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Journal Articles

Modeling of hardness and welding residual stress in Type 316 stainless steel components for the assessment of stress corrosion cracking

Li, S.; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito; Katsuyama, Jinya; Li, Y.; Deng, D.*

Proceedings of ASME 2023 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2023) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2023/07

Journal Articles

Actual stress analysis of small-bore butt-welded pipe by complementary use of synchrotron X-rays and neutrons

Suzuki, Kenji*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Shobu, Takahisa; Morooka, Satoshi

Zairyo, 72(4), p.316 - 323, 2023/04

Journal Articles

Analysis of residual stress in steel bar processed by cold drawing and straightening

Nishida, Satoru*; Nishino, Soichiro*; Sekine, Masahiko*; Oka, Yuki*; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morii, Yukio*; Ishii, Yoshinobu*

Materials Transactions, 62(5), p.667 - 674, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Residual stress evaluation by pulsed neutron stress measurement for cruciform welded joints treated with ultrasonic impact method

Suzuki, Tamaki*; Okawa, Teppei*; Harjo, S.; Sasaki, Toshihiko*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 87(894), p.20-00377_1 - 20-00377_15, 2021/02

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction method

Hayashi, Makoto*; Shobu, Takahisa

Residual Stress, p.100 - 132, 2021/00

Structural materials may undergo fatigue fracture or stress corrosion cracking during use. One of the causes is the residual stress generated by heat treatment and processing in the manufacturing process of structural materials. There are various methods for measuring the residual stress. This book introduces measurement techniques using ultrasonic and magnetic methods, starting with laboratory X-rays, synchrotron radiation X-rays, and neutrons. In addition, we will outline examples of measurement of residual stress due to processing and welding of various materials, measurement examples of actual machines, change behavior of residual stress due to static and repeated loads, and evaluation methods of fatigue remaining life based on the change behavior.

Journal Articles

Residual stress distribution in water jet peened type 304 stainless steel

Hayashi, Makoto*; Okido, Shinobu*; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(2), p.18_1 - 18_12, 2020/06

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study on full-shape Japanese sword

Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Grazzi, F.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Tanaka, Manako*

Materialia, 7, p.100377_1 - 100377_9, 2019/09

Journal Articles

Intergranular strains of plastically deformed austenitic stainless steel

Suzuki, Kenji*; Shobu, Takahisa

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 10(4), p.9 - 17, 2019/02

In materials with an elastic anisotropy, a stress difference is generated between crystals when plastic deformation occurs, and it is known that this is deeply involved in material fracture. In this study, the residual stress for load direction in the plastically deformed material was investigated for each crystal orientation using the high-energy synchrotron radiation diffraction method. As a result, it was found that the residual stress is a tensile residual stress at an index with a high X-ray elastic constant (Young's modulus obtained for each diffraction surface) and a compressive residual stress at an index with a low X-ray elastic constant. We believe that this result will be useful for the technique of controlling the crystal orientation like the texture as improving the material strength.

Journal Articles

In-situ residual stress analysis during thermal cycle of a dissimilar weld joint using neutron diffraction and IEFEM

Akita, Koichi; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Ikushima, Kazuki*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Harjo, S.; Kawasaki, Takuro; Vladimir, L.*

Yosetsu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 35(2), p.112s - 116s, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Study on shot peened residual stress distribution under cyclic loading by numerical analysis

Ikushima, Kazuki*; Kitani, Yuji*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi

Yosetsu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 35(2), p.75s - 79s, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Residual stress measurement technique using X-ray and neutron diffraction methods

Suzuki, Hiroshi

Netsu Shori, 46(1), p.11 - 18, 2006/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Elasto-plastic analysis of re-distribution of residual stress due to crack extension and fracture mechanics parameters

Shibata, Katsuyuki*; Onizawa, Kunio; Suzuki, Masahide; Li, Y.*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2005 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu, p.299 - 300, 2005/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Residual stress evaluation of butt weld sample of high tensile strength steel using neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Holden, T. M.*; Moriai, Atsushi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Morii, Yukio

Zairyo, 54(7), p.685 - 691, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of neutron stress measurement method without stress-free lattice constant to practical material

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Moriai, Atsushi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Morii, Yukio

Zairyo, 54(3), p.339 - 345, 2005/03

In a conventional method of a neutron stress measurement, it is required to know the stress-free lattice constant accurately. A new stress measurement method, which does not need the lattice constant of the strain-free material, was applied to evaluate the residual stress distributions in welded sample. The lattice constant distribution which was measured by using our proposed method showed an increase as close to the weld zone, and the absolute value of the lattice constant almost agreed with the lattice constant which was measured using coupons cut from welded sample. Therefore, it is possible to predict the lattice constant by using our proposed method. The residual stress distributions were evaluated by using conventional method and our proposed method. As a result, the residual stress distributions decided by our proposed method almost agreed with those measured by conventional method. This proposed method can be applied to determination of the residual stress states in the samples with the complex residual stress states.

Journal Articles

Development of new stress measurement method using neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Moriai, Atsushi; Hataya, Mitsuhiko*; Morii, Yukio

Materials Science Forum, 490-491, p.245 - 250, 2005/00

In the conventional stress measurement method using neutron diffraction, it is required to measure the lattice strains of the same diffraction family in all three orthogonal directions. However, it is possibly difficult to measure the lattice strains of the same diffraction family in all three directions on the textured material, and also the lattice strains in three directions may not be measured in some reasons such as the size and the shape of the sample, etc. Moreover, in conventional method, it is required to know the accurate stress free lattice spacing d$$_{0}$$, so that the stress measurement accuracy depends on the accuracy of d$$_{0}$$ of powder or annealed samples. In this study, we proposed new stress measurement method which can determine the residual stress states by measuring the lattice strains in two or three orthogonal directions even if the measured diffraction families were different in all three directions. Furthermore, stress measurement method which can determine the internal residual stresses without using measured d$$_{0}$$ was also proposed.

Journal Articles

Ion beam surface modification of Y-TZP and effects of subsequent annealing

Motohashi, Yoshinobu*; Shibata, Taiju; Harjo, S.*; Sakuma, Takaaki*; Ishihara, Masahiro; Baba, Shinichi; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Proceedings of 14th International Federation for Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering Congress Transactions of Materials and Heat Treatment Vol.25 No.5, p.1032 - 1036, 2004/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High temperature bending characteristics of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ joints bonded using superplastic ceramics as interlayer

Sato, Takashi*; Motohashi, Yoshinobu*; Sakuma, Takaaki*; Waseda, Kazuyoshi*; Shibata, Taiju; Ishihara, Masahiro; Sawa, Kazuhiro

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai (2004) Koen Rombunshu (No.040-3), p.55 - 56, 2004/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Report of Examination of the Samples from Core Shroud (2F3-H6a) at Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Station Unit-3 (Contract Research)

The Working Team for Examination Operation of Samples From Core Shroud at Fukushima Dai-ni Unit-3

JAERI-Tech 2004-044, 92 Pages, 2004/05

JAERI-Tech-2004-044.pdf:15.18MB

The present examination has been performed with the objective to ensure the transparency of the examination as the third-party organization by providing technical basis for identifying the causes of cracking through examination of the sample taken from the cracked region of outer H6a welding portion of the core shroud at Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Station Unit-3, which was a part of sample stored in the Nippon Nuclear Fuel Development Co., Ltd. in the examination of Tokyo Electric Power Company in 2001. The present examination of the sample was conducted at the post irradiation examination facilities of JAERI. The following findings were obtained from the result of the present examination. (1)Three cracks were observed at the portion 3 to 9mm apart from the weld metal and the maximum depth was about 8mm. (2)Intergranular cracking was observed in almost whole fracture surface. The transgranular cracking was partially observed within the depth of about 300$$mu$$m from the surface. (3)Hardening layer over Hv400 at its maximum was found from the surface to the depth of about 500$$mu$$m. Based on the examination results concerning presence of tensile residual stress by welding and relatively high dissolved oxygen contents in core coolant, it is concluded that the cracks were mainly initiated in the hardening layer by transgranular stress corrosion cracking and propagated along the grain boundaries.

JAEA Reports

Report of Examination of the Sample from Core Shroud (2F2-H3) at Fukushima Dai-ni Power Station Unit-2 (Contract research)

The Working Team for Examination of the Sample from Core Shrouds and Primary Loop Recirculation Pipi; Nakajima, Hajime*; Shibata, Katsuyuki; Tsukada, Takashi; Suzuki, Masahide; Kiuchi, Kiyoshi; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Kikuchi, Masahiko; Ueno, Fumiyoshi; Nakano, Junichi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2004-015, 114 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-015.pdf:38.06MB

The Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) visually inspected the weld joint of core shroud at Fukushima Dai-ni Nuclear Power Station Unit-2 by a direction of the Nuclear and Industrial Agency, cracks were observed at outer side of the ring weld joint (H3) between a core shroud middle trunk and a middle ring. TEPCO has conducted a material examination with Nippon Nuclear Fuel Development Co. Ltd. (NFD) on the specimen including cracks sampled from the core shroud. The present examination has been performed with the objective to independently investigate and evaluate the materials by jointly attending the examination with NFD from the planning stage. Based on results of the present examination, the probable presence of tensile residual stress by welding process and dissolved oxygen contents in the cooling water, it was shown that the cracks were considered to be stress corrosion cracking (SCC). However, the cause of the cracks needs more consideration on the way of shroud construction.

JAEA Reports

Report of Examination of the Sample from Core Shroud (O1-H2) at Onagawa Nuclear Power Station Unit-1 (Contract research)

The Working Team for Examination of the Sample from Core Shrouds and Primary Loop Recirculation Pipi

JAERI-Tech 2004-012, 62 Pages, 2004/02

JAERI-Tech-2004-012.pdf:16.4MB

At Onagawa Nuclear Power Station Unit-1 of the Tohoku Electric Power co., inc., cracks were confirmed near welded joints of core shroud in 15th periodical inspection. Tohoku Electric Power co., inc. has conducted a material examination with Nippon Nuclear Fuel Development Co., Ltd.. To investigate independently, a JAERI's own evaluation report was provided. The results are as follows; (1) Hardening layer was detected at the depth of about 150-250$$mu$$m from outer surface of the sample. (2) Corrosion products were observed on inner surface of the cracks and some of them penetrated into grains. (3) Transgranular cracking and intergranular cracking were observed at the region within about 100$$mu$$m and the deeper region more than about 200$$mu$$m in depth from outer surface of the sample, respectively. (4) Distinct chromium depletion was not detected at the grain boundaries. (5) Chemical compositions of the sample corresponded to type 304L stainless steel in Japanese Industrial Standard. From the above, it is concluded that the cracks are stress corrosion cracking.

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