Araki, Shohei; Gunji, Satoshi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Ogawa, Kazuhiko
Proceedings of European Research Reactor Conference 2020 (RRFM 2020) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2020/10
Critical experiments of thermal neutron system are still expected to be playing an important role for wide technical issues. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is renovating the Static Experimental Critical Facility (STACY) to maintain the experimental capability. The new STACY is designed as a general-purpose criticality facility. Its core mainly consists of low enriched UO fuel rods, grid plates, and light water moderator. The first experiment campaign in the new STACY aims to obtain criticality characteristics of fuel debris, which will be used in validation of criticality analysis methods. The designs of the experimental core configurations are in progress.
Izawa, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Junichi; Okubo, Takuya; Ogawa, Kazuhiko; Tonoike, Kotaro
Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/09
Japan Atomic Energy Agency, JAEA, is conducting the renewal program of the heterogeneous water moderated critical assembly STACY (Static Experiment Critical Facility) in order to verify the criticality calculation considering fuel debris which have been produced in the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The first criticality of the new STACY is scheduled at the beginning of 2021. After the first criticality, it is necessary to perform a series of critical experiments with a series of basic experimental core in order to gain a proficiency of operators and grasp the uncertainty that accompanies the result of critical experiments in STACY. Prior to the construction of the new STACY, a series of neutronic calculation was carried out for licensing and planning first series of critical experiment. In this paper, possible core configuration of the basic experimental core and their limitations are discussed and presented.
Gunji, Satoshi; Clavel, J.-B.*; Tonoike, Kotaro; Duhamel, I.*
Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Criticality Safety (ICNC 2019) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2019/09
The new criticality experiments facility STACY will be able to contribute to the validation of criticality calculations related to the fuel debris. The experimental core design is in progress in the frame of JAEA/IRSN collaboration. This paper presents the method applied to optimize the design of core configurations of the new STACY to measure the criticality characteristics of pseudo fuel debris focused on Molten Core Concrete Interaction (MCCI) debris. To ensure that a core configuration is relevant for code validation, it is important to evaluate the reactivity worth of the main isotopes and the keff sensitivity to their cross sections. To obtain maximum sensitivity of Si capture reaction, some parameters of the core configuration, as for example the lattice pitch or the core dimensions, were adjusted using optimization algorithm to research efficiently the optimal core configurations.
Seki, Masakazu; Maekawa, Tomoyuki; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Sono, Hiroki
JAEA-Technology 2017-038, 52 Pages, 2018/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency is conducting a reactor modification project of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY). In the modification, STACY is to be converted from a thermal reactor using solution fuel into that using fuel rods and light water moderator. Reactivity of the modified STACY core is controlled by the water level fed in the core tank as well as the present STACY. In order to verify the basic design of the water feed and drain system of the modified STACY, we constructed a mockup test apparatus with almost the same structure and specifications as the modified STACY. In the mockup test, performance checks were pursued regarding limitation of maximum flow of water feeding, adjustment of the flow rate of water feeding, stop of water feeding and others. This report describes the outline and results of the mock-up test of the water feed and drain system of the modified STACY.
Gunji, Satoshi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Sono, Hiroki
Progress in Nuclear Energy, 101(Part C), p.321 - 328, 2017/11
Criticality safety of fuel debris, particularly MCCI (Molten-Core-Concrete-Interaction) products, is one of the major safety issues for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Criticality or subcriticality condition of the fuel debris is still uncertain; its composition, location, neutron moderation, etc. are not yet confirmed. The effectiveness of neutron poison in cooling water is also uncertain for use as a criticality control of fuel debris. A database of computational models is being built by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), covering a wide range of possible conditions of such composition, neutron moderation, etc., to facilitate assessing criticality characteristics once fuel debris samples are taken and their conditions are known. The computational models also include uncertainties which are to be clarified by critical experiments. These experiments are planned and will be conducted by JAEA with the modified STACY (STAtic experiment Critical facilitY) and samples to simulate fuel debris compositions. Each of the samples will be cladded by a zircalloy tube whose outer shape is compatible with the fuel rod of STACY and loaded into an array of the fuel rods. This report introduces a study of experimental core configurations to measure the reactivity worth of samples simulating MCCI products. Parameters to be varied in the computation models for the experimental series are:(1) Uranium dioxide with U enrichments of 3, 4, and 5 wt.%; (2) Concrete volume fraction in the samples of 0, 20, 40, 60, and 80%; and (3) Porosity of the samples filled from 0 to 80% where the sample void is filled with water. It is concluded that the measurement is feasible in both under- and over-moderated conditions. Additionally, the required amount of samples was estimated.
Kobayashi, Fuyumi; Sumiya, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Kokusen, Junya; Uchida, Shoji; Kaminaga, Jota; Oki, Keiichi; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sono, Hiroki
JAEA-Technology 2016-025, 42 Pages, 2016/11
A preliminary test on MOX fuel dissolution for the STACY critical experiments had been conducted in 2000 through 2003 at Nuclear Science Research Institute of JAEA. Accordingly, the uranyl / plutonium nitrate solution should be reconverted into oxide powder to store the fuel for a long period. For this storage, the moisture content in the oxide powder should be controlled from the viewpoint of criticality safety. The stabilization of uranium / plutonium solution was carried out under a precipitation process using ammonia or oxalic acid solution, and a calcination process using a sintering furnace. As a result of the stabilization operation, recovery rate was 95.6% for uranium and 95.0% for plutonium. Further, the recovered oxide powder was calcined again in nitrogen atmosphere and sealed immediately with a plastic bag to keep its moisture content low and to prevent from reabsorbing atmospheric moisture.
Gunji, Satoshi; Tonoike, Kotaro; Izawa, Kazuhiko; Sono, Hiroki
Proceedings of International Conference on the Physics of Reactors; Unifying Theory and Experiments in the 21st Century (PHYSOR 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.3927 - 3936, 2016/05
Criticality safety of fuel debris including MCCI products is one of the major safety is-sues for decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Criticality or subcriticality condition of the fuel debris is still uncertain since its composition, location, neutron moderation, etc. are not confirmed. Also uncertain in criticality control of fuel debris is the effectiveness of neutron poison in cooling water. A database is being built by computation in JAEA, covering a wide range of possible conditions of such composition, neutron moderation, etc., to facilitate assessing criticality characteristics when fuel debris samples are taken and their conditions are known. The computation also has uncertainties to be clarified by critical experiments, which is planned by JAEA to be conducted with the modified STACY and samples simulating fuel debris compositions. This report introduces a study of experimental core configurations for reactivity worth measurements of samples simulating MCCI products. It is concluded that the measurement is feasible in both under- and over-moderated conditions. Additionally, required amount of samples was estimated.
Kokusen, Junya; Seki, Masakazu; Abe, Masayuki; Nakazaki, Masato; Kida, Takashi; Umeda, Miki; Kihara, Takehiro; Sugikawa, Susumu
JAERI-Tech 2005-004, 53 Pages, 2005/03
This report presents operating records of dissolution of uranium dioxide and concentration of uranyl nitrate solution and acid removal, which have been performed from 1994 through 2003, for the purpose of feeding 10% and 6% enriched uranyl nitrate solution fuel to Static Experimental Critical Facility(STACY) and Transient Experimental Critical Facility(TRACY) in Nuclear Fuel Safety Engineering Facility(NUCEF).
Shimizu, Kaori; Gunji, Kazuhiko*; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Sakai, Yutaka*; Akutsu, Hideyuki; Niitsuma, Yasushi*; Inoue, Takeshi; et al.
JAERI-Tech 2004-078, 27 Pages, 2005/02
Analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel are carried out at the analytical laboratory, NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provide essential data for the operations of STACY (the Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (the Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system.In the FY 2003, analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel from STACY/TRACY on its pre- and post-operations, analysis of the uranyl nitrate solution under preparation stage for the fuel and analysis for nuclear material accountancy purpose, have been conducted. In addition, analysis on the third U/Pu extraction/separation tests among the preliminary tests to confirm adjustment condition of plutonium solution fuel for its further use at STACY from 2000, and analysis on the experiments to treat extraction waste, were conducted. A total number of analytical samples in the FY 2003 were 156.This report summarizes works related to the analysis and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2003.
Watanabe, Shoichi; Yamamoto, Toshihiro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori
Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 91, p.431 - 432, 2004/11
Temperature effect is a main factor which affects the transient characteristics at a criticality accident. A series of reactivity effects due to changes in fuel temperatures were measured for two kinds of STACY heterogeneous lattice configurations. The core was composed of LWR-type fuel rod array and low-enriched uranyl-nitrate-solution concerning the dissolver of the reprocessing facility for LWR spent fuel. The critical solution heights at various solution temperatures were measured. From the change of the critical water height with fuel temperature, the reactivity effect was evaluated by a critical-solution-level worth method. The temperature effect was also calculated by using SRAC and the transport calculation code TWODANT. The experimental value was estimated to be -2.0 cent/C for the case "2.1cm-pitch", and -2.5 cent/C for the case "1.5cm-pitch". The calculated results gave agreement with the experiments within 10%.
Sakai, Yutaka; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakazume, Yoshinori; Akutsu, Hideyuki; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Sato, Takeshi
JAERI-Tech 2004-006, 25 Pages, 2004/02
Analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel are carried out at the analytical laboratory, NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Research Facility), which provide essential data for the operations of STACY (the Static Experiment Critical Facility), TRACY (the Transient Experiment Critical Facility) and the fuel treatment system. In the FY 2002, analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution fuel from STACY/TRACY on its pre- and post-operations, analyses of the uranyl nitrate solution under preparation stage for the fuel and analyses for nuclear material accountancy purpose, have been conducted. In addition, analyses on the preliminary tests to confirm adjustment condition of plutonium solution fuel for its further use at STACY, and analyses on the americium extraction/separation tests to provide americium for the research on high temperature chemistry of TRU, were conducted. A total number of analytical samples in the FY 2002 were 275. This report summarizes works related to the analyses and management of the analytical laboratory in the FY 2002.
Tonoike, Kotaro; Yamamoto, Toshihiro; Watanabe, Shoichi; Miyoshi, Yoshinori
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(2), p.177 - 182, 2004/02
As a part of the development of a subcriticality monitoring system, a system which has a time series data acquisition function of detector signals and a real time evaluation function of alpha value with the Feynman- method was established, with which the kinetic parameter (alpha value) was measured at the STACY heterogeneous core. The Hashimoto's difference filter was implemented in the system, which enables the measurement at a critical condition. The measurement result of the new system agreed with the pulsed neutron method.
Yamamoto, Toshihiro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Kiyosumi, Takehide*
Nuclear Science and Engineering, 145(1), p.132 - 144, 2003/09
no abstracts in English
Sono, Hiroki; Fukaya, Yuji; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Miyoshi, Yoshinori
JAERI-Tech 2003-065, 61 Pages, 2003/07
A series of critical experiments using a heterogeneous core of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY) in the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is planned in F.Y. 2003. In the experiment, the core is composed of uranyl nitrate solution (U enrichment 6 wt%) and 333 pins of uranium dioxide (U enrichment 5 wt%) loaded in lattice-pitch of 1.5 cm. Prior to the experiment, neutronic characteristics are analyzed to evaluate neutronic safety and criticality limitations of the core. The analyzed items are the parameters on criticality, reactivity and reactor shutdown margins. In the analyses, a Monte Carlo code, MVP, and a neutronics code system, SRAC, have been used with an evaluated nuclear data library, JENDL-3.3. By using the calculated characteristics, simplified equations to interpolate these values and criticality limitations of the core are evaluated. It has been also confirmed that the reactor shutdown margins will comply with safety criteria under all fuel conditions in the experiments.
Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Sono, Hiroki
JAERI-Tech 2003-057, 39 Pages, 2003/06
no abstracts in English
Tonoike, Kotaro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Okubo, Kiyoshi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(4), p.238 - 245, 2003/04
The reactivity effect of neutron interaction between two identical units containing low enriched (10% enrichment) uranyl nitrate solution was measured in the STACY. The unit has 350mm of thickness and 690mm of width and distance between those two units was adjustable from 0mm to 1450mm. Condition of the solution was about 290gU/L in uranium concentration, about 0.8N in free nitric acid molarity, 2427C in temperature and about 1.4g/cm in solution density. The reactivity effect was estimated from variation of critical solution level from 495mm to 763mm depending on the core distance. The reactivity effect was also evaluated by the solid angle method and a computational method using the continuous energy Monte Carlo code MCNP-4C and the nuclear data library JENDL3.2. Comparison of those estimations is presented.
Murazaki, Minoru; Uno, Yuichi; Miyoshi, Yoshinori
JAERI-Tech 2003-029, 107 Pages, 2003/03
We have measured neutron flux distribution around the core tank of STACY heterogeneous core by position sensitive proportional counter (PSPC) to develop the method to measure reactivity for subcritical systems. The neutron flux distribution data in the position accuracy of 13mm have been obtained in the range of uranium concentration of 50g/L to 210g/L both in critical and in subcritical state. The prompt neutron decay constant, , was evaluated from the measurement data of pulsed neutron source experiments. We also calculated distribution of neutron flux and He reaction rates at the location of PSPC by using continuous energy Monte Carlo code MCNP. The measurement data was compared with the calculation results. As results of comparison, calculated values agreed generally with measurement data of PSPC with Cd cover in the region above half of solution height, but the difference between calculated value and measurement data was large in the region below half of solution height. On the other hand, calculated value agreed well with measurement data of PSPC without Cd cover.
Tonoike, Kotaro; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Kikuchi, Tsukasa*; Yamamoto, Toshihiro
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(11), p.1227 - 1236, 2002/11
Kinetic parameter of low enriched uranyl nitrate solution was measured by the pulsed neutron source method in the STACY. This measurement was repeated systematically over several uranium concentrations from 193.7 gU/ to 432.1 gU/. Used core tanks were two cylindrical tanks whose diameters are 600 mm and 800 mm and one slab tank which has 280 mm thickness and 700 mm width. In this report, experimental data such as solution conditions, critical solution level for each solution condition, subcritical solution levels where measurements were conducted, measured decay time constants of prompt neutron and extrapolated values are described as well as basic principle of the pulsed neutron source method. values were evaluated also by computation with the diffusion code CITATION in SRAC and the nuclear data library JENDL 3.2. Both experimental and computational values show good agreement.
Sakazume, Yoshinori; Gunji, Kazuhiko; Haga, Takahisa*; Fukaya, Hiroyuki; Sonoda, Takashi; Sakai, Yutaka; Niitsuma, Yasushi; Shirahashi, Koichi; Sato, Takeshi
JAERI-Tech 2002-073, 25 Pages, 2002/09
Analytical results of uranyl nitrate solution are essential data for the operation of the Static Experiment Critical Facility (STACY), the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) and the fuel treatment system in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility (NUCEF). Analytical works were carried out for the determination of fuel characteristics before and after criticality experiments, fuel preparation and nuclear material accountancy in FY. 2001. Moreover,as to preparation of critical experiments at STACY, plutonium preliminary tests were carried out to confirm the treatment condition (characteristics of the dissolution of the mixed oxide (MOX) powder and the extraction & separation for uranium / plutonium) of plutonium nitrate solution. Analytical works were carried out on the preliminary tests. A total number of analytical samples in FY. 2001 were 322 samples.This report summarizes the data on analytical works in FY.2001.
Onodera, Seiji; Sugawara, Susumu; Kobayashi, Heigo; Haga, Koichi; Fukushima, Susumu*; Shichiji,Isamu*; Ono, Akio
JAERI-Tech 2002-070, 77 Pages, 2002/09
no abstracts in English