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JAEA Reports

Preparation of carbonate slurry simulating chemical composition of slurry in overflowed high integrity container and evaluation of its characteristics

Horita, Takuma; Yamagishi, Isao; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Kashiwaya, Ryunosuke*

JAEA-Technology 2021-012, 34 Pages, 2021/07

JAEA-Technology-2021-012.pdf:2.1MB
JAEA-Technology-2021-012(errata).pdf:0.15MB

Waste mainly consisting of carbonate precipitates (carbonate slurry) from the Advanced Liquid Processing System (ALPS) and the improved ALPS at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Holdings, Inc. have been storing in the High Integrity Container (HIC). The supernatant solution of carbonate slurry contained in some of HICs were overflowed in April of 2015. The all of level of liquid in the HICs were investigated; however, almost of the HICs were under the level of overflow. The mechanism of overflow suggested to be depending on the difference of the properties of the carbonate slurry such as the retention/release characteristics of the bubbles. Therefore, in order to clarify the mechanism of leakage, the repeatability experiment was carried out by using simulated carbonate slurry. The simulated carbonate slurry was perpetrated by using the same cross-flow filter system of the actual ALPS. Moreover, the preparative conditions for the simulated carbonate slurry were the same as Mg/Ca concentration ratio in inlet water of the ALPS (raw water) and the ALPS operating conditions. The chemical characteristics of simulated carbonate slurries were revealed by ICP-AES, pH meter, etc. The density of the settled slurry layer tended to increase depending on the calcium concentration in the raw water. The bubble injection test was conducted in order to investigate the bubble retention/release behavior in the simulated carbonate slurry layer. The simulated carbonate slurry with high settling density, which was generated by high calcium concentration solution was revealed to retain the injected bubbles. Since the ratio of concentration calcium and magnesium during the carbonate slurry generation is assumed to affect the retention of bubbles in the slurry layer, the information on the composition of raw water is one of important factor for overflow of HICs.

Journal Articles

Pressure resistance thickness of disposal containers for spent fuel direct disposal

Sugita, Yutaka; Taniguchi, Naoki; Makino, Hitoshi; Kanamaru, Shinichiro*; Okumura, Taisei*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 19(3), p.121 - 135, 2020/09

A series of structural analysis of disposal containers for direct disposal of spent fuel was carried out to provide preliminary estimates of the required pressure resistance thickness of the disposal container. Disposal containers were designed to contain either 2, 3 or 4 spent fuel assemblies in linear, triangular or square arrangements, respectively. The required pressure resistance thickness was evaluated using separation distance of the housing space for each spent fuel assembly as a key model parameter to obtain the required thickness of the body and then the lid of the disposal container. This work also provides additional analytical technical knowledge, such as the validity of the setting of the stress evaluation line and the effect of the model length on the analysis. These can then be referred to and used again in the future as a basis for conducting similar evaluations under different conditions or proceeding with more detailed evaluations.

JAEA Reports

Radiation exposure estimates on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Nakashima, Mikio

JAERI-Tech 2002-006, 58 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-006.pdf:2.56MB

Radiation exposure was estimated on production and utilization of recycled items using dismantling waste by assuming that their usage are restricted to nuclear facilities. The radiation exposure attributed to production of a steel-plate cast iron waste container, a receptacle for slag, and a drum reinforcement was calculated to be in the range of several $$mu$$Sv to several tens of $$mu$$Sv even in recycling contaminated metal waste of which radioactivity concentration of Co-60 is higher than the clearance level by a factor of two figures. It is also elucidated that casting of a multiple casting waste package meets the standards of dose equivalent rate for the transport of a radioactive package and the weight of the package will be able to kept around 20 tons for the convenience of the handling, in case of disposal of metal waste less than 37MBq/g with the steel-plate cast iron waste container. As the results, from the radiological exposure's point of view, it should be possible to use slightly contaminated metal for recycled items in waste management.

Journal Articles

An Investigation of steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting process for recycling of low level radioactive metal waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Materials Science Forum, 329-330, p.441 - 448, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting with steel shot mold

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Proceedings Modeling of Casting & Solidification Processes 4, 1999, p.437 - 445, 1999/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Investigation of steel plate-cast iron hybrid casting process for recycling of low level radioactive metal waste

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni; Akimoto, Jun*; Takahashi, Kenji*; Shindo, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Daihachiro*; Almansour, A.*; Okane, Toshimitsu*; Umeda, Takateru*

Int. J.Cast Metals Res., 11(5), p.339 - 343, 1999/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Restricted recycling technology development for radioactive metallic waste; Waste container fablication tests

Nakamura, Hisashi; Hirabayashi, Takakuni

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Dai-6-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu '98 Koen Rombunshu, p.371 - 376, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design concept of disposal systems for highly activated waste

Okoshi, Minoru; Abe, Masayoshi; Yoshimori, Michiro; Sakai, Akihiro

Proc. of Waste Management'98 (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 1998/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Survey on drum container for radioactive wastes

; *;

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 23(5), p.338 - 341, 1981/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effect of atmosphere on degradation of polyethylene under $$gamma$$-ray irradiation

Idesaki, Akira*; Barr, L.; Taguchi, Mitsumasa*; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji

no journal, , 

Because 1F water treatment secondary waste slurry is stored in a high-performance polyethylene container, it is necessary to understand radiation degradation of polyethylene. In particular, this study was conducted because there is no knowledge about the influence of water or slurry. Stress cracking properties, one of the indicators of degradation of polyethylene, were different in air and in water (and in slurry). This difference was considered together with the results of other characteristic tests. In addition, it was revealed that degradation is effectively suppressed in any environment by containing an antioxidant in polyethylene.

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