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Journal Articles

Characteristics of commercially available CdZnTe detector as gamma-ray spectrometer under severe nuclear accident

Tanimura, Yoshihiko; Nishino, Sho; Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Kowatari, Munehiko; Oishi, Tetsuya

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.134 - 138, 2019/01

At the severe nuclear accidents like the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, various radionuclides will be dispersed into the environment and raise the dose rate. The $$in$$-$$situ$$ measurements of $$gamma$$ ray spectra and identifying radionuclides using the results are important for the radiological protection from both external and internal exposure. For this application a commercially available CdZnTe spectrometer (Kromek GR-1) was characterized at the calibration fields of FRS/JAEA. The angular dependence of the detection efficiency was studied and the efficiency was kept within 15 % degradation in $$pm$$135 degree incident angle, which covers 85 % of all. The usable dose range was evaluated and the spectrometer could correctly measure the $$gamma$$ ray spectra below 200 $$mu$$Gy/h.

Journal Articles

Influence of Zn injection on PWSCC crack growth rates and oxide film properties of Alloy 600

Chimi, Yasuhiro; Sato, Kenji*; Kasahara, Shigeki; Umehara, Ryuji*; Hanawa, Satoshi

Proceedings of Contribution of Materials Investigations and Operating Experience to Light Water NPPs' Safety, Performance and Reliability (FONTEVRAUD-9) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/09

To investigate the influence of Zinc (Zn) injection on primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) growth behavior, crack growth tests of 10% cold-worked Alloy 600 were performed in simulated primary water environment of pressurized water reactor (PWR) at 320$$^{circ}$$C with a low-concentration (5-10 ppb) Zn injection under dissolved hydrogen (DH) conditions of 5, 30, and 50 cc/kgH$$_{2}$$O. As a result of the crack growth tests, DH-dependence of crack growth rate (CGR) showed a similar tendency to the predicted CGR based on the CGR data without Zn injection, indicating almost no effect of a low-concentration Zn injection on the crack growth behavior. Moreover, the microstructural analyses of oxide films formed inside the crack and on the specimen surface were conducted, and the intake of Zn in the oxides was detected on the specimen surface, but not detected inside the crack. This result was considered to be the cause of no Zn injection effect on the crack growth behavior.

Journal Articles

Development of alternative $$^3$$He NDA detector system

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Sakasai, Kaoru; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(11), p.642 - 646, 2016/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

JAEA-ISCN development programs of advanced NDA technologies of nuclear material

Seya, Michio; Kobayashi, Naoki; Naoi, Yosuke; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-ISCN has been implementing basic development programs of the advanced NDA technologies for nuclear material (NM) since 2011JFY (Japanese Fiscal Year), which are (1) NRF (Nuclear resonance fluorescence) NDA technology using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays), (2) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection technology using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator, and (3) NRD (Neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (Neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (Neutron resonance capture analysis). These programs are going to be finished in 2014JFY and have demonstration tests in February - March 2015.

Journal Articles

Basic technology development of advanced non-destructive detection / Measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear nonproliferation

Seya, Michio; Naoi, Yosuke; Kobayashi, Naoki; Nakamura, Takahisa; Hajima, Ryoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-35-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/01

The Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security (ISCN) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been conducting (based on collaborations with JAEA other centers) the following basic technology development programs of advanced non-destructive detection/measurement of nuclear material for nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation. (1) The demonstration test of the Pu-NDA system for spent fuel assembly using PNAR and SINRD (JAEA/USDOE(LANL) collaboration, completed in JFY2013), (2) Basic development of NDA technologies using laser Compton scattered $$gamma$$-rays (Demonstration of an intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-ray source), (3) Development of alternative to He-3 neutron detection technology, (4) Development of neutron resonance densitometry (JAEA/JRC collaboration)This paper introduces above programs.

Journal Articles

High spatial resolution ZnO scintillator for an in situ imaging device in EUV region

Arita, Ren*; Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Shimizu, Toshihiko*; Yamanoi, Kohei*; Empizo, M.*; Hori, Tatsuhiro*; Fukuda, Kazuhito*; Minami, Yuki*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Maruyama, Momoko; et al.

Optical Materials, 36(12), p.2012 - 2015, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:63.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A single shot image of a ZnO crystal excited by the EUV laser of Kansai Photon Science Institute was captured. The evaluated EUV beam waist radii from the ZnO emission pattern along the horizontal and vertical axes are 5.0 and 4.7$$mu$$m, respectively. The expected focal spot size of EUV laser and the spatial resolution of the magnifier (including the Schwarzschild objectives and lenses) are however 1 and 4$$mu$$m, respectively. The discrepancy on the spatial resolutions is attributed to exciton diffusion. We estimated the ZnO exciton diffusion length from the effective decay time which is shortened by exciton-exciton collision quenching and which is dependence on excitation energy density. Our results indicate that the short lifetime of ZnO is required to improve the spatial resolution.

Journal Articles

Introduction to development of advanced safeguards and security NDA technologies by JAEA-ISCN

Seya, Michio; Kureta, Masatoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Nakamura, Hironobu; Harada, Hideo; Hajima, Ryoichi

Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2014/07

JAEA has been implementing development programs of basic technologies of the following advanced NDA (non-destructive assay) of nuclear material (NM) for nuclear safeguards and security. (1) Alternative to $$^{3}$$He neutron detection using ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator, (2) NRD (neutron resonance densitometry) using NRTA (neutron resonance transmission analysis) and NRCA (neutron resonance capture analysis), (3) NRF (nuclear resonance fluorescence)-NDA using laser Compton scattered (LCS) $$gamma$$-rays (intense mono-energetic $$gamma$$-rays). The development program (1) is for NDA systems that use ZnS/B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ ceramic scintillator as alternative neutron detector to $$^{3}$$He for coming shortage of its supply. The program (2) is for a NDA system of isotopic composition measurement (non-destructive mass spectroscopy) in targets such as particle-like melted fuel debris using NRTA and NRCA. The program (3) is for NDA systems using a specific NRF reaction of certain Pu/U isotope caused by mono-energetic LCS $$gamma$$-ray with energy tuned to the specific excited state of the isotope. This paper introduces above three programs.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen at zinc vacancy of ZnO; An EPR and ESEEM study

Son, N. T.*; Isoya, Junichi*; Ivanov, I. G.*; Oshima, Takeshi; Janz$'e$n, E.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1583, p.341 - 344, 2014/02

Journal Articles

PDF analysis on semiconductive CdTe-ZnTe alloy

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Suzuya, Kentaro; Kohara, Shinji*; Mizuki, Junichiro

Ferroelectrics, 339, p.165 - 174, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Electrical conductivity increase of Al-doped ZnO films induced by high-energy-heavy ions

Sugai, Hiroyuki; Matsunami, Noriaki*; Fukuoka, Osamu*; Sataka, Masao; Kato, Teruo; Okayasu, Satoru; Shimura, Tetsuo*; Tazawa, Masato*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 250(1-2), p.291 - 294, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:25.35(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated the effects on electrical properties of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) semiconductor films induced by high-energy heavy ion. The AZO films with c-axis on SiO$$_{2}$$ glass substrate were prepared by a RF-sputter-deposition method at 400 $$^{circ}$$C. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy shows that the Al/Zn composition and the film thickness are 4 % and 0.3 $$mu$$m. We find that the conductivity monotonically increases from 1.5$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ to 8$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ S/cm with increasing the fluence up to 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$, as already been observed for 100 keV Ne irradiation. The fluence of 100 keV Ne at which the conductivity takes its maximum is 3$$times$$10$$^{16}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ (7 dpa). The dpa of 100 MeV Xe at 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ is estimated as 0.008. Hence, the conductivity increase by 100 MeV Xe ion is ascribed to the electronic excitation effects.

Journal Articles

Irradiation effects with 100 MeV Xe ions on optical properties of Al-doped ZnO films

Fukuoka, Osamu*; Matsunami, Noriaki*; Tazawa, Masato*; Shimura, Tetsuo*; Sataka, Masao; Sugai, Hiroyuki; Okayasu, Satoru

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 250(1-2), p.295 - 299, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:13.83(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have investigated the effects on electrical and optical properties of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) semiconductor films induced by high-energy heavy ion. The AZO films with c-axis on SiO$$_{2}$$ glass substrate were prepared by a RF-sputter-deposition method at 400 $$^{circ}$$C. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy shows that the Al/Zn composition and the film thickness are 4 % and 0.3 $$mu$$m. No appreciable change was observed in optical transparency. We find that the conductivity monotonically increases from 1.5$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ to 8$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ S/cm with increasing the fluence up to 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$, as already been observed for 100 keV Ne irradiation. The fluence of 100 keV Ne at which the conductivity takes its maximum is 3$$times$$10$$^{16}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ (7 dpa). The dpa of 100 MeV Xe at 4$$times$$10$$^{13}$$/cm$$^{2}$$ is estimated as 0.008. Hence, the conductivity increase by 100 MeV Xe ion is ascribed to the electronic excitation effects.

Journal Articles

Development of ZnS/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillating and MSGC neutron detectors in JAERI

Nakamura, Tatsuya; Katagiri, Masaki; Yamagishi, Hideshi; Tanaka, Hiroki; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Hamon, 15(1), p.67 - 73, 2005/01

Development of scintillating and gaseous neutron detectors in Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute is briefly described. In this paper, the performances of the developed 2-d neutron detectors, concerning ZnS/$$^{6}$$LiF scintillating detectors with wavelength shifting fiber read-out and micro-strip gas chambers with individual read-out, are presented.

Journal Articles

Growth of ZnO nanorods on Cu implanted substrates

Takeyama, Akinori; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Ito, Hiroshi

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 44(1B), p.750 - 753, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Applied)

Pyramid shaped Cu precipitates were formed on Si (100) surface as a result of 200 keV Cu ion implantation and subsequent annealing. Then, ZnO nanorods were successfully synthesized on the Cu implanted substrates by chemical vapor transport (CVT). Hexagonal shaped nanorods with a diameter of 200 nm were grown nearly perpendicular to the Cu implanted substrate and their average density was increased as increasing that of Cu precipitates. The facts strongly indicate the Cu precipitates served as the catalytic particles for the growth of ZnO rods.

Journal Articles

Development of neutron-monitor detector using liquid organic scintillator coupled with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheet

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Endo, Akira; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 110(1-4), p.255 - 261, 2004/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:48.02(Environmental Sciences)

For monitoring of neutron doses in high-energy accelerator facilities, we have developed a neutron-monitor detector applicable to energies from the thermal energy to 100 MeV. The detector is composed of a cylindrical (12.7 cm in diameter and 12.7 cm in length) liquid organic scintillator BC501A covered with $$^{6}$$Li+ZnS(Ag) sheets. Characteristics of this phoswitch-type detector were studied experimentally in moderated neutron fields of $$^{241}$$Am-Be and $$^{252}$$Cf sources, and in quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields of 40 and 70 MeV. It was found from the experiments that the detector is enough sensitive to both thermal and fast neutrons, and has an excellent property of pulse-shape discrimination between them. We concluded, therefore, that the detector can be used for monitoring of neutron doses over a wide energy range from the thermal to 100 MeV.

Journal Articles

Development of scintillator for a high-frame-rate neutron radiography

Matsubayashi, Masahito; Katagiri, Masaki

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.389 - 393, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:81.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Scintillation materials for neutron imaging detectors

Katagiri, Masaki; Sakasai, Kaoru; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Kondo, Yasuhiro*; Chujo, Yoshiki*; Nanto, Hidehito*; Kojima, Takahiro*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.274 - 279, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:15.33(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron scintillators with high detection efficiency

Kojima, Takahiro*; Katagiri, Masaki; Tsutsui, Noriaki*; Imai, Koji*; Matsubayashi, Masahito; Sakasai, Kaoru

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.325 - 328, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:10.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of ZnS-family phosphors for neutron detectors using photon counting method

Kubota, Naoyoshi*; Katagiri, Masaki; Kamijo, Keiichi*; Nanto, Hidehito*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.321 - 324, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:23.33(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Magnetic field effects on the diffuse scattering of a spin-frustrated spinel ferrite ZnFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ single crystal

Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Katano, Susumu; Tsunoda, Yorihiko*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, B345(1-4), p.96 - 98, 2004/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:78.9(Physics, Condensed Matter)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Multiple coulomb excitation experiment of $$^{68}$$Zn

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seki, Akiyuki*; Toh, Yosuke; Osa, Akihiko; Utsuno, Yutaka; Kimura, Atsushi; Oshima, Masumi; Hayakawa, Takehito; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Katakura, Junichi; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 730(1-2), p.46 - 58, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:36.56(Physics, Nuclear)

Coulomb excitation experiment was carried out with a $$^{68}$$Zn beam bombarding a $$^{nat}$$Pb target. Two $$E2$$ matrix elements and the quadrupole moment of the 2$$_{1}$$$$^{+}$$ state were newly derived with the least-squares search code GOSIA. The potential energy surface (PES) was calculated with the Nilsson-Strutinsky model, showing two shallow minima: the first minimum does not contain the $$1g_{9/2}$$ orbit below the Fermi surface, while the second minimum does. The ground state band and the intruder band seem to be constructed on the first and the second minimum, respectively. As for the ground state band, the asymmetric rotor model and the IBM in O(6) limit reproduced the experimental values rather well. The shallow PES may suggest unstability of the shape. The ground state band structure may be explained assuming a soft triaxial deformation.

74 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)