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JAEA Reports

Development of tailor-made adsorbents for uranium recovery from seawater on the basis of uranyl coordination chemistry (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Institute of Technology*

JAEA-Review 2021-041, 42 Pages, 2022/01

JAEA-Review-2021-041.pdf:2.03MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of tailor-made adsorbents for uranium recovery from seawater on the basis of uranyl coordination chemistry" conducted in FY2020. On the basis of deep understanding on uranyl coordination chemistry, we design molecular structures of pentadentate ligands as functional moieties for uranium adsorption from seawater and study coordination chemistry of uranyl ion with those ligands in order to resolve current problems in uranium recovery technology from seawater and to develop novel selective and efficient adsorbents for this purpose.

JAEA Reports

Data of groundwater chemistry obtained in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (FY2020)

Miyakawa, Kazuya

JAEA-Data/Code 2021-003, 25 Pages, 2021/05

JAEA-Data-Code-2021-003.pdf:1.91MB

Development of technologies to investigate properties of deep geological environment and model development of geological environment have been pursued in "Geoscientific Research" in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (HURL) project. In the fiscal year 2020, to proceed remaining important issues which were deduced from the conclusion of the investigations during the fiscal year 2015-2019, basic data such as groundwater chemistry need to be successively acquired. In the fiscal year 2020, groundwater was sampled from boreholes drilled in the 140 m, 250 m, 350 m gallery in the HURL, and water rings settled in three each vertical shaft, and groundwater chemistries of 41 samples were analyzed. Here, analytical results of groundwater chemistry such as physicochemical parameters, dissolved ions, oxygen and hydrogen isotope ratios, and tritium content, which were obtained in the fiscal year 2020, were reported along with a detailed description of analytical methods.

JAEA Reports

Development of tailor-made adsorbents for uranium recovery from seawater on the basis of uranyl coordination chemistry (Contract research); FY2019 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project

Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Institute of Technology*

JAEA-Review 2020-026, 41 Pages, 2020/12

JAEA-Review-2020-026.pdf:3.25MB

The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2019. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of Tailor-Made Adsorbents for Uranium Recovery from Seawater on the Basis of Uranyl Coordination Chemistry". On the basis of deep understanding on uranyl coordination chemistry, we design molecular structures of pentadentate ligands as functional moieties for uranium adsorption from seawater and study coordination chemistry of uranyl ion with those ligands in order to resolve current problems in uranium recovery technology from seawater and to develop novel selective and efficient adsorbents for this purpose.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami Group and the Toki Granite (fiscal year 2019)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Aosai, Daisuke*; Hara, Naohiro*

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-012, 80 Pages, 2020/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-012.pdf:3.55MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2019. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2018)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2019-019, 74 Pages, 2020/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2019-019.pdf:3.53MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2018. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Boron chemistry during transportation in the high temperature region of a boiling water reactor under severe accident conditions

Miwa, Shuhei; Takase, Gaku; Imoto, Jumpei; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Miyahara, Naoya; Osaka, Masahiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(3), p.291 - 300, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:42.44(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For the evaluation of transport behavior of control material boron in a severe accident of BWR from the viewpoint of chemical effects on cesium and iodine behavior, boron chemistry during transportation in the high temperature region above 400 K was experimentally investigated. The heating tests of boron oxide specimen were conducted using the dedicated experimental apparatus reproducing fission product release and transport in steam atmosphere. Released boron oxide vapor was deposited above 1,000 K by the condensation onto stainless steel. The boron deposits and/or vapors significantly reacted with stainless steel above 1,000 K and formed the stable iron-boron mixed oxide (FeO)$$_{2}$$BO$$_{3}$$. These results indicate that released boron from degraded BWR control blade in a severe accident could remain in the high temperature region such as a Reactor Pressure Vessel. Based on these results, it can be said that the existence of boron deposits in the high temperature region would decrease the amount of transported cesium vapors from a Reactor Pressure Vessel due to possible formation of low volatile cesium borate compounds by the reaction of boron deposits with cesium vapors.

JAEA Reports

Hydrochemical investigation at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Compilation of groundwater chemistry data in the Mizunami group and the Toki granite (fiscal year 2017)

Fukuda, Kenji; Watanabe, Yusuke; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Hayashida, Kazuki*; Aosai, Daisuke*; Kumamoto, Yoshiharu*; Iwatsuki, Teruki

JAEA-Data/Code 2018-021, 76 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2018-021.pdf:3.78MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been investigating groundwater chemistry to understand the influence of excavation and maintenance of underground facilities as part of the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in Mizunami, Gifu, Japan. In this report, we compiled data of groundwater chemistry and microbiology obtained at the MIU in the fiscal year 2017. In terms of ensuring traceability of data, basic information (e.g. sampling location, sampling time, sampling method and analytical method) and methodology for quality control are described.

Journal Articles

Corrosion of structural materials and electrochemistry in high-temperature water; Relationships among water chemistry, corrosion, oxide film and electrochemical corrosion potential

Uchida, Shunsuke; Hanawa, Satoshi; Kysela, J.*; Lister, D. H.*

Power Plant Chemistry, 18(1), p.6 - 17, 2016/01

In order to establish reliable NPP operation, each plant requires its own unique optimal water chemistry control based on careful consideration of its system, materials and operational history. Electrochemistry is one of key issues that determine corrosion related problems, e.g., FAC. Based on the relationships among ECP, metal surface conditions and exposure time, a model to evaluate ECP and corrosion rate of steel was developed by coupling an electrochemical model and an oxide layer growth model. Major conclusions are as follows. (1) The effects of water chemistry improvement and mass transfer coefficients due to local flow velocity on FAC wall thinning rate and ECP could be evaluated with the proposed model. (2) The effects of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ and O$$_{2}$$ concentrations on ECP were evaluated with the model. Exposure time dependent ECPs were also explained as the effects of oxide film growth on the specimens. (3) Decreases in ECP due to neutron exposure were explained by radiation-induced diffusion in the oxide layers.

JAEA Reports

Data of groundwater chemistry obtained in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project (2011-2013)

Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Nobuyuki; Miyakawa, Kazuya; Mizuno, Takashi

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-033, 43 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-033.pdf:3.92MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2014-033-appendix(CD-ROM).zip:0.09MB

Development of technologies to investigate properties (conditions) of deep geological environment and models development of geological environment have been pursued in "Geoscientific Research" in the Horonobe underground research laboratory (Horonobe URL) project. A geochemical model of groundwater evolution which is a part of geological environment model requires the data of groundwater chemistry around the Horonobe URL for the development. This report summarizes the data obtained for 3 years (i.e., from the fiscal year 2011 to 2013), especially for the results for measurement of physico-chemical parameters and analysis of groundwater chemistry, in the Horonobe URL project.

JAEA Reports

Development of facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test for irradiated materials

Nakano, Junichi; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Endo, Shinya

JAERI-Tech 2003-092, 54 Pages, 2004/01

JAERI-Tech-2003-092.pdf:14.05MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a degradation phenomenon caused by synergy of neutron radiation, aqueous environment and stress on in-core materials, and it is an important issue in accordance with increase of aged light water reactors. Isolating crack initiation stage from crack growth stage is very useful for the evaluation of the IASCC behavior. Hence facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test (SSRT) for irradiated material was developed. As performance demonstrations of the facility, tensile test with in-situ observation and SSRT without observation were carried out using unirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 561 K water at 9 MPa. The following were confirmed from the results. (1) Handling, observation and recording of specimen can be operated using manipulators in the hot cell. (2) In-situ observation can be performed in pressurized high temperature water and flat sheet type specimen is suitable for the in-situ observation. (3) Test condition can be kept constantly and data can be obtained automatically for long test period.

JAEA Reports

Design study of water chemistry control system for IASCC irradiation test

Mori, Yuichiro*; Ide, Hiroshi; Nabeya, Hideaki; Tsukada, Takashi

JAERI-Tech 2002-003, 32 Pages, 2002/02

JAERI-Tech-2002-003.pdf:2.24MB

In relation to the aging of Light Water Reactor (LWR), the Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking (IASCC) has been regarded as a significant and urgent issue for the reliability of in-core components of LWR, and the irradiation research on the IASCC is now under schedule. With the progress of the irradiation research on reactor materials, well-controlled environment conditions during irradiation testing are required. Especially for irradiation testing of IASCC studies, water chemistry control is essential in addition to the control of neutron fluence and irradiation temperature.According to these requirements, at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), an irradiation testing facility that simulates in-core environment of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) has been designed to be installed in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). This facility is composed of the Saturated Temperature Capsules (SATCAP) that are installed into the JMTR's core to irradiate material specimens, the Water Control Unit that is able to supply high-temperature and high-pressure chemical controlled water to SATCAP, and other components.This report describes the design study of water chemistry control system of the Water Control Unit. The design work has been performed in the fiscal year 1999.

JAEA Reports

Analytical results of radiochemistry of the JRR-3M

;

JAERI-Tech 97-029, 47 Pages, 1997/07

JAERI-Tech-97-029.pdf:1.82MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

The Aqueous solubility and speciation analysis for uranium, neptunium and selenium by the geochemical code (EQ3/6)

Takeda, Seiji; ; Kimura, Hideo; Matsuzuru, Hideo

JAERI-Research 95-069, 47 Pages, 1995/11

JAERI-Research-95-069.pdf:1.65MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Water chemistry management in cooling system of research reactor in JAERI

N.Suparit*; ;

JAERI-Tech 95-001, 60 Pages, 1995/02

JAERI-Tech-95-001.pdf:1.84MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Safety and sensitivity analyses of a generic geologic disposal system for high-level radioactive waste

Kimura, Hideo; Takahashi, Tomoyuki; ; Matsuzuru, Hideo

JAERI-Research 94-028, 50 Pages, 1994/11

JAERI-Research-94-028.pdf:2.3MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Current status and perspectives of study of zircaloy cladding waterside corrosion in LWRs

Suzuki, Motoe; Furuta, Teruo

JAERI-M 92-162, 57 Pages, 1992/11

JAERI-M-92-162.pdf:1.97MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Chemistry and radiochemistry tests of N.S.MUTSU; Reports on N.S.MUTSU power-up tests

; *; *; ;

JAERI-M 92-002, 56 Pages, 1992/02

JAERI-M-92-002.pdf:1.92MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Chemical behavior of neptunium in groundwater

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 32(10), p.970 - 974, 1990/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:58.26(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced chemical reactions of carbon monoxide and hydrogen mixture, 4; On the water produced by the addition of small amounts of ammonia

; ; *

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 27(2), p.153 - 155, 1986/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Primary Cooling Water Decomposition in Reactor

Tone, Hirohito; Yamamoto, Katsumune; Okagawa, Seigo; Yokouchi, Iichiro; Atomura, Masakatsu*

JAERI 1204, 11 Pages, 1971/03

JAERI-1204.pdf:0.75MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Water Chemistry of JPDR

JAERI 1135, 21 Pages, 1967/08

JAERI-1135.pdf:1.25MB

no abstracts in English

21 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)