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Journal Articles

Corrosion property of container using hybrid material for thermal decomposition process of sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kawai, Daisuke*; Yokota, Hiroki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Kubo, Shinji

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2020/08

A thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur processes (IS process) is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen using heat from solar power. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. This was attributed to the formation of SiO$$_{2}$$ on the surface. The container using the hybrid material was experimentally made. The pre-oxidized container using hybrid technique was prepared for the corrosion test in boiling sulfuric acid to evaluate the corrosion characteristics of the container. There was no detaching of the surface with the weld part and the R processing. We proposed the calculation method of corrosion rate from the ions dissolved in the sulfuric acid solution after the corrosion test.

Journal Articles

R&D status of hydrogen production test using IS process test facility made of industrial structural material in JAEA

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kamiji, Yu; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(25), p.12583 - 12592, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:9.04(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA has been conducting R&D on thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production IS process to develop one of heat applications of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor. A test facility was constructed using corrosion-resistant industrial materials to verify integrity of the IS process components and to demonstrate continuous and stable hydrogen production. The performance of components installed in each section was confirmed. Subsequently, a trial operation of integration of the processing sections was successfully carried out for 8 hours with hydrogen production rate of approximately 10 NL/h. After that, hydrogen production operation was extended to 31 hours (approximately hydrogen production rate of 20 NL/h) by introducing a corrosion-resistance pump system with a developed shaft seal technology.

Journal Articles

IS process hydrogen production test for components and system made of industrial structural material, 2; H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ decomposition, HI distillation, and HI decomposition section

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kamiji, Yu; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2016) (CD-ROM), p.1029 - 1038, 2016/11

JAEA has been conducting R&D on the IS process for nuclear-powered hydrogen production. We have constructed a 100 NL/h-H$$_2$$-scale test apparatus made of industrial materials. At first, we investigated performance of components in this apparatus. In this paper, the test results of H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ decomposition, HI distillation, and HI decomposition were shown. In the H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ section, O$$_2$$ production rate is proportional to H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ feed rate and SO$$_3$$ decomposition ratio was estimated about 80%. In HI distillation section, we confirmed to acquire a concentrated HI solution over azeotropic HI composition in the condenser. In HI decomposition section, H$$_2$$ could be produced stably by HI decomposer and decomposition ratio was about 18%. The H$$_2$$SO$$_4$$ decomposer, the HI distillation column, and the HI decomposer were workable. Based on the results added to that shown in Series I, we conducted a trial continuous operation and succeeded it for 8 hours.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of hybrid tube with Fe-high Si alloy lining by centrifugal casting for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Katsuyama, Jinya; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(3), p.15-00619_1 - 15-00619_8, 2016/06

The IS process for hydrogen production has been developed by JAEA as application of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor. The IS process includes a severe corrosion environment which is made to boil and decompose concentrated sulfuric acid. The two-layer pipe consisted of the Fe-high Si alloy with boiling sulfuric acid-resistant and the carbon steel with the ductility was produced by centrifugal casting. The evaluation of characteristics was carried out. The Fe-high Si alloy lining showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. As evaluation of the Fe / Fe-high Si alloy interface, thermal cycle test was executed. There was no detachment of the interface though the cracks were generated in the vicinity of the interface. It is believed that the cracks parallel to the interface is attributed to the tensile stress during the thermal cyclic test using FEM analysis and the flake graphite precipitate. It was confirmed that the interface possessed the enough strength.

Journal Articles

Development research of corrosion-resistant structural material using Fe-Si alloy lining centrifugal cast-iron for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

The thermochemical water-splitting (IS process) for hydrogen production has been developed by JAEA as application of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor. The IS process includes a severe corrosion environment which is made to boil and decompose concentrated sulfuric acid. Two kinds of brittleness materials, SiC and Fe-high Si alloy, are reported as materials having enough corrosion resistance in this corrosion environment. The two-layer pipe consisted of the Fe-high Si alloy with boiling sulfuric acid-resistant and the carbon steel with the ductility was produced by centrifugal casting. The evaluation of characteristics was carried out. The Fe-high Si alloy lining showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. As evaluation of the Fe / Fe-high Si alloy interface, thermal cycle test (100$$^{circ}$$C-900$$^{circ}$$C) was executed. There was not the interface detachment and it was confirmed to have enough interfacial strength.

Journal Articles

High temperature tensile properties of metallic materials exposed to a sulfuric acid decomposition gas environment

Kurata, Yuji; Tachibana, Katsumi; Suzuki, Tomio

Nihon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 65(4), p.262 - 265, 2001/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Characterization of passive films on Fe-Si alloy in boiling sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; *; ; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Onuki, Kaoru

Journal of Materials Science Letters, 18(18), p.1497 - 1499, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:37.96(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion resistance of Fe-Si alloys in boiling sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Onuki, Kaoru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; *; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo

Zairyo, 46(9), p.1041 - 1045, 1997/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion resistance of oxide scale formed on SiSiC in boiling sulfuric acid

Futakawa, Masatoshi; Onuki, Kaoru; Steinbrech, R. W.*

Hyomen Gijutsu, 48(6), p.88 - 89, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Screening tests on materials of construction for thermochemical IS process

Onuki, Kaoru; Ioka, Ikuo; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo; *

Zairyo To Kankyo, 46(2), p.113 - 117, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

IS Process for thermochemical hydrogen production

Onuki, Kaoru; Nakajima, Hayato; Ioka, Ikuo; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Shimizu, Saburo

JAERI-Review 94-006, 53 Pages, 1994/11

JAERI-Review-94-006.pdf:1.52MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chemical decontamination process with sulfuric acid-cerium(IV) for decommissioning; Decontamination of dismantled components

Suwa, Takeshi; *; *; Tachikawa, Enzo

Proc. of 1991 JAIF Int. Conf. on Water Chemistry in Nuclear Power Plants: Water Chemistry,91, p.737 - 742, 1991/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of cerium(IV) concentration in sulfuric acid and nitric acid solutions by cyclic voltammetry

; ; ; Tachikawa, Enzo

Denki Kagaku, 54, p.974 - 976, 1986/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of chemical decontamination process with sulfuric acid-cerium(IV)for decommissioning; Single step process to dissolve chromium-rich oxides

; ; Tachikawa, Enzo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 23(7), p.622 - 632, 1986/00

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:59.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of hybrid material using plasma spraying for thermo-chemical hydrogen production IS process

Iwatsuki, Jin; Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

no journal, , 

JAEA has pursued the development of a thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process (IS process) to realize hydrogen production systems for high temperature gas cooled reactors. The IS process is a chemical process to produce hydrogen and oxygen from water by combining chemical reactions of iodine (I) and sulfur (S). One of important tasks is to develop corrosion-resistant structural materials because the process uses very corrosive chemicals such as sulfuric acid. A surface reforming technique forming a corrosion-proof coating was introduced to develop a material which is provided with workability, strength, and corrosion resistance. Specimens was fabricated using a silicon plasma spraying, which were examined for corrosion resistance in sulfuric acid solution, concentrations of 47wt% and 95wt%, at temperature of the boiling points. Test results showed the technique is promising to improve corrosion resistance in such harsh environment.

Oral presentation

Corrosion resistance of plasma sprayed and laser treated material with curvature for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

Hydrogen is one of the promising major energy sources in the future. IS process is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen using heat from solar power. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. To achieve a massive hydrogen production system, one of the key factors is the development of structural materials. A hybrid material that combined the corrosion-resistant and the pressure-resistant functions was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The flat specimen of the hybrid material showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. To confirm the applicability of the hybrid material as the structural material, corrosion tests were performed in 98 wt.% boiling sulfuric acid using round bar specimens with the curved surface. The specimens showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid though some cracks were observed in the surface layer from the cross section observation.

Oral presentation

Effect of pre-oxidation on corrosion resistance of plasma sprayed and laser treated material for thermochemical water-splitting process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

IS process is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen. Thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. The corrosion rate of the specimen in 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid was fifty times higher than that in 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. It seems that the cracks of the surface layer weren't sealed up perfectly in the condition of 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. To improve the corrosion resistance of the specimen, the specimen was treated with a thermal treatment for pre-oxidation. The pre-oxidized specimen got superior corrosion resistance in the condition of 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. It was confirmed that the pre-oxidation was effective in improving corrosion resistance of the specimen.

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