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Journal Articles

J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility Program

Maekawa, Fujio; Transmutation Expeimental Facility Design Team

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2505045_1 - 2505045_4, 2018/05

The partitioning and transmutation (P-T) technology has promising potential for volume reduction and mitigation of degree of harmfulness of high-level radioactive waste. JAEA is promoting development of the P-T technology by using an accelerator driven system (ADS). To facilitate the development, we have a plan to construct the Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) as one of experimental facilities of J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex). TEF consists of two facilities: the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) and the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Recent progress in design and R&D efforts toward construction of J-PARC TEF will be presented.

Journal Articles

Design of LBE spallation target for ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in J-PARC

Saito, Shigeru; Obayashi, Hironari; Wan, T.; Okubo, Nariaki; Sugawara, Takanori; Endo, Shinya; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '17) (Internet), p.448 - 457, 2018/05

JAEA proposes transmutation of minor actinides by accelerator-driven systems (ADS). To obtain the data for ADS design, JAEA plans to construct the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) within the framework of the J-PARC project. In TEF-T, a 250 kW proton-beam-driven LBE (Lead-Bismuth Eutectic) spallation target will be installed to prepare an irradiation database for candidate ADS structural materials. Design activities of the LBE target and target trolley have been progressed. Conceptual design of hot-cells for LBE target loop maintenance and PIE (Post Irradiation Examination) of irradiated samples have been finished. Two LBE loops were manufactured. One is a loop for TEF-T target mock-up and the other is that for collection of material corrosion characteristics in flowing LBE. Oxygen potential control systems for LBE flow have been also developed. Remote handling tests for the target exchange are underway. In this paper, current activities and studies to realize TEF-T will be presented.

JAEA Reports

Assessment of lead-bismuth-eutectic leak at ADS Target Test Facility in Transmutation Experimental Facility of J-PARC

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

JAEA-Technology 2017-029, 39 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Technology-2017-029.pdf:2.68MB

Under an assumption that an incident of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) leak from an LBE circulation system occurred during a 250-kW beam operation, an estimation of radiation dose at the site boundary for the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) of J-PARC was conducted using various conservative assumptions. As a result, the radiation dose at the site boundary was estimated to be about 660 $$mu$$Sv, which were dominated by mercury, noble gas, and iodine produced as spallation products from the LBE. Even though the incident scenario was made conservatively, it was shown that the estimated total dose was lower than the annual radiation dose due to natural sources, and the TEF-T has sufficient safety margin for the leak of radioactivity.

Journal Articles

Study on the thermal-hydraulic of TEF-T LBE spallation target in JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 13 Pages, 2017/09

Journal Articles

Status of LBE corrosion test loop "OLLOCHI" and experiments at JAEA

Saito, Shigeru; Okubo, Nariaki; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

NEA/CSNI/R(2017)2 (Internet), p.195 - 200, 2017/06

An ADS (Accelerator Driven System) for waste transmutation investigated in JAEA employs LBE (Lead-Bismuth Eutectic) as spallation target material and core coolant. To realize future ADS and an ADS target experimental facility (TEF-T) planned for construction in J-PARC, there are many technical issues on LBE. In particular, corrosion data of relevant materials like T91 (Mod. 9Cr-1Mo) and SS316L steels at 400-550$$^{circ}$$C under oxygen concentration controlled and flowing condition are indispensable. JAEA has designed and built new LBE corrosion test loop named OLLOCHI (Oxygen-controlled LBE LOop Corrosion tests in HIgh-temperature), to obtain the corrosion data at the higher temperature. The piping of high temperature sections was made by T91 and 2.25Cr-1Mo steel. The maximum temperature of these parts is 550$$^{circ}$$C. At low temperature sections, piping and components were made by SS316L and the maximum temperature is limited to 450$$^{circ}$$C. The status for the OLLOCHI as of March 2016 is that the some modification and the conditioning operation without LBE have already finished. The oxygen sensors and the oxygen control system will be installed soon. After that, the conditioning operation with LBE and oxygen control test will be started. And more, additional flow meters will be installed in each test section until next March. In parallel with these tests, thermal hydraulic analysis of the two test sections will be performed to identify the flow pattern in the specimen holders.

Journal Articles

Study on optimisation of target head design for the TEF-T LBE spallation target

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

NEA/CSNI/R(2017)2 (Internet), p.117 - 127, 2017/06

JAEA Reports

Technical design report on J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility; ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T)

Nuclear Transmutation Division, J-PARC Center

JAEA-Technology 2017-003, 539 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Technology-2017-003.pdf:59.1MB

JAEA is pursuing R&D on volume reduction and mitigation of degree of harmfulness of high-level radioactive waste based on the "Strategic Energy Plan" issued in April 2014. Construction of Transmutation Experimental Facility is under planning as one of the second phase facilities in the J-PARC program to promote R&D on the transmutation technology with using accelerator driven systems (ADS). The TEF consists of two facilities: ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) and Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Development of spallation target technology and study on target materials are to be conducted in TEF-T with impinging a high intensity proton beam on a lead-bismuth eutectic target. Whereas in TEF-P, by introducing a proton beam to minor actinide loaded subcritical cores, physical properties of the cores are to be studied, and operation experiences are to be acquired. This report summarizes results of technical design for construction of one of two TEF facilities, TEF-T.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of globally- & locally-distributed erosion/cavitation damage by using laser ultrasonics

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Kashika Joho Gakkai-Shi (USB Flash Drive), 36(Suppl.2), 8 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

Numerical study on LBE flow behavior of the TEF-T LBE spallation target at JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-11) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2016/10

Oral presentation

Transmutation experimental facility program at J-PARC

Maekawa, Fujio

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Status of J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility Program, 1; Progress in design of ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T)

Maekawa, Fujio

no journal, , 

To contribute to development of Accelerator Driven nuclear transmutation Systems (ADS), construction of the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) is planned as a part of J-PARC Transmutation Experimental Facility. Behavior of structural materials irradiated by a proton beam under flowing liquid lead-bismuth is to be studied at TEF-T. Recent progress in design of TEF-T will be outlined.

Oral presentation

Research on physicochemical composition of spallation products in lead-bismuth eutectic in ADS, 1; Estimation of inventories of spallation products

Maekawa, Fujio; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sasa, Toshinobu; Miyahara, Shinya*; Arita, Yuji*; Ohdaira, Naoya*

no journal, , 

To assess physicochemical composition of spallation products in Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) alloy which was to be used as a spallation neutron target and coolant materials of Accelerator Driven nuclear transmutation Systems (ADS), inventories of spallation products in an LBE loop of J-PARC ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) were evaluated.

Oral presentation

Research on physicochemical composition of spallation products in lead-bismuth eutectic in ADS, 2; Thermodynamic study of physicochemical composition of spallation products

Miyahara, Shinya*; Ohdaira, Naoya*; Arita, Yuji*; Sasa, Toshinobu; Maekawa, Fujio; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

no journal, , 

Representative spallation product elements in a lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) loop in the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) were selected. Chemical compounds of the elements and their concentrations which can be formed in the LBE were evaluated by one point equilibrium calculation by using the integrated thermodynamic calculation system Thermo-Calc.

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