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Journal Articles

Multipole order and fluctuation in Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$ studied by resonant X-ray diffraction

Matsumura, Takeshi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Otsubo, Toru*; Tanida, Hiroshi*; Iga, Fumitoshi*; Sera, Masafumi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.014008_1 - 014008_6, 2014/06

We study the $$T_{beta}$$-type antiferro-octupole (AFO) ordered state of Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$ below 1.5 K by resonant X-ray diffraction in magnetic fields. Multipole moments induced by the field in the AFO phase are identified. In a mean-field model for the $$T_{beta}$$ AFO order within the $$Gamma_8$$ quartet crystal-field ground state, the $$O_{22}$$ and $$O_{20}$$ antiferroquadrupoles (AFQ) are expected as mostly induced AFQ. However, in contrast to this expectation, the main induced moment is found to be the $$O_{xy}$$-type AFQ.

Journal Articles

Quadrupole and hexadecapole ordering in DyB$$_2$$C$$_2$$; Direct observation with resonant X-ray diffraction

Tanaka, Yoshikazu*; Inami, Toshiya; Lovesey, S. W.*; Knight, K. S.*; Yakhou, F.*; Mannix, D.*; Kokubun, Jun*; Kanazawa, Masayuki*; Ishida, Kotaro*; Nanao, Susumu*; et al.

Physical Review B, 69(2), p.024417_1 - 024417_11, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:79.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Direct evidence of the spatial ordering of Dy 4$$f$$ quadrupole and hexadecapole moments in DyB$$_2$$C$$_2$$ is demonstrated by resonant X-ray diffraction enhanced by an electric quadrupole event ($$E$$2 resonance) at the Dy L$$_{III}$$ absorption edge. The diffraction data show that the structural phase transition at $$T$$$$_{Q}$$ = 24.7 K is accompanied by a reduction in the symmetry of the Dy site to 2/$$m$$, from 4/$$m$$, and the spatial ordering of the time-even Dy multipoles with A$$_{g}$$ character. Below $$T$$$$_{Q}$$ the crystal structure is described by the space group $$P$$4$$_2$$/$$mnm$$ and Dy ions occupy sites (4$$c$$). The distortion at T$$_{Q}$$ involves the lattice occupied by B and C ions, and it amounts to a buckling of B-C planes that are normal to the two-fold rotation axis of 2/$$m$$. An immediately plausible model of low-energy Dy states correlates data on the specific heat, our X-ray diffraction signals, and magnetic ordering below 15.3 K which has been observed in magnetic neutron diffraction.

Journal Articles

Structural physics with synchrotron radiation; Focus on a use of resonant effect

Mizuki, Junichiro

Bussei Kenkyu, 79(3), p.481 - 490, 2002/12

The content of the text is focused on a use of resonant effect of X-rays from Synchrotron Radiation. The resonant effect of X-rays is one of the advantages of Synchrotron radiation to be used for structural studies on condenced matters. We will show some recent studies employed with this effect.

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