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Journal Articles

Impact of soil erosion potential uncertainties on numerical simulations of the environmental fate of radiocesium in the Abukuma River basin

Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Shimadera, Hikari*; Kondo, Akira*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 225, p.106452_1 - 106452_12, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Environmental Sciences)

This study focused on the uncertainty of the factors of the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and evaluated its impacts on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs simulated by a radiocesium transport model in the Abukuma River basin. The USLE has five physically meaningful factors: the rainfall and runoff factor (R), soil erodibility factor (K), topographic factor (LS), cover and management factor (C), and support practice factor (P). The simulation results showed total suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs outflows were the most sensitive to C and P among the all factors. Therefore, land cover and soil erosion prevention act have the great impact on outflow of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs. Focusing on land use, the outflow rates of $$^{137}$$Cs from the forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields were large. This study indicates that land use, especially forest areas, croplands, and undisturbed paddy fields, has a significant impact on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs.

Journal Articles

Land use types control solid wash-off rate and entrainment coefficient of Fukushima-derived $$^{137}$$Cs, and their time dependence

Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Onda, Yuichi*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Igarashi, Yasunori*; Kato, Hiroaki*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105990_1 - 105990_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:41.01(Environmental Sciences)

JAEA Reports

User manual of Soil and Cesium Transport (SACT), a program to predict long-term Cs distribution using USLE for soil erosion, transportation and deposition

Saito, Hiroshi; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Kitamura, Akihiro

JAEA-Testing 2016-003, 68 Pages, 2016/12

JAEA-Testing-2016-003.pdf:6.4MB

JAEA has developed a simple and fast simulation program "SACT" (Soil and Cesium Transport) to predict a long-term distribution of Cs deposited on the land surface due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. It calculates soil movement (erosion, transportation, deposition) and Cs migration, and predicts its future distribution with the assumption that it is adhered to soil. SACT uses USLE (Universal Soil Loss Equation) for potential soil loss and simple equations for soil transportation and deposition. The Cs amount is predicted by the amount of soil movement and Cs concentration ratio for each grain-size of soil. SACT is characterized by its simplicity which enables fast calculation for wide area for long-term duration using existing equations. Data for parameters are widely available and site-specific calculations are possible using data of the targeted area. This manual provides useful and necessary information to users and facilitates the use of SACT widely.

Journal Articles

Orbital angular momentum and interpretation of core-absorption magnetic circular dichroism on the band picture in Co-based Heusler alloys Co$$_{2}Y$$Sn ($$Y$$=Ti, Zr, and Nb)

Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Imada, Shin*; Arai, Ryuji*; Utsunomiya, Hiroshi*; Suga, Shigemasa*; Muro, Takayuki*; Saito, Yuji; Kanomata, Takeshi*; Ishida, Shoji*

Physical Review B, 65(10), p.104410_1 - 104410_6, 2002/03

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:12.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) of core-level absorption [x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)] spectra in the soft x-ray region has been measured for the ferromagnetic Heusler alloys Co$$_{2}$$TiSn, Co$$_{2}$$ZrSn, and Co$$_{2}$$NbSn. The many-peak structures which are clearly observed in the Co 2p-3d XAS-MCD spectra cannot be well explained by atomic multiplet calculations but are better explained by the Co 3d unoccupied states predicted by linear muffin-tin orbital atomic sphere approximation band structure calculations. The MCD spectra show an obvious contribution of the orbital angular momentum component to the magnetic moment in these alloys. The ratio between the orbital angular momentum and spin derived from the MCD spectra varies by more than a factor of 2 within these alloys. The mechanism of this variation is discussed in comparison with the band structure calculations.

Journal Articles

$$omega$$-like diffraction anomaly in the premartensitic $$beta$$$$_{1}$$ phase of AuCuZn$$_{2}$$ alloy

*; *; Morii, Yukio; ; Katano, Susumu; Funahashi, Satoru; H.R.Child*

Mater. Trans. JIM, 32(11), p.1011 - 1016, 1991/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:56.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Uncertainty analysis on soil erosion parameters for radiocesium transport in the Abukuma River basin

Ikenoue, Tsubasa; Shimadera, Hikari*; Kondo, Akira*

no journal, , 

This study focused on the uncertainty of the factors of the USLE and evaluated its impacts on the environmental fate of $$^{137}$$Cs simulated by a radiocesium transport model in the Abukuma River basin. In the USLE, soil loss is expressed as a product of factors representing rainfall (R factor), geology (K factor), topographic (L $$times$$ S factor) and land cover and soil erosion prevention act (C $$times$$ P factor). The simulation results showed total outflows of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs were the most sensitive to C $$times$$ P factor among the all factors. Therefore, land cover and soil erosion prevention methods have the great impact on outflow of suspended sediment and $$^{137}$$Cs.

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