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Journal Articles

Thermal behavior, structure, dynamic properties of aqueous glycine solutions confined in mesoporous silica MCM-41 investigated by X-ray diffraction and quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Yoshida, Koji*; Inoue, Takuya*; Torigoe, Motokatsu*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Yamaguchi, Toshio*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 149(12), p.124502_1 - 124502_10, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:90.46(Chemistry, Physical)

Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) measurements of aqueous glycine solutions confined in mesoporous silica (MCM-41) were performed at different glycine concentrations, pH, and loading ratio (= mass of glycine solution / mass of dry MCM-41) in the temperature range from 305 to 180 K to discuss the confinement effect on the thermal behavior, the structure, and the dynamic properties of the solutions.

Journal Articles

Effect of nitrogen concentration on nano-structure and high-temperature strength of 9Cr-ODS steel

Oka, Hiroshi; Tanno, Takashi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Kaito, Takeji

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 16, p.230 - 237, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ observation of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation by using neutron diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Kuroda, Asumi*; Sato, Kozue*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Harjo, S.; Tomota, Yo*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:58.46(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Development of CdTe pixel detectors combined with an aluminum Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs

Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Kawase, Morihiro*; Wu, S.*; Hurukawa, Yukihito*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Sato, Masugu*; Hirono, Toko*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(1), p.C01044_1 - C01044_7, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:79.26(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have been developing CdTe pixel detectors combined with a Schottky diode sensor and photon-counting ASICs. The hybrid pixel detector was designed with a pixel size of 200 micro-meter by 200 micro-meter and an area of 19 mm by 20 mm or 38.2 mm by 40.2 mm. The photon-counting ASIC, SP8-04F10K, has a preamplifier, a shaper, 3-level window-type discriminators and a 24-bits counter in each pixel. The single-chip detector with 100 by 95 pixels successfully operated with a photon-counting mode selecting X-ray energy with the window comparator and stable operation was realized at 20$$^{circ}$$C. We have performed a feasibility study for a white X-ray microbeam experiment. Laue diffraction patterns were measured during the scan of the irradiated position in a silicon steel sample. The grain boundaries were identified by using the differentials between adjacent images at each position.

Journal Articles

Effect of thermo-mechanical treatments on nano-structure of 9Cr-ODS steel

Oka, Hiroshi; Tanno, Takashi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji; Onuma, Masato*

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.346 - 352, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:18.31(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

In situ X-ray diffraction study of the oxide formed on alloy 600 in borated and lithiated high-temperature water

Watanabe, Masashi*; Yonezawa, Toshio*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi; Shoji, Tetsuo*

Corrosion, 72(9), p.1155 - 1169, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Hydrostatic compression behavior and high-pressure stabilized $$beta$$-phase in $$gamma$$-based titanium aluminide intermetallics

Liss, K.-D.*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Dippenaar, R. J.*; Higo, Yuji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Reid, M.*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Akita, Koichi

Metals, 6(7), p.165_1 - 165_22, 2016/07

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:25.3(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10 GPa range and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase-diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here we report on an in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume-press of a modern ($$alpha_{2}$$ + $$gamma$$) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation $$gamma$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$alpha_{2}$$ rather than volumetric strain, expressed by apparently high bulk moduli of both constituent phases. Crystallographic aspects, specifically lattice strain and atomic order are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that this transformation takes place despite an increase in atomic volume, which is due to the high ordering energy of $$gamma$$. Upon heating under high pressure, both the eutectoid and $$gamma$$-solvus transition temperatures are elevated, and a third, cubic $$beta$$-phase is stabilized above 1350 K. Earlier research has shown that this $$beta$$-phase is very ductile during plastic deformation, essential in near-conventional forging processes. Here, we were able to identify an ideal processing window for near-conventional forging, while the presence of the detrimental $$beta$$-phase is not present under operating conditions. Novel processing routes can be defined from these findings.

Journal Articles

Li$$_{4}$$FeH$$_{6}$$; Iron-containing complex hydride with high gravimetric hydrogen density

Saito, Hiroyuki; Takagi, Shigeyuki*; Matsuo, Motoaki*; Iijima, Yuki*; Endo, Naruki*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*; Orimo, Shinichi*

APL Materials (Internet), 2(7), p.076103_1 - 076103_7, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:35.4(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Journal Articles

Large ferroquadrupole moment induced in the octupole-ordered Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$ revealed by high-resolution X-ray diffraction

Inami, Toshiya; Michimura, Shinji*; Hayashi, Yuya*; Matsumura, Takeshi*; Sera, Masafumi*; Iga, Fumitoshi*

Physical Review B, 90(4), p.041108_1 - 041108_5, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:56.23(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We carried out a high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiment on Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$. This compound exhibits antiferro-octupole order (AFO) below $$T_O$$ = 1.4 K, and it is theoretically suggested that ferroquadrupole moments and a resultant rhombohedral deformation are induced in the AFO phase. We observe the splitting of Bragg reflections below $$T_O$$ and find that the unit cell is rhombohedral with the elongated [111] axis. We also precisely evaluate the magnitude of the induced quadrupole moments from the obtained shear strain and find that the quadrupole moments are not reduced in the AFO phase.

Journal Articles

Multipole order and fluctuation in Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$ studied by resonant X-ray diffraction

Matsumura, Takeshi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Otsubo, Toru*; Tanida, Hiroshi*; Iga, Fumitoshi*; Sera, Masafumi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.014008_1 - 014008_6, 2014/06

We study the $$T_{beta}$$-type antiferro-octupole (AFO) ordered state of Ce$$_{0.7}$$La$$_{0.3}$$B$$_6$$ below 1.5 K by resonant X-ray diffraction in magnetic fields. Multipole moments induced by the field in the AFO phase are identified. In a mean-field model for the $$T_{beta}$$ AFO order within the $$Gamma_8$$ quartet crystal-field ground state, the $$O_{22}$$ and $$O_{20}$$ antiferroquadrupoles (AFQ) are expected as mostly induced AFQ. However, in contrast to this expectation, the main induced moment is found to be the $$O_{xy}$$-type AFQ.

Journal Articles

Investigations of relativistic laser plasma from micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science II, p.231 - 251, 2007/00

To better understand a fundamental aspect of the laser cluster interaction, we have carried out systematic investigations of X-ray radiation properties of high-density and high-temperature cluster plasma, created by the action of superintense laser irradiation. The interrelationship between the X-ray radiation properties and ion kinetic energies has been for the first time examined by the simultaneous measurements of X-ray radiation spectra and ion energy spectra. Time scale and mechanism of X-ray emission process have been discussed based on a time-dependent plasma kinetics model. Moreover, in order to demonstrate the practical capability of X-rays thus produced, the pulse X-ray diffraction has been examined from Si crystal with this source.

Journal Articles

Structure of GaAs(001)-c(4$$times$$4); Comparison of X-ray diffraction and first-principles calculation

Takahashi, Masamitsu; Kratzer, P.*; Penev, E.*; Mizuki, Junichiro

Surface Science, 600(18), p.4099 - 4102, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.76(Chemistry, Physical)

The GaAs(001)-c(4$$times$$4) has been studied by synchrotron surface X-ray diffraction. The atomic coordinates and Debye-Waller factors were determined up to the sixth layer from the surface. The results support the formation of the Ga-As heterodimers. The resultant atomic coordinates were compared with those given by a first-principle calculation. In spite of the theoretical prediction of the stability of the single-heterodimer structure, our data fit best a three-heterodimer model where three heterodimers are present in one unit cell. The preference of the formation of the three heterodimers will be discussed in the relationship with the transition process from the 2$$times$$4 to the c(4$$times$$4) structures.

Journal Articles

Residual stress measurement technique using X-ray and neutron diffraction methods

Suzuki, Hiroshi

Netsu Shori, 46(1), p.11 - 18, 2006/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Polymerization of C$$_{60}$$ thin films by ion irradiation

Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takanashi, Koki

JAEA-Review 2005-001, TIARA Annual Report 2004, p.238 - 240, 2006/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of C$$_{60}$$ films polymerized by ion irradiation

Narumi, Kazumasa; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takanashi, Koki

Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nanostructures, 14(2-3), p.429 - 434, 2006/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

X-ray diffraction experiments under pulsed magnetic fields above 30T

Inami, Toshiya; Owada, Kenji; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Ueda, Yuji*; Nojiri, Hiroyuki*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Arima, Takahisa*; Ota, Hiroto*; Zhang, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 238(1-4), p.233 - 236, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:44.85(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Usually, X-ray diffraction experiments under strong magnetic fields are carried out using a superconducting magnet and the maximum field is limited up to 15T. In order to overcome this limitation, we have constructed an X-ray diffraction system combined with a pulsed magnet. The structural phase transition of Pr$$_{0.6}$$Ca$$_{0.4}$$MnO$$_3$$ around 8 T and the valence transition of YbInCu$$_4$$ around 26 T are shown as a demonstration.

Journal Articles

Ultrafast X-ray absorption spectroscopy of laser-excited materials

Koike, Masato

JAERI-Conf 2005-004, p.15 - 18, 2005/04

Advanced Light Source (ALS) Beamline 6.0 is designed for X-ray absorption spectroscopy with femtosecond X-ray pulses generated by the bunch "slicing" technique. Soft and hard X-ray branch lines will cover a wide photon energy range from 120 eV to 10 keV. A soft X-ray spectrograph will collect absorption spectra dispersively. The application of laminar gratings to dispersive X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the photon energy range 2- 8 keV has been investigated.

Journal Articles

Irradiation effects on precipitation in reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic steels

Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Sakasegawa, Hideo*; Klueh, R. L.*

Materials Transactions, 46(3), p.469 - 474, 2005/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:27.69(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The effects of irradiation on precipitation of reduced-activation ferritic/martensitic steels (RAFs) were investigated, and its impacts on the Charpy impact properties and tensile properties were discussed. It was previously reported that RAFs (F82H-IEA and its heat treatment variant, ORNL9Cr-2WVTa, JLF-1 and 2%Ni doped F82H) shows variety of changes on its ductile-brittle transition temperature (DBTT) and yield stress after irradiation at 573K up to 5dpa. These differences could not be interpreted as an effect of irradiation hardening caused by dislocation loop formation. The precipitation behavior of the irradiated steels was examined by weight analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis and chemical analysis on extraction residues. These analyses suggested that irradiation caused (1) the increase of the amount of precipitates (mainly M$$_{23}$$C$$_{6}$$), (2) increase of Cr and decrease of W contained in precipitates, (3) disappearance of MX (TaC) in ORNL9Cr and JLF-1.

Journal Articles

Precise Measurement of density and structure of undercooled molten silicon by using synchrotron radiation combined with electromagnetic levitation technique

Higuchi, Kensuke*; Kimura, Kakuryo*; Mizuno, Akitoshi*; Watanabe, Masahito*; Katayama, Yoshinori; Kuribayashi, Kazuhiko*

Measurement Science and Technology, 16(2), p.381 - 385, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:11.4(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)

X-ray diffraction and density measurements have been simultaneously performed to investigate the atomic structure of molten silicon in wide temperature range including undercooling region by using the electromagnetic levitation technique. The density was obtained from the mass and the shape of levitated sample by non-contact method based on the image analysis technique. X-ray diffraction experiments were performed by using the synchrotron radiation at SPring8, Japan. From structural analysis of undercooled molten silicon, first nearest neighbour coordination numbers and interatomic distances were about 5 and 2.48$$AA$$ with no dependence on temperature in the range of 1900-1550 K. We conclude as a result that the short-range order based on tetrahedral bonds of undercooled molten silicon does not change with the degree of undercoolings but medium-range order changes by the degree of undercoolings.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a fully spatial coherent X-ray laser at 13.9 nm

Nishikino, Masaharu; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Kishimoto, Maki; Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Kado, Masataka; Sukegawa, Kota*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Nagashima, Keisuke

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10(6), p.1382 - 1387, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:52.36(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

103 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)