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Journal Articles

Evaluation of internal strain distribution of dissimilar laser welding using high energy X-rays

Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*; Muramatsu, Toshiharu*

SPring-8/SACLA Riyo Kenkyu Seikashu (Internet), 9(5), p.318 - 323, 2021/08

Laser welding has already been put into practical use for various metal materials because the irradiation area is very small and the control is easy. In this study, we evaluated strain, stress, deformation, etc. near the processing affected area by high-energy synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction method, which is one of the problems of laser welding of different materials that are expected to be put into practical use. As a result of internal deformation measurement of the bonding of dissimilar materials of copper and iron, it was confirmed that the copper side with a high coefficient of linear expansion was hardly deformed, strong tensile strain on the iron side, and a plastic deformation region on the heat-affected zone. In addition, a retained austenite phase, which is thought to be caused by the mixture of copper, was observed in the plastic deformation region of iron, and further problems were clarified in the evaluation of material strength in the mixed metallic materials.

Journal Articles

New design of high power mercury target vessel of J-PARC

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Naoe, Takashi; Hanano, Kohei*; Haga, Katsuhiro; Shimada, Tsubasa*; Kanomata, Kenichi*

Materials Science Forum, 1024, p.145 - 150, 2021/03

To realize a high beam power operation at the J-PARC, a mercury target vessel covered with water shroud was developed. In the first step, to realize an operation at 500 kW, the basic structure of the initial design was followed and the connection method between the mercury vessel and the water shroud was changed. Additionally, the operation at a beam power of 500 kW was realized in approximately eight months. In the second step, to realize the operation at 1 MW, the new structure in which only rear ends of vessels were connected was investigated. Cooling of the mercury vessel is used to reduce thermal stress and thick vessels of the water shroud are used to increase stiffness for the internal pressure; therefore, it was adopted. The stress in each vessel was lower than the allowable stress based on the pressure vessel code criteria prescribed in the Japan Industrial Standard, and confirmation was obtained that the operation with a beam power of 1 MW could be conducted.

JAEA Reports

Introduction of a new framework of safety, maintenance and quality management activities in Japan Atomic Energy Agency under the new nuclear regulatory inspection system since FY 2020

Sono, Hiroki; Sukegawa, Kazuhiro; Nomura, Norio; Okuda, Eiichi; Study Team on Safety and Maintenance; Study Team on Quality Management; Task Force on New Nuclear Regulatory Inspection Systems

JAEA-Technology 2020-013, 460 Pages, 2020/11

JAEA-Technology-2020-013.pdf:13.46MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has completed the introduction of a new frame work of safety, maintenance and quality management activities under the new acts on the Regulation of nuclear source material, nuclear fuel material and reactors since April 2020, in consideration of variety, specialty and similarity of nuclear facilities of JAEA (Power reactor in the research and development stage, Reprocessing facility, Fabrication facility, Waste treatment facility, Waste burial facility, Research reactor and Nuclear fuel material usage facility). The JAEA task forces on new nuclear regulatory inspection systems prepared new guidelines on (1) Safety and maintenance, (2) Independent inspection, (3) Welding inspection, (4) Free-access response, (5) Performance indicators and (6) Corrective action program for the JAEA's nuclear facilities. New Quality management systems and new Safety regulations were also prepared as a typical pattern of these facilities. JAEA will steadily improve these guidelines, quality management systems and safety regulations, reviewing the official activities under the new regulatory inspection system together with the Nuclear Regulation Authority and other nuclear operators.

Journal Articles

Improving fatigue performance of laser-welded 2024-T3 aluminum alloy using dry laser peening

Sano, Tomokazu*; Eimura, Takayuki*; Hirose, Akio*; Kawahito, Yosuke*; Katayama, Seiji*; Arakawa, Kazuto*; Masaki, Kiyotaka*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sano, Yuji*

Metals, 9(11), p.1192_1 - 1192_13, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:63.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The purpose of the present study was to verify the effectiveness of dry laser peening (DryLP), which is the peening technique without a sacrificial overlay under atmospheric conditions using femtosecond laser pulses on the mechanical properties such as hardness, residual stress, and fatigue performance. After DryLP treatment of the laser-welded 2024 aluminum alloy, the softened weld metal recovered to the original hardness of base metal, while residual tensile stress in the weld metal and heat-affected zone changed to compressive stresses. The fatigue life almost doubled at a stress amplitude of 180 MPa and increased by a factor of more than 50 at 120 MPa. As a result, DryLP was found to be more effective for improving the fatigue performance of laser-welded aluminum specimens with welding defects at lower stress amplitudes.

Journal Articles

Recent studies for structural integrity evaluation and defect inspection of J-PARC spallation neutron source target vessel

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Shintaku, Yohei*; Li, T.*; Murakami, Kazuya*; Kanomata, Kenichi*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.3 - 11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.22(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The mercury target vessel is designed as multi-walled structure with thin wall (min. 3 mm), and assembled by welding. In order to estimate the structural integrity of the vessel, it is important to measure the defects in welding accurately. For nondestructive tests of the welding, radiographic testing is applicable but it is difficult to detect for some defect shapes. Therefore it is effective to do ultrasonic testing together with it. Because ultrasonic methods prescribed in JIS inspect on the plate with more than 6 mm in thickness, these methods couldn't be applied as the inspection on the vessel with thin walls. In order to develop effective method, we carried out measurements using some testing method on samples with small defect whose size is specified. In the case of the latest phased array method, measured value agreed with actual size. It was found that this method was applicable to detect defects in the thin-walled structure for which accurate inspection was difficult so far.

Journal Articles

Welding technology R&D of Japanese accident tolerant fuel claddings of FeCrAl-ODS steel for BWRS

Kimura, Akihiko*; Yuzawa, Sho*; Sakamoto, Kan*; Hirai, Mutsumi*; Kusagaya, Kazuyuki*; Yamashita, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 2017 Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting (WRFPM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/09

The effect of Al addition on the PRW weldability of ODS steel is shown with the discussion focusing on the microstructure changes by the welding. The ordinary welding methods including electron beam (EB) welding and tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding were also applied to the SUS430 endcap welding to cladding tube made of FeCrAl-ODS steel. The endcap welded ODS steel tube samples were tensile tested at RT. The EB welded FeCrAl-ODS/SUS430 samples broke in the ODS steel tube, indicating that the weld bond is stronger than the ODS base metal. However, the TIG welded FeCrAl-ODS/SUS430 samples broke at a weld bond. X-ray CT scan analysis was performed for the weld bond, and the bonding strength was correlated with the X-ray CT results in order to assess the feasibility of those welding methods for ATF-ODS steel cladding.

Journal Articles

Study on shot peened residual stress distribution under cyclic loading by numerical analysis

Ikushima, Kazuki*; Kitani, Yuji*; Shibahara, Masakazu*; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Furukawa, Takashi*; Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi

Yosetsu Gakkai Rombunshu (Internet), 35(2), p.75s - 79s, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of weldments using irradiated stainless steel welded by the laser method for ITER blanket replacement

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takada, Fumiki; Kono, Wataru*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 355(1-3), p.119 - 123, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, the bending properties of welding joint of irradiated material and un-irradiated material (irradiated/un-irradiated joints) were investigated using SS316LN-IG, which is the candidate material for the cooling pipe of ITER. The results of this study showed that the bending position of joints using un-irradiated material was un-irradiated part and that the bending position of irradiated/irradiated joints was fusion area or HAZ (heat affected zone). Although the bending position of joints was different bor the combination pattern between irradiated and un-irradiated materials, the bending strength of joint was almost same. Additionally, it is confirmed that bending strength did not depend on the combination pattern between the irradiated and un-irradiated materials, nor on the relationship between the heat input direction and the bending load direction.

JAEA Reports

Rationalization and utilization of double-wall vacuum vessel for tokamak fusion facility

Nakahira, Masataka

JAERI-Research 2005-030, 182 Pages, 2005/09

JAERI-Research-2005-030.pdf:12.57MB

It is difficult for Vacuum Vessel (VV) of ITER to apply a non-destructive in-service inspection (ISI) and then new safety concept is needed. Present fabrication standards are not applicable to the VV, because the access is limited to the backside of closure weld of double wall. Fabrication tolerance of VV is $$pm$$5mm even the structure is huge as high as 10m. This accuracy requires a rational method on the estimation of welding deformation. In this report, an inherent safety feature of the tokamak is proved closing up a special characteristic of termination of fusion reaction due to tiny water leak. A rational concept not to require ISI without sacrificing safety is shown based on this result. A partial penetration T-welded joint is proposed to establish a rational fabrication method of double wall. Strength and susceptibility to crevice corrosion is evaluated for this joint and feasibility is confirmed. A rational method of estimation of welding deformation for large and complex structure is proposed and the efficiency is shown by comparing analysis experimental results of full-scale test.

Journal Articles

Residual stress evaluation of butt weld sample of high tensile strength steel using neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Holden, T. M.*; Moriai, Atsushi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Morii, Yukio

Zairyo, 54(7), p.685 - 691, 2005/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of neutron stress measurement method without stress-free lattice constant to practical material

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Moriai, Atsushi; Minakawa, Nobuaki*; Morii, Yukio

Zairyo, 54(3), p.339 - 345, 2005/03

In a conventional method of a neutron stress measurement, it is required to know the stress-free lattice constant accurately. A new stress measurement method, which does not need the lattice constant of the strain-free material, was applied to evaluate the residual stress distributions in welded sample. The lattice constant distribution which was measured by using our proposed method showed an increase as close to the weld zone, and the absolute value of the lattice constant almost agreed with the lattice constant which was measured using coupons cut from welded sample. Therefore, it is possible to predict the lattice constant by using our proposed method. The residual stress distributions were evaluated by using conventional method and our proposed method. As a result, the residual stress distributions decided by our proposed method almost agreed with those measured by conventional method. This proposed method can be applied to determination of the residual stress states in the samples with the complex residual stress states.

Journal Articles

Remote maintenance technology for ITER

Kakudate, Satoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi

Kensa Gijutsu, 7(11), p.28 - 33, 2002/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Tensile and fatigue strength of a through-wall-electron-beam-welded joint for the vacuum vessel of a fusion reactor

Suzuki, Takayuki*; Usami, Saburo*; Kimura, Takae*; Koizumi, Koichi; Nakahira, Masataka; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*

Proceedings of 55th Annual Assembly of International Institute of Welding (IIW2002), 16 Pages, 2002/06

A new type of welded joint for the outer wall and rib of a double-walled vacuum vessel of a fusion reactor has been developed. The joint is manufactured by through-wall electron-beam welding (TW-EBW), in which the beam is injected from the outside of the outer wall. Static and fatigue tests are carried out on one-bead-specimens under an axial load and two-bead-specimens under a bending load. The experimental results are analytically investigated by FEM. Although this joint is partially penetrated, the net yield strength of the bead is increased by the plastic constraint due to triaxial tensile stress in the weldment. This phenomenon reduces the mean equivalent stress on the bead cross section, and the gross strength of the joint is close to that of a full thickness welded joint. The fatigue-strength reduction factor for low-cycle fatigue life is a little larger than four. The calculated fatigue-crack growth rate in the joint is conservatively calculated by using the maximum stress intensity factor of the crack and the fatigue-crack growth rate given in ASME Code Section XI.

JAEA Reports

Development of fabrication technology for ITER vacuum vessel

Nakahira, Masataka; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Kajiura, Soji*; Shibui, Masanao*; Koizumi, Koichi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Taguchi, Ko*; Oka, Kiyoshi; Obara, Kenjiro; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-029, 27 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Tech-2002-029.pdf:2.04MB

The ITER vacuum vessel (VV) R&D has progressed with the international collaborative efforts by the Japan, Russia and US Parties during the Engineering Design Activities (EDA). Fabrication and testing of a full-scale VV sector model and a port extension have yielded critical information on the fabrication and assembly technologies of the vacuum vessel, magnitude of welding distortions, dimensional accuracy and achievable tolerances during sector fabrication and field assembly. In particular, the dimensional tolerances of $$pm$$3 mm for VV sector fabrication and $$pm$$10 mm for VV sector field assembly have been achieved and satisfied the requirements of $$pm$$5 mm and $$pm$$20 mm, respectively. Also, the basic feasibility of the remote welding robot has been demonstrated. This report presents detailed fabrication and assembly technologies such as welding technology applicable to the thick wall without large distortion, field joint welding technology between sectors and remote welding technology through the VV R&D project.

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with high creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

JSME International Journal, Series A, 45(1), p.104 - 109, 2002/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with high creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Creep and Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures (CREEP7), p.93 - 99, 2001/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress and achievements on the R&D activities for ITER vacuum vessel

Nakahira, Masataka; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Koizumi, Koichi; Onozuka, Masanori*; Ioki, Kimihiro*

Nuclear Fusion, 41(4), p.375 - 380, 2001/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:18.85(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Irradiation-coupling techniques using JMTR and another facility

Matsui, Yoshinori; Itabashi, Yukio; Shimizu, Michio; Tsuji, Hirokazu

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 283-287(Part.2), p.997 - 1000, 2000/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a filler metal for weldments of a Ni-Cr-W superalloy with superior creep strength

Kurata, Yuji; Saito, T.*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Takatsu, T.*; Shindo, Masami; Nakajima, Hajime

Nihon Gakujutsu Shinkokai Genshiro Zairyo Dai-122-Iinkai Shiryoshu, p.279 - 282, 2000/11

no abstracts in English

40 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)