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Journal Articles

An Experimental investigation of influencing chemical factors on Cs-chemisorption behavior onto stainless steel

Nishioka, Shunichiro; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Suzuki, Eriko; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(11), p.988 - 995, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:17.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to contribute to improvement of Cs chemisorption model used in severe accident analysis codes, the influence of chemical factors (temperature, atmosphere, concentration of affecting chemical elements etc.) on the Cs chemisorption behaviour onto stainless steel was investigated experimentally. It was found that the surface reaction rate constant used in the current Cs-chemisorption model was influenced by not only temperature, as already known, but also atmosphere, cesium hydroxide (CsOH) concentration in the gas phase and silicon content in SS304. Such chemical factors should be considered for the construction of the improved Cs-chemisorption model. Another important finding is that the chemisorption behavior at lower temperatures, around 873 K, could differ from those above 1073 K. Namely, Cs-Fe-O compounds would form as the main Cs-chemisorbed compounds at 873 K while Cs-Si-Fe-O compounds at more than 1073 K.

Journal Articles

Chemical reaction kinetics dataset of Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system for evaluation of fission product chemistry under LWR severe accident conditions

Miyahara, Naoya; Miwa, Shuhei; Horiguchi, Naoki; Sato, Isamu*; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.228 - 240, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:17.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to improve LWR source term under severe accident conditions, the first version of a fission product (FP) chemistry database named "ECUME" was developed. The ECUME is intended to include major chemical reactions and their effective kinetic constants for representative SA sequences. It is expected that the ECUME can serve as a fundamental basis from which FP chemical models in the SA analysis codes can be elaborated. The implemented chemical reactions in the first version were those for representative gas species in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system. The chemical reaction kinetic constants were evaluated from either literature data or calculated values using ab-initio calculations. The sample chemical reaction calculation using the presently constructed dataset showed meaningful kinetics effects at 1000 K. Comparison of the chemical equilibrium compositions by using the dataset with those by chemical equilibrium calculations has shown rather good consistency for the representative Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H species. From these results, it was concluded that the present dataset should be useful to evaluate FP chemistry in Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H system under LWA SA conditions.

Journal Articles

A Modelling study on water radiolysis for primary coolant in PWR

Mukai, Satoru*; Umehara, Ryuji*; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kasahara, Shigeki; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Water Chemistry of Nuclear Reactor Systems (NPC 2016) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2016/10

In Japanese PWR, the concentration of dissolved hydrogen in the primary coolant is controlled in the range from 25 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O to 35 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O for suppression of water decomposition. However this concentration is desired to reduce for the purpose of radiation source reduction in Japan. So, the concentration due to water radiolysis in primary coolant was evaluated at lower hydrogen concentration by the water radiolysis model in consideration of $$gamma$$ ray, fast neutron and alpha ray due to the reaction $$^{10}$$B(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{7}$$Li. The results of evaluation showed that the water radiolysis was suppressed even if the hydrogen concentration was decreased to 5 cc/kg-H$$_{2}$$O. The effects of the different G-value and the rate constants of major reaction on the concentration of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ were studied under hydrogen addition. We also focused on the effect of the alpha radiolysis in boron acid water.

Journal Articles

Upgrade in catalytic activity of hydrophobic platinum catalysts by irradiation with electron beams

Iwai, Yasunori

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1796 - 1799, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:55.82(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Hydrophobic platinum catalysts have been widely applied in the field of nuclear fusion for the exchange reactions of hydrogen isotopes between hydrogen and vapor in the water detritiation system, and for the oxidation of tritium on the atmospheric detritiation system. Hydrophobic platinum catalysts are hardly susceptible to water mist and water vapor. Hydrophobic platinum catalysts are produced by supporting platinum directly on hydrophobic polymer beads. For the hydrophobic polymer, styrene - divinyl benzene (SDB) has been applied in Japan. It can be pointed out that the upgrade in catalytic activity of hydrophobic catalyst is expected to downsize the catalytic reactor based on a hard look at a large increase in flow rate in future. The upgrade in catalytic activity of two types of commercial Pt/SDB catalysts was found when they were irradiated with electron beams. After irradiation with electron beams, the catalytic activity was evaluated by means of overall reaction rate constant for the oxidation of tritium. The overall reaction rate constant increased as increase in dose. The constant showed the peak value in the dose between 500 to 1000 kGy. After the peak, the constant decreased as increase in dose. The overall reaction rate constant at the peak was 6 times larger than that evaluated with unirradiated. The mechanical strength of irradiated Pt/SDB kept sound until 1500 kGy. The irradiation is a promising method to the upgrading in catalytic activity of Pt/SDB catalyst.

Journal Articles

A Modified version of the analytical potential function for the global ab initio ground-state potential energy surface of the BrH$$_{2}$$ system

Kurosaki, Yuzuru; Takayanagi, Toshiyuki*

Chemical Physics Letters, 406(1-3), p.121 - 125, 2005/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Luminescence study of lanthanide(III) ions in non-aqueous solutions containing azide ions

Lis, S.*; Kimura, Takaumi; Yoshida, Zenko; But, S.*

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 380(1-2), p.173 - 176, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:60.68(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Global ${it ab initio}$ potential energy surfaces for the lowest three doublet states (1$$^{2}$$A', 2$$^{2}$$A', and 1$$^{2}$$A") of the BrH$$_{2}$$ system

Kurosaki, Yuzuru; Takayanagi, Toshiyuki

Journal of Chemical Physics, 119(15), p.7838 - 7856, 2003/10

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:33.89(Chemistry, Physical)

Adiabatic potential energy surfaces of the lowest three doublet states (1$$^{2}$$A', 2$$^{2}$$A', and 1$$^{2}$$A") for the BrH$$_{2}$$ system have been calculated globally using the MRCI+Q method with the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. Spin-orbit effects were considered on the basis of Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian. The calculated adiabatic energies were fitted to the analytical functional form of many-body expansion. The barrier heights of the abstraction and exchange reactions on the ground-state PES were calculated to be 1.28 and 11.71 kcal mol$$^{-1}$$, respectively, at the MRCI+Q/aug-cc-pVTZ level of theory. The fits for the three PESs were successful within the accuracy of 0.1 kcal mol$$^{-1}$$. Thermal rate constants for the abstraction and exchange reactions and their isotopic variants were calculated with the fitted 1$$^{2}$$A' PES using the ICVT/LAG method. The calculated rate constants for the abstarction reactions agree fairly well with experiment but those for the exchange reactions were much smaller than experiment, which suggests that the reliable experimental data are still insufficient.

JAEA Reports

Catalytic activity of catalysts for steam reforming reaction (Contract research)

Ohashi, Hirofumi; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

JAERI-Tech 2003-046, 47 Pages, 2003/05

JAERI-Tech-2003-046.pdf:3.15MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Oxidation kinetics of low-Sn Zircaloy-4 at the temperature range from 773 to 1573 K

Nagase, Fumihisa; Otomo, Takashi; Uetsuka, Hiroshi

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(4), p.213 - 219, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:53 Percentile:4.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Isothermal oxidation tests in flowing steam were performed on low-Sn Zircaloy-4 cladding tubes over the wide temperature range from 773 to 1573 K in order to obtain oxidation kinetics applicable to various loss-of-coolant accident conditions of LWRs. The oxidation generally obeys a parabolic rate law for the examined time range up to 3600s at temperatures from 1273 K to 1573K, and for a limited time range up to 900s from 773 to 1253 K. A cubic rate law is preferable for evaluating the longer-term oxidation at 1253 K and below. The parabolic rate law constant and the cubic rate law constant for measured weight gain were evaluated at every examined temperature, and Arrhenius-type equations were determined in order to describe the temperature dependence of the rate constants. It was indicated that the change of the oxidation kinetics from the cubic to the parabolic rate and the discontinuities in the temperature dependence of the rate constants are caused by the monoclinic/tetragonal phase transformation of ZrO$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Electron-beam decomposition of carbon tetrachloride in air/nitrogen

Hirota, Koichi; Arai, Hidehiko; Hashimoto, Shoji

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 73(12), p.2719 - 2724, 2000/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:60.5(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Moessbauer spectroscopic study on Eu-Nb complex oxides

Saeki, Masakatsu; Nakada, Masami; ; Nakamura, Akio

SIF Conf. Proc., Vol. 50 (ICAME-95), 0, p.119 - 122, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conversion of tritium gas to tritiated water in air

Noguchi, Hiroshi

Fusion Technology, 27(2T), p.56 - 61, 1995/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temperature dependence of equilibrium and rate constants of reactions inducing conversion between hydrated electron and atomic hydrogen

; G.R.Sunaryo*; Ishigure, Kenkichi *

Journal of Physical Chemistry, 98(19), p.5164 - 5173, 1994/00

 Times Cited Count:73 Percentile:8.5(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Estimation of HT gas diffusion coefficient and conversion rate constant of HT gas to HTO in intact soil

Murata, Mikio; Noguchi, Hiroshi

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 34(2), p.149 - 152, 1992/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:54.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of hydrogen isotope composition on conversion of low concentration tritium gas to tritiated water in air

Noguchi, Hiroshi; Murata, Mikio

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 33(4), p.360 - 362, 1991/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:46.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recombination of N$$_{4+}$$ and N$$_{3+}$$ with electrons in atmospheric pressure nitrogen

Ikezoe, Yasumasa; *; *

Chemical Physics Letters, 177(4-5), p.366 - 370, 1991/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:57.93(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Reaction of molecular-negative ion in acetonitrile

Arakawa, Kazuo;

Shitsuryo Bunseki, 31(4), p.251 - 257, 1983/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Negative ion-molecule reactions in formic-acid

Arakawa, Kazuo; Seguchi, Tadao; *

Shitsuryo Bunseki, 29(3), p.257 - 265, 1981/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

Removal of radiocobaltion in waste water oxine-impregnated activated charcoal; Column experiments

*; Tachikawa, Enzo;

Nuclear Technology, 42(2), p.172 - 179, 1979/00

 Times Cited Count:4

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Infrared spectroscopic studies of some uranyl nitrate complexes

Spectrochimica Acta, Part A, 35A(11), p.1283 - 1288, 1979/00

no abstracts in English

21 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)