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JAEA Reports

Report of the design examination and the installation work for the radiation shield at the beam injection area in the 3 GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

JAEA-Technology 2021-019, 105 Pages, 2021/11

JAEA-Technology-2021-019.pdf:10.25MB

Since a user operation startup, the 3 GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS, such as the magnet, vacuum chambers, beam monitors, etc., increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have organized a task force for the installation of the shield. The task force has aimed to optimize the structure of the radiation shield, construct the installation procedure with due consideration of the worker's dose suppression. As the examination result of the shield design, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The renewal work required to install the shielding has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area. It was a large-scale work to occupy the beam injection area during almost of the summer maintenance period. However, it is considered very meaningful for dose suppression in future maintenance works.

Journal Articles

Radiation shielding installation for beam injection section of 3GeV synchrotron

Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Kamiya, Junichiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Kotoku, Hirofumi*; Horino, Koki*; Yanagibashi, Toru*; Takeda, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazami

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.238 - 242, 2021/10

Since a user operation startup, the 3GeV synchrotron accelerator (Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron: RCS) gradually reinforced the beam power. As a result, the surface dose rate of the apparatus located at the beam injection area of the RCS increases year by year. The beam injection area has many apparatuses which required manual maintenance, so reducing worker's dose is a serious issue. To solve this problem, we have decided to adopt removal shielding that could be installed quickly and easily when needed. We carried out shield installation work during the 2020 summer maintenance period. The installation work of the shield has been carried out in a under high-dose environment. For this reason, reducing the dose of workers was an important issue. So, we carefully prepared the work plan and work procedure in advance. During the work period, we implemented various dose reduction measures and managed individual dose carefully. As a result, the dose of all workers could be kept below the predetermined management value. We had installed removal shielding at the beam injection area in the 2020 summer maintenance period. We confirmed that this shield can contribute to the reduction of the dose during work near the beam injection area.

Journal Articles

Improving fatigue performance of laser-welded 2024-T3 aluminum alloy using dry laser peening

Sano, Tomokazu*; Eimura, Takayuki*; Hirose, Akio*; Kawahito, Yosuke*; Katayama, Seiji*; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Masaki, Kiyotaka*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sano, Yuji*

Metals, 9(11), p.1192_1 - 1192_13, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:60.45(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The purpose of the present study was to verify the effectiveness of dry laser peening (DryLP), which is the peening technique without a sacrificial overlay under atmospheric conditions using femtosecond laser pulses on the mechanical properties such as hardness, residual stress, and fatigue performance. After DryLP treatment of the laser-welded 2024 aluminum alloy, the softened weld metal recovered to the original hardness of base metal, while residual tensile stress in the weld metal and heat-affected zone changed to compressive stresses. The fatigue life almost doubled at a stress amplitude of 180 MPa and increased by a factor of more than 50 at 120 MPa. As a result, DryLP was found to be more effective for improving the fatigue performance of laser-welded aluminum specimens with welding defects at lower stress amplitudes.

Journal Articles

Observation of simulated fuel debris using synchrotron radiation

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Harada, Makoto; Takano, Masahide

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 44(2), p.61 - 64, 2019/04

We performed three-dimensional observation of simulated fuel debris using Synchrotron Computed Tomography (CT). CT was used to make the inside of fuel debris clear. The CT observation provides that a clear contrast in the zirconia rich part and concrete rich part. Zirconia heavier than concrete moved to the lower part when crystals precipitate and aggregates near the bottom surface. As a result, phase separation occurs. The phase separation is caused by the difference in the composition ratio of zirconia, and can also be observed difference in crystal growth mode by composition ratio.

Journal Articles

Intergranular strains of plastically deformed austenitic stainless steel

Suzuki, Kenji*; Shobu, Takahisa

E-Journal of Advanced Maintenance (Internet), 10(4), p.9 - 17, 2019/02

In materials with an elastic anisotropy, a stress difference is generated between crystals when plastic deformation occurs, and it is known that this is deeply involved in material fracture. In this study, the residual stress for load direction in the plastically deformed material was investigated for each crystal orientation using the high-energy synchrotron radiation diffraction method. As a result, it was found that the residual stress is a tensile residual stress at an index with a high X-ray elastic constant (Young's modulus obtained for each diffraction surface) and a compressive residual stress at an index with a low X-ray elastic constant. We believe that this result will be useful for the technique of controlling the crystal orientation like the texture as improving the material strength.

Journal Articles

Preheat effect on titanium plate fabricated by sputter-free selective laser melting in vacuum

Sato, Yuji*; Tsukamoto, Masahiro*; Shobu, Takahisa; Yamashita, Yoshihiro*; Yamagata, Shuto*; Nishi, Takaya*; Higashino, Ritsuko*; Okubo, Tomomasa*; Nakano, Hitoshi*; Abe, Nobuyuki*

Applied Physics A, 124(4), p.288_1 - 288_6, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:59.67(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The dynamics of titanium (Ti) melted by laser irradiation was investigated in a synchrotron radiation experiment. As an indicator of wettability, the contact angle between a selective laser melting (SLM) baseplate and the molten Ti was measured by synchrotron X-rays at 30 keV during laser irradiation. As the baseplate temperature increased, the contact angle decreased, down to 28 degrees at a baseplate temperature of 500$$^{circ}$$C. Based on this result, the influence of wettability of a Ti plate fabricated by SLM in a vacuum was investigated. It was revealed that the improvement of wettability by preheating suppressed sputtering generation, and a surface having a small surface roughness was fabricated by SLM in a vacuum.

Journal Articles

Development of CdTe pixel detectors combined with an aluminum Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs

Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Kawase, Morihiro*; Wu, S.*; Hurukawa, Yukihito*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Sato, Masugu*; Hirono, Toko*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(1), p.C01044_1 - C01044_7, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:15.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have been developing CdTe pixel detectors combined with a Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs. The hybrid pixel detector was designed with a pixel size of 200 micro-meter by 200 micro-meter and an area of 19 mm by 20 mm or 38.2 mm by 40.2 mm. The photon-counting ASIC, SP8-04F10K, has a preamplifier, a shaper, 3-level window-type discriminators and a 24-bits counter in each pixel. The single-chip detector with 100 by 95 pixels successfully operated with a photon-counting mode selecting X-ray energy with the window comparator and stable operation was realized at 20$$^{circ}$$C. We have performed a feasibility study for a white X-ray microbeam experiment. Laue diffraction patterns were measured during the scan of the irradiated position in a silicon steel sample. The grain boundaries were identified by using the differentials between adjacent images at each position.

Journal Articles

Dislocation density of GlidCop with compressive strain applied at high temperature

Sano, Mutsumi*; Takahashi, Sunao*; Watanabe, Atsuo*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.2, p.609 - 614, 2017/00

Dislocation densities of GlidCop with compressive strain applied at high temperature were examined by X-ray line profile analyses with synchrotron radiation. In order to evaluate the dislocation density, we applied the modified Williamson-Hall and modified Warren-Averbach method. The dislocation densities of GlidCop with compressive strain from 0.011-0.04 were in the range of 5.7-8.0$$times$$10$$^{14}$$m$$^{-2}$$.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of internal stress in short-carbon-fiber reinforced plastics by transmission X-ray diffraction

Shimizu, Kenichi*; Koike, Yuki*; Yamada, Taiki*; Oharada, Kazuya*; Tanaka, Keisuke*; Shobu, Takahisa

Zairyo, 65(9), p.657 - 664, 2016/09

The internal stress in crystalline thermoplastics, polyphenylene sulphide (PPS), reinforced by carbon fibers of 30 mass% was measured by the diffraction method using synchrotron with energy of 12.3 keV. The stress in the matrix was determined by the sin2psi method with side-inclination optics of transmitted X-ray diffractions. Using skin-layer strips cut parallel, perpendicular and 45 degree to the molding direction of the injection molded plates, the matrix stress was measured under the uniaxial applied stress. The experimental values were at least qualitatively agreed with the prediction derived based on micromechanics. The quantitative difference between experiment and prediction is mainly due to the neglect of the distribution of fiber orientations in the micromechanics prediction. These residual stresses were caused by the mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficient between matrix and fibers.

Journal Articles

Hydrostatic compression behavior and high-pressure stabilized $$beta$$-phase in $$gamma$$-based titanium aluminide intermetallics

Liss, K.-D.*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Dippenaar, R. J.*; Higo, Yuji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Reid, M.*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Akita, Koichi

Metals, 6(7), p.165_1 - 165_22, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:72.33(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10 GPa range and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase-diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here we report on an in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume-press of a modern ($$alpha_{2}$$ + $$gamma$$) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation $$gamma$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$alpha_{2}$$ rather than volumetric strain, expressed by apparently high bulk moduli of both constituent phases. Crystallographic aspects, specifically lattice strain and atomic order are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that this transformation takes place despite an increase in atomic volume, which is due to the high ordering energy of $$gamma$$. Upon heating under high pressure, both the eutectoid and $$gamma$$-solvus transition temperatures are elevated, and a third, cubic $$beta$$-phase is stabilized above 1350 K. Earlier research has shown that this $$beta$$-phase is very ductile during plastic deformation, essential in near-conventional forging processes. Here, we were able to identify an ideal processing window for near-conventional forging, while the presence of the detrimental $$beta$$-phase is not present under operating conditions. Novel processing routes can be defined from these findings.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive damage assessment in CFRP/Ti laminates by synchrotron radiation laminography

Nakatani, Hayato*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Akita, Koichi; Ogihara, Shinji*

Proceedings of 14th Japan International SAMPE Symposium & Exhibition (JISSE-14) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2015/12

Journal Articles

Hydrogenation of $$L$$1$$_{2}$$-type AlNi$$_{3}$$ alloy at high pressure and temperature

Endo, Naruki*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Machida, Akihiko; Katayama, Yoshinori

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 645(Suppl.1), p.S61 - S63, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Nitrogen K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure of pyrimidine-containing nucleotides in aqueous solution

Shimada, Hiroyuki*; Minami, Hirotake*; Okuizumi, Naoto*; Sakuma, Ichiro*; Ukai, Masatoshi*; Fujii, Kentaro; Yokoya, Akinari; Fukuda, Yoshihiro*; Saito, Yuji

Journal of Chemical Physics, 142(17), p.175102_1 - 175102_9, 2015/05

AA2015-0073.pdf:1.15MB

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:46.84(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Nitrogen K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra of purine-containing nucleotides in aqueous solution

Shimada, Hiroyuki*; Fukao, Taishi*; Minami, Hirotake*; Ukai, Masatoshi*; Fujii, Kentaro; Yokoya, Akinari; Fukuda, Yoshihiro*; Saito, Yuji

Journal of Chemical Physics, 141(5), p.055102_1 - 055102_8, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:55.9(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Li$$_{4}$$FeH$$_{6}$$; Iron-containing complex hydride with high gravimetric hydrogen density

Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Iijima, Yuki*; Endo, Naruki*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*

APL Materials (Internet), 2(7), p.076103_1 - 076103_7, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:68.34(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Comparative study of oxidation on Cu and Cu$$_{3}$$Au surfaces with a hyperthermal O$$_{2}$$ molecular beam

Okada, Michio*; Moritani, Kosuke; Fukuyama, Tetsuya*; Mizutani, Hironori*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Kasai, Toshio*

Surface Science, 600(18), p.4228 - 4232, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:63.36(Chemistry, Physical)

Dissociative adsorption of hyperthermal O$$_{2}$$ molecules on Cu$$_{3}$$Au(100) was investigated by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy in conjunction with a synchrotron light source. Comparing the O-uptake curve on Cu$$_{3}$$Au with that on Cu, it was found that the dissociative adsorption of O$$_{2}$$ is more activated (less reactive) due to Au alloying. The low-energy electron-diffraction (LEED) pattern of c(2$$times$$2) for the clean surface turned into the (1$$times$$1) LEED pattern during the oxidation by hyperthermal O$$_{2}$$ molecular beam, suggesting that the O adsorption induces the Cu-atom segregation on the surface.

Journal Articles

Structure of GaAs(001)-c(4$$times$$4); Comparison of X-ray diffraction and first-principles calculation

Takahashi, Masamitsu; Kratzer, P.*; Penev, E.*; Mizuki, Junichiro

Surface Science, 600(18), p.4099 - 4102, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.01(Chemistry, Physical)

The GaAs(001)-c(4$$times$$4) has been studied by synchrotron surface X-ray diffraction. The atomic coordinates and Debye-Waller factors were determined up to the sixth layer from the surface. The results support the formation of the Ga-As heterodimers. The resultant atomic coordinates were compared with those given by a first-principle calculation. In spite of the theoretical prediction of the stability of the single-heterodimer structure, our data fit best a three-heterodimer model where three heterodimers are present in one unit cell. The preference of the formation of the three heterodimers will be discussed in the relationship with the transition process from the 2$$times$$4 to the c(4$$times$$4) structures.

Journal Articles

Characterization of F$$^{+}$$-irradiated graphite surfaces using photon-stimulated desorption spectroscopy

Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji; Shimoyama, Iwao; Nath, K. G.

Surface and Interface Analysis, 38(4), p.352 - 356, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:8.09(Chemistry, Physical)

We investigated the orientation nature at the top-most layers of F$$^{+}$$-irradiated graphite using polarization dependent near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy which incorporates partial electron yield (PEY) detection and photon-stimulated ion desorption (PSID) techniques. The fluorine K-edge NEXAFS spectra conducted in PEY mode show no significant dependence on polarization angles. In contrast, NEXAFS spectra recorded in F$$^{+}$$ ion yield mode show enhanced yields at a feature of $$sim$$689.4 eV assigned as a $$sigma$$*(C-F) state relevant to =C-F sites, which depend on polarization angles. The C-F bonds prefer relatively tilting down the surface at the top-most layer, while the C-F bonds are randomly directed at deeper regions. We conclude that the difference in the orientation structures between the top surface and bulk is reflected in the NEXAFS recorded in the two different detection modes. It was also found that H$$^{+}$$- and F$$^{2+}$$- PSID NEXAFS spectra are helpful in understanding desorption mechanism, thus in analysing NEXAFS data.

Journal Articles

Residual stress measurement technique using X-ray and neutron diffraction methods

Suzuki, Hiroshi

Netsu Shori, 46(1), p.11 - 18, 2006/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation photoelectron emission study of SiO$$_{2}$$ film formed by a hyperthermal O-atom beam at room temperature

Tagawa, Masahito*; Sogo, Chie*; Yokota, Kumiko*; Hachiue, Shunsuke; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 44(12), p.8300 - 8304, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:22.76(Physics, Applied)

Si oxide layers formed on Si(001) substrates by irradiation of hyperthermal oxygen atomic beams at room temperature were analysed at the JAERI soft X-ray beamline by photoemission spectroscopy. It was found that sub-oxide components were scarcely observed in the Si oxide layers formed by the atomic oxygen beam.

147 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)