Journal, 271, p.155 - 163, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:195 Percentile:99.28(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Ultimate selenium(IV) monitoring and removal from water using a new class of organic ligand based composite adsorbent

Awual, M. R.; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 291, p.111 - 119, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:192 Percentile:98.93(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

A Novel facial composite adsorbent for enhanced copper(II) detection and removal from wastewater

Awual, M. R.

Chemical Engineering Journal, 266, p.368 - 375, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:397 Percentile:99.86(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Investigation of ligand immobilized nano-composite adsorbent for efficient cerium(III) detection and recovery

Awual, M. R.; Hasan, M. M.*; Shahat, A.*; Naushad, M.*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Chemical Engineering Journal, 265, p.210 - 218, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:195 Percentile:99.29(Engineering, Environmental)

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