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Journal Articles

Status of technical development for near surface disposal of radioactive waste generated from research facilities, etc.

Sakai, Akihiro

Dai-33-Kai Genshiryoku Shisetsu Dekomisshoningu Gijutsu Koza Tekisuto, p.31 - 63, 2023/02

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is promoting the project for concrete-vault disposal and landfill-type disposal of radioactive waste generated from research facilities, etc. This report introduces current status of technical development for JAEA's disposal project as following items; (1) kinds of research facilities and characteristics of radioactivity inventory of the waste, (2) the structures of the disposal facilities which JAEA conceptually designed, (3) development of waste acceptance criteria for major radioactive waste for the JAEA disposal facilities, (4) the concept of the criteria for disposal of uranium bearing waste, that has been established in 2021.

Journal Articles

Robust and compact design of a 30-MW beam transport line for an accelerator-driven subcritical system

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Tamura, Jun; Nakano, Keita; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.179 - 183, 2023/01

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency accelerator-driven subcritical system (JAEA-ADS) pursues the reduction of nuclear waste by transmuting minor actinides. JAEA-ADS project drives a 30-MW proton beam to a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) spallation target to produce neutrons for a subcritical core reactor. To this end, the JAEA-ADS beam transport (BT) must provide a suitable beam profile and stable beam power to the beam window of the spallation target to avoid high-thermal stress in the components, such as the beam window. The beam transport was optimized by tracking a large number of macroparticles to mitigate the beam loss, performance with high stability in the presence of errors, and fulfill the length requirement on the transport. This work presents beam transport design and beam dynamics research for the JAEA-ADS project.

Journal Articles

Spectrum prediction in X-ray fluorescence analysis using Bayesian estimation

Matsuyama, Tsugufumi*; Nakae, Masanori*; Murakami, Masashi; Yoshida, Yukihiko; Machida, Masahiko; Tsuji, Koichi*

Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 199, p.106593_1 - 106593_6, 2023/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07(Spectroscopy)

Journal Articles

Modeling of the P2M past fuel melting experiments with the FEMAXI-8 code

Mohamad, A. B.; Udagawa, Yutaka

Nuclear Technology, 16 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Emulsification of low viscosity oil in alkali-activated materials

Reeb, C.*; Davy, C. A.*; Pierlot, C.*; Bertin, M.*; Cantarel, V.; Lambertin, D.*

Cement and Concrete Research, 162, p.106963_1 - 106963_16, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:41.57(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Improved bunching and longitudinal emittance control in an RFQ

Jameson, R. A.*; Yee-Rendon, B.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 17(12), p.P12011_1 - P12011_11, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A new application of vane modulation variation in a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) cell has been applied that significantly improves beam bunching and longitudinal emittance control to achieve lower longitudinal rms emittance at the RFQ output. This procedure occurs in the individual cells, is independent of the overall design, and therefore is general, affording an extra parameter for beam manipulation. It can be applied besides the usual goals of vane modulation variation, e.g., to achieve higher acceleration efficiency. Examples of the cumulative effects on the overall design are provided to point out further exploration avenues for the designer.

JAEA Reports

Semi-autonomous remote-control technology of an articulated mobile robot to recover from stuck states (Contract research); FY2021 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; The University of Electro-Communications*

JAEA-Review 2022-029, 37 Pages, 2022/11


The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2021. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Semiautonomous remote-control technology of an articulated mobile robot to recover from stuck states" conducted from FY2019 to FY2021. Since the final year of this proposal was FY2021, the results for three fiscal years were summarized. The purpose of this work is to establish a recovery method of an articulated mobile robot from stuck states. In this work, a control method of the robot to recover from stuck states by using redundancy of the system is proposed. In addition, we develop two interfaces. One is a display interface as an operator can understand the situation of the robot and surrounding terrain, and the other is a control interface to provide a target motion using the proposed control method. Finally,

Journal Articles

Overview of ADS projects in the world

Yee-Rendon, B.

Proceedings of 31st International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2022) (Internet), p.310 - 313, 2022/10

Accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADS) offer an advantageous option for the transmutation of nuclear waste. ADS employs high-intensity proton linear accelerators (linacs) to produce spallation neutrons for a subcritical reactor. Besides the challenges of any megawatt proton machine, ADS accelerator must operate with stringent reliability to avoid thermal stress in the reactor structures. Thus, ADS linacs have adopted a reliability-oriented design to satisfy the operation requirements. This work provides a review and the present status of the ADS linacs in the world.

Journal Articles

Micro- to nano-scale areal heterogeneity in pore structure and mineral compositions of a sub-decimeter-sized Eagle Ford Shale

Wang, Q.*; Hu, Q.*; Zhao, C.*; Yang, X.*; Zhang, T.*; Ilavsky, J.*; Kuzmenko, I.*; Ma, B.*; Tachi, Yukio

International Journal of Coal Geology, 261, p.104093_1 - 104093_15, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.26(Energy & Fuels)

Journal Articles

Uncertainty analysis of dynamic PRA using nested Monte Carlo simulations and multi-fidelity models

Zheng, X.; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Takahara, Shogo; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Maruyama, Yu

Proceedings of Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM16) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2022/09

Journal Articles

Study on the effect of long-term high temperature irradiation on TRISO fuel

Shaimerdenov, A.*; Gizatulin, S.*; Dyussambayev, D.*; Askerbekov, S.*; Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Shibata, Taiju; Sakaba, Nariaki

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 54(8), p.2792 - 2800, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:89.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Environmental performance data in "Environmental report 2021"

Safety and Environmental Management Section, Safety and Nuclear Security Administration Department

JAEA-Review 2022-013, 210 Pages, 2022/07


In September, 2021 Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) published the Environmental Report 2021 concerning the activities of FY 2020 under "Law Concerning the Promotion of Business Activities with Environmental Consideration by Specified Corporations, etc., by Facilitating Access to Environmental Information, and Other Measures". This report has been edited to show detailed environmental performance data in FY 2020 as the base of the Environmental Report 2021. This report would not only ensure traceability of the data in order to enhance the reliability of the environmental report, but also make useful measures for promoting activities of environmental considerations in JAEA.

Journal Articles

Development of the simplified boiling model applied for the large scale simulation by the detailed two-phase flow analysis based on the surface tracking

Ono, Ayako; Yamashita, Susumu; Sakashita, Hiroto*; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki

Dai-26-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/07

JAEA is implementing a simulation of a two-phase flow in the reactor core by TPFIT and JUPITER which are developed by JAEA based on the surface tracking method. However, it is impossible to simulate a boiling on the heating surface in the large-scale domain by this type of simulation method since the simulation of boiling based on the surface tracking method needs the fine mesh which sufficiently resolves the initiation of boiling. Therefore, JAEA started to develop the simplified boiling model applied for the two-phase flow in the fuel assemblies. In this study, the simulation results of the convection boiling on a vertical heating surface and the comparison between the simulation results and experimental results are shown.

Journal Articles

Geopolymer and ordinary Portland cement interface analyzed by micro-Raman and SEM

Cantarel, V.; Yamagishi, Isao

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(7), p.888 - 897, 2022/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

JAEA Reports

Continuous improvement activities on nuclear facility maintenance in Nuclear Science Research Institute of Japan Atomic Energy Agency in 2021

Task Force on Maintenance Optimization of Nuclear Facilities

JAEA-Technology 2022-006, 80 Pages, 2022/06


The Task force on maintenance optimization of nuclear facilities was organized in the Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) since November 2020, in order to adequately respond to "the New nuclear regulatory inspection system since FY 2020" and to continuously improve the facility maintenance activities. In 2021, the task force has studied (1) optimization of the importance classification on maintenance and inspection of nuclear facilities, and (2) improvement in setting and evaluation of the performance indicators on safety, maintenance and quality management activities, considering "the Graded approach" that is one of the basic methodologies in the new nuclear regulatory inspection system. Each nuclear facility (research reactors, nuclear fuel material usage facilities, others) in the NSRI will steadily improve their respective safety, maintenance and quality management activities, referring the review results suggested by the task force.

Journal Articles

Split Fermi surface properties of noncentrosymmetric compounds Fe$$_2$$P, Ni$$_2$$P, and Pd$$_2$$Si

Onuki, Yoshichika*; Nakamura, Ai*; Aoki, Dai*; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Haga, Yoshinori; Harima, Hisatomo*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Kaneko, Yoshio*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.064712_1 - 064712_10, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Phase-field mobility for crystal growth rates in undercooled silicates, SiO$$_2$$ and GeO$$_2$$ liquids

Kawaguchi, Munemichi; Uno, Masayoshi*

Journal of Crystal Growth, 585, p.126590_1 - 126590_7, 2022/05

Phase-field mobility, $$L$$, and crystal growth rates in crystallization of 11 oxides or mixed oxides in undercooled silicates, SiO$$_2$$ and GeO$$_2$$ liquids were calculated with a simple phase-field model (PFM), and material dependence of the $$L$$ was discussed. Ratios between experimental crystal growth rates and the PFM simulation with $$L=1$$ were confirmed to be proportional to a power of $$frac{TDelta T}{eta}$$ on the solid/liquid interface process during the crystal growth in a log-log plot. We determined that parameters, $$A$$ and $$B$$, of the $$L=A(frac{k_{B}TDelta T}{6pi^{2}lambda^{3}eta T_{m} })^{B}$$ were $$A=6.7times 10^{-6}$$ to $$2.6$$m$$^4$$J$$^{-1}$$s$$^{-1}$$ and $$B=0.65$$ to $$1.3$$, which were unique for the materials. It was confirmed that our PFM simulation with the determined $$L$$ reproduced quantitively the experimental crystal growth rates. The $$A$$ has a proportional relationship with the diffusion coefficient of a cation molar mass average per unit an oxygen molar mass at $$T_{m}$$ in a log-log graph. The $$B$$ depends on the sum of the cation molar mass per the oxygen molar mass, $$frac{Sigma_{i}M_{i}}{M_{O}}$$, in a compound. In $$frac{Sigma_{i}M_{i}}{M_{O}}leq 25$$, the $$B$$ decreases with the cation molar mass increasing. The assumed cause is that the B represents the degree of the temperature dependence of the $$L$$. Since the cation molar mass is proportional to an inertial resistance of the cation transfer, the $$B$$ decreases with inverse of the cation molar mass. In crystallization of the silicates of heavy cation in $$frac{Sigma_{i}M_{i}}{M_{O}}geq 25$$, the $$B$$ saturates at approximately 0.67, which leads to $$T_{p}approx 0.9T_{m}$$.

Journal Articles

Contamination processes of tree components in Japanese forest ecosystems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident $$^{137}$$Cs fallout

Ota, Masakazu; Koarashi, Jun

Science of the Total Environment, 816, p.151587_1 - 151587_21, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:41.02(Environmental Sciences)

In forests affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, trees became contaminated with $$^{137}$$Cs. However, $$^{137}$$Cs transfer processes determining tree contamination (particularly for stem wood, which is a prominent commercial resource in Fukushima) remain insufficiently understood. This study proposes a model for simulating the dynamic behavior of $$^{137}$$Cs in a forest tree-litter-soil system and applied it to two contaminated forests (cedar plantation and natural oak stand) in Fukushima. The model-calculated results and inter-comparison of the results with measurements elucidated the relative impact of distinct $$^{137}$$Cs transfer processes determining tree contamination. The transfer of $$^{137}$$Cs to trees occurred mostly ($$>$$ 99%) through surface uptake of $$^{137}$$Cs directly trapped by leaves or needles and bark during the fallout. By contrast, root uptake of $$^{137}$$Cs from the soil was unsubstantial and several orders of magnitude lower than the surface uptake over a 50-year period following the accident. As a result, the internal contamination of the trees proceeded through an enduring recycling (translocation) of $$^{137}$$Cs absorbed on the tree surface at the time of the accident. A significant surface uptake of $$^{137}$$Cs at the bark was identified, contributing 100% (leafless oak tree) and 30% (foliated cedar tree; the remaining surface uptake occurred at the needles) of the total $$^{137}$$Cs uptake by trees. It was suggested that the trees growing at the study sites are currently (as of 2021) in a decontamination phase; the activity concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in the stem wood decreases by 3% per year, mainly through radioactive decay of $$^{137}$$Cs and partly through a dilution effect from tree growth.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of gas entrainment flow rate by free surface vortex

Torikawa, Tomoaki*; Odaira, Naoya*; Ito, Daisuke*; Ito, Kei*; Saito, Yasushi*; Matsushita, Kentaro; Ezure, Toshiki; Tanaka, Masaaki

Konsoryu, 36(1), p.63 - 69, 2022/03

On free surface of a sodium cooled fast reactor, gas entrainment can be caused by free surface vortices, which may result in disturbance in core power. It is important to develop an evaluation model to predict accurately entrained gas flow rate. In this study, entrained gas flow rate a simple gas entrainment experiment is conducted with focusing on effect of pressure difference between upper and lower tanks. Pressure difference between upper and lower tanks are controlled by changing gas pressure in lower tank. As a result, it is confirmed that the entrained gas flow rate increases with increasing pressure difference between upper and lower tanks. By visualization of swirling annular flow in suction pipe, it is also observed that pressure drop in suction pipe increases with increase in entrained gas flow rate, which implies that entrained gas flow rate can be predicted by evaluation model based on pressure drop in swirling annular flow region.

Journal Articles

Development of dose evaluation method considering radionuclides migration on the surface of the site for confirmation of completion of decommissioning

Miwa, Kazuji; Namekawa, Masakazu*; Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji

MRS Advances (Internet), 7(7-8), p.165 - 169, 2022/03

We have developed evaluation method of radiocesium (RCs) migration by surface runoff and soil erosion in considering vertical distribution of RCs in initial contaminated soil and concentration of RCs in different particle size. RCs migration on ground surface during single year has been evaluated in virtual site contaminated uniformly by Cs-137. As a result, RCs has concentrated in the impoundment, and 0.18% of total inventory in the site migrated into the sea. These results suggest that surface migration of RCs effects increasing of external exposure at impoundment and internal exposure from ingestion of marine product.

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