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Journal Articles

R&D status in thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production iodine-sulfur process at JAEA

Noguchi, Hiroki; Takegami, Hiroaki; Kasahara, Seiji; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Kamiji, Yu; Iwatsuki, Jin; Aita, Hideki; Kubo, Shinji

Energy Procedia, 131, p.113 - 118, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:99.72

The IS process is the most deeply investigated thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production cycle. It is in a process engineering stage in JAEA to use industrial materials for components. Important engineering tasks are verification of integrity of the total process and stability of hydrogen production in harsh environment. A test facility using corrosion-resistant materials was constructed. The hydrogen production ability was 100 L/h. Operation tests of each section were conducted to confirm basic functions of reactors and separators, etc. Then, a trial operation for integration of the sections was successfully conducted to produce hydrogen of about 10 L/h for 8 hours.

Journal Articles

Flowsheet study of the thermochemical water-splitting IS process for effective hydrogen production

Kasahara, Seiji; Kubo, Shinji; Hino, Ryutaro; Onuki, Kaoru; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Nakao, Shinichi*

Proceedings of AIChE 2005 Spring National Meeting (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2005/04

Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been conducting the research and development on the thermochemical water-splitting IS process for effective hydrogen production using nuclear heat of close to 1000 $$^{circ}$$C that can be supplied from High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). The activity covers the studies on the process control for the continuous hydrogen production, the process improvements in the HI decomposition procedure and the preliminary screening of corrosion resistant materials of construction. Present status of the study is presented, especially, focusing on the process flowsheeting study concerning the application of membrane process for the HI processing.

Journal Articles

Present status of energy in Japan and HTTR project

Ogawa, Masuro; Nishihara, Tetsuo

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 233(1-3), p.5 - 10, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:83.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An amount of primary energy supply in Japan is increasing year by year. Much energy such as oil, coal and natural gas is imported so that the self-sufficiency ratio in Japan is only 20 % even if including nuclear energy. An amount of energy consumption is also increasing especially in commercial and resident sector and transport sector. As a result, a large amount of greenhouse gas was emitted into the environment. Nuclear energy plays the important role in energy supply in Japan. Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has been carried out research and development of a hydrogen production system using a high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR). The HTTR project aims at the establishment of the HTGR hydrogen production system. Reactor technology of the HTGR, hydrogen production technology with thermochemical water splitting process and system integration technology between the HTGR and a hydrogen production plant are developed in the HTTR project.

Journal Articles

Effects of process parameters of the IS process on total thermal efficiency to produce hydrogen from water

Kasahara, Seiji; Hwang, G.*; Nakajima, Hayato; Choi, H.*; Onuki, Kaoru; Nomura, Mikihiro

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 36(7), p.887 - 899, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:88.09(Engineering, Chemical)

Thermal efficiency of the IS thermochemical hydrogen production process was evaluated. Sensitivities of operation conditions (HI conversion ratio, pressure and reflux ratio at HI distillation and concentration of HI after EED) and nonidealities of the process (electric energy loss in EED, loss at heat exchangers and loss of waste heat recovery as electricity) were investigated. Concentration of HI after EED had the most significant effect of 13.3 % on thermal efficiency in operation conditions. Nonidealities had importance on thermal efficiency. Thermal efficiency was 56.8 % with optimized operation conditions and no nonidealities.

Journal Articles

Research and development of HTTR hydrogen production systems

Shiozawa, Shusaku; Ogawa, Masuro; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Onuki, Kaoru; Takeda, Tetsuaki; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Hayashi, Koji; Kubo, Shinji; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Ohashi, Hirofumi

Proceedings of 17th KAIF/KNS Annual Conference, p.557 - 567, 2002/04

The research and development program on nuclear production of hydrogen was started on January in 1997 as a study consigned by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. A hydrogen production system connected to the HTTR is being designed to be able to produce hydrogen of about 4000 m3/h by steam reforming of natural gas, using a nuclear heat of 10 MW supplied by the HTTR. In order to confirm controllability, safety and performance of key components in the HTTR hydrogen production system, the facility for an out-of-pile test was constructed on the scale of approximately 1/30 of the HTTR hydrogen production system. Essential tests are also carried out to obtain detailed data for safety review and development of analytical codes. Other basic studies on the hydrogen production technology of thermochemical water splitting called an iodine sulfur (IS) process, has been carried out for more effective and various uses of nuclear heat. This paper describes the present status and a future plan on the R&D of the HTTR hydrogen production systems in JAERI.

Journal Articles

Present status of development study on HTGR heat application systems at JAERI

Higashi, Shunichi; Nakajima, Hayato; Kubo, Shinji; Onuki, Kaoru; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Shimizu, Saburo; Akino, Norio

Proceedings of the Seminar on HTGR Application and Development, p.164 - 175, 2001/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion resistance of Fe-Si alloys in boiling sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Onuki, Kaoru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; *; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo

Zairyo, 46(9), p.1041 - 1045, 1997/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Screening tests on materials of construction for thermochemical IS process

Onuki, Kaoru; Ioka, Ikuo; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo; *

Zairyo To Kankyo, 46(2), p.113 - 117, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

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