Riyana, E. S.; Okumura, Keisuke; Sakamoto, Masahiro; Matsumura, Taichi; Terashima, Kenichi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(4), p.424 - 430, 2022/04
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.368 - 381, 2022/03
We propose a subcriticality determination methodology to be applied during fuel loading of an accelerator-driven system (ADS). In this methodology, subcriticality is determined via the area ratio method (via the proton accelerator) in the first step and by the neutron source multiplication method (through the spontaneous fission neutrons of minor actinides) in subsequent steps; then, the number of fuel assemblies to be loaded in the next step is predicted. We performed a numerical simulation of the proposed methodology, and the estimated subcriticalities agreed well with those obtained by eigenvalue calculations. We also conducted an uncertainty assessment of the proposed methodology and deduced a value of 1000 pcm for the uncertainty. The proposed methodology can be a candidate for practical subcriticality monitoring for ADS.
Katano, Ryota; Yamanaka, Masao*; Pyeon, C. H.*
Nuclear Science and Engineering, 193(12), p.1394 - 1402, 2019/12
The author proposed the linear combination method as a subcriticality measurement method which estimates the prompt neutron decay constant (alpha) correlated with the subcriticality using measurement results obtained at multiple detector positions. In this study, we conduct the pulsed neutron experiment at Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA) and measure alpha by the linear combination method using measured neutron counts. Through experiment, we experimentally show that the linear combination method can reduce the higher-mode effect compared to the conventional method. In addition, experimentally show that the linear combination has capability of the different mode extraction.
Eguchi, Yuta; Sugawara, Takanori; Nishihara, Kenji; Tazawa, Yujiro; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi
Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2018/07
In order to investigate the basic neutronics characteristics of the accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS), JAEA has a plan to construct a new critical assembly in the J-PARC project, Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). This study aims to evaluate the natural cooling characteristics of TEF-P core which has large decay heat by minor actinide (MA) fuel, and to achieve a design that does not damage the core and the fuels during the failure of the core cooling system. In the evaluation of the TEF-P core temperature, empty rectangular lattice tube outer of the core has a significant effect on the heat transfer characteristics. The experiments by using the mockup device were performed to validate the heat transfer coefficient and experimental results were obtained. By using the obtained experimental results, the three-dimensional heat transfer analysis of TEF-P core were performed, and the maximum core temperature was obtained, 294C. This result shows TEF-P core temperature would be less than 327C that the design criterion of temperature.
Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nishihara, Kenji; Yagi, Takahiro*; Pyeon, C.-H.*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(4), p.432 - 443, 2017/04
Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Sasa, Toshinobu; Umeno, Makoto*; Saito, Shigeru; Nishihara, Kenji; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Takano, Hideki*; et al.
EUR-21227 (CD-ROM), p.483 - 493, 2005/00
JAERI is conducting the study on the dedicated transmutation system using the accelerator driven subcritical system (ADS). A subcritical reactor with the thermal power of 800 MW has been proposed. Many research and development activities including the conceptual design study are under way and planned at JAERI to examine the feasibility of the ADS. In the field of the proton accelerator, a superconducting LINAC is being developed. In the field of the spallation target using lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE), material corrosion, thermal-hydraulics, polonium behavior, and irradiation effect on materials are being studied. Moreover, in the framework of the J-PARC project, JAERI plans to construct the Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) to study the feasibility of the ADS using a high-energy proton beam and nuclear fuel and to establish the technology for the LBE spallation target and relevant materials.
Progress in Nuclear Energy, 47(1-4), p.314 - 326, 2005/00
JAERI performs R&D of accelerator-driven systems (ADS) for transmutation of long-lived nuclides under national OMEGA program since 1988. To study the basic characteristics of ADS, Transmutation Experimental Facility is proposed under a framework of JAERI-KEK joint J-PARC project. A comprehensive R&D program for future ADS plant is also performed since 2002. R&D items are categorized into three fields, (1) accelerator (superconducting LINAC design), (2) lead-bismuth target/coolant (material compatibility, thermal-hydraulics around beam window and polonium behavior) and (3) subcritical core (system design, nuclear data, subcriticality measurement, and safety issues of ADS). First phase of the program will be done within three years. Assemble test of the cryomodule, heat transfer experiment using Pb-Bi thermal-hydraulics loop, cold test of polonium vaporization, design study of the 800MW ADS subcritical core are now underway. Part of this job was funded by the MEXT as one of the public offered R&D program for innovative nuclear systems.
Sasa, Toshinobu; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Nishihara, Kenji; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Saito, Shigeru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Umeno, Makoto*; Ouchi, Nobuo; et al.
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 230(1-3), p.209 - 222, 2004/05
JAERI carries out research and development on accelerator-driven system (ADS) to transmute minor actinides and long-lived fission products. The system is composed of high intensity proton accelerator, lead-bismuth spallation target and lead-bismuth cooled subcritical core with nitride fuel. About 2,500 kg of minor actinide is loaded into the subcritical core. Annual transmutation amount using this system is 250 kg with 800MW of thermal output. A superconducting linear accelerator with the beam power of 30MW is connected to drive the subcritical core. Many research and development activities are under way and planned in the fields of subcritical core design, spallation target technology, lead-bismuth handling technology, accelerator development, and minor actinide fuel development. Especially, to study and evaluate the feasibility of the ADS from physics and engineering aspects, the Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) is proposed under a framework of the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project.
Research Committee on Reactor Physics
JAERI-Review 2004-006, 164 Pages, 2004/03
Under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics, the Working Party on Reactor Physics of Subcritical System (ADS-WP) was set in July 2001 to research reactor physics of subcritical system such as Accelerator-Driven System (ADS). The WP, at the first meeting, discussed a guideline of its activity for two years and decided to perform theoretical research for the following subjects: (1) study of reactor physics for a subcritical core, (2) benchmark problems for a subcritical core and their calculations, (3) study of physical parameters affecting to set subcriticality of ADS, and (4) study of measurement and surveillance methods of subcriticality of a subcritical core. The activity of ADS-WP continued up to March 2003. In this duration, the members of the WP met together eight times, including four meetings jointly held with the Workshop on Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactor at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. This report summarizes the result obtained by the above WP activity and research.
JAERI-Conf 2003-012, 317 Pages, 2003/09
An International Symposium on "Accelerator-driven Transmutation Systems and Asia ADS Network Initiative" was held on March 24 and 25, 2003 to make participants acquainted with the current status and future plans for R&D of ADS in the world and to enhance the international collaboration in Asia. Current activities for R&D of ADS were presented from United States, Europe, Japan, Korea, and China. Activities in the fields of accelerator and nuclear physics were also presented. A panel discussion was organized with regard to the prospective international collaboration and multidisciplinary synergy effect, which are essential to manage various technological issues encountered in R&D stage of ADS. Through the discussion, common understanding was promoted concerning the importance of establishing international network.
Nishihara, Kenji; Iwasaki, Tomohiko*; Udagawa, Yutaka*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 40(7), p.481 - 492, 2003/07
A new one-point equation is derived according to the balance of the fission neutrons. The equation has the same form as the conventional equation containing keff. The variables of the equation are the number of the fission neutrons and the delayed neutron precursors, and the coefficients are the multiplication factors of a prompt fission neutron, a delayed neutron and a source neutron. In the equation derived here, all variables and coefficients have each clear physical meaning. Analytic, deterministic and probabilistic calculations of the equation are performed for an accelerator-driven system.
Genshikaku Kenkyu, 47(6), p.39 - 52, 2003/03
Minor actinide (MA) and long-lived fission product (LLFP) keep their radiological toxicity in high level waste of nuclear fuel cycle for long period. In order to transmute such nuclides to short-lived or stable ones, the Accelerator-Driven Transmutation System (ADS) is proposed and developed. This article presents the current status of the research and development on ADS, technical issues to be solved, the experimental program under the framework of the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project (J-PARC), and worldwide activities.
Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Sasa, Toshinobu; Takano, Hideki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Nishihara, Kenji; Kikuchi, Kenji; Kurata, Yuji; Saito, Shigeru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Umeno, Makoto*; et al.
Proceedings of 13th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2002) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2002/10
To reduce the burden on the final disposal of the nuclear waste, the Acclelerator-Driven System (ADS) which can transmute minor actinides efficiently has been studied in JAERI. The proposed ADS design is an 800MWth subcritical core with lead-bismuth coolant and minor-actinide nitride fuel driven by a neutron source of a superconductivity linear accelerator with 30MW and a lead-bismuth spallation target. To realize the ADS, many research and development are under way in the fields of the accelerator, the spallation target and the nitride fuel. Moreover, a new experimental facility, the Transmutation Experimental Facility, is proposed under a framework of the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project to study the feasibility of the ADS from physics and engineering aspects.
Research Committee on Reactor Physics
JAERI-Review 2001-047, 180 Pages, 2002/02
Under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics, the Working Party on Reactor Physics of Accelerator-Driven System (ADS-WP) was set in July 1999 to review and investigate special subjects related to reactor physics research for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS).The ADS-WP, at the first meeting, discussed a task guideline of its activity for two years and decided to concentrate upon three subjects: (1) neutron transport calculations in high energy range, (2) static and kinetic (safety-related) characteristics of subcritical system, and (3) system design including ADS concepts and elemental technology developments required.The activity of ADS-WP continued from July 1999 to March 2001. In this duration, the members of ADS-WP met together four times and discussed the above subjects. In addition, the ADS-WP conducted a questionnaire on requests and proposals for the plan of Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility in the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, which is a joint project between JAERI and KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization).This report summarizes the results obtained by the above ADS-WP activity. The report will be useful to overview those results and moreover to set up a new guideline of future research activity in this field.
Kurata, Yuji; Takizuka, Takakazu; Osugi, Toshitaka; Takano, Hideki
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 301(1), p.1 - 7, 2002/02
no abstracts in English
Sasa, Toshinobu; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Kikuchi, Kenji; Ikeda, Yujiro
Proceedings of American Nuclear Society Conference "Nuclear Applications in the New Millennium" (AccApp-ADTTA '01) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2002/00
A design study of the accelerator-driven system (ADS) for transmutation of minor actinides and long-lived fission products has been performed at Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) under the national OMEGA program. To solve the technical issues related to the ADS development, a transmutation experimental facility (TEF) is planned to bulid under the JAERI-High Energy Accelerator Research Organization joint project. The TEF consists of two facilities, Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility and Transmutation Engineering Experimental Facility. Proton beams of 600 MeV and 0.3 mA are to be delivered to this facility. The presentation describes a conceptual design study of the TEF.
Sasa, Toshinobu; Oigawa, Hiroyuki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi; Nishihara, Kenji; Umeno, Makoto*; Takano, Hideki*
Proceedings of International Conference on Global Environment and Advanced Nuclear Power Plants (GENES4/ANP 2003) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2000/09
Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) performs research and development for accelerator-driven transmutation systems to improve the environmental impact and increase a capacity of waste disposal plant. The system consists of a superconducting proton LINAC, Pb-Bi eutectic spallation target and Pb-Bi cooled subcritical core. Thermal output of the system is 800MW by injection of the proton beam with the power of 20 to 30MW and then, about 250kg of minor actinides can be transmuted annually. To study and evaluate the feasibility of ADS by a physical and an engineering viewpoint, the Transmutation Experimental Facility is proposed under a framework of J-PARC project. In the presentation, the R&D activities by the contract between the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology will be presented.
IAEA-TECDOC-985, 0, p.32 - 43, 1997/11
no abstracts in English
G.D.Spriggs*; R.D.Busch*; Sakurai, Takeshi; Okajima, Shigeaki
Transactions of the American Nuclear Society, 76, p.374 - 375, 1997/06
no abstracts in English
*; X.Chen*; *; Harada, Hideo*; ; Takizuka, Takakazu; Sasa, Toshinobu
Proc. of 2nd Int. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, 2, p.960 - 966, 1996/00
no abstracts in English