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Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Journal Articles

Study on Pu-burner high temperature gas-cooled reactor in Japan; Design study of fuel and reactor core

Goto, Minoru; Aihara, Jun; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Ueta, Shohei; Fukaya, Yuji; Okamoto, Koji*

Proceedings of 9th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2018/10

JAEA has conducted design studies of a Pu-burner HTGR. The Pu-burner HTGR incinerates Pu by fission, and hence a high burn-up is required for the efficient incineration. In the fuel design, a thin ZrC layer, which acts as an oxygen getter and suppresses the internal pressure, was coated on the fuel kernel to prevent the CFP failure at the high burn-up. A stress analysis of the SiC layer, which acts as a pressure vessel for the CFP, was performed for with consideration of the depression effect due to the ZrC layer. As a result, the CFP failure fraction at high burn-up of 500 GWd/t satisfied the target value. In the reactor core design, an axial fuel shuffling was employed to attain the high burn-up, and the nuclear burn-up calculations with the whole core model and the fuel temperature calculations were performed. As a result, the nuclear characteristics, which are the shutdown margin and the temperature coefficient of reactivity, and the fuel temperature satisfied their target values.

Journal Articles

Analysis of fuel subassembly innerduct configurational effects on the core characteristics and power distribution of a sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor

Ohgama, Kazuya; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Oki, Shigeo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1155 - 1163, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The power distribution and core characteristics in various configurations of fuel subassemblies with an innerduct structure in the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor were evaluated using a Monte Carlo code for neutron transport and burnup calculation. The correlation between the fraction of fuel subassemblies facing outward and the degree of power increase at the core center was observed regardless of the compositions. This indicated that the spatial fissile distribution caused by innerduct configurations was the major factor of the difference in the power distribution. A power increase was also found in an off-center region, and it tended to be greater than that at the core center because of the steep gradient of neutron flux intensity. The differences in the worth of control rods caused by innerduct configurations were confirmed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of transient analysis method of a sodium-cooled fast reactor with FAIDUS fuel sub-assemblies

Ohgama, Kazuya; Kawashima, Katsuyuki*; Oki, Shigeo

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

In order to evaluate transient behavior of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor (JSFR) with fuel sub-assemblies with the innerduct structure (FAIDUS) precisely, a new model for a plant dynamics code HIPRAC was developed. In this new model, inner core and outer core channels can be divided into three channels, respectively, such as interior, edge and near innerduct channel, and calculate coolant redistribution and coolant temperature in each channel. Coolant temperature distribution of interior and edge channels calculated by this model was compared with previous study by the general-purpose thermal-hydraulics code $$alpha$$-FLOW. Coolant temperature behavior inside the innerduct was analyzed by a commercial thermal hydraulics code STAR-CD ver. 3.26. Based on this result, horizontally-uniformed coolant temperature in the innerduct was assumed as a heat transfer model of the innderduct. Reactivity coefficients for 750 MWe JSFR with low -decontaminated transuranic (TRU) fuel were evaluated. Transient behaviors of an unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF) accident for JSFR with 750 MWe output calculated by previous and new models were compared. The results showed that the detailed evaluation of coolant temperature improved overestimation of the coolant temperature and coolant temperature feedback reactivity of the peripheral channels including coolant inside the innerduct and in the inter-wrapper gap.

JAEA Reports

Report on the 8th Workshop on the Innovative Water Reactor for Flexible Fuel Cycle; February 10, 2005, Koku-kaikan, Minato-ku, Tokyo

Kobayashi, Noboru; Okubo, Tsutomu; Uchikawa, Sadao

JAERI-Review 2005-029, 119 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Review-2005-029.pdf:11.01MB

The research on Innovative Water Reactor for Flexible fuel cycle (FLWR) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the FLWRs has been held every year since 1998 aiming at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations. The 8th workshop was held on Feb. 10, 2005 under the joint auspices of JAERI and North Kanto and Kanto-Koetsu branches of Atomic Energy Society of Japan with 75 participants. The workshop began with 3 presentations on FLWRs entitled "Framework and Status of Research and Development on FLWRs", "Long-Term Fuel Cycle Scenarios for Advanced Utilization of Plutonium from LWRs", and "Experiments on Characteristics on Hydrodynamics in Tight-Lattice Core". Then 3 lectures followed: "Development of Evaluation Method for Accuracy in Predicting Neutronics Characteristics of Tight-Lattice Core" by Osaka University, "Development of Cost-Reduced Low-Moderation Spectrum Boiling Water Reactor" by Toshiba Corporation and "Design and Analysis on Super-Critical Water Cooled Power Reactors" by Tokyo University.

Journal Articles

Introduction to modern nodal method and discontinuity factor

Okumura, Keisuke

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Dai-36-Kai Robutsuri Kaki Semina Tekisuto, p.81 - 102, 2004/08

The modern node method which uses a discontinuous factor has come to be widely used recently in the reactor core analyses of commercial light water reactors. The basic theory, numerical computation technique and examples of calculation results are explained for biginners of the modern nodal method.

JAEA Reports

Summary of the 6th Workshop on the Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor; March 6, 2003, JAERI, Tokai

Nabeshima, Kunihiko; Nakatsuka, Toru; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Uchikawa, Sadao

JAERI-Conf 2003-020, 240 Pages, 2003/11

JAERI-Conf-2003-020.pdf:27.66MB

The research on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors (RMWRs) has been performed in JAERI for the development of future innovative reactors. The workshop on the RMWRs has been held every year since 1998 aimed at information exchange between JAERI and other organizations such as universities, laboratories, utilities and vendors. The workshop began with five lectures on status of research and development on RMWRs in JAERI entitled "Status and Future Program of Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Design of Small Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Critical Experiments for Reduced-Moderation Water Reactors", "Critical Heat Flux Experiments in Tight Lattice Core" and "Development of High Performance Cladding". Then two lectures followed: "Status of Phase II of Feasibility Studies on Commercialized Fast Breeder Reactor System" by JNC and "Present Status of Study on Super-critical water Cooled Power Reactor" by Toshiba Corporation.

Journal Articles

Development of Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor (RMWR) for sustainable energy supply

Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakatsuka, Toru; Takeda, Renzo*; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko*

Proceedings of 13th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2002) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2002/10

In order to ensure sustainable energy supply in Japan, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed by JAERI since 1998. MOX fuel assemblies with tight lattice arrangement are used to increase the conversion ratio. In order to establish negative void reactivity coefficient, the core should be short and flat to increase neutron leakage from the core. The core designs were accomplished to a large core with 1,356MWe and a small core with 330MWe. For both cores, negative void coefficient and natural circulation cooling of the core were realized. To confirm thermal-hydraulic feasibility, critical heat flux experiments were performed using 7-rod bundles with the gap width of 1mm and 1.3mm. The results indicated that enough cooling was assured for the tight lattice core. Further R&D studies, including large scale thermal-hydraulic experiments, reactor physics experiments, development of high burn-up fuel cladding material and simplified reprocessing technology, are necessary to realize commercial introduction of RMWR by 2020's for the replacement of current generation LWRs.

Journal Articles

RAPID-L highly automated fast reactor concept without any control rods, 2; Critical experiment of lithium-6 used in LEM and LIM

Tsunoda, Hirokazu*; Sato, Osamu*; Okajima, Shigeaki; Yamane, Tsuyoshi; Iijima, Susumu; Kobe, Mitsuru*

Proceedings of International Congress on Advanced Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2002/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Research on reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR)

Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Shimada, Shoichiro*; Usui, Shuji*; Shirakawa, Toshihisa*; Nakatsuka, Toru; Kugo, Teruhiko; Akie, Hiroshi; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Wada, Shigeyuki*

JAERI-Research 99-058, p.61 - 0, 1999/11

JAERI-Research-99-058.pdf:3.3MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Weapon-grade plutonium burning with HTRs

Yamane, Tsuyoshi; Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Fujimoto, Nozomu

New approaches to the nuclear fuel cycles and related disposal schemes, 1, p.267 - 277, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design pressure differences and design velocities for core components of the JRR-3 silicide core

Kaminaga, Masanori; Murayama, Yoji; ;

JAERI-Tech 97-043, 63 Pages, 1997/09

JAERI-Tech-97-043.pdf:1.64MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Reactor physics activities in Japan; July, 1992 $$sim$$ July, 1993

Research Committee on Reactor Physics

JAERI-M 93-254, 36 Pages, 1994/01

JAERI-M-93-254.pdf:1.27MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Reactor physics activities in Japan; June 1991 $$sim$$ July 1992

Research Committee on Reactor Physics

JAERI-M 92-209, 43 Pages, 1993/01

JAERI-M-92-209.pdf:1.43MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Development of a BWR core burn-up calculation code COREBN-BWR

*; Okumura, Keisuke

JAERI-M 92-068, 107 Pages, 1992/05

JAERI-M-92-068.pdf:2.79MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Journal Articles

Optimization of power distribution to achieve outlet gas-coolant temperature of 950$$^{circ}$$C for HTTR

Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Maruyama, So; Murata, Isao; Shindo, Ryuichi; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Sudo, Yukio; Nakata, Tetsuo*; *

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 29(5), p.472 - 481, 1992/05

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

An Explication of design data of the graphite structural design code for core support components of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor

Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo; *; ; Shiozawa, Shusaku

JAERI-M 91-154, 39 Pages, 1991/10

JAERI-M-91-154.pdf:0.73MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

An Explication of design data of the graphite structural design code for core components of High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor

Ishihara, Masahiro; Iyoku, Tatsuo; *; ; Shiozawa, Shusaku

JAERI-M 91-153, 51 Pages, 1991/10

JAERI-M-91-153.pdf:1.0MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

An Explication of the graphite structural design code of core components for the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor

Iyoku, Tatsuo; Ishihara, Masahiro; *; Shiozawa, Shusaku

JAERI-M 91-083, 31 Pages, 1991/05

JAERI-M-91-083.pdf:1.04MB

no abstracts in English

39 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)