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Journal Articles

Neoclassical transport simulations with an improved model collision operator

Matsuoka, Seikichi*; Sugama, Hideo*; Idomura, Yasuhiro

Physics of Plasmas, 28(6), p.064501_1 - 064501_5, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The improved model collision operator proposed by Sugama et al., which can recover the friction-flow relation of the linearized Landau collision operator, is newly implemented in a global full- f gyrokinetic simulation code, GT5D, and collisional transport simulations of a single ion species plasma in a tokamak are performed over the wide collisionality regime. The improved operator is verified to reproduce the theoretical collisional thermal diffusivity precisely in the high collisionality regime, where the friction-flow relation of higher accuracy is required than in the lower collisional regime. In addition, it is found in all collisionality regimes that the higher accuracy of the collisional thermal diffusivity and the parallel flow coefficient is obtained by the improved operator, demonstrating that collisional processes described by the linearized Landau collision operator is correctly retained.

Journal Articles

Integration of transportation simulation with a level 3 PRA code for nuclear power plants

Shimada, Kazumasa; Sakurahara, Tatsuya*; Reihani, S.*; Mohagehgh, Z.*

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2020 (ASRAM 2020) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2020/11

Level 3 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (Level 3 PRA) and Traffic simulation were integrated to evaluate the effects of evacuation more realistically on radiation exposure to residents in the offsite consequence analysis. In this study, WinMACCS was used as the Level 3 PRA code. As a test case, the Sequoyah Nuclear Power Plant(NPP) site, which was targeted by the State-of-the-Art Reactor Consequence Analyzes (SOARCA) issued by U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 2017, was adopted. The MultiAgent Transport Simulation (MATSim) was used to simulate the evacuation of a Sequoyah NPP's 10-mile Emergency Planning Zone. For the transportation route choice, the route where each vehicle chooses the shortest distance and the route where the total evacuation time is shortened by iterative calculation were chosen. In the calculation of MACCS, the source term with the shortest release start time in the SOARCA report was adopted. As an example of the results, the radiation dose of the residents when the evacuation time was optimized was reduced by about 30% from the dose when the shortest distance was selected. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis was conducted, and it was shown that the evacuation preparation time was the largest factor that contributed to the radiation dose to residents.

Journal Articles

Gamma detector response simulation inside the pedestal of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Riyana, E. S.; Okumura, Keisuke; Terashima, Kenichi; Matsumura, Taichi; Sakamoto, Masahiro

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00543_1 - 19-00543_8, 2020/06

Journal Articles

Dosimetric dependence of ocular structures on eye size and shape for external radiation fields of electrons, photons, and neutrons

Furuta, Takuya; El Basha, D.*; Iyer, S. S. R.*; Correa Alfonso, C. M.*; Bolch, W. E.*

Journal of Radiological Protection, 39(3), p.825 - 837, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Environmental Sciences)

Despite large variation of human eye, only one computational eye model has been adopted in almost all the radiation transport simulation studies. We thus adopted a new scalable and deformable eye model and studied the radiation exposure by electrons, photons, and neutrons in the standard radiation fields such as AP, PA, RLAT, ROT, by using Monte Carlo radiation transport code PHITS. We computed the radiation exposure for 5 eye models (standard, large, small, myopic, hyperopic) and analyzed influence of absorbed dose in ocular structures on eye size and shape. Dose distribution of electrons is conformal and therefore the absorbed doses in ocular structures depend on the depth location of each ocular structure. We thus found a significant variation of the absorbed doses for each ocular structure for electron exposure due to change of the depth location affected by eye size and shape. On the other hand only small variation was observed for photons and neutrons exposures because of less conformal dose distribution of those particles.

Journal Articles

Estimation method of systematic uncertainties in Monte Carlo particle transport simulation based on analysis of variance

Hashimoto, Shintaro; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(4), p.345 - 354, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Particle transport simulations based on the Monte Carlo method have been applied to shielding calculations. Estimation of not only statistical uncertainty related to the number of trials but also systematic one induced by unclear physical quantities is required to confirm the reliability of calculated results. In this study, we applied a method based on analysis of variance to shielding calculations. We proposed random- and three-condition methods. The first one determines randomly the value of the unclear quantity, while the second one uses only three values: the default value, upper and lower limits. The systematic uncertainty can be estimated adequately by the random-condition method, though it needs the large computational cost. The three-condition method can provide almost the same estimate as the random-condition method when the effect of the variation is monotonic. We found criterion to confirm convergence of the systematic uncertainty as the number of trials increases.

Journal Articles

A Scalable and deformable stylized model of the adult human eye for radiation dose assessment

El Basha, D.*; Furuta, Takuya; Iyer, S. S. R.*; Bolch, W. E.*

Physics in Medicine & Biology, 63(10), p.105017_1 - 105017_13, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.26(Engineering, Biomedical)

With recent changes in the recommended annual limit on eye lens exposures to ionizing radiation by International Commission on Radiological Protection, there is considerable interest in predictive computational dosimetry models of the human eye and its various ocular structures. Several computational eye models to date have been constructed for this purpose but they are typically constructed of nominal size and of a roughly spherical shape associated with the emmetropic eye. We therefore constructed a geometric eye model that is both scalable (allowing for changes in eye size) and deformable (allowing for changes in eye shape), and that is suitable for use in radiation transport studies of ocular exposures and radiation treatments of eye disease. As an example, electron and photon anterior-posterior radiation transport with the constructed eye model was conducted and analyzed resultant energy-dependent dose profiles. Due to anterior-posterior irradiation, the energy dose response was shifted to higher energy for a larger-size eye or an axially deformed eye in prolate shape because the structures were located in deeper depth compared to the normal eye.

Journal Articles

Toroidal angular momentum balance during rotation changes induced by electron heating modulation in tokamak plasmas

Idomura, Yasuhiro

Physics of Plasmas, 24(8), p.080701_1 - 080701_5, 2017/08

AA2017-0264.pdf:1.52MB

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:45.29(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An electron heating modulation numerical experiment based on a global full-f gyrokinetic model shows that transitions from ion temperature gradient driven (ITG) turbulence to trapped electron mode (TEM) turbulence induced by electron heating generate density peaking and rotation changes. Toroidal angular momentum balance during the rotation changes is revealed by direct observation of toroidal angular momentum conservation, in which in addition to ion turbulent stress, ion neoclassical stress, radial currents, and toroidal field stress of ions and electrons are important. Toroidal torque flipping between ITG and TEM phases is found to be related to reversal of the ion radial current that indicates coupling of particle and momentum transport channels. The ion and electron radial currents are balanced to satisfy the ambipolar condition, and the electron radial current is cancelled by the electron toroidal field stress, which indirectly affects toroidal torque.

Journal Articles

Physics of strong internal transport barriers in JT-60U reversed-magnetic-shear plasmas

Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Takizuka, Tomonori; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Fujita, Takaaki; Kamada, Yutaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Koide, Yoshihiko

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A55 - A61, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:26.58(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Profile formation and sustainment of autonomous tokamak plasma with current hole configuration

Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Takizuka, Tomonori; Ozeki, Takahisa

Nuclear Fusion, 45(8), p.933 - 941, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:43.77(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

We have investigated profile formation and sustainment of current hole (CH) plasma by 1.5D transport simulations with current limit model inside CH based on Axisymmetric Tri-Magnetic-Islands equilibrium. Sharp reduction of anomalous transport in RS region can reproduce JT-60U experiments. The transport becomes neoclassical-level in RS region, which results in autonomous profile formation of ITB and CH through large bootstrap current. ITB width determined by neoclassical-level transport agrees with that in JT-60U. Energy confinement inside ITB agrees with JT-60U scaling. The scaling means that core plasma inside ITB is governed by MHD equilibrium limit, i.e., autonomous limitation of energy confinement. The plasma with large CH is sustained with full current drive by bootstrap current. The plasma with small CH and small bootstrap current fraction shrinks due to penetration of inductive current. This shrink is prevented and CH size can be controlled by appropriate external CD. CH plasma is found to respond autonomically to external CD. Application of CH plasma to reactor is discussed.

Journal Articles

$$delta f$$ simulations of microturbulence

Idomura, Yasuhiro

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(8), p.581 - 592, 2005/08

A gyrokinetic particle simulation is a powerful tool in studying tokamak microturbulence. A $$delta f$$ method, which is a standard method in recent gyrokinetic particle simulations, dramatically improved an efficiency of a particle simulation by reducing a particle noise, and full torus turbulence simulations are enabled. In this paper, the $$delta f$$ method is reviewed, and issues in full torus gyrokinetic particle simulations are discussed.

Journal Articles

Profile formation and sustainment of autonomous tokamak plasma with current hole configuration

Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Takizuka, Tomonori; Ozeki, Takahisa

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

Profile formation and sustainment of tokamak plasmas with current hole (CH) have been investigated by using 1.5D transport simulations. A current limit model inside CH based on the Axisymmetric Tri-Magnetic-Islands equilibrium is introduced. We found that the sharp reduction of anomalous transport in the reversed-shear (RS) region can reproduce JT-60U experiment. The transport becomes neoclassical-level in RS region, which results in the autonomous formation of internal transport barrier (ITB) and CH through large bootstrap current. ITB width determined by neoclassical-level transport agrees with that in JT-60U. Energy confinement inside ITB agrees with JT-60U scaling, which means autonomous limitation of energy confinement. The plasma with large CH is sustained with the full current drive by bootstrap current. The plasma with small CH and small bootstrap current fraction shrinks due to inductive current penetration. This shrink is prevented and the CH size can be controlled by appropriate external current drive (CD). The CH plasma is found to respond autonomically to external CD.

Journal Articles

Numerical study of zonal flow dynamics and electron transport in electron temperature gradient driven turbulence

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physics of Plasmas, 11(4), p.1493 - 1510, 2004/04

 Times Cited Count:57 Percentile:87.05(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The electron temperature gradient (ETG) driven turbulence in tokamak core plasmas is numerically investigated based on three-dimensional gyrofluid model with adiabatic ion response. Attentions are focused on the zonal flow dynamics in ETG fluctuations and the resultant electron heat transport. A high electron energy confinement mode is found in the weak magnetic shear regime, which is closely relevant with self-organization behavior of turbulence through the enhanced zonal flow dynamics rather than the weak shear stabilization of ETG fluctuations. It is demonstrated that the weak shear is favorable for the enhancement of zonal flows in ETG turbulence.

Journal Articles

Interaction between small-scale zonal flows and large-scale turbulence; A Theory for ion transport intermittency in tokamak plasmas

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physical Review Letters, 89(11), p.115002_1 - 115002_4, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:78.24(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Interaction between small-scale zonal flows and large-scale turbulence is investigated. The key mechanism is identified as radially non-local mode coupling. Fluctuating energy can be non-locally transferred from the unstable longer to stable or damped shorter wavelength region, so that turbulence spectrum is seriously deformed and deviated from the nonlinear power law structure. Three-dimensional gyro-fluid ion temperature gradient (ITG) turbulence simulations show that an ion transport bursting behavior is consistently linked to the spectral deformity with the causal role of ITG-generated zonal flows in tokamak plasmas.

Journal Articles

Zonal flows in gyrofluid simulations of slab electron temperature gradient turbulence

Li, J.; Kishimoto, Yasuaki

Physics of Plasmas, 9(4), p.1241 - 1254, 2002/04

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:73.62(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Zonal flows can be generated by drift wave turbulence through the nonlinear interactions. 3-D gyrofluid simulations show that in a turbulent system driven by electrostatic sheared slab electron temperature gradient(ETG) modes, the excitation of zonal flows is a slower process that indicates the amplitudes grow up approximately proportionally to time. The zonal flows are very weak comparing with the background turbulence and hardly work for suppressing the turbulent electron heat transport. The dynamics of zonal flows is numerically explored through starting zonal flow component in the quasi-steady state.

Journal Articles

A One-dimensional dynamical soil-atmosphere tritiated water transport model

Yamazawa, Hiromi

Environmental Modelling & Software, 16(8), p.739 - 751, 2001/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-energy particle transport code NMTC/JAM

Niita, Koji*; Takada, Hiroshi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 184(3), p.406 - 420, 2001/11

 Times Cited Count:74 Percentile:97.77(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

AVS user's guide on the basis of practice

*; Kato, Katsumi*; Kume, Etsuo;

JAERI-Tech 97-028, 37 Pages, 1997/07

JAERI-Tech-97-028.pdf:1.32MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Review on impurity transport in divertors

Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Takizuka, Tomonori; Sakasai, Akira

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 241-243, p.167 - 181, 1997/00

 Times Cited Count:46 Percentile:94.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Theory and simulation of self-organized critical transport driven by toroidal ITG turbulence in tokamak plasmas

Kishimoto, Yasuaki; J.Y.Kim*; Tajima, Toshiki*; W.Horton*; J.Furnish*

Theory of Fusion Plasmas, ISPP17, p.213 - 226, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of the code system ACCEL for accelerator based transmutation research

; Sasa, Toshinobu; Takada, Hiroshi; Takizuka, Takakazu

Proc. of 2nd Int. Conf. on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, 1, p.668 - 674, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)