Rossi, F.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone
Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Annual Meeting 2023 (Internet), 5 Pages, 2023/05
Aoki, Rie; Shirafuji, Masaya; Nozaki, Teo; Akutsu, Narumi*; Miyaji, Noriko; Nakamura, Hironobu
Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Annual Meeting 2023 (Internet), 7 Pages, 2023/05
Rossi, F.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone
Proceedings of INMM 63rd Annual Meeting (Internet), 5 Pages, 2022/07
Nakatani, Takayoshi; Shimizu, Ryo; Tazaki, Makiko; Kimura, Takashi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Suda, Kazunori
Dai-42-Kai Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nenji Taikai Kaigi Rombunshu (Internet), 4 Pages, 2021/11
Currently, JAEA is in the advancing of decommissioning own nuclear facilities, and some facilities have been handling nuclear materials. In decommissioning, it is necessary to consider rational methods while keeping nuclear non-proliferation and transparency, including treatment of radioactive waste generated from these facilities and methods for terminating safeguards. In this study, we considered the above issues regarding waste treatment with reference to the guidance of Safeguards by Design (SBD) published by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Rodriguez, D.; Abbas, K.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Nonneman, S.*; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 1014, p.165685_1 - 165685_10, 2021/10
Rossi, F.; Abbas, K.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone
Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Virtual Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08
Rodriguez, D.; Bogucarska, T.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Pedersen, B.*; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone; Varasano, G.*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 997, p.165146_1 - 165146_13, 2021/05
Rossi, F.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone; Abbas, K.*; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Pedersen, B.*; Varasano, G.*
61st Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM 2020), Vol.2, p.907 - 911, 2021/00
Rodriguez, D.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Rossi, F.; Seya, Michio; Takahashi, Tone; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Pedersen, B.*; Takamine, Jun
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(8), p.975 - 988, 2020/08
Aoki, Takeshi; Chirayath, S. S.*; Sagara, Hiroshi*
Annals of Nuclear Energy, 141, p.107325_1 - 107325_7, 2020/06
The proliferation resistance (PR) of an inert matrix fuel (IMF) in the transuranic nuclear fuel cycle (NFC) of a high temperature gas cooled reactor is evaluated relative to the uranium and plutonium mixed-oxide (MOX) NFC of a light water reactor using PRAETOR code and sixty-eight input attributes. The objective is to determine the impacts of chemical stability of IMF and fuel irradiation on the PR. Specific material properties of the IMF, such as lower plutonium content, carbide ceramics coating, and absence of U, contribute to enhance its relative PR compared to MOX fuel. The overall PR value of the fresh IMF (an unirradiated direct use material with a one-month diversion detection timeliness goal) is nearly equal to that of the spent MOX fuel (an irradiated direct use nuclear material with a three-month diversion detection timeliness goal). Final results suggest a reduced safeguards inspection frequency to manage the IMF.
Rodriguez, D.; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo
Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 148, p.114 - 125, 2019/06
Rossi, F.; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo
Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Dai-39-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 3 Pages, 2018/11
This paper (presentation) reports on the design study for seeking compactness of moderator (and reflector) structure for the Delayed Gamma-ray Spectroscopy Non Destructive Assay system to be applied for verification of fissile isotopic (Pu-239, Pu-241 and U-235) composition ratio in High Radioactive Nuclear Material sample such as dissolved solution of reprocessing facility. We first investigated advantages and disadvantages of using different compact neutron sources as DT and DD neutron generators. This led us to the conclusion of using DD sources to achieve a compact (and practical) NDA system. Based on MCNP simulations, with the use of a DD neutron generator, a preliminary optimization study was performed and will be shown here.
Rodriguez, D.; Rossi, F.; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo
Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2017) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11
Rodriguez, D.; Tanigawa, Masafumi; Nishimura, Kazuaki; Mukai, Yasunobu; Nakamura, Hironobu; Kurita, Tsutomu; Takamine, Jun; Suzuki, Satoshi*; Sekine, Megumi; Rossi, F.; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(7), p.792 - 804, 2018/07
Nuclear material in reprocessing facilities is safeguarded by random sample verification with additional continuous monitoring applied to solution masses and volume in important tanks to maintain continuity-of-knowledge of process operation. Measuring the unique rays of each solution as the material flows through pipes connecting all tanks and process apparatuses could potentially improve process monitoring by verifying the compositions in real time. We tested this ray pipe-monitoring method using plutonium-nitrate solution transferred between tanks at the PCDF-TRP. The rays were measured using a lanthanum-bromide detector with a list-mode data acquisition system to obtain both time and energy of -ray. The analysis and results of this measurement demonstrate an ability to determine isotopic composition, process timing, flow rate, and volume of solution flowing through pipes, introducing a viable capability for process monitoring safeguards verification.
Rodriguez, D.; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone; Seya, Michio; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Crochemore, J. M.*; Varasano, G.*; Bogucarska, T.*; Abbas, K.*; Pedersen, B.*
Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2018/07
Risk Assessment, p.133 - 151, 2018/02
A integrated risk assessment could be developed to promote synergism between safety, security, and safeguards (3S). One of the synergies of the integrated 3S risk assessment is a 3S by Design approach for new nuclear facilities. In safety, the classical probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) has been developed to estimate the frequency of severe accident using the basic event frequency. Because of recent concern about nuclear security, a vital area identification method based on the ETs/FTs has been explored to protect vital areas of nuclear power plants against sabotage. The different difficulty in applying risk assessment to safeguards is determining the initiation of diversion of nuclear material and misuse, because the diversion of nuclear material and misuse of technology are induced by the motivation of states and intentional acts of facility operation. In this chapter, a balance among 3S risk would be explored to pursue an optimal and a cost-effective management.
Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi
EPJ Web of Conferences, 146, p.09002_1 - 09002_4, 2017/09
JAEA-Research 2016-019, 53 Pages, 2017/01
Application of probability generating function for nondestructive nuclear materials assay system was studied. First, high-order neutron correlations were derived algebraically up to septuplet and basic characteristics of the correlations were investigated. It was found that higher-order correlation increases rapidly in response to the increase of leakage multiplication, crosses and leaves lower-order correlations behind, when leakage multiplication is 1.3 that depends on detector efficiency and counter setting. Next, fission rates and doubles count rates by fast neutron and by thermal neutron in their coexisting system were derived algebraically. It was found that the number of induced fissions per unit time by fast neutron and by thermal neutron, the number of induced fissions ( 1) by one source neutron, and individual doubles count rates were possible to be estimated from Rossi-alpha combined distribution and measured ratio of each area obtained by differential die-away self-interrogation and conventional assay data.
Naoi, Yosuke; Oda, Tetsuzo; Tomikawa, Hirofumi
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO, 58(9), p.536 - 541, 2016/09
Japan has been promoting nuclear energy research and development, and the use of nuclear energy for only peaceful purposes in accordance with Atomic Energy Basic Acts enacted in 1955. In order to ensure limited to their peaceful utilization, it has been performing a nuclear material accountancy and reporting it based on bilateral nuclear agreement (Japan and the United States, Japan and France, Japan and Canada and so on) before concluding the comprehensive safeguards agreement with the IAEA. After the conclusion of that in 1977, the Japanese national law had been revised. The nuclear material accountancy and its reports to the IAEA have been implemented based on the revised law. In 1999, Japan ratified the additional protocol. Then it has been responding a new obligation in the additional protocol. The correctness and completeness of the declaration of nuclear activities in Japan have been verified by the IAEA, and then the "broader conclusion" was given to Japan in 2004. There indicates no diversion or undeclared nuclear activities in Japan. Since then Japan has been obtaining the "broader conclusion" every year. In this report we will report the JAEA's contribution to the IAEA safeguards on technical research and development and human resource development.
Nakamura, Hironobu; Shimizu, Yasuyuki; Makino, Risa; Mukai, Yasunobu; Ishiyama, Koichi; Kurita, Tsutomu; Ikeda, Atsushi*; Yamaguchi, Katsuhiro*
Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2016/07
Regarding the Integrated Safeguards (IS) in Japan, the implementation of IS has been started on September 2004, and the concept has been introduced to the JNC-1 facilities since August 2008. Then, random interim inspection with short notice and reducing person-days of inspection (PDI) was introduced instead of traditional scheduled IIV in order to improve deterrence of the nuclear material diversion with timeliness goal. And it was agreed that it should be evaluated and reviewed because RII was designed when inter-campaign. In JAEA, we decided to restart PCDF campaign to reduce potential safety risks of reprocessing facilities. To adopt the RII scheme to the process operation in campaign, JAEA proposed a new scheme to JSGO and IAEA without increasing PDI and reducing detection probability. As a result of the discussion, it was agreed and successfully introduced since March 2014. The new scheme for PCDF consists of scheduled inspection (fixed-day RII), reduction of estimated material for the verification, implementation of remote monitoring with data provision, improvement of operational status check list, introduction of NRTA and MC&A data declaration with timeliness. Though the operator's workloads for information provision were increased, we could manage to balance IS requirement with implementation of our operation successfully. This contribution was helped to safeguards implementation and our operation for 2 years.