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Journal Articles

Recent RF experiments and application of RF waves to real-time control of safety factor profile in JT-60U

Suzuki, Takahiro; Isayama, Akihiko; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Sakata, Shinya; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hosoyama, Hiroki*; Seki, Masami; JT-60 Team

AIP Conference Proceedings 787, p.279 - 286, 2005/09

A real-time control system of safety factor (q) profile was developed in JT-60. This system, for the first time, enables 1) real time evaluation of q profile using local magnetic pitch angle measurement by motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic and 2) control of current drive (CD) location (rhoCD) by adjusting the parallel refractive index $$N_{rm //}$$ of lower-hybrid (LH) waves through the change of phase difference (dphi) of LH waves between multi-junction launcher modules. The method for q profile evaluation was newly developed, without time-consuming reconstruction of equilibrium, so that the method requires less computational time. The system evaluates q profile within every 10ms, which is much faster than current relaxation time, typically order of 1s. Safety factor profile by the real-time calculation agreed well with that by equilibrium reconstruction with MSE. From temporal evolution of q (or current) profile, we evaluate CD location in real-time, too. The control system controls rhoCD through $$N_{rm //}$$ (or directly dphi) in such a way to minimize difference between the real-time evaluated q profile and its reference profile. The real-time control system was applied to positive shear plasmas ($$q(0)sim 1$$), having plasma current of 0.6MA, toroidal field of 2.3T, and electron density of $$0.5times 10^{19}{rm m}^{-3}$$. In order to keep good coupling of LH waves to the plasma, gap between the launcher and the plasma surface was controlled to about 0.1m. The reference q profile was set to q(0)=1.3. The real-time q profile approached to the reference after application of real-time control; the controlled q profile was sustained for 3s, which was limited by injected LH power. RF experiments in JT-60U, such as stabilization of neo-classical tearing modes, plasma startup experiments, etc., are also presented.

JAEA Reports

Study on the safety system in the High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (Contract research)

Nishihara, Tetsuo; Muto, Yasushi; Uchida, Shoji*; Yoshioka, Naoki*

JAERI-Tech 2001-077, 44 Pages, 2001/12

JAERI-Tech-2001-077.pdf:2.16MB

JAERI has conducted the feasibility study of the HTGR gas turbine system from 1996 to 2000 sponsored by MEXT. This report concludes the safety criteria and rationalization of the safety items in the HTGR system.With respect to the safety criteria, the same value for the LWR is selected as the limit of radiation exposure. Probability of the design basis event (DBE) and beyond design basis event (BDBE) is set lower than those for the LWR to get higher safety margin. Adequate initial events and mitigation system are selected to consider the event sequence. The concept of the probability analysis is applied to identify DBEs and BDBEs. It is found that some safety items can be rationalized in consideration of the safety features of the HTGR. Finally, the safety class and design category of the items in the HGTR-GT are classified.

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