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Journal Articles

The Effects of addition of carbon dioxide and water vapor on the dynamic behavior of spherically expanding hydrogen/air premixed flames

Katsumi, Toshiyuki; Yoshida, Yasuhito*; Nakagawa, Ryo*; Yazawa, Shinya*; Kumada, Masashi*; Sato, Daisuke*; Thwe, T. A.; Chaumeix, N.*; Kadowaki, Satoshi

Journal of Thermal Science and Technology (Internet), 16(2), p.21-00044_1 - 21-00044_13, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:51.09(Thermodynamics)

The effects of addition of CO$$_{2}$$ and water vapor on characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen/air premixed flames were elucidated experimentally. By Schlieren photography, wrinkles on the flame surface were clearly observed in low equivalence ratios. The propagation velocity increased monotonically as the flame radius became larger and flame acceleration was found. Increasing the addition of inert gas, the propagation velocity decreased, especially in the case of CO$$_{2}$$ addition. Moreover, the Markstein length and the wrinkling factor decreased. This indicated that the addition of Co$$_{2}$$ or H$$_{2}$$O promoted the unstable motion of hydrogen flames, which could be due to the enhancement of the diffusive-thermal effect. Based on the characteristics of dynamic behavior of hydrogen flames, the parameters used in the mathematical model on propagation velocity including flame acceleration was obtained, and then the flame propagation velocity under various conditions was predicted.

JAEA Reports

Development of correlation of gaseous ruthenium transfer rate to condensed water in accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of reprocessed high level liquid waste in Fuel Reprocessing Facilities

Yoshida, Kazuo; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Yoshida, Naoki; Amano, Yuki; Abe, Hitoshi

JAEA-Research 2017-015, 18 Pages, 2018/01

JAEA-Research-2017-015.pdf:3.08MB

An accident of evaporation to dryness by boiling of high level liquid waste is postulated as one of the severe accidents at a fuel reprocessing facility. It was observed at the experiments that a large amount of ruthenium (Ru) is volatilized and transfer to the vapor phase in the tank. The nitric acid and water mixed vapor released from the tank is condensed. Volatilized Ru is expected to transfer into the condensed water at the compartments in the building. Quantitative estimation of the amount of Ru transferred condensed water is key issues to evaluate the reduction the amount of Ru through leak path in the facility building. This report presents that a correlation has been developed for Ru transfer rate to condensed water with vapor condensing rate based on the experimental results and additional thermal-hydraulic simulation of the experiments. Applicability of the correlation has been also demonstrated with the accident simulation of typical facilities in full-scale.

Journal Articles

Corrosion test of HTGR graphite with SiC coating

Chikhray, Y.*; Kulsartov, T.*; Shestakov, V.*; Kenzhina, I.*; Askerbekov, S.*; Sumita, Junya; Ueta, Shohei; Shibata, Taiju; Sakaba, Nariaki; Abdullin, Kh.*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2016) (CD-ROM), p.572 - 577, 2016/11

Application of SiC as corrosion-resistive coating over graphite remains important task for HTGR. This study presents the results of chemical interaction of the SiC gradient coating over the high-density IG-110 graphite with water vapor in the temperature up to 1673 K. The experiments at 100 Pa of water vapor showed that the passive reaction caused to form SiO$$_{2}$$ film on the surface of SiC coating. Active corrosion of SiC in 1Pa of water vapor leads to deposits of various carbon composites on its surface.

Journal Articles

A Large-scale numerical simulation of bubbly and liquid film flows in narrow fuel channels

Takase, Kazuyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ose, Yasuo*; Akimoto, Hajime

Proceedings of 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2005/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tritium recovery from solid breeder blanket by water vapor addition to helium sweep gas

Kawamura, Yoshinori; Iwai, Yasunori; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Nishi, Masataka

Fusion Science and Technology, 48(1), p.654 - 657, 2005/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Adding some amount of hydrogen to the helium sweep gas is effective for tritium extraction from blanket, but it causes permeation of tritium to a cooling system. In the design study of a demonstration reactor in JAERI, tritium leakage has been estimated to be about 20% of bred tritium under typical sweep gas conditions. If these tritiums are recovered under the ITER-WDS condition, tritium leakage limitation has to be less than 0.3% of typical case. Water vapor addition to the sweep gas is effective not only for blanket tritium extraction but also for permeation prevention. The reaction rate of isotope exchange is larger than the case of H$$_2$$, and the equilibrium constant is also expected to be about 1.0. When the H/T ratio is 100, tritium inventory of breeder material is larger than the case of H$$_2$$ addition. However it is not so large. In case of H$$_2$$O sweep, separation of tritiated water from helium seems to be easyer, but the process that changes HTO to HT is necessary.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation on large-scale bubbly flow behavior in a narrow duct

Takase, Kazuyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Tamai, Hidesada; Ose, Yasuo*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai 2004-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu, Vol.2 (No.04-1), p.251 - 252, 2004/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of a water-vapor two-phase film flow in a narrow coolant channel with a three-dimensional rectangular rib

Takase, Kazuyuki; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Ose, Yasuo*; Tamai, Hidesada

JSME International Journal, Series B, 47(2), p.323 - 331, 2004/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A One-dimensional dynamical soil-atmosphere tritiated water transport model

Yamazawa, Hiromi

Environmental Modelling & Software, 16(8), p.739 - 751, 2001/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Deposition of HTO to water surface during a chronic HT release experiment

Noguchi, Hiroshi; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Yokoyama, Sumi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki

KURRI-KR-61, p.18 - 25, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermohydraulic experiments on a water jet into vacuum during ingress of coolant event in a fusion experimental reactor

Ogawa, Masuro; Kunugi, Tomoaki

Fusion Engineering and Design, 29, p.233 - 237, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:60.06(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Oxidation behavior of boronated graphite in helium containing water vapor

Fujii, Kimio; Nomura, Shinzo; *; Shindo, Masami

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 187, p.32 - 38, 1992/00

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:58.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effects of water vapor on the radiolysis of methane over molecular sieve 5A

;

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 33(6), p.567 - 572, 1989/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Calculation of the primary radiolysis yield of water vapor irradiated by 10-keV electrons

Ono, Shinichi; ; *; *

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 48(7), p.2153 - 2157, 1975/07

 Times Cited Count:18

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Studies of ceramic fuels with use of fission gas release loop, 4; Fission gas release from uranium carbide in the presence of trace amounts of water vapor

; ; ; Shiba, Koreyuki; ; ; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 11(9), p.387 - 394, 1974/09

 Times Cited Count:2

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Method for improving the collecting performance of iodine samplers under high relative humidity

; ;

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 10(5), p.292 - 300, 1973/05

no abstracts in English

16 (Records 1-16 displayed on this page)
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