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JAEA Reports

Research and development of transparent materials for radiation shield using nanoparticles (Contract research); FY2018 Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Kyushu University*

JAEA-Review 2019-039, 104 Pages, 2020/03


The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Center of World Intelligence Project for Nuclear Science/Technology and Human Resource Development (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2018. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2018, this report summarizes the research results of the "Research and Development of Transparent Materials for Radiation Shield using Nanoparticles". The present study aims to reduce radiation exposure of workers in debris retrieval/analysis and reduce deterioration of optical and electronic systems in remote cameras. For these purposes, we develop transparent radiation shield by making the shield materials into nanoparticles, and dispersing/solidifying them in epoxy resin. By making B$$_{4}$$C and W into nanoparticles, we will also develop a radiation shield that shields both neutrons and gamma-rays, and also suppresses secondary gamma-rays produced from neutrons.

Journal Articles

Estimation method of systematic uncertainties in Monte Carlo particle transport simulation based on analysis of variance

Hashimoto, Shintaro; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(4), p.345 - 354, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Particle transport simulations based on the Monte Carlo method have been applied to shielding calculations. Estimation of not only statistical uncertainty related to the number of trials but also systematic one induced by unclear physical quantities is required to confirm the reliability of calculated results. In this study, we applied a method based on analysis of variance to shielding calculations. We proposed random- and three-condition methods. The first one determines randomly the value of the unclear quantity, while the second one uses only three values: the default value, upper and lower limits. The systematic uncertainty can be estimated adequately by the random-condition method, though it needs the large computational cost. The three-condition method can provide almost the same estimate as the random-condition method when the effect of the variation is monotonic. We found criterion to confirm convergence of the systematic uncertainty as the number of trials increases.

Journal Articles


Maekawa, Fujio

Hamon, 28(4), p.208 - 211, 2018/11

Adequate shielding of neutrons and associated $$gamma$$-rays is of importance from viewpoints of the radiation safety of researchers and good experimental data taking by reducing the background. This article introduces basics of neutron shielding, physics and suitable materials for neutron and $$gamma$$-ray shielding, and an example of conceptual shielding design for the 1-MW spallation neutron source of J-PARC MLF.

Journal Articles

Review of reduction factors by buildings for gamma radiation from radiocaesium deposited on the ground due to fallout

Yoshida-Ouchi, Hiroko*; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 187, p.32 - 39, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:57.89(Environmental Sciences)

JAEA Reports

Shielding calculation by PHITS code during replacement works of startup neutron sources for HTTR operation

Shinohara, Masanori; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Sawahata, Hiroaki

JAEA-Technology 2016-033, 65 Pages, 2017/01


To reduce the neutron exposure dose for workers during the replacement works of the startup neutron sources of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor, calculations of the exposure dose in case of temporary neutron shielding at the bottom of fuels handling machine were carried out by the PHITS code. As a result, it is clear that the dose equivalent rate due to neutron radiation can be reduced to about an order of magnitude by setting a temporary neutron shielding at the bottom of shielding cask for the fuel handling machine. In the actual replacement works, by setting temporary neutron shielding, it was achieved that the cumulative equivalent dose of the workers was reduced to 0.3 man mSv which is less than half of cumulative equivalent dose for the previous replacement works; 0.7 man mSv.

Journal Articles

Development of transportation container for the neutron startup source of High Temperature engineering Test Reactor (HTTR)

Shimazaki, Yosuke; Ono, Masato; Tochio, Daisuke; Takada, Shoji; Sawahata, Hiroaki; Kawamoto, Taiki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Shinohara, Masanori

Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Research Reactor Fuel Management and Meeting of the International Group on Reactor Research (RRFM/IGORR 2016) (Internet), p.1034 - 1042, 2016/03

In High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), three neutron holders containing $$^{252}$$Cf with 3.7 GBq for each are loaded in the graphite blocks and inserted into the reactor core as a neutron startup source which is changed at the interval of approximately ten years. These neutron holders containing the neutron sources are transported from the dealer's hot cell to HTTR using the transportation container. The holders loading to the graphite block are carried out in the fuel handling machine maintenance pit of HTTR. There were two technical issues for the safety handling work of the neutron holder. The one is the radiation exposure caused by significant movement of the container due to an earthquake, because the conventional transportation container was so large ($$phi$$1240 mm, h1855 mm) that it can not be fixed on the top floor of maintenance pit by bolts. The other is the falling of the neutron holder caused by the difficult remote handling work, because the neutron holder capsule was also so long ($$phi$$155 mm, h1285 mm) that it can not be pulled into the adequate working space in the maintenance pit. Therefore, a new and low cost transportation container, which can solve the issues, was developed. To avoid the neutron and $$gamma$$ ray exposure, smaller transportation container ($$phi$$820mm, h1150 mm) which can be fixed on the top floor of maintenance pit by bolts was developed. In addition, to avoid the falling of the neutron holder, smaller neutron holder capsule ($$phi$$75 mm, h135 mm) with simple handling mechanism which can be treated easily by manipulator was also developed. As the result of development, the neutron holder handling work was safely accomplished. Moreover, a cost reduction for manufacturing was also achieved by simplifying the mechanism of neutron holder capsule and downsizing.

Journal Articles

Neutronics design of the low aspect ratio tokamak reactor, VECTOR

Nishitani, Takeo; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishio, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1245 - 1249, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:29.61(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutronics assessment of advanced shield materials using metal hydride and borohydride for fusion reactors

Hayashi, Takao; Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Ikeda, Kazuki*; Nakamori, Yuko*; Orimo, Shinichi*; DEMO Plant Design Team

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1285 - 1290, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:19.99(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutron transport calculations were carried out to evaluate the capability of metal hydrides and borohydrides as an advanced shielding material. Some hydrides indicated considerably higher hydrogen content than polyethylene and solid hydrogen. The hydrogen-rich hydrides show superior neutron shielding capability to the conventional materials. From the temperature dependence of dissociation pressure, ZrH$$_{2}$$ and TiH$$_{2}$$ can be used without releasing hydrogen at the temperature of less than 640 $$^{circ}$$C at 1 atm. ZrH$$_{2}$$ and Mg(BH$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$ can reduce the thickness of the shield by 30% and 20% compared to a combination of steel and water, respectively. Mixing some hydrides with F82H produces considerable effects in $$gamma$$-ray shielding. The neutron and $$gamma$$-ray shielding capabilities decrease in order of ZrH$$_{2}$$ $$>$$ Mg(BH$$_{4}$$)$$_{2}$$ and F82H $$>$$ TiH$$_{2}$$ and F82H $$>$$ water and F82H.

Journal Articles

Comparison of synchrotron radiation calculations between analytical codes(STAC8,PHOTON) and Monte Carlo codes (FLUKA,EGS4)

Liu, J. C.*; Fasso, A.*; Prinz, A.*; Rokni, S.*; Asano, Yoshihiro

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 116(1-4), p.658 - 661, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:56.28(Environmental Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Shielding analysis at the upper section of the accelerator-driven system

Sasa, Toshinobu; Yang, J. A.*; Oigawa, Hiroyuki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 116(1-4), p.256 - 258, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

The proton beam duct of the accelerator-driven system (ADS) acts a streaming path for spallation neutrons and photons and causes the activation of the magnets and other devices above the subcritical core. We have performed a streaming analysis at the upper section of the lead-bismuth target/cooled ADS (800MWth). MCNPX was used to calculate the radiation dose from streamed neutrons and photons through the beam duct. For the secondary photon production calculation, cross sections for several actinides were substituted for plutonium because of the lack of gamma production cross section. From the results of this analysis, the neutron dose from the beam duct is about 20 orders higher than that of the bulk shield. The magnets and shield plug were heavily irradiated by streaming neutrons according to the DCHAIN-SP analysis.

Journal Articles

Radiation safety design for the J-PARC project

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Oguri, Tomomi*; Nakano, Hideo*; Sasamoto, Nobuo*; Shibata, Tokushi*; Suzuki, Takenori*; Miura, Taichi*; et al.

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 115(1-4), p.564 - 568, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:51.34(Environmental Sciences)

The High Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, named as J-PARC, is in progress, aiming at studies on the latest basic science and the advancing nuclear technology. In the project, the high-energy proton accelerator complex of the world highest intensity is under construction. In order to establish a reasonable shielding design, both simplified and detailed design methods were used in the shielding design of J-PARC. This paper reviews the present status of the radiation safety design study for J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Neutron shielding and blanket neutronics study on low aspect ratio tokamak reactor

Yamauchi, Michinori*; Nishitani, Takeo; Nishio, Satoshi

Denki Gakkai Rombunshi, A, 125(11), p.943 - 946, 2005/11

Considering the geometrical characteristics of tokamak reactors with low aspect ratio, a basic neutronics strategy was derived to construct the inboard structure mainly for neutron shielding and produce enough tritium in the outboard blanket. The designs for optimal inboard shield were surveyed and necessary thickness was estimated to make the neutron flux low enough on the super-conducting magnet. In addition, the outer blanket designs were studied to attain the tritium breeding ratio (TBR) large enough for a self-sustaining fusion reactor on the basis of the advanced fusion reactor materials.

Journal Articles

Development of a heat-resistant neutron shielding resin for the national centralized tokamak

Morioka, Atsuhiko; Sakurai, Shinji; Okuno, Koichi*; Tamai, Hiroshi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(9), p.645 - 646, 2005/09

A 300 $$^{circ}$$C heat-resistant neutron shielding material is newly developed, which consists of phenol-based resin with 5 weight-% boron. The neutron shielding performance of the developed resin, examined by the $$^{252}$$Cf neutron source, is almost the same as that of the polyethylene. The resin is applicable to the port section of vacuum vessel of the DD plasma device to suppress the streaming neutrons and to reduce the nuclear heating of the superconducting coils.

Journal Articles

Shielding calculation of JSNS

Maekawa, Fujio

Hamon, 15(1), p.10 - 13, 2005/01

Most parts of the 1 MW pulsed spallation neutron source JSNS are regarded as radiation shield in complicated 3-D geometry. We have developed a shielding calculation method with a particle simulation code that is based on the Monte Carlo method. The method enabled us shielding designs for the 3-D shielding structure of JSNS with high accuracy. Basic structure of JSNS was optimized by the design calculations.

JAEA Reports

TIARA annual report 2003

Advanced Radiation Technology Center

JAERI-Review 2004-025, 374 Pages, 2004/11


This annual report describes research and development activities which have been performed with the JAERI TIARA (Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application) facilities from April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2004. Summary reports of 115 papers and brief descriptions on the status of TIARA in the period are contained. A list of publications, the type of research collaborations and organization of TIARA are also given as appendices.

Journal Articles

Experience of HTTR construction and operation; Unexpected incidents

Fujimoto, Nozomu; Tachibana, Yukio; Saikusa, Akio*; Shinozaki, Masayuki; Isozaki, Minoru; Iyoku, Tatsuo

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.273 - 281, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

From a viewpoint of heat leakage, there were two incidents during HTTR power-rise-tests. One was a temperature rise of the primary upper shielding, and the other was a temperature rise of the core support plate. Causes of the both incidents were small amount of helium flow in structures. For the temperature rise of the primary upper shielding, countermeasures to reduce the small amount of helium flow, enhancement of heat release and installation of thermal insulator were taken. For the temperature rise of the core support plate, temperature evaluations were carried out again considering the small amount of helium flow and design temperature of the core support plate was revised. By these countermeasures, the both temperatures were kept below their limits.

Journal Articles

Development of fabrication technology of ITER shielding blanket

Enoeda, Mikio

Koon Gakkai-Shi, 30(5), p.256 - 262, 2004/09

Fabrication technologies for ITER in-vessel components, especially the shielding blanket with the separable first wall panel has been developed. Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) has been applied to the bonding of Cu-alloy/stainless steel and beryllium/Cu-alloy. First wall mock-ups fabricated by using HIP were tested under high heat fluxes and showed sufficient heat removal and thermal fatigue performance. Water jet and electrical discharge machining have been applied to manufacture slots into the first wall panel and the shield block. With these technologies, a first wall panel prototype and a shielding block 1/2 mock-up were successfully fabricated.

JAEA Reports

Results of shielding performance test in rise-to-power test of the HTTR

Ueta, Shohei; Takada, Eiji*; Sumita, Junya; Shimizu, Atsushi; Ashikagaya, Yoshinobu; Umeda, Masayuki; Sawa, Kazuhiro

JAERI-Tech 2004-047, 87 Pages, 2004/06


In the radiation shielding design of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR), strong attention is needed to avoid especially upward neutron streaming. Shielding performance test have been carried out in the Rise-to-power test up to full power operation of 30MW. The measured dose equivalent rates in unrestricted area were lower than the detection limit for neutron-ray, and background level for $$gamma$$-ray. The neutron dose equivalent rate measured in the stand pipes room was about 120$$mu$$Sv/h at full power operation, which was much lower than the shielding design (330 mSv/h) and the prediction (10 mSv/h).

Journal Articles

Measurement of depth distributions of $$^{3}$$H and $$^{14}$$C induced in concrete shielding of an electron accelerator facility

Endo, Akira; Harada, Yasunori; Kawasaki, Katsuya; Kikuchi, Masamitsu

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 60(6), p.955 - 958, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:68.16(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of the AGS spallation target experiment

Nakashima, Hiroshi; Takada, Hiroshi; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Kai, Tetsuya; Konno, Chikara; Ikeda, Yujiro; Oyama, Yukio; Watanabe, Noboru; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Meeting of the Task Force on Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities (SATIF-6), (OECD/NEA No.3828), p.27 - 36, 2004/00

no abstracts in English

192 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)