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Journal Articles

Dynamics of water in a catalyst layer of a fuel cell by quasielastic neutron scattering

Ito, Kanae; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shinohara, Akihiro*; Takata, Shinichi; Kawakita, Yukinobu

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 125(39), p.21645 - 21652, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.77(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Water distribution in Nafion thin films on hydrophilic and hydrophobic carbon substrates

Ito, Kanae; Harada, Masashi*; Yamada, Norifumi*; Kudo, Kenji*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Kanaya, Toshiji*

Langmuir, 36(43), p.12830 - 12837, 2020/11

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:58.79(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of the glass transition of polystyrene thin films in a broad frequency range

Inoue, Rintaro*; Kanaya, Toshiji*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Fukao, Koji*

Physical Review E, 97(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_6, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:67.38(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In this study, we investigate the $$alpha$$ process of a polystyrene thin film using inelastic neutron scattering (INS), dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS), and thermal expansion spectroscopy (TES). The DRS and TES measurements exhibited a decrease in glass transition temperature ($$T_{rm g}$$) with film thickness. On the other hand, an increase in $$T_{rm g}$$ was observed in INS studies. In order to interpret this contradiction, we investigated the temperature dependence of the peak frequency ($$f_{rm m}$$) of the $$alpha$$ process probed by DRS and TES. The experiments revealed an increase in the peak frequency ($$f_{rm m}$$) with decreasing film thickness in the frequency region. This observation is consistent with the observed decrease in $$T_{rm g}$$ with thickness. The discrepancy between INS and DRS or TES descriptions of the $$alpha$$ process is likely to be attributed to a decrease in the apparent activation energy with film thickness and reduced mobility, due to the impenetrable wall effect.

Journal Articles

RHEED observation of BaTiO$$_3$$ thin films grown by MBE

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Sakaue, Kiyoshi*; Terauchi, Hikaru*

Surface Science, 529(3), p.283 - 287, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:43.35(Chemistry, Physical)

Ferroelectric BaTiO$$_3$$ thin filmwith a thickness of 10ML were epitaxally grown on SrTiO$$_3$$ (001) substrate by very slow deposition using MBE. The investigation were carried out by two growth methods: (i) codeposition and (ii) alternate deposition. In-situ observation of RHEED confirmed that an epitaxial cube-on-cube structure was prepared. After the deposition, X-ray diffraction measurements were carried out. The 10-ML-thick BaTiO$$_3$$ films were highly ${it c}$-axis oriented single crystals with good film quality.

Journal Articles

Polymerisation process of 1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne epitaxially grown films studied by high-resolution electron microscopy

*; Isoda, S.*; Kurata, Hiroki; *; *; Kobayashi, Takashi*

Polymer, 39(3), p.591 - 597, 1998/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:26.89(Polymer Science)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of labile Cs-137 in Fukushima rivers by diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT, 2; Examination in river basins

Tanaka, Takuro*; Saito, Takumi*; Toda, Kanako*; Fujiwara, Kenso; Terashima, Motoki; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Kobayashi, Natsuko*; Tanoi, Keitaro*

no journal, , 

Cs-137 dispersed by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident deposited in Fukushima area, that are not decontaminated in mountainous areas, may migrate through river water to animals and plants. Most of Cs-137 in river are fixed in clay minerals, but there are some Cs that can be easily desorbed, named as labile components. It has been suggested that labile components affect the bioavailability of Cs-137. In this study, the labile Cs-137 was sampled in situ from upstream to downstream in several rivers of Fukushima using a passive sampler called diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT). Sampling was conducted at a different season in addition to the previous studies.

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