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Journal Articles

Comprehensive exposure assessments from the viewpoint of health in a unique high natural background radiation area, Mamuju, Indonesia

Nugraha, E. D.*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Kusdiana*; Untara*; Mellawati, J.*; Nurokhim*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Ikram, A.*; Syaifudin, M.*; Yamada, Ryohei; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.14578_1 - 14578_16, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Mamuju is one of the regions in Indonesia which retains natural conditions but has relatively high exposure to natural radiation. The goals of the present study were to characterize exposure of the entire Mamuju region as a high natural background radiation area (HNBRA) and to assess the existing exposure as a means for radiation protection of the public and the environment. A cross-sectional study method was used with cluster sampling areas by measuring all parameters that contribute to external and internal radiation exposures. It was determined that Mamuju was a unique HNBRA with the annual effective dose between 17 and 115 mSv, with an average of 32 mSv. The lifetime cumulative dose calculation suggested that Mamuju residents could receive as much as 2.2 Sv on average which is much higher than the average dose of atomic bomb survivors for which risks of cancer and non-cancer diseases are demonstrated. The study results are new scientific data allowing better understanding of health effects related to chronic low-dose-rate radiation exposure and they can be used as the main input in a future epidemiology study.

JAEA Reports

Effective dose coefficients for internal exposure dose assessment in accordance with ICRP 2007 recommendations (Contract research)

Takahashi, Fumiaki; Manabe, Kentaro; Sato, Kaoru

JAEA-Review 2020-068, 114 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Review-2020-068.pdf:2.61MB

Radiation safety regulations have been currently established based on the 1990Recommendation by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in Japan. Meanwhile, ICRP released the 2007 Recommendation that replaces the 1990 Recommendation. Thus, the Radiation Council, which is established under the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA), has made discussions to incorporate the purpose of the 2007 Recommendation into Japanese regulations for radiation safety. As ICRP also has published effective dose coefficients for internal exposure assessment in accordance with the 2007recommendation, the technical standards are to be revised for the internal exposure assessment method in Japan. Currently, not all of the effective doses have been published to revise concentration limits for internal exposure protections of workers and public. The published effective dose coefficients are applied to radionuclides which are important in radiation protection for internal exposure of a worker. Thus, we review new effective dose coefficients as well as basic dosimetry models and data based upon Occupational Intakes of Radionuclides (OIR) parts 2, 3 and 4 that have been published from 2016 to 2019 by ICRP. In addition, issues are sorted out to provide information for revision of the technical standards for internal exposure assessment based on the 2007 Recommendations in future.

JAEA Reports

Outline of Regional Workshops held in 2006 - 2017 by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the proposal of Nuclear Emergency Preparedness Group of the Asian Nuclear Safety Network

Okuno, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Kazuya

JAEA-Review 2020-066, 32 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-066.pdf:3.01MB

The International Atomic Energy Agency (abbreviated as IAEA) has been implementing the Asian Nuclear Safety Network (abbreviated as ANSN) activities since 2002. As part of this effort, Topical Group on Emergency Preparedness and Response (abbreviated as EPRTG) for nuclear or radiation disasters was established in 2006 under the umbrella of the ANSN. Based on the EPRTG proposal, the IAEA conducted 23 Asian regional workshops in the 12 years from 2006 to 2017. Typical topical fields of the regional workshops were nuclear emergency drills, emergency medical care, long-term response after nuclear/radiological emergency, international cooperation, national nuclear disaster prevention system. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has produced coordinators for EPRTG since its establishment and has led its activities since then. This report summarizes the Asian regional workshops conducted by the IAEA based on the recommendations of the EPRTG.

Journal Articles

A Unique high natural background radiation area; Dose assessment and perspectives

Hosoda, Masahiro*; Nugraha, E. D.*; Akata, Naofumi*; Yamada, Ryohei; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Sasaki, Michiya*; Kelleher, K.*; Yoshinaga, Shinji*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Rattanapongs, C. P.*; et al.

Science of the Total Environment, 750, p.142346_1 - 142346_11, 2021/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:96.3(Environmental Sciences)

The biological effects of low dose-rate radiation exposures on humans remains unknown. In fact, the Japanese nation still struggles with this issue after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Recently, we have found a unique area in Indonesia where naturally high radiation levels are present, resulting in chronic low dose-rate radiation exposures. We aimed to estimate the comprehensive dose due to internal and external exposures at the particularly high natural radiation area, and to discuss the enhancement mechanism of radon. A car-borne survey was conducted to estimate the external doses from terrestrial radiation. Indoor radon measurements were made in 47 dwellings over three to five months, covering the two typical seasons, to estimate the internal doses. Atmospheric radon gases were simultaneously collected at several heights to evaluate the vertical distribution. The absorbed dose rates in air in the study area vary widely between 50 nGy h$$^{-1}$$ and 1109 nGy h$$^{-1}$$. Indoor radon concentrations ranged from 124 Bq m$$^{-3}$$ to 1015 Bq m$$^{-3}$$. That is, the indoor radon concentrations measured exceed the reference levels of 100 Bq m$$^{-3}$$ recommended by the World Health Organization. Furthermore, the outdoor radon concentrations measured were comparable to the high indoor radon concentrations. The annual effective dose due to external and internal exposures in the study area was estimated to be 27 mSv using the median values. It was found that many residents are receiving radiation exposure from natural radionuclides over the dose limit for occupational exposure to radiation workers. This enhanced outdoor radon concentration might be as a result of the stable atmospheric conditions generated at an exceptionally low altitude. Our findings suggest that this area provides a unique opportunity to conduct an epidemiological study related to health effects due to chronic low dose-rate radiation exposure.

Journal Articles

Integrating radiation protection criteria for radioactive waste management into remediation procedures in existing exposure situations after a nuclear accident

Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Kimura, Hideo; Tachikawa, Hirokazu*; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kawata, Yosuke*; Ogino, Haruyuki*; Okoshi, Minoru*

Journal of Radiological Protection, 38(1), p.456 - 462, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

Experience after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station has shown that there is a need to establish radiation protection criteria for radioactive waste management consistent with the criteria adopted for the remediation of existing exposure situations. A stepwise approach to setting such criteria is proposed. Initially, a reference level for annual effective dose from waste management activities in the range 1-10 mSv should be set, with the reference level being less than the reference level for ambient dose. Subsequently, the reference level for annual effective dose from waste management activities should be reduced in one or more steps to achieve a final target value of 1 mSv. The dose criteria at each stage should be determined with relevant stakeholder involvement. Illustrative case studies show how this stepwise approach might be applied in practice.

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the activities of Health Physics in JAERI in 2004; April 1, 2004$$sim$$March 31, 2005

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; Radiation Control Division, Oarai; Safety Division, Kansai; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 2005-028, 232 Pages, 2005/08

JAERI-Review-2005-028.pdf:13.23MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Annual report on the activities of Health Physics in JAERI in 2003; April 1, 2003$$sim$$March 31, 2004

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; Radiation Control Division, Oarai; Safety Division, Kansai; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 2004-024, 209 Pages, 2004/11

JAERI-Review-2004-024.pdf:26.17MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Radiation exposure estimates on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Nakashima, Mikio

JAERI-Tech 2002-006, 58 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-006.pdf:2.56MB

Radiation exposure was estimated on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste by assuming that their usage are restricted to nuclear facilities. The radiation exposure attributed to production of a steel-plate cast iron waste container, a receptacle for slag, and a drum reinforcement was calculated to be in the range of several $$mu$$Sv to several tens of $$mu$$Sv even in recycling contaminated metal waste of which radioactivity concentration of Co-60 is higher than the clearance level by a factor of two figures. It is also elucidated that casting of a multiple casting waste package meets the standards of dose equivalent rate for the transport of a radioactive package and the weight of the package will be able to kept around 20 tons for the convenience of the handling, in case of disposal of metal waste less than 37MBq/g with the steel-plate cast iron waste container. As the results, from the radiological exposure's point of view, it should be possible to use slightly contaminated metal for recycled items in waste management.

JAEA Reports

Analysis of occupational exposure to ionizing radiation at the VAEC's hospital No.103 in 1994

Hieu, N. M.*; Kumazawa, Shigeru

JAERI-Research 2000-065, 28 Pages, 2001/02

JAERI-Research-2000-065.pdf:1.63MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health Physics in JAERI, No.41; April 1, 1998 - March 31, 1999

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; Radiation Control Division, Oarai; Utilities and Safety Division, Kansai; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 2000-001, p.225 - 0, 2000/03

JAERI-Review-2000-001.pdf:9.42MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.40; April 1, 1997 - March 31, 1998

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 98-015, 239 Pages, 1998/12

JAERI-Review-98-015.pdf:9.9MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Systems engineering approach to planning of nuclear power plant decommissioning; Application of JPDR dismantling data to Tokai Power Station Decommissioning

Yanagihara, Satoshi; Sukegawa, Takenori; Tanabe, Norio*; Takaya, Junichi*

Proc. of SPECTRUM'98, p.269 - 274, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.39; April 1, 1996 - March 31, 1997

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu

JAERI-Review 97-016, 248 Pages, 1997/12

JAERI-Review-97-016.pdf:7.82MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Unsolved problem related to environment and recycling; For rational decommissioning of nuclear facilities

Yanagihara, Satoshi

Nihon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 100(948), p.1174 - 1178, 1997/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Systems engineering approach to planning and evaluation of nuclear power plant decommissioning

Yanagihara, Satoshi; ; Sukegawa, Takenori; Tachibana, Mitsuo

Proc. of 5th Int. Conf. on Nucl. Eng. (ICONE-5)(CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.38; April 1, 1995 - March 31, 1996

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ;

JAERI-Review 96-014, 236 Pages, 1996/10

JAERI-Review-96-014.pdf:7.25MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.37; April 1, 1994 - March 31, 1995

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu;

JAERI-Review 95-020, 264 Pages, 1995/11

JAERI-Review-95-020.pdf:8.68MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Health physics in JAERI, No.36; April 1,1993 - March 31,1994

Department of Health Physics; Safety Division, Naka; Safety Division, Takasaki; ; Operation Safety Administration Division, Mutsu;

JAERI-Review 94-007, 262 Pages, 1994/11

JAERI-Review-94-007.pdf:7.85MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of fuzzy theory to radiation control

Hoken Butsuri, 29, p.460 - 462, 1994/00

no abstracts in English

44 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)