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Journal Articles

Sodium fire collaborative study progress; CNWG fiscal year 2020

Louie, D. L. Y.*; Aoyagi, Mitsuhiro

SAND2021-0136 (Internet), 53 Pages, 2021/01

This report discusses the progress on the collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) on the sodium fire research in fiscal year 2020. First, the current sodium pool fire model in MELCOR is discussed. The associated sodium fire input requirements are also presented. These input requirements are flexible enough to permit further model development via control functions to enhance the current model without modifying the source code. The theoretical pool fire model improvement developed at SNL is discussed. A control function model has been developed from this improvement. Then, the validation study of the sodium pool fire model in MELCOR is described. To validate this pool fire model with the enhancement, a JAEA F7-1 sodium pool fire experiment is used. The results of the calculation are discussed as well as suggestions for further model improvement. Finally, recommendations are made for new MELCOR simulations for next fiscal year, 2021.

Journal Articles

Sodium fire collaborative study progress; CNWG fiscal year 2019

Louie, D. L. Y.*; Uchibori, Akihiro

SAND2019-15043 (Internet), 35 Pages, 2019/12

This report describes the progress on the sodium fire research in fiscal year 2019 in the Civil Nuclear Energy Research and Development Working Group (CNWG). In this study, the validation study of the sodium pool fire model incorporated into the MELCOR code, which was originally developed for accident analysis in light water reactors, was carried out through the numerical analysis on the sodium pool fire experiment named F7-1. In this preliminary analysis, pool and atmosphere temperature went up to the same level with the measured results, while the unnatural behavior appeared in the latter half of the analysis. Based on this result, recommendations for improvement were made for a new analysis in next fiscal year, 2020.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sodium pool fire and thermal consequence in two-cell configuration

Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Tajima, Yuji*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 4(3), p.16-00577_1 - 16-00577_11, 2017/06

Evaluation of accidental sodium leak, combustion, and its thermal consequence is one of the important issues to be assessed in the field of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). The present paper deals with the sodium pool fire and subsequent heat transfer behavior in air atmosphere two-cell geometry both experimentally and analytically because such two-cell configuration is considered as a typical one to possess important characteristic of multi-compartment system seen in an actual plant. As a result of the numerical analysis using a lumped-parameter based zonal model safety analysis code SPHINCS, the applicability of the ventilation model implemented in SPHINCS has been demonstrated. It is also investigated that the buoyancy- driven ventilation is dominant in the experiment.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sodium pool fire and thermal consequence in two-cell configuration

Ohno, Shuji; Takata, Takashi; Tajima, Yuji*

Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-24) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2016/06

From various kinds of sodium fire situations postulated in SFR plants, the present paper treats the sodium pool fire and subsequent heat transfer behavior in an important air atmosphere two-cell geometry as one of the important cell configuration conditions. The detailed analysis and investigation of sodium fire and thermal-hydraulics in horizontally arranged two cells with an opening between them are made both from experimental measurement and from numerical simulation with a multi-cell sodium fire analysis code SPHINCS.

Journal Articles

Investigation of multi-dimensional effect in sodium leak and fire behavior

Ohno, Shuji

Proceedings of 10th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 9 Pages, 2014/12

This paper presents the typical characteristics of sodium combustion and subsequent reaction heat transfer behaviors observed and investigated in sodium columnar leak and fire experiment which was conducted in an enclosed steel vessel with large inner volume of about 100 m$$^{3}$$. Especially the experiment was carried out with the main focus on the burning phenomenon within a limited spatial area in the case of large sodium leak rate as well as on the multi-dimensional thermal-hydraulics both near a sodium burning zone and in a whole region in the vessel. The investigated experimental results show us that the sodium combustion of columnar leak and its splashed droplets would lead to important oxygen deficiency behavior near the burning region, and be followed by the limitation or saturation of maximum sodium burning rate.

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