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JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 16th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research; October 15-16, 2015, Kizugawa, Kyoto, Japan

Secretariat of Symposium on Advanced Photon Research

JAEA-Conf 2016-001, 53 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Conf-2016-001.pdf:6.17MB

The 16th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research was held at Kansai Photon Science Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA-KPSI) in Kizugawa city, Kyoto on October 15 - 16, 2015. This report consists of invited and contributed papers presented at the oral and poster sessions in the Symposium.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 15th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research; November 13-14, 2014, Kizugawa, Kyoto, Japan

Secretariat of Symposium on Advanced Photon Research

JAEA-Conf 2015-001, 93 Pages, 2015/07

JAEA-Conf-2015-001.pdf:27.43MB

The 15th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research was held at Kansai Photon Science Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA-KPSI) in Kizugawa city, Kyoto on November 13 - 14, 2014. This report consists of invited and contributed papers presented at the oral and poster sessions in the Symposium.

Journal Articles

Hydrodynamics driven by ultrashort laser pulse; Simulations and the optical pump - X-ray probe experiment

Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Ishino, Masahiko; Agranat, M. B.*; Ashitkov, S. I.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; et al.

Applied Physics B, 119(3), p.413 - 419, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.32(Optics)

Journal Articles

Submicron scale image observation with a grazing incidence reflection-type single-shot soft X-ray microscope

Baba, Motoyoshi*; Nishikino, Masaharu; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tomita, Takuro*; Minami, Yasuo*; Takei, Ryota*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Suemoto, Toru

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(8), p.080302_1 - 080302_4, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:58.15(Physics, Applied)

A grazing incidence reflection-type soft X-ay microscope, using a Fresnel zone plate and a soft X-ray laser with wavelength 13.9 nm and pulse width 7 ps, was developed. Submicron size groove structures made on a Pt film were clearly captured at a single shot exposure, with spatial resolution of about 360 nm. A wide field view of 100 $$mu$$m square was secured under the Kohler illumination. This microscope also had a large depth of focus of more than 100 $$mu$$m and was proven to have a sufficient performance for observing surface morphological changes.

Journal Articles

Investigations of relativistic laser plasma from micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science II, p.231 - 251, 2007/00

To better understand a fundamental aspect of the laser cluster interaction, we have carried out systematic investigations of X-ray radiation properties of high-density and high-temperature cluster plasma, created by the action of superintense laser irradiation. The interrelationship between the X-ray radiation properties and ion kinetic energies has been for the first time examined by the simultaneous measurements of X-ray radiation spectra and ion energy spectra. Time scale and mechanism of X-ray emission process have been discussed based on a time-dependent plasma kinetics model. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the practical capability of X-rays thus produced, the pulse X-ray diffraction has been examined from Si crystal with this source.

Journal Articles

Fundamental and harmonic emission from the rear side of a thin overdense foil irradiated by an intense ultrashort laser pulse

Eidmann, K.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Marcinkevicius, A.*; Bartlome, R.*; Tsakiris, G.*; Witte, K.*; Teubner, U.*

Physical Review E, 72(3), p.036413_1 - 036413_9, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:20.73(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In order to clarify the mechanism of high-order harmonics generation from solid target, we investigated the emission from rear side of the foil target irradiated by an intense Ti:S laser pulse, duration of 150 fs. The comparison of the exprimental result with our Particle-in-Cell simulation implies that rear side emission is caused by energetic electron bunches which is generated at the front side by resonance absorption.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in X-ray laser research in JAERI

Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke; Kishimoto, Maki; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kawazome, Hayato; Tai, R.; Namikawa, Kazumichi*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE's International Symposium on Optics and Photonics 2005, Vol.5919, p.59190L_1 - 59190L_11, 2005/09

Recent results of the X-ray laser research in Advanced Photon Research (APR) Center in JAERI are reported. In the application of the nickel-like silver laser at a wavelength of 13.9 nm, we report the observation of the microscopic polarization clusters in ferroelectrics material such as BaTi03 by use of the X-ray speckle technique, and other experiments such as photo-ionization of inner-shell electrons are intoroduced. In the development of high quality X-ray laser beam, recently we demonstrated temporally coherent X-ray beam at 23.6 nm, in which the high-order harmonics light was injected into the Ne-like Mn X-ray amplifier. We also mention about the development of new X-ray laser driver laser, which is based on 2 beams of zig-zag slab Nd:glass lasers with 0.1 Hz repetition-rate, and each beam line can provide 10 J output energy, and 1 ps duration.

Journal Articles

Preliminary measurements on single and multi-crystal diamond electron cathodes

Minehara, Eisuke

Proceedings of 2nd Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan and 30th Linear Accelerator Meeting in Japan, p.55 - 56, 2005/07

The next generation high brightness and high current electron source like a photo cathode, a thermionic cathode, a crystal Diamond electron cathode and others would be expected to realize the next generation ERL (energy recovery linac) based light source and SASE X-ray free-electron laser. The JAERI FEL group has recently started to develop a new crystal Diamond electron cathode technology for high current, high brightness, and long life electron source. In the presentation, we plan to explain and to discuss our strategy and a preliminary experimental measurements of the crystal Diamond cathode, and related Diamond cathode evaluation system.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of 6th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research; November 4th-5th, 2004, Kizu, Japan

Kansai Research Establishment

JAERI-Conf 2005-004, 243 Pages, 2005/06

JAERI-Conf-2005-004.pdf:16.74MB

This report consists of 55 contributed papers of the 6th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research, which was held at JAERI-Kansai in Kyoto on November 4-5, 2004. The numbers of speeches were 16, including 5 invited speeches and the numbers of poster presentations were 56, including the report of presentations and cooperative research and joint research performed in FY2003.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation photoabsorption and photoemission spectroscopy for thermal-induced reoriented Si polymer

Nath, K. G.; Shimoyama, Iwao; Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Baba, Yuji

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 144-147, p.323 - 326, 2005/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:71.16(Spectroscopy)

The effect of laser annealing on electronic atructures and molecular orientation for poly(dimethylsilane), {PDMS, [Si(CH$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$]$$_{n}$$} has been studied by synchrotron radiation photoemission and photoabsorption spectroscopy. Prior to annealing, PDMS powder was mounted on the basal plane of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite. Both Si 1s X-ray photoemission spectroscopy and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy at Si 1s edge show that electronic structures have been modified due to annealing. Furthermore, the angle-dependent NEXAFS spectra clearly indicate that the annealed products maintain a specific orientation. Interestingly, no such kind of orientation is present in as-received PDMS powder as no angle-dependency is observed before annealing.

Journal Articles

Analysis of gain generation of the TCE X-ray laser through temporal duration

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sasaki, Akira; Nagashima, Keisuke; Hasegawa, Noboru; Tanaka, Momoko; Kishimoto, Maki; Nishikino, Masaharu; Kato, Yoshiaki

X-Ray Lasers 2004; Institute of Physics Conference Series, Vol.186, p.111 - 114, 2005/06

We have measured the temporal duration of the TCE X-ray laser (XRL) with Ni-like silver (Ag; Z = 47), palladium (Pd; Z = 46), and molybdenum (Mo; Z = 42). The pumping pulse was derived from Nd:glass laser system with the chirped pulse amplification at the wavelength of 1053 nm. The duration of the main pulse and prepulse were set to be 4.8 ps and 400 ps respectively. The pulse separation between the pulses was typically 500 ps. A quasi-traveling wave pumping using 6-step mirror was adopted in the focusing system. The X-ray laser outputs were measured by use of an X-ray streak camera coupled with a flat field spectrometer. The observed durations were 9.3 ps, 6.2 ps, and 3.9 ps for Ag, Pd, and Mo XRLs respectively, resulting in the longer duration for the higher atomic number material. We will discuss the gain generation in the plasma medium with the help of numerical simulation and atomic code.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a fully spatial coherent X-ray laser at 13.9 nm

Nishikino, Masaharu; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kishimoto, Maki; Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kado, Masataka; Sukegawa, Kota*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10(6), p.1382 - 1387, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:52.62(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New laser decontamination technique for radioactively contaminated metal surfaces using acid-bearing sodium silicate gel

Kameo, Yutaka; Nakashima, Mikio; Hirabayashi, Takakuni*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(9), p.919 - 924, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:41.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new laser decontamination method utilizing a gel made from a sodium silicate solution and an acid was developed for removing radioactive nuclide incorporated into a surface oxide layer on metal waste. Decontamination tests were carried out using both simulated contaminated samples and pipe specimens cut from the primary coolant system of the Japan Power Demonstration Reactor. In the case of surface oxide layer consisting mainly of iron oxide, more than 99% of surface radioactivities were removed after two to three decontamination runs. In order to ascertain the role of laser irradiation on chemical reactions, chemical states of O and Fe in the oxide layer before and after decontamination were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the oxide layer was dissolved into the acid-containing gel, and the reaction was extensively promoted by the laser irradiation.

Journal Articles

Generation of X-rays and energetic ions from superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 22(3), p.215 - 220, 2004/07

High resolution K-shell spectra of a plasma created by superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters have been measured with an intensity above 10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ and a pulse duration of 30 fs. The total photon flux of 2$$times$$10$$^8$$ photons/pulse was achieved for He$$_{alpha1}$$ resonant line of Ar ($$lambda$$=3.9491 AA , 3.14 keV). In parallel with X-ray measurements, energy distributions of emitted ions have been measured. The multiply-charged ions with kinetic energies up to 800 keV were observed. It is found that hot electrons produced by high contrast laser pulses allow the isochoric heating of clusters and shift the ion balance towards the higher charge states, which enhances both the X-ray line yield of the He-like argon ion and the ion kinetic energy.

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research; November 20th-21st, 2003, Kizu, Japan

Kansai Research Establishment

JAERI-Conf 2004-009, 285 Pages, 2004/06

JAERI-Conf-2004-009.pdf:21.5MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-precision measurement of the wavelength of a nickel-like silver X-ray laser

Hasegawa, Noboru; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Utsumi, Takayuki*; Sasaki, Akira; Tanaka, Momoko; Kado, Masataka; Sukegawa, Kota*; Lu, P.; Kishimoto, Maki; Tai, R.; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 43(5A), p.2519 - 2522, 2004/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:53.12(Physics, Applied)

We conducted high-precision measurements of the wavelength of the nickel-like silver X-ray laser in order to compare it with a theoretical wavelength. The reasons for using this laser are as follows: First, this laser line is in the wavelength region of Mo/Si multi-layer mirrors; therefore, this laser line is important for applications. Second, the strongamplification of this laser line has been obtained in our previous work, and the higher order line in the spectra obtained by our spectrometer can be used. Third, since silver is arelatively low-z material (z = 47), this wavelength is a ideal benchmark of atomic structural codes such as the Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) code. The wavelength of the nickel-like silver X-ray laser was determined to be 13.887 nm. The comparison with MCDF codes shows that the present experimental result can work as a good benchmark of the accuracy of the codes.

Journal Articles

X-ray radiation of clusters irradiated by ultrafast, high-intensity laser pulses

Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; et al.

Laser-Generated & Other Lab. X-Ray & EUV Sources (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.5196), p.234 - 243, 2004/00

High resolution X-ray emission spectra of plasma created by laser irradiation of rare-gas (Ar, Kr, Xe) clusters have been measured at laser intensities over 10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ and 30-fs pulse duration. To make these measurements possible, in addition to the effort to decrease a prepulse intensity using Pockels cell switches, micron-size clusters were produced using a specially designed conical nozzle. The Boltzmann equation and a detailed collisional radiative model are solved simultaneously as a function of time to model the time integrated X-ray spectra of the transient plasma. The results are quantitatively in good agreement with the experimentally observed X-ray emission spectra of Ar clusters.

Journal Articles

Time-dependent Boltzmann kinetic model of X-rays produced by ultrashort-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters

Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; et al.

Physical Review A, 68(6), p.063201_1 - 063201_8, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:52 Percentile:11.82(Optics)

The Boltzmann Equation and a detailed collisional radiative model are solved simultaneously as a function of time to model the time integrated X-ray spectra of the transient plasma produced by a high intensity ultrafast laser source. The results are in agreement with highly resolved F-like to He-like K-shell emission spectra recorded recently during ultrashort laser experiments with argon cluster targets in Japan.

Journal Articles

X-ray study of microdroplet plasma formation under the action of superintense laser radiation

Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; et al.

JETP Letters, 78(3), p.115 - 118, 2003/08

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:22.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have measured the X-ray emission spectra of a plasma generated by laser radiation with an intensity above 10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ and a pulse duration of 30 fs acting uon an argon jet target with a large aboundance of micron-sized clusters. The time variation of the X-ray yeild from various multiplicities, calculated within the framework of a nonstationary kinetic model, shows a good qualitative agreement with the experimental time-integrated spectrum.

JAEA Reports

46 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)