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Journal Articles

A Thermodynamic model for ZrO$$_{2}$$(am) solubility at 25$$^{circ}$$C in the Ca$$^{2+}$$-Na$$^{+}$$-H$$^{+}$$-Cl$$^{-}$$-OH$$^{-}$$-H$$_{2}$$O system; A Critical review

Rai, D.*; Kitamura, Akira; Altmaier, M.*; Rosso, K. M.*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*

Journal of Solution Chemistry, 47(5), p.855 - 891, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:8.63(Chemistry, Physical)

We have critically reviewed experimental data for Zr hydrolysis constant values for formation of several mononuclear and polynuclear species and a solubility product value for ZrO$$_{2}$$(am). We have determined new/revised values for the formation constants of Zr(OH)$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$, Zr(OH)$$_{4}$$(aq), Zr(OH)$$_{5}$$$$^{-}$$, Zr(OH)$$_{6}$$$$^{2-}$$ and Ca$$_{3}$$Zr(OH)$$_{6}$$$$^{4+}$$, and the solubility product for ZrO$$_{2}$$(am) after the critical review.

Journal Articles

Issues concerning the determination of solubility products of sparingly soluble crystalline solids; Solubility of HfO$$_{2}$$(cr)

Rai, D.*; Kitamura, Akira; Rosso, K. M.*; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*

Radiochimica Acta, 104(8), p.583 - 592, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:45.9(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Solubility studies were conducted with HfO$$_{2}$$(cr) solid as a function of acid concentrations. These studies involved (1) using two different amounts of the solid phase, (2) acid washing the bulk solid phase, (3) preheating the solid phase to 1400 $$^{circ}$$C, and (4) heating amorphous HfO$$_{2}$$(am) suspensions to 90 $$^{circ}$$C to ascertain whether the HfO$$_{2}$$(am) converts to HfO$$_{2}$$(cr) and to determine the solubility from the oversaturation direction. Based on the results of these treatments it is concluded that the HfO$$_{2}$$(cr) contains a small fraction of less crystalline, but not amorphous, material [HfO$$_{2}$$(lcr)] and this, rather than the HfO$$_{2}$$(cr), is the solubility-controlling phase in the range of experimental variables investigated in this study. The solubility data are interpreted using both the Pitzer and SIT models. The log$$_{10}$$ of the solubility product of HfO$$_{2}$$(cr) is estimated. The observation of a small fraction of less crystalline higher solubility material is consistent with the general picture that mineral surfaces are often structurally and/or imperfect leading to a higher solubility than the bulk crystalline solid. This study stresses the urgent need, during interpretation of solubility data, of taking precautions to make certain that the observed solubility behavior for sparingly-soluble solids is assigned to the proper solid phase.

Journal Articles

The nickel-iodine-sulfur process for thermochemical hydrogen production II; Separation of nickel(II)iodide from nickel(II)sulfate

Shimizu, Saburo; ; Nakajima, Hayato;

Denki Kagaku Oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku, 50(11), p.898 - 903, 1982/00

no abstracts in English

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